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from their transparent amber colour-they , Island where Bullocks cannot be reared, must then be taken out, and put into the will by this, be judebted to you for milk spinning frames called Fougs, and unless and draught catile which were wanting. rainy, exposed throughout the day to the The Silk Worms also get on well; they şun and air. On the following day, after a hatch irregularly: but I already have five little exposure to the sun, the cocoons are hundred that are quite healthy, and can to be takeu out of the frames and placed in with confidence assure you that your bene. Coolahs, taking great care that they are not ficent intentions will be accomplished, and put one over the other, and the Coolabs de- that the Colony will owe to you this new posited in a dry place on the sixth day they branch of industry, which until now had will be fit for winding off-The cocoons been in vaju attempted to be introduced. that are to be wound off, if proposed to

Port Louis, 21st Dec. 1815. be kept for any time must be baked in an

By Order, E. A. DRAPER, oven slightly herted, otherwise the moth

Act. Dep. Sect. to Govt will eat its way through, The informátion required in the 2d pa

Port Louis, Mlurch 1, 1816. ragraph can only be answered in general To Messrs Baron and Bouvignee, Libra. terins, the Silk íhat is for the most part rians and Printers to Government. woud off at the filatures, is fronı 8 to 24 Cocoous, it is wound thro' hot water

GENTLEME-,--His Excellency the Gowhich by dissolving the natural gum, has

vernor having forwarded to me several the elect of causing the web to part freely with a request that I should sliew them to

skeius of silk inanufactured in the Colouy, --the water should be kept at a regular the merchants anit ie habitants as the inost heat. I have the bonjour to be, &c.

complete evidence of the surressfui ipiro. (Signed) W. WATTS,

duction of ik worms into this colons, RESIDENT

I request you will have the goodness to inRadnagore Factory, 4th Aug 1815.

sert in your text Gazette my saving deposited in your Library this fir. Essay of a

manufacture for which this Colony is inExtract from a Letter from Mr. Chazal to debted to the paternal solicitude of lus Ex

His Excellercy the Governor, under dute cellency and the infallible results of which the 19th December, 1815.

must conduce to the prosperity of the island " I have the satisfartion of announcing by adding to its productions this new to your Excellency, that I already bave branch of exportation. more than fifty Silk Worms, quite lively

I have the honour to be, &c. &c. &c. and bealthy, and even supposing ihat the

(Signed) MAURE, remainder should not turn out well, I cau

Govt. Broker, yenture to warrant that this quantity is sufficient to assure to the Colony the benefit which your Excellency is desirous of procuring it -The Eggs hatch but ill, and NAUTICAL CHARTS to be FORMED. only a small number daily-change of climate is doubtless the cause, for the Mul.

MAURITIUS PROCLAMATION. berry which shoots forth its first Jeases in In the name of his Majesty George III. or India in February, does it here in Septem

the United Kingdom of Great Britain ber, and it will not be earlier than in a year

and Ireland, KING. or two that these precious Worms can be perfectly used to the climate.”

His Excellency R. T. Farquhar, Esq. Go

vernor and Commander in Chief of the Nore.-This is accounted for perhaps, by Island of Mauritius and Dependencies, the correspondence, which shews that the egg's do no! haich naturally until February or March

Captain General and Vice Admiral, &e. being Eggs of Annual Silk Worms.

&c. &c.

Considering that the safety of Naviga. BUFFALOSS INTRODUCED.

tion results from the accuracy of Nautical

Charts, and from the precision with which Extract f a Letter from Mr. Chazal to His each object is laid down, or its position as

Excellency the Gorernor, bearing date the certained, either by astronomical observa26th December, 1815.

tions or by any other means; to which The two capital Buffaloes yon seut me must be added å knowledge of the differare iu health, they appear to like our quar- cut phenomena, which in certain latitude ter, and this is another benefit conferred appear in different ways, and in one sea on us. The high and humid parts of the son more than another,


