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ple of her Majesty, and would give orders Recent accounts from Catalonia state, to their mercers for dresses against the that after the finest prospect of a good viu winter, thousands of industrious persons tage in that quarter, the rains had set in so

right inmediately be enabled to resume violently that it was feared the season

their employments. would be nearly lost.

Soldiers Widows: Waterloo Pensions. SwitzFRLAND.


e are informed that the Committee of The Deputies of the reformed Cantons the Waterloo Subscription have assigned of Switzerland bave voted a suitable pro.


un annuity of 10l. per amnum for ber whole vision to the Protestant churches in Piede not while she remains unmarried only), mout.

to the widow of every brave prirute solThe Great Council of Geneva has de dier who fell in the battle of Waterloo cided, that owing to the scarcity, there

an additional assistance is also given to should be no places of public amusemeut such widows, toward the support of every opened this year.

orphay chid they are left with, who are, The Sovereign Council of the Canton under proper caution, assisted until 21. of Berne, has destined half a million of francs for the purchase of grain from abroad, for the distribution of Rumford

Considerable confusion has been occasoups, and other means of relief, to the sioned in various places in the country, by indigent.

the banks, and principal tradesmen refusA Swiss paper observes, that there are

ing to take in payment any French or Irish in Switzerland no fewer than 11 different shillings and sixpences: as usual, there fool measures, 20 kinds of superficial mea

were not wanting ill-disposed persons, who sore, 60 different ells, 87 various measures

reported that these bauhs would not take of corn, 81 liquor measures, and 30 diffe- plain shillings of any kind. This produced

riot aud mischief. Somewhat of the same rent kiods of weight. It is therefore yo wonder that it has been proposed to the disposition was manifested in London, and Diet to introduce a uniformity in this res

produced confusiou for a time, but was pect.

promptly allayed by the following notices.

Take notice-The Bank of England do

not refuse any shillings or sixpences on National Register : account of their being plain, provided they

are English. By order of the Lord Mayor. BRITISH

Saturday Morning. FRANCIS HOBLER. The King's Health.

In consequence of the above notice, “ Windsor Castle, Sept. 7.

people assembled in crowds to take their “ His Majesty has enjoyed good bodily silver to the Bank, for which they received health, and has been generally tranquil dur. Bank of England notes and tokens. The ing the last month, but his Majesty's dis-Bank took every thing not clearly ascererder has undergone no change.

tained to be foreign curreucy. The day “ H. HALFORD,

passed over in the city without the least W. HEBERDEN, tendency to tumult, although the Bank “ M. BAILLIE, R. Willis."

was beset by crowds. In the afternoon Silk Weavers favoured.

the following fresh notice was posted at Lately, her Majesty was graciously the Bank and Mansion-house :pleased to allow some of the most respect

SILVER Coin.--Take notice- All Shil. able Spitalfields manufacturers. to wait lings and Sixpences of the Coin of the upon her at Windsor, and to exhibit spe- Realm, whether plain or

not, will continue cimeos of the perfection to which the silk to be exchanged at the Bank of England manufacture, in various articles of furni.

as beretofore, till the issue of the new Silver ture and dress

, is now brought. Her Ma. Coinage, which will not take place before jesty entered with the utmost benevolence the month of February next.-N. B. Those into the present distresses of the manufac- who refuse to take the current Coin of the turers ; she was pleased to receive the gen. Realm are liable to be prosecuted.tlerden who pleaded the cause of the

Bauk of England, Sept. 21, 1816. poor weavers and their families with great

Afterwards a third Notice was issued. afability, and to assure them of every protection which her Majesty's example WOOD, Mayor.--SILVER COIN.-By and countenance could afford. If the no- authority of his Majesty's Secretary of bility and gentry would second the exam State for the Home Department, Notice io


hereby given, that all Shillings and Six. i have had any effect on the solar light, or pences that can be considered as of the heat, suficient to influence our weather, Established Standard in fineless, will be siuce the 18th of April last, in a degree at exchanged for New Silver Coin when it all adrquutely to account for our singularly is issued; and it appears that large pro- cloudy, rainy, and cold season. This may portions of the plain Shillings and Six- be more probably owing to the chill of our pences now in circulation are of this de carth from our long and lingering winter. scription. By order of the Lord Mayor, And perhaps ihere may have been a

F HOBLER. change in the state of the frozen seas and Mansion-house, Saturday Sept. 21,1816. nountains, near the northern circum-polar

regions, which may have produced much

greater evaporation and cold than usual. The following observations, on a subject During the five weeks that no solar spots of some curiosity, are entitled to be re

were seen from the 5th of August, the corded : the whole of those made by the weather was nearly as cold, cloudy, and studious, will, no doubt, engage the atten- stormy as it had been before, tion of astronomers.

Ipswich, 11th Sept. 1816. C. L. New AND CURIOUS Solar Spots. To the Editor of the Suffolk Chronicle.

For the Months of August and September, SIR,- The Solar Spots which were con

18 16. spicuous yesterday the 10th, p. m. (Sun's alt. 41° nearly) were particularly worthy o'clock, there was a heavy fall of snow two

On Monday morning, Sept. 2, at three of attention.

miles beyond Barnet, on the St. Alban's They are generally seen near the sun's

road. cquator: and nearly parallel to it: but these were nearly at hulf a right angle (or

At Brentwood, Essex, on Tuesday morn40€) S. E. of thé æquator, and in oblique ing, there is said to have been ice an incli direction leading towards his centre, the

in thickness. 1st very small; 2d and 3rd much larger, | A remarkable proof of the severity of the and nearly of a size; 4th small; 5th much

Weather larger; 6th largest; very irregular in its

The Marquis of Salisbury picked up outline, and seemingly a cluster, If the Piazzi , Venus, the Earth, Mer- two pheasants frozeu to death in Hatfield

