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ral colour, and the day following, were
able to creep about, and began to fly; LOCUSTS.
they were very abundant that season, more fFrom an American Paper.)
so than I ever remember to have seen Carlisle, (Pen.) July 3.-In Mr. Poul and I have seen at least three years of the
them, though it is about fifty years since, son's paper of the 26th of June, a writer locusts since. As to the precise number who takes in hand to describe the locust, of years between their appearance, it seems says, that in 1796 we were visited by an immense uumber of locusts. “ At that time, last 5fty years has been about 13, 14, or 15
a little uncertain, but the time within the (says he) I remember it was stated, that this species of locust visited us in every se
years between each time of their
appearventeenth year, and that after remaining a few weeks, they buried themselves in the make when they come to maturity. The
Now, to return to the progress they earth. The trees and fences were covered with their shells, from which they had ex.
only loss we sustained, though the grain tricated themselves soon after their appear- stroying a great many branches of young
was almost covered with them, was in deance, and on their departure, the earth was perforated with thousands of holes, about branches, by depositing their eggs in them,
apple-trees, as they do with other tender à fourth part of an inch in diameter, which in a few weeks disappear, but in through which they had descended, as it was said, to their place of retreat, where the next time they came, they rose out of
what way I know not; this I know, that they spent the remainder of the period of the ground, no other where than about the seventeen years."
place that trees or bushes stood when they I only mean to relate what I know had formerly been here; and you might from personal observation with respect to nearly know the space the tree covered, the manner in which the locusts first make by the holes the locusts came out of. After their appearance, and also their manner of they deposit their eggs, many of them rot retreat, which is very different from that away in their hinder parts : so as to make given by the writer above alluded to, who ing holes in the ground at this time is out of says, that after remaining a few weeks, the question; but from the eggs disappearthey buried themselves in the earth, and ling in a short time, and the locusts coming that after their departure, the earth was out of the ground only where they had perforated with thousands of holes. Now, trees or bushes to deposit their eggs in, the fact is, these thousands of holes were
I am inclined to believe, that, like all other perforated as they came up out of the insects, they are produced from the seed earth. I well remember, when a boy, my of the former generation. Many things father lived in a cabin with an earthen bave been said as to their depth in the floor, which was as hard as it could be earth : one thing is certain, they bave been made with clay mortar, through this they | dug out of cellars the year before they came in abundance, and seemed to arrive
came ont, several feet below the surface, as soon at the face of the earth, as those in the same form and size, as when they that came through a softer soil; they were
come out of the ground. all covered with a brown shell. Being young, I was curious to observe their mo.
ANTIQUITIES. tion-in the evening, my brother and I stepped a few paces from the cabin, and A very ancient gold coin, apparently saw them crawling up the bushes, where of one of the British Kings about the pethey fastened themselves and began to riod of the invasion of the Romans, was creep out of their shells, which opened on last week picked up by a labouring woman their back, between their wings; when beside the wail of Lord Cowper's Park, they came out of their shell, they were as near Canterbury. It is of the purest gold, white as tallow, and in the morning the of a concave form, having a warrior's head bushes were hangiug full of them, by the on the convex side, which it is conjectured two fore feet, as much like camilles on rods is that of Arviragus, and the figure of a when dripping, as any thing I have ever charioteer driving two horses abreast on seen, and as white and soft as when they the reverse. came out of their shell; but nearly as A Roman seal, of pure gold, weighing large as ever they grew, being swelled upwards of an ounce, was lately discoto about double the size that they were vered in a garden at Ilchester; by an inwbile confined. In this situation they scription it apappears to have been fabrihang all that day in the sun, and against cated during the reign of the Emperor evening were turned nearly to their natu. Claudius, A. D. 54.
PRECEDENCE IN INDIA.
nour are to be granted to any civil servant INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE
who may, after leaving the college, ob
tain a high proficiency in the Arabic and BRITISH SETTLEMENTS IN INDIA.