Considering that it would be advantage- tions which they may have made during ous to receive, on the one hand from mari. theirVoyage agreeabletothe present Proclaners who arrive in this ('olony, all disco.mation shall be taken, and copies of them veries and observations which may tend to shall be given, by the Port Captain, to the correct aud render more perfect the Charts Commanders of vessels about to sail for the of these seas; and, on the other, to com East and West Coast of Madagascar, for municate to those who sail from Port the Coast of Africa, for the Seychelles, or Louis, memoranda which it would be adwoich may be destined to navigate in any vantageous for them to consult; and to other latitudes to the north of the Equator. point out to then, the objects most worthy of observation, in the seas which surround from whatever part of the world they may

Art. 7th-All Commanders of vessels us, and in those parts of the world with which we have the greatest intercourse :

come, shall, on their arrival in this Port, be

summoned by the said Port Captain, who And having judged that the best me shall make kuown to then the present Prothods of carrying this object into effect, is clamation, to deliver at the said Office the the re-establishment of an Office for the re-extracts froin their Journals or Log-books, ception os Nautical Charts and Journals, which may be the most advantageous to and for the delivery and reception of the Navigation. necessary extracts,

Art. 8th-All Commanders of Vessels Has Decreed and Decrees.

shall be allowed to consult the Charts, Art. 1st–The Office or depot of Nanti. Journals, Memoranda, &c. which are in cal Charts and Journals sball be immedi. tbe said Office, and to take, or cause to be ately re-established-due notice will be taken by any of their Officers, whatever given of the place where it is to be held, notes they may deem useful for their voyand of the person appointed to take charge age, or may wish to obtain for their own of it.

information, provided always that in no Art. 2d— Into this Office shall be trans- papers of the said (fice be displayed, with

case and under no preteoce whatever, the ferred all Nautical Journals, Memoranda, out a special authorization from us. Charts and Plans whatever, which may be found in the different Registries, and Pub

Given at Port Louis, this 26th day of lic Offices of this Colony.

Dec. 1815.

(Signed) R. T. FARQUHAR. Art, 3d-All commanders of Vessels sail

By Order, E. A. DRAPER, ing from this Colony shall comply, as far as

Act. Dep. Sec. to Government. circumstances will allow them, with the following instructions.

JAVA. Art. 4th_They shall profit by all cir (From the Penang Gazette of Feb. 10, 1816.) cumstances which may tend to facilitate The following article contains an acthe passage to ibe island of Mauritius, and

count of a phenomenon, which, to the coast of India in the bad season; and to ascertain the position of the is ands is absolutely matchless, is extremely rare and

That another of much the the Archipelago to the N. E. of Madagas. uncommon. car, and of the Northeru part of that vast same kind is known, only renders this the Island, pariicularly from Mauhar bay to more credible, The wonders of nature are Cape d'Ambre in the East, and from

not all knowo to us, and gentlemen who Cape d'Ambre to Bombetor, and even to Cape St. Andrew in the West.

have witnessed such phenomena, do much Art. 5th- They are also requested to ne.

njore than merely gratify curiosity lvy pubglect no means of ascertaining with accu lishing their observations made on them. racy the position of different parts of the Coast of Africa, particularly that between VOLCANIC SPRINGS OF BOILING Mozambique and Soffala, as seainen differ

MUD. materially in several interesting points on • Having received an extraordinary ac. this part of the Coast, as for instauce with count of a natural phenomenon in the regard to the Cape d'Algade, the longi- plains of Grobogna, 50 Paals N. E. of Solo; tude and even the latitude of which bave

a party set off from Solo the 25th Sept. never been correctly stated.

1814, to examine it. Art 6th-All Commanders of vessels on • Ou approaching the Dass or Village of their return to this Port, shall be obliged Kuboo, we saw between two topes of irees to present their Log.books at this Office, a plain, an appearance like the surf break. where extracts of the remarks and observa- ing over rocks with a strong spray falling


