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been visited by travellers, and therefore Foreign Literary Gazette. bave been deemed obscure and uninterest

ing, are at length become objects of atten

tion to the literati. Prince Lichnowsky, at AMERICA : UNITED STATES. Vienna, announces the publication of a The American Press has distinguished | Monuments of the middle nges, which erist in

Series of Engravings, representing the the Literary PANORAMA, by reprinting the Austrian Empire. A work commitied its Numbers, verbatim, beginning with that to the best Engravers, and to be executed of April last. The price is Six Dollars per with splendor; to be published in parts, · annum : or Three Dollars per volume. price three ducats each, every three

months. The exeeution of the work is very respect

At the same time, Sig. Domenico Testini, able, both as to paper and type. We can. of Florence, has published, in that city, not but feel the compliment paid to our la- Viaggio curioso, &c. Travels in Transyl. bours, by this repetition of them in a dis-vania, Wallachia, and Hungary, ending at

Vienpa, in which whatever is curious, tant country Conscious to ourselves that scientific, or included in the studies of the no sentiments are admitted but what are Antiquary, is particularly attended to:justified by sound wisdom and morals, we for the use, apparently, of inquisitive and take a pleasure in thinking, that these sen

examining travellers. timents have met with friends abroad, and are sufficiently prevalent to warrant this

Education for young Greeks. adventure. May they become universally has been founded here by Professor

Munich, Sept. 10.--The Atheneum which popular ! and may America reap the benefit Thiersch, for the education of young in a long course of peace, prosperity, and Greeks, goes on successfully. There are algratitude !

ready young men there from Greece Proper, AUSTRIA.

from the Islands, Asia, Moldavia, and German Literature versus French Critics.

Wallachia; among them are the sons of

the first families, for example, a nephew Vienna, Oct. 5.—The Austrian Observer; of Archbishop Ignatio, a grandson of the a journal much attached to the cause of legitimacy, and to the interests of France, the illustrious uame of Comneni, whose fa

late Prince of Moldavia, three brothers of complains, with much energy, of the ma- mily has retired within these few years nia which actuates some French journals

, from the Archipelago to Taganrok on the in other respects estimable, in their out. Dom. rageous attacks on German literature, which doubtless is not conformable to the taste of Frenchmen, but which, like Greek

Suspension of the French Journals. literature, Roman, English, or Spanish,

From a private letter from our Correspondent at Paris, must be judged of according to the ideas,

The new Stamp Duty or Pamphlets has principles, and manners of the nation to operated with fatal effect on Literature. which it respectively belongs. To insult | The best Journals in France have been pations in that which is the consecrated obliged to be suspended in consequence of medium of expressing their thoughts and it. Amongst the rest Le Magazin Encyfeelings, is to set up pretensions to a lite clopedique, le Mercure Etranger, Le Anrary and moral despotism which no Euronales de Chimie, Le Journal de Pharmapean nation has a right to arrogate. In the cie, Le Journal General de Medicine, Le existing situation of the Powers, these dia- Journal des Arts, Le Journal D'Agricultribes against foreigu literature, ordinarily ture, &c. &c. accompanied with calumnies against the Many importapt works are also suspendmorals and manners of other nations, bave ed at press; but several excellent oues unthe very disagreeable effects of provoking dertaken by spirited authors succeed, reprisals. Europe, restored to its old po- amongst these are a splendid edition of litical balance, requires, even in literary Homer, in ito. with the whole Commendiscussions, that tone of urbanity and po- tary of Eustathius, by M. Niccolopoulo, fíteness which should always prevailamong Librarian of the Institute. An immense equals.

work in the language of the Troubadours, Antiquities, &c. in the Austrian Provinces.

by M. Rayuouard, of the Institute, who

has already published the Elements of the It should seem as if those provinces

Grammar of that language-a work absothe Austrian Monarchy which have rarely lutely necessary for every one who studies VOL, V. No. 26.Lit. Pan. N. S. Nov. 1.

L

FRANCE.