Sanscrit languages. The reward of 5000 pagodas for learning, granted on this account, has been abolished.
Ecclesiustical Proceedings. The question of raub and precedence in
A “ Calcutta Diocesan Society, for the India is at length likely to be set at rest by promotion of Christian Knowledge," has the warrants of the Prince Regeot already been established at Calcutta by the Lord received there, except in regard to the
Bishop. ladies, the warrant not being considered,
The Bishop and the Archdeacon are in that respect, sufficiently explicit; and taking the greatest interest in the conduct a further reference has been accordingly of the Free School at Cakutta, under Dr. made to the authorities in this country boy is alsass ready to assist in the formation
His Lordship's patronage Lord Moira In the mean time', every huy retains lier personal rank by birth; of plans for the improvement of the many and the question is to ascertain the rauk platantropic institutions in india. of those ladies, who are entitled to prece- formed in St. Johu's Church, at Calcutta.
Divine service is now regularly per: dence in right of the situation of their husbands.
on Sunday evenings, according to the speTic rank and precedence of those spe.
cial directions of the Court of Directors. cifically mentioned in the Prince Regent's
Tanjore Congregation. warrant is as follows:
The increase of the Tamul congregation The Governor General.
at Tanjore, in the year 1812, was as folThe Vice-President, or Governor Genel lows: they had baptized 120, among whom ral for the time being.
were 58 infants born in the congregation, The Governor of Madras for the time and 62 Ileathens. The Lord's Supper had being.
been administered to 577 persons. Their The Governor of Bombay for the time marriages had been 20, and their burials being.
59. in the year 1813, they had baptized The Chief Justices of Bengal and Ma 176 persons, viz. 67 children born in the dras.
congregation, and 111 Heathens. Seven The Bishop of Calcutta.
persons had been received from the Popish The Members of the Council, according Communion. The Lord's Supper had been to their situations in the council of their administered to 706 persons. Their marrespective presidencies.
riages had been 3), and their funerals 53. The Puissie Judges of the Supreme Courts
At Trichinopoly. of Judicature.
In the course of 1813, were baptized 21 The Recorder of Bombay.
persons, Tamulians, Portuguese, avd halfThe Commander-iu Chief of bis Majes-cast Lnglish, including 3 Native Converts; fies Naval Forces, and the Commander-in and received from Popery 5 persons. Their ühicf of the Army at the several presi- communicants, consisting of Tamulians, Hencies, according to relative ravk in their Portuguese, and others, bad been 289. The respective services.
English School Children, with some NaMilitary and Naval Officers, above the tives among them, were generally about rank of Major General.
60, and the Tamul School Children were All other persons to take place accord generaliy more than 20. The Tamul Coning to what shall appear to have been the gregation consisted of $50 souls; and the general usage of the several presidencies. Portuguese and half-cast English were The Archdeacons to be considered as next about iso. in rank to the senior merchants.
At Tranquebar. All adies to take place according to the The three English Schools in Tranquerank assigned to their renpective busbands, bar, particularly that of Seminarists, were with the exception of ladies having prece so much in reputation, that Protestant, Rodence iu Eugiand, who are to take placeman Catholic, and leather children came according to their several ranks, with re to be instructed from a distance of twenty ference to such precedeuce, after the k
wives or thirty miles; the parents clefraying their or the enters of Comcil at the presi- boarding expenses. Besides reading the okat, Citsu India.
English and Tamul New Testament, and By a inie regulation in the Calcutta repeating by heart a number of Psalms and Coneje, ai Fort Wisain, degrees of ho. Chapters, ihey write and read, iu botke
languages, instructive and pidus moral the reply, began beating Dweep-chund, stories, which Mr. John had formed for this who received his blows without resistance. purpose. Ciasses not able to read English Kureem, however, who was less patient, Manuscript, write their spelling in the was provoked to use threatening language; sand according to the New System.