to leeward. The spot was completely sur. | for the use of the Emperor of Solo; in dry rounded by Huts and Apparatus for the weather il yields 30 Dudgins of 100 catties manufacture of salt, and at a distance look- each, every monti, but in wet or cloudy ed like a large Village. Alighting, we weather-less. went to the * Bluddugs' as the Javanese • Next morning we rode 21 Paals to a call them. They are situated in the Vil- place in a forest called Ramsam, !o view lage of Kuhoo, and by Europeans are call a salt lake, a mud hillock, and various ed by that name. We found them to be boiling pools. on an elevated plain of mud about two • The Lake was about { a mile in cirmiles in circumference, in the centre of cumference, of a dirty looking water, boil. which immense bodies of soft mud were ing up all' over in gurgling eddies, but thrown up to the height of 10 to 15 feet in more particularly in the centre, which apthe form of large bubbles, which burst-peared like a strong spring. The water ing-emitted great volumes of deuse white was quite cold, and tasted bitter, salt, and smoke. These large bubbles of which sour, and had an offensive smell. there were two, continued throwing up * About 30 yards from the lake stood the and bursting 7 or 8 times in a minute by Mad-hillock, which was about 15 feet high the watch-at times they threw up two or from the level of the earth. The diameter three tons of mud. We got to leeward of of its base was about 25 yards, and its top the smoke, and found it to stink like the about 8 feet-and in form an exact cone. Washings of a gun barrel.

The top is open, and the interior keeps As the bubbles burst, they threw the constantly boling and heaviug up like the mud' out from the centre with a pretty Bluddugs. The hillock is entirely formed loud noise, occasioned by the falling of the of mud which has flowed out of the top ;mud'on that which surrounded it, and of every rise of the niud was accompanied by which the plain is composed.

a rumbling noise from the bottom of the • It was difficult and dangerous to ap- hillock, which was distinctly heard for proach the large bubbles, as the ground some seconds before the bubble burst ;was all'a' quagmire except where the sur the outside of the hillock was quite firm. face of the mud had become bardened by We stood on the edge of the opening and the sun ;-upon this we approached cauti- sounded it, and found it to be 11 fathoms ously to within 50 yards of one of the deep. The mud was more liquid than at largest bubbles or mud-pudding as it might the Bluddugs, and no smoke was emitted properly be called, for it was of the con either from the lake, liillock, or pools.' sistency of custard-pudding, and was about • Close to the foot of the billock was a 100 yards in diameter :- here and there, small pool of the same water as the lake, where the foot accidentally rested on a which appeared exactly like a pot of water spot not sufficiently hardened to bear, it boiling violently ;-—it was shallow, except sunk-to the no small distress of the walker. in the centre, into which we thrust a stick

• We also got close to a small bubble, 12 feet long, but found no bottom. The (the plain was full of them, of different hole not being perpendicular, we could not sizes) and observed it closely for some time. sound it with a line. It appeared to heave and swell, and when

About 200 yards from the lake were the internal air had raised it to some height two very large pools or springs, 8 and 12 -it burst, and the mud fell down in con- feet in diameter; they were like the small centric circles; in which state, it remained pool, but boiled more violently and stunk quiet until a sufficient quantity of air again excessively. We could not sound them for formed internally to raise and burst ano- the same reason which prevented ous ther bubble, and this continued at inter- sounding the small pool. vals of from about ļ a minute to 2 minutes. • From various other parts of the pud- came to the pools, resembling the noise of a

•We heard the boiling 30 yards before we ding round the large bubbles, there were occasionally small quantities of sand shot of course the babbling was occasioned by

waterfall. These pools did not overfiowup like rockets to the height of 20 or 30 the rising of air alone. The water of the in parts where the mud was of too stiff a Bluddugs and the lake is used medicinally

by the Javanese.' consistency to rise in bubbles. The mud at all the places' we came year, was cold.

The Paal is somewhat less than an Eng. • The water wbich draius from the mud lish mile. is collected by the Javanese, and being ex