GERMANY

British Etymology, we shall give a review | been established, yet it mirst be confessed, of it in our next.

that the greater nuniber, and the most The first volume of the magnificent work beautiful specimens have been found in on India, by Professor Langlés, 'is finished, Italy. La Puglia and La Basilicata have and the second is publishing. We shall furnished many of these specimens of anpotice it also in our next number.

tient art, which now form the riches of auProposed imprurement in the French breed of tiquaries, and the ornament of Royal paHorses.

laces. La Puglia especially, has afforded We lately had occasion to observe the the most admirable by their dimensions, by attention paid, in Prussia, to horses of the the beauty of the paintings which adorn high, Arabian breed, not less are the them, and by the singularity of the subjects wishes of the French directed towards treated in those paintings. This district of the same object. The Chevalier Chate- country continues to be distinguished by lain,a superior officer of artillery, published the tombs which are discovered in it, and lately. Memoir sur les Chevaux Arabes, &c. by the expectations it excites of the discoMemoir on Horses of the Arab race, in very of others, partirularly near Caposa, one volume, 8vo. in which he proposes and on a plain having a rocky substratom, by means of importation of these horses, 10 in which a number of antient sepulchres improve and ameliorate, to a very high de are excavated. gree, the present race of horses in France. In September 1819, accident, as has He lays down principles for selecting the already often happened, in the classic most distinguished breeds for the purpose; regions of Italy, produced such a discovery, gives his opinion on the forming of studs of on occasion of digging a well, in the plain horses, with instructions to their breeders, described ; it brought to light the handowners, &c.

somest sepulchral chamber, that has yet

been examined. History of the Arts throughout Europe.

The same excavation disclosed a num

ber of other antiquities, equally valuaM. Fiorillo, who has published the his- ble. M. Millin, who watched this distory of Painting in Italy, France, Spain, covery with great attention, has published and Britain, in five volumes Svo. bas lately

a Description of the Tombs of Canosa, with published at Hanover, the continuation of their bas-reliefs, ornaments, and painted his work, in a volume of 500 pages, which

vases : in very large folio, price 100 francs; refers to the history of the Arts in Ger- with fourteen plates. The erudition of this many, and the Low Countries. It treats writer is too well known to need any com. on the early epochs of Art, from the timement: he has treated these subjects with of the Romans to the fifteenth century. his usual ability. The work is divided into mine sections, in

A remark may here be made on the cluding Austria, Bohemia, Silesia, Bavaria, custom of burying such vases, with the Franconia, and Nuremberg, Suabia, par. dead. We find it in Britaill, where certicularly Augsburg, Ulm, and Nordlingen; tainly the vases disinterred by Sir R. C. on the Upper Rhine, and in the cities of Hoare and Mr. Cunnington, were thought Mentz, Spires, Worms, Treves, Cologne, valuable by those who deposited them; and Frankfort; also in Hesse, Thuringia, we find it, also, in Italy and Greece, and Upper Saxony.

where uncommou pains have been taken to Literary Present.

decorate them ;- for what purpose ? ApFrankfort, Oct. U. Nr. Luke Howard parently, those found in Britain, are by far has presented to the library of this city a the most ancient; for thcy contain Do valuable collection of English books, or figures of any kind; veither symbols of which one portion relates to the society for hunting, nor of war; neither traditional distributing copies of the Bible, and ano stories, nor mythological fictions : yet are ther to the Sect of the Quakers, as well they bigbly ornamented. The arrangeas its present organization in different ment of those in the tombs of Italy and parts of Europe.

Greece, is more studied; and sometimes

many are found together, placed in order, Etruscan, or Sepulchral Vases

as it were, by the same individual. If the

custom were brought by the Britons from Notwithstanding a number of vases, the cast, it was derived from sources incalheretofore knowu under the appellation of culably antient; and probably from those Etruscan has been found in Greece, and very same ancestors from whom the thereby proof of the use of such vases Greeks, &c. originally sprung. The subin sepulchres, throughout a greater space of ject is curious ; and may now be inquired country than was formerly supposed, has into with greater advantage than formerly.

ITALY.