Dweep-chund restrained him, by saying, Christian Schoolmasters, educated in the “ Brother, we are the disciples of liim Mission, were employed, and preferred by who was led as a lamb to the slaughter; English and Danish Gentlemen, and by the who, in the midst of his murderers, looked Native Princes, to instruct their children. stedfastly towards heaven, praying that One of the Tanjore Princes, a son of the they might be forgiven, when one look of predecessor of the present Rajah, was re- anger on them would have reduced them ceiving instruction in the English language to ashes." The Portuguese man, at this, from a Tanjore Christiani, who also gave was ready to take Dweep-chund into his him lessons in the Holy Bible. His High- arms; and all appeared to be much struck bess Serfogee Mahal Rajalı, himself, had with this new thing in the land-men lately employed a Christian in his endow- praying for their persecutors ! ed Charity School.
Specimen of Hindoo Superstition ; from the Report informs us, that a fount of Persian Journal of the Missionaries at Madras. Types is preparing, at the charge of the Sept. 10. Sunday.-1 was informed, some
time Society, on new principle; whereby
many Heathen worshipped printed books in that langnage will exactly
a Kite on a tree in our garden every Sunresemble Persian MSS., which they have day, though without entering it, but standnever hitherto done, and which will ren-ing behind the wall and performing their der them peculiarly acceptable to the Na- ceremonies. I observed, this morning, setives of that country.
veral lleatheus at the gate, going up
and dowli, and crying after the Kite. I Prayer for Persecutors.
sent the servant to tell them, that, if they Mr. O. Leonard, at Calcutta, has given desired any thing, they might come and an affecting anecdote on this subject. speak with me. One man came; and,
Our late brother Dweep-chuud, accom while speaking with him on the subject of panied by Kareem and another brother, worshipping the animal or any creature, once went into a neighbouring village to the Brahmin himself and several others preach. On their arrival, they found a came likewise; a small crowd remaining at Portugnese man sitting at his door in a the gate, and listeniog to what I spake chair:-going up to him, they entered into with the Brahmin and the others near me. conversation with him, and offered to smoke I discorsed with them on the darkness and out of his hooka. He turned rouud with sinfulness of their minds, and brought beastonishment, and asked them what they fore them the Salvation of our Lord Jesus meant? adding, that they were Bengalees! Christ. They gave their general assent. --would they smoke with him. They The Brahmin turned, during the converdeclared that they were Christians : and sation, to the others, who were probably that they despised no man, as all were the his congregation; and looking up to the children of ove Father, The Portuguese, tree, said, “The Kite is not there now,” as pleased with their frankness, and with a token that they needed not wait any fiuding Christians among the Natives, longer. gave them his hooka, and ordered three Sept. 17. Sunday:-1 took again opporchairs to be brought for them; which, tunity to speak with some [leathen, that however, they declined, and sat on the had come this morning to worship the Kite; ground. By this time, several of the and with others, who had come to make villagers had arrived on the spot, and offerings to the stone-gods under the Buianbegan to listen to the conversation; when tree. These were two Moor-women, one these Brethren sang a hymn in Bengalee- of whom, it appeared, had lost three child
Eternal salvation by the death of Christ;" ren, and was iherefore going to offer to the which drew numbers round them. At the god, that he might give her more childclose of the hymn and of prayer, Dweep-ren. I made my usual remarks on the subchund got up, and with the Testament in ject, attended by admonitions for their salhis hand, addressed them in a manner vation. They freely assented to what I which astonished Kureem and the other said, owning that their stone would not Native Brother, and excited the wonder belp them, and that they followed only their of the listening strangers. A Brahmin customs. At my request they then took amongst the crowd, however, interrupted away the flowers and the necklare with the speaker, and made use of some oppro- which they had ornamented the stone, and brious language; aud, being enraged at went away.
