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In advancing to the Rajernal hills, Skelches of India, or observations de- and the pass of Siclygully, our writer

scriptive of the Scenery, &c. in Bengal, pays a just tribute of praise to the late writteu in Judia in the years 1811, 12, Mr. Cleveland : a gentleman, who, by 13, and 14; together with notes on the kindness, subdued their native violence,

treating the sayage tribes with special Cape of Good Hope and St. Helena, and brought them to fill up their place, written at those places, in February, in the Body Politic: an undertaking March, and April, 1815. Svo. Price 7s. which had failed under endeavours of Black, Parbury, and Allen. London. every other form. Without fear, he 1816.

entrusted his person among them ; vi

sited their habitations, and at length, India is a country so immense, that formed as fine a regiment of these inwhat is a mere trip, an excursion, a habitants of the hills, as any the Comsketch, would startle the boldest Briton who should hear it proposed as a serious pany can boast of in its service. set of travels, if understood to be meant

Perhaps, there is no clearer instance for his own country. The author left Cal- 1 of the force of babit, on the human cutta for the Upper Provinces, Jupe frame, than its power in reconciling the 24, 1811, and by means of that noble constant labour and fatigue supported river, which flows thousands of miles in by the dandies, or rowers of a budgeroo. its course, he was admitted a spectator Sometimes when the wind is unfavourof the interior, which without that im- able, they are for hours together plunged mense 'assistance, would continue com

up to their necks in water, under a paratively locked up and concealed. The burning sun, dragging the boat with Ganges is certainly a noble object. The ropes. Thus, they labour, till the word

“Anchor" relieves them, at siin-set. plains ou either side of it present a rich

Oblivion then succeeds till the following expanse of country; various trees also diversify by their characteristic vegeta

day renews the exertion. tion, the cheerful scene. But the im

Buxar, is noted as the point at which mense and self reno novating Banian tree,

Lord Clive's conquest closed : it is now is the inost striking, but this too has, a place of secondary consideration ; so withered strings hanging from the

greatly are times and circumstances branches, which sufficiently hint, that changed, since the battle of Buxar. even this self-renovator, will not justly Benares, the most holy city, the seat characterise perpetuity, or eternity of the Gods, upon earth, could do no less So then the battle of Plassey rests on

than strongly excite a stranger's curiosithe credit of history; how many other ty : Aurenzebe struggled to erect trophies engagements equally important, have of the triumph of Mooslanism over idolanow no other vouchers ?

try, by building minerets, or slender On my near approach to Plassey, I na- staircase, afford a passage to the top.

towers, which by means of a spiral turally indulged all those rapturous seusatious which the proximity of a spot con

Hence is a most comprehensive view, centrated to fame must ever elicit. It was

unusually heightened by the sight of here, I said, or thought, the immortal myriads of people bathing, swimming, Clive first permanently established his or preparing to do so. The floating country's interest in India. It was here hum of voices, with the discordant sound the Nuwuabs of Bengal learnt to tremble of their musical instruments, as their at European valour; and, in the treachery notes rose into thinner air, add much to of their ministers, to ponder on the corro- the novelty and spirit of the scene.sive cares of royalty. I had traced in my

“ The streets of Benares are so mind the positions of the several camps and armies, ere I discovered that the field of

tremely narrow, that I frequently touchbattle no longer existed! The encroach: ed both sides with my hands, as I pasments of the river have obliterated

every

sed in the palanquin. A blessed place, trace; and a few miserable huts, literally surely, in which to meet a number of overhanging its banks, are all that remain Brimha's Bulls, huge, restive, dusty, of the celebrated Plassey!

and dirty.”

ex

are,

These bois, considered the peculiar fa. I surmise, of the ancient Gymnosovourites of Brimba, of which, were a man phists, or naked wanderers : not that all to injure one, he would stand in danger of of them partook of this distinction, but his life, are objects of idolatry to the Ilin- that the generality bore a strong resemdoos. They stroll at pleasure about the blance to this sect, of which the members streets. Nor does a poor devil of a shop are met with oftener in the northern parts keeper, on the animal's pushing his bead of India than elsewhere. The natives will, into his shop, and devouring graiu or any bowever, assure you, that cousiderably thing he may take a faney to, dare to com further in the interior, they exist totally mit such a sacrilege as to drive him away. uncivilized; and without entertaining the

remotest idea of a God, or a future state, This, is merely a facetions supersti- alternately live in trees or caves, crawl as tion, compared with such as deprive beasts, and feed on roots and other sponbuman beings of their lives, It was in taneous productions of the earth. But if the middle nf these bills of Upper Tibet, the human species exist at all in so degradMay 24, the writer was informed of an ed a state (and I think it very doubtful), it expected Suitee, or burning of a widow, surely cannot be in Tibet; or, at least, if to the males of her husband. The the remainder is in any way similar to the cru-lties of ihe scene are well known to parts through which my friend and myself