SAXONY.

men

RUSSTA.

sent State of Profestant Missions in differSeries of Historic Medals proposed. ent Parts of the World." St. Petersburgh, Sept. 18.–Count Te This Volume is in the Russian language. dor Tolstoi, well kuowu for his talents in It will be pretty large; but will be ready, medal Engraving, has lately signified to it is expected, in the first winter mouths. the President of the Russian Academy, Buchanan's Researches have appeared in that if the Academy would encourage the the Russian language. undertaking, he was inclined to represent in a series of medals, the remarkable events Grundriss der Archarlogie, &c.—Elements of the Russian empire in 1812, 1893, 1814,

of Archaiology, subservieut to the His: viz.-1. The National Arming in Russia.

tory of ancient Art, of Aucient mouu 2. The Battle of Borodino. 3. The Deli

ments, and works of Classic Antiquities. verance of Moscow. 4. The Battle at

By C. D. Beck. Tom. I. pp. 250. Leipsic. Naloijaroslawetz. 5. The Days Battle near The Introduction to this work presents Krasnoy. 6. The Battle on the Beresina. the author's views of the manner of study. 7. The Flight of Napo'eon beyond the Nie-ing Archaiology, and the Antique, on the

8. Alexander's first step over the history of collections, descriptions, and imifrontiers of Russia. 9. The Deliverance of tations of Antiques, on the objects of anBerlin. 10. The Triple Alliance. 11. The cient Art, its emblems and attributes, with Battle on the Catzback. 12. The Battle the means to obtaiu a more ready acquainat Culm, 19. The Battle of Leipzic. 14. tance with them, The Deliverance of Amsterdam. - 15.

The work itself begins with the general Crossing the Rhine. 16. The Battle of history of Art, among different people, as Brieone. 17. The Battle of Arcis-sur-the Hindoos, the Babylonians, the Syrians, Aube, 18. The Battle of Fere Cham- &c. among which the Egyptians, Etruspenoise. 19. The Occupation of Paris.

caus, Greeks, and Romans occupy the first The Russian Academy found the design rank. The Author then passes to the moelegant and the undertaking useful, both numents of Art, with inscriptions or withto preserve the memory of such great out; with figures or without; then to events, aud do honour to the Arts in Rus- works of Art, as statues, groups, composisia. However, to be more certain, it was tions, &c. The whole will form three vo. resolved to invite the members of the lumies and will conclude with an alphabet. Academy of Arts to attend the Sitting. ical table. Of artists known by their

They accordingly attended the Sitting of works, or numismatie cited by authors.
the Russian Academy on the 15th June;
and, having carefully examined the draw-
ings, expressed their opinion in the most

Missionary Publication. favorable terms.

A Missionary lustitution having been The Russian Academy hereupon resoly- i lately formed at Basle, and a Seminary in ed:

connection with it for the preparation of 1. To allot for the completion of the Missionaries, a Quarterly Publication, in work the sum estimated at 20,000 roubles German, has been thought likely to pronecessary for the purpose, out of the suni

mote the design. which the Emperor has assigned for the

The price, per annum, is one dollar. promotion of the Arts and Sciences.

The work is devoted to the latest History 2. While Count Tolstoi is employed in of the Protestant Missionary and Bible Soengraving the medals, to have the draw cieties, for the information of the friends of ings engraved on copper, and printed with Christianity and of mankind in Germany

and the Swiss country. suitable explanations under them.

3. To employ Mr. Ultin, well known for bis ability, to execute the engravings.

The Holy Scriptures dispersed. 4. When the plates are printed to opeul

The Edinburgh Missionary Society is a Subscription for the advantage of the io- preparing, at Astrachan, the Scriptures ventor, concerning wbich due notice will for the use of the Tartars—the United Bre. be given.

thren, in Labrador, for the Esquimaux Missionary History.

the Church Missionary Society, in WestMeasures are taking, by a Lady of Rank ern Africa, for the Bulloms--the Baptists, in Russia, with the assistance of the Rev. in India, for the millions of the human Robert Pinkerton, to attract attention to race who are perishing there for lack of wissionary efforts in that vast empire. By knowledge--the London Missionary Soa Letter from Mr. Pinkerton, we learn, ciety, in China, for the enlightening of its that this Princess had, with his aid, nearly countless population, and, in the Íslands ready for the press, a work, entitled, “ All of the South Sea, for their scattered tribes. Account of the Commeucement and pre.