The Jesuits, formerly at Pondicherry,, sent a book for his daughter. This was were very successful.' They instructed Na looked upon as á public testimony thai she tives for the Ministry: not only in their was to be brought up in the new religion. own Tamul, granamitically, and in French; This, together with the rapid increase of but also in Latin ; aud I think also in Greek. the “ Bure Atua," or praying people," The first Tamu! Teacher which I had for for so are our people called, excited in the m\seif, had been educated in iheir College; idolatrous chiet's a violent spirit of persecuand, as he did not understand English, we tion. They thought these things ought had all our lessons in Latin.
not to be endured any longer, but crushed OTAHEITE.
altogether in time. The idolatrous, chiefs
of Pare, and the chief of Hapajavo, got Disturbances in Eimeo: the Chiefs, disap some ofthechiefs of Matavai to join them in pointed, wreak their anger on each other.
a conspiracy against the Bure Alua, and it Frine Juuary to the end of June, 1815, wis proposed to cut them off entirely, root re'i,,ion appeared to prosper: our con- and branch. But thinking themselves ungro, tuous were large, and the attendance equal to the task, those of the new religion on the means of instruction constant and being already formidable, both iu number encouraging. The school increased rapid- and respectability, they acquainted the ly, and prospered ; and those who reuoun chiefs of Atahura and Papara with their ced heaineoism, and became the professed views and intentions, and invited ihem to worshippers of the true God, were pereas- join them. These, though their anrient ing daily in diferent parts of this island, rivals and enemies came most readily into and also at Taneite. The priest of Papetoai the measure, and prepared to unite with (the district where we reside, renounced them without delay; and on the night of heathenism ; joined us, and publicly coin | July the 7th, these combined forces were milied his god to the fames. Others fol.
to fall, without mercy, ou those who had lowed his example, both here and at Ta révounced heathenism, and exterminate heite; morais were destroyeti, and the al- them; but some of the parties being rather · tars overthrowil, and the wood of them. I dilatory, and secret intelligence baving been
used to dress common food, of which dif. I conveyed to the parties whose ruin was deferent classes and seses partook al onc com terminer upon, and they happening to be mon meal, in direct violation of ancient that evening, most of them, together by prohibitions and customs.
the sea side, they quickly got on board In the month of May, the queen and her their canoes, and set s vil for čimeo, where sister calie Pomare V bine, went over to they arrived, and were safely landed the folTaheite. The latter, havioy lately come up lowing morning. The disappointed .hiefs from the Leeward Islan.is, had never see: then quarrelled among themselves; aud the Theite, but intended now, in company with Ataburuaus, &c. fell upon the Porionu a number of vier people, to make the tour pirty, that is, upon the party who began of ihe island. In the inen time the king live uffi:ir and had invited them, They who had rı-sided for some time in our weigh-fought; the Porionu were defeated, and a bourhood, thongt, while ihis party wis muniber of men killed, among whom was absent, of going binuself on a journey | one of their priucipal chiefs, and a proaround Eineo, stoppis 2 a while at different moter of the war. The Atahuruans, and places, to see if he could persuade the chiefs those of Papara, being joined by Tajarabu, and principal pwople to cast away their burut, ploudered, and cleared a way before ido's, &c. When he had proceedles in theo, the whole of the N. E. part of Tathis owner as far as a small district called heite, from the borders of Atahura to the Maatea, he went as a confidential letter, to Isthmus. The quesiion about religion inforto us of the state of religionis affairs in seems now quite forgotten; and the differthat ;* rt of the island. During the nionth ent parties fought to revenge old quarrels of Jure, we received also several lectors that happened many years ago. Some from the party at Taheite, giving us an en time after, the Taiarabu people quarrelled coursely account of the state of things with those of Papara and Atahuru ; fought there. This party had not proceeded on with them, but were defeated and driven their journey as they laiended, but were to the mountains. still is the districi, of Pare where they had A great number of refugees are come lauried, and where the king's daughter, over from Tabeite, and still continue to arAinuti, risided with her nurse.