travelled. For, even in the midst of the our readers, but the writer observes,

second range of mountains into which we The custom of women burning with the penetrated, large villages were frequent, dead bodies of their hushands is greatly on and every thing bespoke civilization, if not the decline, and one may now be many much refinement. years in India without having an opportui. These dwellers in caves, certainly pay muty of witnessing it. For although the little rent, and less taxes: they have British Government does not actually pro every thing on their own terms, exbibit the celebration of suttees, still every tremely cheap; who would not expect peasure is resorted to, to prevent them; and the interference of the magistrate, to

to have seen them marked, as very comascertain that the widow burus of her owu

fortable ?—inhabiting snug, warm, and free-will, as is strictly enjoined by govern. wholesome dwellings! Alas, no; these ment, and many other obstacles, thrown very people sell their daughters, as an purposely in the way, serve greatl; to dis article of trade; and all the jealous reeourage the practice. Mayhap too, in this strictions and prohibitions of the comrespect, the Hindoo ladies are not inmut pany, are cluded, by the joy of the able, but, observing with what composure slave to escape from a state of starvaour sweet countrywomen in the East submit to the loss of their better halves, are de- tion, to the comforts, kind treatment, sirous of evincing, that at pleasure, they

and superfluities, attendant on Eurocan be not at all inferior to them iu the ex

pean protection. ercise of two such virtues as patience and The fair at ludwar, is one of the resignation!

most famous in India : it attracts traBut the most extraordinary objects I wit- vellers from all parts: there is one nonessed in these mountains, were the Tro- velty in it, which probably will not long glodytes, or dwellers in caves, with the pa

continue so. tural excavations in whi:h they resided.

During the greater part of this fair, Often, while in the midst of savage nature, which lasted nearly three weeks, an Anaand surrounded by nearly inaccessible baptist Missionary (Mr. Chamberlain), in mountains, hare I been astonished by the the service of her Highness the Begum appearance of these people, who creeping, Sumroo, attended, and from a Hindostafrom their holes, with small ladders of ropes, descend and mount, with rapidity, a considerable portion. His knowledge of

nee translation of the Scriptures, read daily the most dangerous precipices.

the language was that of an accomplished I had, several times, the curiosity to en native ; his delivery impressive, and his ter these singular dwellings, formed and whole manner partook much of mildness fashioned in the hard rock. In some ! and benignity. In fine, he was such as could stand upright, and take four or five all who undertake the arduous and painful steps each way. The generality, however, duties of a missionary should be. No were very small, and but miserably sup: abuse, no language, which could in any plied the convenience of a hut. I found way injure the sacred service he was emtheir inhabitants invariably civil. They ployed in, escaped his lips. Having fi

nished his allotted portion, on every part | it; and it is for this very reason, that of which he commented and explained, he although the missionaries, sent annually recited a short prayer, and concluded the from Europe, diligently labour in the evening by bestowing his blessing on all vineyard, few converts, and even those of assembled. At first, as may be expected, the lowest and most despicable caste, such his auditors were few; a pretty convinc as it would be a disgrace for any respect. ing proof, when sixty thousand people ble Hindoo to associate with, are gained: were collected, that it was not through while the Roman Catholic Church, with mere curiosity they subsequently increased. the commanding pomp and splendour For the first four or five days he was not of its ceremonies, its images, relics, &c. surrounded by more than as many hundred assimilating, in a great degree, to their Hindoos; in ten days (for I regularly at own mode of worship, has been certainly tended), bis congregation had increased to more successful in calling these deluded as many thousands. From This time, until children to its bosom. However, if much the conclusion of the fair, they varied; but is to be accounted for on these grounds, never, on a rude guess, I should fancy, still more is to be ascribed to the humble fell below eight thousand, They sat instruments employed in this great work around, and listened with an attention the conversion of sixty millions ! which would have reflected credit on a

The different religious principles now Christian audience. On the Missionary's in operation, in India, will certainly afretiring, they every evening cheered him ford'a choice to those Hindoos who wish home with “ May the Padre (or priesi; to settle in the bosom of the Christian live for ever!"

church. This traveller considers the Such was the reception of a missionary means bitherto taken to have been quite at Hurdwar, the Loretto of the Hindoos, ineficient; and whether more pompat a time when five lacks of people were computed to have been assembled, and

ous establishments, would produce betwhither Brahmins from far and near had ter ibings, may be doubted. The Hinconsidered it their duty to repair. What doo hears all, replies that heaven is a was not the least singular, many of these palace with a thonsand doors; and he Brahmins formed part of his congregation. desires the privilege, which he freely They paid the greatest defereuce to all grants to others, of entering 'by that that fell from him, and when in doubt, re which he finds most to his own perquested an explanation. Their attendavce

suasion, was regular, and many whose countenances were marked, were ever the first the author's paine, we do not well

Why this tract is published without in assembling. Thus, instead of exciting a tumult, as was at first apprehended, by know: it is currently ascribed to a attempting conversion at one of the chief gentleman of no less eminence than sources of idolatry, Mr. Chamberlain, by Dr. Ainslie. his prudence and moderation, commanded attention: and I have little doubt, ere the A Memoir of Mujor-General Sir R. R, conclusion of the fair, effected his purpose, by converting to Christianity men of some

Gillespie, Knight Commander of the character and reputation.