SWITZERLAND.

TARTARY.

La

the Arabs, but the best have necessarily [From Our CorrESPONDENT AT Paris.] been very imperfect. Don Raphael bas

surpassed all in obtaining information Les Bedouins ou Arabes du Desert, ouvrage

on the subject; and from the known publié d'apres les notes inedites de Dom character of the author, and his courage in Raphael, sur les mours, usages, lois, costumes, Civiles et Religieuses, trc. de peu-ing every risk, to obtain true intelligence,

suffering every privation, and encounterples, par F. J. Mayeux.

with the absence of all prejudice, we are The Bedouins, or Arabs of the Desert, &c. inclined to give him full credence in his &c. 3 vols. 18mo, with 24 plates, illus

curious sketches, and the more so, as the trative of the traits of Character, Cosmotes were the result of observation, and tumes, and Ceremonies of the Arabs.

he could have no motive to deceive Paris. 1816.

himself;--they were not intended for pubThe remark of a learned French Professor, lication. Fortunately, bis M. S. fell into that“ in general the merit of a work is in the hands of an excellent Arabic Scholar, versely as its magnitude," was never more M. Mayeux, pupil of that learned Oritrue than on the present occasion. How entalist, the Chevalier. Langlès, the French many frivolous works are swelled out into a Persian Professor, and he has rendered a formidable quarto, the sole merit of wbich very acceptable service to literature, in consists in their graphic and typographic renderiug ihem public. excellence, and, fortunately for paper

The first volume treats of the names, the makers, printers, and

engravers, such works find buyers. It is not that we do not position and strength of the tribes, and of feel a lively interest in the progress and the qualities which distinguish them from

each other. The second and third volumes success of all the arts connected with lite

are devoted to their manners, customs, rature. We love to sec splendid merit ushered iuto the world in a splendid form; laws, government, and religious creeds. but when we see a rivulei of letter press tinct tribes, all differing from each other

Don Raphael enumerates fifty-seven disflowing through a broad meadow of margim, and adorned with expensive plates

in some essential points; of these, eighteen which afford no information, and when inhabit Egypt, and thirty-nine Syria. Yet the basis of the work itself is trifling or in these various tribes we are accustomed to siguificant, it excites our honest indigna- confound onder the general name of Arabs. tion, as a literary fraud on the purse of the on this subject the Author observes purchaser.

1. “ The carelessness with which parraM. Mayeux possessed of the manuscript the false notions and ridiculous opinious

tives are written is the principal cause of notes of the learned and enterprizing Don Raphael instead of publishing them in mag: Mussulmans are called Turks, in Europe,

which we have of distant nations. Thus nificent quarto, wbich he might well have doue, has chosen the modest 18mo., where I though they are no more so than the by a fund of curious and useful informa. French, and they have on the coutrary a tion is rendered of easy acquisition to all borror of the wame of Turk, which is readers. His conduct is doubly praise- bestow it through excess of contempt on

indeed an insult to them, and they only worthy in this respect, on the above account, and also as adding a continuation to

those people who have changed their reprevious series of pictures, of various parts

ligion. of the world, in the same size which the

It is thus too, we call indiscriminately learned of France have favoured, by com

Arabs the Bedouins of the desert, the peoposing delightful little works ou the various ple of the two Arabias, the Syrians, and countries which their pursuits enabled the lohabitants of Egypt, without consithem best to describe; with plates, illustra- dering that all those tribes, which indeed tive of manners, habits, and custoins. This speak the same language, differ essentially is really rendering valuable acquisitions to among themselves by their customs, their literature, and we should be happy to see

manners, and even their origin. It would so meritorious and elegant a plan adopted not be more ridiculous to confound under in England.*

the common name of English, the natives We have had several works giving of England, Scotland, and Ireland.” cursory accounts of the manner of living of

We here notice a highly merito

rious part of the plan of Don Raphael. We understand that an English lite. The names of the various tribes frequently rary gentleman intends putting such a plan refuse all translation; therefore authors into execution, and commencing it by a have in different countries given names translation of the work now under notice. somewhat resembling in sound the ori.

cuce.