rive. The king has repeatedly sent mesinformed that considerable parts of the dis-sages of peace to the chiefs of the conquertrist of Pace, and of the neighbouring one, iny party; and they haverepeatedly answer. Matav: i our old residence, bad cast away ed that there is peace between them and their gous, and embraced the true religion. him ; though they liave not yet settled old Wbeu the queen went over, the king had affairs among themselves.
and in that state were marched about 19
miles across the country; and halting a National Register:
short time in a place where cattle POREIGN.
confined, they were obliged to resumo their journey. Their refreshment was boiled corn and water. They were then
placed in another prisou, but soon heard Letters from Goree, dated the 17th and that they were to be marched back to 18th of July, state, that on the last men- | Algiers, to which place, after having entioned day the French took possession camped on the bank of a river, which had of that place, having previously, on the recently been overflowed, they were after12th of the same mouth, taken possession wards brought. Then they were confined of Senegal.
in a large building on the south side of the
town, where they remained in doubt, anxReport affirms, the Caffers have received lety, and apprehension, as to what would Christian Vissionaries with great readi- be their future fate. At length the Eng'ish Dess; and that there is every reason to ex
were relieved from their irons and marched pect much from the exertions of those pious sion of their own boats
down to the Marina, and put into possesteachers.
Their situation would have been deplorable, indeed, if it had noi beev for the persevering kind of
fices of the American Consul. The couaCruelty of the Algerines.
try over which these unfortunate travellers The following narrative of the recent were passed, appeared to be in a desolate sufferings of our countrymen at Algiers is coudition, covered chiefly with underwood. stated in an evening paper to be derived They crossed an extensive plain, stated to from a source which entities it to implicit be, according to report, about 2,000 miles credit : “ Captain Dashwood, and Mr. in length, avd 50 in breadth. The soil M'Vanus, the surgeon of the Prometheus, seenied to be fertile in many parts, aad and some more Englishmen who assisted with good pasturage. It may easily be conin effecting the escape of the English Conceived that our poor countrymen were in sul's family at Algiers, and who were un a mclancholy condition, with the prosfortunately detected in consequence of the pect of death before them, as they were child's crying, were in great danger of often by signs threatened that their heads losing their heads, and would certainly would be cut off, or had reason to fear have suffered, if it had not been for the in that they should be punished as the slaves terposition of the American Consul. They in general are-a puuishinent which they were put into a large vault filled with ver
bad the misery of witnessing, aud which min, and filth, where they remained all is in the following manner :- They are night. They had mats to rest on, upon a placed on the ground with their hacks damp floor, and had nothing to refresh uppermost, a stick is put across their legs themselves but bad bread and water. They which is held by two men, another man were tantalized with a promise that they kneels at the head of the victim, and should be permitted to go on board ship, stretches his hand across the back, and but were marched from one prison to
two Turks then strike him alternately on another. They were well treated by some the fleshy part below with large sticks, Sicilian siaves. The Minister refused them often to the number of three or four hun. when they applied for more bread; but dred blows, and afterwards make them the Captain of the port showed some com
return to work even in that lamentable passion, and ordered refreshments for them, state of suffering. The poor wretches are directing the guards to treat them well. allowed nothing but bread and water, and The slaves then gave them fruit, &c. They are provided with a new suit of miserable were afterwards moved to what is called attire every year by the munificence of the the King's Prison, under an escort of sol- Dey. diers, and marched through the towo), in
Further particulars of Lord Exmouth's Expedition. sulted on the way by Moors, Jews, and Turks, who even spat' iu their faces. The The Dey, in presence of bis DiDev thought proper to send the Consul's van, apologized to the British Consul for child on board. The American Consul the personal restraint which had been imcontinued his kindness, and the Swedish pored upon him during the late transacConsnl also was very attentive, and sup- tion; and he also paid to the Consul a sum plied them with books, pens, and paper.- of three thousand dollars, as a The English soon after were put into irons, ration for depredations committed on his