Most Honourable Order of the Bath, &c. Let it not, however, be inferred from 8vo. Pp. 256. Portrait, Maps, &c.this solitary instance, (which, aiming at Price 10s. 6d. Egerton. 1818. impartiality, I have considered my duty to represent precisely as it occurred), that I

A SOLDIER should, certainly, be a assumed the Hindoo conversion, generally man of spirit and fire; the difficulties speaking, to be easy or practicable. With he will have to encounter in his prothem, appeajance is every thing. Daz- fession, especially if called early into zling their senses is the surest and most ef- active service, can be surmounted only fectual means to commaud their attention : by such inherent natural qualities; but and, without it, all the merits and suffer the soldier who is all spirit and fire, ings of our blessed Redeemer are vainly without prudence and sedatenes, although exhausted on those who have shut their The truth is, the Protestant form of he may succeed in some things, and

and worship is little adapted to the narrow and may highly interest astonish contracted ideas of the Hindoo. The un- mankind, is not a man to be envied. adorned simplicity we so admire in it, is Robert Rollo Gillespie was born in the most powerful obstacle to his embracing the County of Down, in Ireland, Jan,

ears.

21, 1766 ; his disposition was open and the barbarian was changed into a defrank, his wanners elegant, and his cent respect to the British officers. person handsome, but be seenis not to Major Gillespie bore a leading and have fully exercised that prudence which important part in the military transachis various situations called for. One tions in St. Domingo : he paid the most fine day, June 1786, Mr. Gillespie, assiduous care to the well-being of the then quartered with his troops at Clog- troops under his command : the steps he her, riding out, met a young and took for that purpose were so unusual, very elegant lady, also on horseback ; | as to subject him afterwards to the inalthough totally unacquainted with each conveniences of a court martial, by other, both, by an instantaneous, and, which he was most honourably acquitted. as it were, sympathetic impulse, made a About this period, Col. G. unfortunatestop on passing, and turned their horses ly fell into difficulties of a pecuniary to take a second view of the object nature, arising from the generosity of wbich bad excited a sudden admiration : his disposition, and the absence of rethis incident led to a greater intimacy,quisite prudence: these circumstances he was introduced into her family, and obliged him to exchange with Sir R. after various projects devised in youthful Wilson of the 19th Light Dragoons, ardour for the attainment of happiness, which regiment was then in India. He uprestrained by the calculation of pa- arrived in India at the critical monient rental caution and mature experience, of the mutiny at Vellore ; we extract a private marriage was agreed upon, and the following account, which ascribes the young couple proceeded on the wings that unfortunate catastrophe to causes of love to Dublin, where the ceremony very different from some which have took place Nov. 24, 1786. Almost im- appeared before the public :mediately afterwards, a duel, in which Mr. G. was concerned, completely broke into a mivute detail of the various causes

It is beside our purpose here to enter his peace of mind; his antagonist fell, which combined in producing the insurMr. G. fled, and coucealed bitself until rection and catastrophe that now took the time of the assizes; he was ac- place; but no doubt can be entertained quitted. His lady who had the resolution that the alterations in the dress of the to attend the court, and supported the Dative troops were no more than a mere uncertainty of the trial with noble energy pretext for the discontent and mutiny. of mind, after the danger was over, Certain it is, that the business had a much suok into a depression of spirits, line of operations, than appeared at the

deeper foundation, and a more extended which threatened moșt alarming conse

time; for though the military regulations quences.

might have been in some degree calculated

to excite fears in the prejudiced minds of In the winter of 1792, he embarked the natives, who naturally felt apprefor Jamaica, with the rank of Lieute- hensive of farther innovations, civil and nant in the 20th regiment of dragoons. religious, still these jealousies were nothing Captain Gillespie was one of the officers more than convenient matter, upon which selected to swim ashore at Port-au- the designing were enabled to act and to

couvert to another object. The sepoys and Prince, then held by the Commissioner the lower classes of the people were only Santhonax ; they were fired at in the instruments in the hands of crafty, ambiattempt, and when on shore, were tious, and intriguing men, who, in their threatened to be put to death as spies. hatred of the English, loped by this In this critical moment, the Captain opportunity to succeed at once in appi. perceived some emblem of Free Ma- bilating our dominion in that quarter. sonry about the person of the Commis. With this view, it was resolved, by a sioner, and being himself a meinber of general massacre, at the same time to that fraternity, a sudden thought of- etforts of the Europeans of no avail, by a

distract the attention, and to render the curred to him of making one of the rising at once in different places, waiting signs peculiar to that order, in a way for the success of that at Vellorc as the which could not be mistaken : the inti- signal to spread the work of carnage and pation being understood, the anger of desolation through the three presidencies.