осса

gipal, but alwys participating of the spoils in triumph, as a European general genius of the, lauguage in which they would recount the most brilliant of his have written. It is thus that the most exploits; and all national prejudice apart, difficult part of translation is to find perhaps the balance of merit, or rather the synonimy of names, and from, this the minimum of evil or demerit, is in cause we have so many of the beroes favour of the wandering Arab. He strips of Ancient History with naines ending in the traveller to procure his own subsistus, though with the exception of the Ro lle is proud of his exploit. A maos it is very certain that no man's name sovereigo sees a state wbich he fancies ended in us. This folly has been brought from its political, moral, or physical weakdown to modern times; thus De Thouness, may be made an easy prey, and called himself Thuanus. M. Mayeux wise thinks it glorious to murder one half of the ly avoids this error in giving the Arabic population that he may reign over the orthography.

otlier : which of these is less criminal He commences with the tribes of Egypt in the eyes of a God of Justice? If a and the tribe of ARABS BENI ALY, or

mau take his neighbours purse, or break Arub Beny dly, as they write it.

open his house, he is hanged for it, and This tribe he observes is not properly punishment of those who rob kingdoms,

very justly : what then ought to be the Egyptian, but is so called from sionally bringing to Alexandria, the only fend their property? The plundering

and foully murder all who attempt to decity where they are to be seen, butter, Arab compared with such,'is a pattern of cheese, &c. From their dialect they are

virtue. supposed to come from the environs of Tunis. They do not commit any disorders

Among all the savage nations, hospi-* in Egypt, but what they dare not take by tality is a great virtue; and none carry force, they accomplish by fraud. The it farther than the Arabs of the Desert. following is a curious example of this fact. Claim the hospitality of an Arab, be will

After the evacuation of nearly all Egypt, ruim bimself to feast you, and every one , the French besieged in Alexandria render- of his tribe is emulous to dispute the posed the reduction of the place uncertain session of the guest, whose stay is a couby the vigour of their defence. During tinued round of mirth and feasting; but on the siege The Arabs Beni Ali arrived, ac theday of parting, it is not uncommon for cording to their custom: to suffer their an Arab to address his guest, after he has entrance into the town, to re-victual left the tent. “My friend, you are going it, and to prevent them by force from sup- to leave us; you possess property, you are plying it, was impossible. The English sure to be robbed, and perhaps niurdered, general deemed it best to purchase their before you get out of the desert, therefore alliance, and the offer was received with it will be better that we who are your ardour. It was agreed that they should friends, and have regaled you like our not furnish the town with either victuals brother, should strip you, rather than the or clothing. The English exhibited their Arabs who have done nothing for you ';" gold, and the Arab swore by God, Maho. and without more ado, they dismiss him met, his head, aud Eternity; but the rascals in a state of nature, to pursue his way profiting by the absence of their new allies, without the risk of robbery. Plunder is who were on board their ships, brought the regular trade of nearly all the tribes their merchandise into the city, with a little of Bedouins, but they frequently restore more precautiort, it is true. What was the what they have stolen, if their generosity consequence? five shillings were paid for is invoked. what was worth only as many halfpence. “A christian going on a pilgrimage The besiegers were duped, the besieged to the Holy Sepulchre having separated were victims, and the old adage was veri- himself from the caravan, was attacked fied, Inter duos litigantes tertius gaudet. by the Arabs, and stripped of every thing,

Nearly all the classes of Bedouins are even to his clothes. He now only thought addicted to robbery, or regard it as the of regaining his comrades as speedily as proper business of their lives; and on days possible: but he had not gone far when of recreation the Bedouin relates with an idea struck him of putting the generosity much complacency and pride, the success of the Bodouins to the proof; he turned of his predatory excursions; how he rob. and cried with all his force, till he had bed a farm-yard of the poultry, without made them hear him, and then addressing awaking a human being ;-how he met the very man who had stripped him, he travellers in the desert, whom he stripped said, Ob Chief of the Arabs! a perverse or killed, and brought home all their Bedouin has robbed me of all I posses,

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