Dreadful Desperation. posed in the hollows of split bamboos to A dreadful fire recently occurred ni Pasa' the rays of the sun, deposits crystals of salt. / sarowang, which in its rapid progress deThe salt thuo made is reserved exclusively stroyed, within an hour, from ninety to ao

bundred houses. It was occasioned by a perhaps ill guarded, or under charge of tbief, who entered a house inhabited by a wearied attendants on foot. These the Javanese and his wife, having excavated a Pindarrees are obliged to abandon to an hole under the threshold of the door. The enemy of superior force: but when hard inhabitants being awoke, a conflict ensued pressed, many unload the Ponies, mount between the thief and the man, whilst the them and escape; while others conceal poor womaà retreated into an inyer apart. themselves in villages, hills, or jungles, ment. The noise soon assembled the within reach. Meantime the horsemen neighbours, but with the timidity. that cha. make off rapidly, with the most valuable racterises the Javanese, they did not ven- part of the booty; and if closely pressed, lure to enter the dwelling to afford the will march 100 miles in two days ; 300 necessary assistance. The man being thus miles in a week; or 500 miles in a fortleft alone, maintained a conflict for some night; over roads and hills impassable to time, in which be wounded his antagonist, horses unaccustomed to traverse them. At but receiving himself a wound in the groin, their leisure, they march with their cattle was unable to effect his escape. The rob. and followers at an ordinary rate of from ber perceiving the house to be surrounded 30 to 40 miles a day. by armed people, and that his retreat was Just before they set out on a plundering impracticable, locked the door in the in- excursion, the Pindarrees shoe theirhorses; side, and set fire to the roof, which being

and they provide sustenabee for themselves composed of combustible materials sooli

and horses, till they reach the object of communicated to the whole buildings, and their expedition, to which they move with juvolved the adjacent houses in flames.

unabated vigour, in order that no intima, The poor woman, by cutting a hole through tion of their approach may be conveyed. the wall, contrived to get out, but dread. The appetite of the Pindarrees is satisfied fully burnt. The robber, it would appear, with the coarsest Cakes of wheat or joarea, preferred self-immolation to delivering himself up, aud was found the next morning, as well red, and treated, as time and circum

parched peas or other grain. His horse is amidst the ruins, seated in a large water

stances allow : when "not mounted, he jar, burnt to death, with both his legs and one hand consumed. Thus, by the despegrazes in the gram fields; or if the grain

be cut down, and stacked, he feeds ou the ration of one individual, have nearly a hun

dry stalks and heads, and receives au addidred families been deprived of their abodes,

tional stimalus by nieans of opium ; with and have lost the greater part of their little

which bis rider is al. ays provided; and property, which but for the exemplary exo this, with his constant training, enables the ertious of the inhabitants, avided to the for:

animal to endure fatigue to au excessive tunate circumstance of the wind subsidig and incredible degree. The party balts in at the moment, might have extended to

the heat of the day, either in a place already the whole town.

pillaged, or under the shade of trees and

heriges, is it can possibly lwe obtained; and HINTS ON THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF commonly, about half a night's rest during THE PINDARREE FORCE: ACCORDING TO

the beginning and close of both night and

day, contents them: they are usually in The habitude of Predatory Expeditions ther iu larup bodies; but divide into small

lively motion: they seldom proceed togeenables the people known under the appellation of the Pindarrees, to move with a

parties, each well knowing the appointed rapidity wlien in the field, perhaps un

rendezvous. This is done, that the villages, equalled by any other Cavalry in the in the first instanee, may anticipate uo apworld. llaving fixed on their object, they

proaching evil; and to render all compudo not incumber theniselves with Tents

, tation or conjecture of their strength in

etter tual. Baggage, or any thing that can in the smallest degree impede their movements. The principal weapovi of the Pindarrees is The slaves and vagabonds who never fail a spear about twelve feet long: in the use to follow in their train, ride Ponies; upon of this they are very dextrous. From a which their masters afterwards load pors fifteenth to a twentieth part of the best tous of their spoil, the most valuable part horse carry match-locks; which they emof the prey being kepi about their persons, plov in thrir skirmishes with villagers, or on iheir own horses. The laden Tat. Two out of every tive Pindarrees, may be toos, aud Bullocks, which return with them, considered a tighting oven; two as Looties, are frequently relieved at different places or mere plu rieress, mounted on half brid on their route. All that a pursuing party hises, of interior iz”, though active and can expect, is to come up with this cattle, burdy. The one may probab'y