The scheme was planned upon a scale so, tinua) influx of strangers, contributed to extended, and with such a superiority of strengthen the conspiracy, and to facilitate skill in the direction, as to prove clearly the desperate resolution of those who that it had been long in contemplation, formed it. They were, however, as it and that it was under the management of seened, too precipitate; and the very day those, who, to great intellect and invete- that Colonei Gillespie was to have dined rate malignity, added the powerful means with his friend happened to be the one of riches aud numbers. Vellore was pitch which the iusurgents pitchell upon as the ed upon as the centre of operations, on ac most opportune for their diabolicai puscount of its local advantages, and because pose, encouraged thereto, in all likelihood, it afforded a rallying point, in being the by the unsuspecting deportment of our spot selected by our government for the othcers, and the extreme mildness of the residence of the sous of the Sultaun Tip-government. It was, indeed, to many poo. From the turbulent state of the na valuable men a fatal supineness ; tor while tive chiefs, and the natural jealousy of fo- they were enjoying in complete coubidence reigners, it was anticipated by the au social harmony, neither apprehensive of thors of this formidable conspiracy that the evil designs in others, vor meditating op: whole mass of population would be so fa- pression themselves, the murderous plot voorable to the insurgents, as to withhold was ripening into action. About two all assistance from the objects of their fury. o'clock in the morning of the tenth of

This was the critical period when the July, just as the mooi had risen above the lieutenant-colonel took the command at

horizon, the European barracks at Vellores Arcot, where he learnt, with great satis were silentiy surrounded, and a most des faction, that his old companion in arms,

structive fire was poured in at every door Colonel Parcourt, with whom he had and window from musketry and a six. served in St. Domingo under General Sim- pounder upon the poor defenceless soldiers, co, was then at the head of the neigh- who, being taken by surprise, fell in heaps. bouring garrison of Vellore. On the ninth At the same moment, the European solof July, Colonel Gillespie had appointed diers

, with those on the main guard, and' to have dined with his friend and family;

even the sick in the hospital, were inhu. bat just as he mounted his horse for that manly bntchered; after which, the assispurpose, some letters arrived from the go- sins hastened to the houses of the officers, vernment, which, requiring immediate an

where they put to death all that fell into swers, compelled him to relinquish his vi- their hands. Colonel M'kerras, who comsit, and to send an apology to Colonel manded one of the battalions, was shot Fapcourt for his unavoidable absence. while baranguing bis men on the parade There was a visible interposition of Divine ground; and Colonel Fancourt fell in like Providence in this disappointment; since, manner, as he was proceeding to the maio had it not been for the imperative circum- guard.

guard. Lieutenant Ely, of the sixty-ninth, stance which detained him at Arcot, Co-with his infant son in his arms, was lonel Gillespie would, in all probability, bayonetted in the presence of his wife : have shared the melancholy catastrophe and this scene of barbarity continued till of his brave and unfortunate acquaintance. about seven o'clock, when two officers The troops which at this time garrisoned and a surgeon, whose quarters were near Vellore, were six companies of the first 10 the European barracks, contrived to battalion of the first regiment of native in- get in, and take the command of the fantry, the second battalion of the twenty remains of the four companies. These third regiment, and four complete conipa

few men made a sally from the barracks; nies of his Majesty's sixty-ninth regiment. aud having gained possession of the siz. The confederates intended that all who

pounder, they fought their way despewere brought to join in the insurrection succeeded io reaching the gateway, on the

rately through their assailants, till they should act upon a preconcerted plan, top of which Serjeant Brodie, with his which had been digested and privately European guard, continued most gallantly circulated by some of the Marawa chiefs: to resist the whole body of insurgents. and in connexion with them were some Frenchmen disguised as Fakeers, who weut Such was the state of things at Vellore, about the country inveighing every where when Lieutenant-Colonel Gillespie, totally against the English as robbers and tyrants. ignorant of the confusion that raged there, Unhappily, the splendour which the sons mounted his horse at six o'clock in the of Tippoo were enabled by our liberality morning, with the intention of riding over to keep up, and the liberty which they en- to breakfast, At the instant lie was about joyed of holding au intercourse with a con- to set out, the dismal tidings came of the

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