follow as riding tattoos, and armed with | Pindarrees, never moves but at the head of swords and sticks; for instauce, a body of the whole, or the greatest part of his Divi. 1000 Pindarrees may contain 400 fighting sion.—When half of it moves, it is gene. men, of whom 25 are armed with match rally led by Ranjan Jimir. Poodies of two locks, and the rest with long spears; also thousand Morse are usually commanded by about 400 Looties, with smaller spears and Kaloo Bahira; Sheik Dulla who when swords, and 200 of the lowest class, but, in expelled from Berar sought an Asylum estimating the number of a body of Pindar- with Cheetoo, often leads parties of a few rees invading a country, great allowances hundreds, especially into that province, and must be made for the exaggeration of the Kandeshan Cheetoo bas ten Guns, besides terrified inhabitants, who often more than some pieces in his principal bold, Luiwas, double their actua) pumbers, and sometimes a strong Fort, with a Garrison of two hunperhaps they convert hundreds into thou- dred matrblock men; in which he estasands. A fourth therefore of the force re blished a foundery for cannon, in 1810. presented by a flying report of an invading this Infantry does not exceed five hundred, party, may be taken as a fair proportion of armed with matchlocks; and are unwortheir effective force in well mounted horse thy of description. The Flags of Cheetoo men.

and all the Sindia Shahee leaders, are of the Bhugera colour, a mixture of red and

orange with a white snake in the centre. The Pindarrees were formed into two The Lugees, or small standards, have also grand divisions, commanded by Herred the device of the snake, and are usually made Burraun; till the commencement of the pre

of tatfeta, green, yellow, or airs buat a dark sent ceritury, when they became distributed colour; which is used by the iloikar Sha

hees. according to the arrangement which now

Almost all the leaders have sepa. subsists, and nominally divided into two

rate Lugees. bodies, called Sindia Shahee, and Holker

Cheetoo is fifty years old, with a comShahee, designations denoting their adherence to those chieftains.

plexion inclining to fair; broker teeth,

grey hair and beard, eyes black. His son These have become names well known

Mahomed Prima is eighteen years of age, both in Europe and India ; sometimes from Ranjein Sercier is a bont forty, dark, short, reports of what they had done, and the and very siut, and has a wound in his terrible sufferiogs they had inflicted on

right arm. The younger I "ujier is thirty, countries the wealth of which had tempted

Shekh Dulla is about thirty-five, and

He formerly the unsparing hand of the invader; and marked with small pox. such an invader! That their plans are well

maintained a Bandarii, which jute sied laid and fearlessly executed, their recent Beeran, but was compelled to flv fron his irruption into the territories of the Com

station at the Doolgaut in the Goonilevana pany sufficiently shews. They are cer.

hills. On Chretoo's confinement Ranjier tainly among the most formidable scourges

went over with the Dhura to Ho'kar, who of India ; cquaily with the Tiger, and

at the recommendation of Meer Khan conother ferocious animals.

ferred upon him the title of Nawaub Raji As the most considerable of these bodies

Mabomed Khatear ud Doulah. Oveyd is, certainly, that which acknowledges obe

Koowar, Jungle Koowar Hunee Koowar dience to Sindia Shahee, we shall give that

and Kulloo Koowar are Chilasor, adopted the first place.

sons of Cheetoo. Omyd Kooweer is forty years old, and blind of one eye. He is a

good Officer and commands at Lutwas. Cheetoo, or as he is called, Seetoo, by the For the last two years Cheetoo's Dhuna Mahrattas, may be considered as the princi-have cantoned at Nimawar, about ten coss pal Chief of this class. In the year 1806, S. E from Lutwas, they keep their family he attached bimself to Sindia, from whom and property at Lutwas. he received the title of Nawaub Flemaul Mabommed Mooler Khan Sing. In April Kurreen before bis seizure in 1806, was 1807, Cheetoo was seized in Siudia's Camp, the most powerful of the Pindarree Chief. and sent to the fortress of Guailior, in con tains : he was released at the same time fivement-He was released towards the with Cheetoo, in 1811, but enjoyed his end of 1811. Cheetoo's force may amount liberty for a few months only, being seized to 3500 good horse; and to about 8000 of in Holkar's Camp in 1812. His Dhuna is alldescriptious.

now commanded by Khoosal Koowar, and Cbeetoo, like the other Chiefs of the Namdar Kban, Kurreem's Nephew.


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