Park! eury, Mars, and the Herchelion Planet, (supposing it half its actual diameter) could

Wednesday Sept. 4, was eminently calbe seen altogether in transit, by an eye culated to impress a foreigner with an idea situated at our distance from the Sun, of the uncertainty of the English climate. they might exhibit nearly the same relative all the seasons of the year were compressize and appearance as these Spots. They sed into a less space of time than 24 hours. were separated by considerable intervals We had hail, rain, cloud and sun-shine, from each other; and the three nearest the neat and cold, storm and calm, winter centre by a greater interval froin the three and summer, in rapid succession. At three nearest to the circumference.

o'clock in the morning it blew a storm, If the subsidence of the Sun's luminous and the rain descended in torrents. At atmosphere were to disclose the sumınits often o'clock the weather became intensely a ridge of solar mountains, the appearance cold, a heavy shower of hail stones cleared might be much similar. All, except that the streets of passengers, and the dense nearest to the centre, have much more the and dark atmosphere, surcharged with aspect of conical tops of mountains than of clouds, threatened a wet and dismal noou: cavities. From outmost to innermost appear The weather at this moment bore every to be a distance of more than 200,000 miles. character of winter. At twelve o'clock the And if all joined without interval, they clouds dispersed, a brilliant suu shone would compose a line of about 80,000 forth, imparting all the genial heat and miles. It is 36 day's, yesterday, since the life of summer. The heat, however, gra. last observation, and then with the same

dually subsided; the weather became cold, telescope, of a Sput on the Sun.

but remained dry till about five o'clock, On Sunday the 8th, it seems certain they when some light sprinkling showers de had not emerged; as otherwise, three at

scended. The night was frosty and dry. least, if not four of those nearest to the “ Snow in hardist is no common occurcentre, must have been visible. Since therence, but it is a fact that it occurred here coromencement of this year, numerous Sept. 4, as witnessed by several persons observations have not shewn that they in the town." - Leucs Journal



The atmospheric air was so intensely | barytes and strontian, which do not becold in the Isle of Wight, on Wednesday come oxided by exposure to atmospheric Sept. 4, that the hail-stones, wbich descendair. The metal of barytes is ductile, and ed profusely, on being collected together, has the lustre of silver. An account of soon became consolidated.

these experiments will be shortly before Bridges in London.

the public, The dimensions of the different bridges

Gas Light in London are as follow:

The town of Preston, in Lancashire, has Length of the Waterloo bridge within lately been lighted with gas. The length the abutments ....

1240 of main pipes (which are sufficient to light Width of ditto including the fout way... 120 the whole of the town, including several It consists of nine arches of equal span, extensive factories) already laid is 1,000

leaving a clear water way under all the yards, and in this space it is estimated arches, measuring....

1080 that more than 900 lights, emitting flame The width of each pier

20 equal to 4,000 mould candles, of six in the Length of Vauxhall Bridge

940 900

pound, will be attached to the main pipes Westmjuster

1223 Blackfriars

The plan which in the ensuing winter.

had before been projected, of lighting a London, about

considerable space by means of a single Laudable regulations ; Official excrtions.

burner, placed at an elevated situation, bas, The Lord Mayor, in bis endeavours to for the first time, been carried into effect check the abuses of Bartholomew fair, at Preston by Mr. Gratton, the Engineer. spent the greater part of Tuesday and last lo the centre of the market- place, which night himself, aided by the marshals, city is of considerable area, there happens, oficers, &c. and succeeded in establishing very opportuuely, to be a handsome Gothic a cessation of every species of disorder by column, s6 feet in height; on the top of 12 o'clock. Not a public-house or show this is placed a vase, in which is the burner, was found open after that hour.

and it thus becomes the substitute of 25 Penitentiary partly peopled.

common oil lamps, but with'an effect which Fifty female convicts have been sent to could not be equalled by more than douthe Penitentiary on Millbank, and, it is ble that number, placed in the most adexpected, that this place of confinement vantageous situation. will shortly be in readiness for the recep At a meeting lately of the coal-owners tion of more. No person is allowed 10 see of the Tyne and Wear, it was resolved to the prisoners. In future, all convicts sen- present a piece of plate, value £500 to Sir tenced to seven and fourteen years trans- | Humphrey Davy, for his invaluable disco portation, are to be sent there, at the dis- very of the safety lamp for mines. cretion of the Secretary of State for the

Manufactures removed for security. Home Department. Those sentenced to

A stocking manufactory is about to be transportation for life, are to be sent to established at Ilsley, in Berkshire, the maBotany Bay, as usual.

chinery for which is removed from NotRe-sale of the Opera House.

tingham by a large manufacturer, in conThe Principal bidders for the Opera sequence of the disorderly conduct of the House on Tuesday were, Mr. Duthie, Mr. workmen in the latter place. Galt, Secretary of the Caledonian Asylum, Mr. Ebers, the bookseller of Bond-street, facturers have removed to different places:

We understand that many other manuand Mr. Waters, who purchased it for ipsomuch that report affirms that Notting£70,150.

ham is nearly ruined by the absence of Intense Heat.

those masters who are gone or going. Our chemical and mineralogical readers will be glad to hear, that by means of a

Cotton Manufactures. blow-pipe for burning the gaseous con The present situation and the real interstituents of water, in a state of highests of our Cotton manufacturers are subcondensation, which is constructed by jects of much importance. Foreign counMr. Newman, of Lisle-street, Leicester tries which exclude our piece goods, reasquare, a degree of heat may be produced dily take our cotton yarii, from which greater than that of the most power- they manufacture goods for themselves. ful Galvanic battery. Professor Clarke, of By returns from the Custom-house at Hull, Cambridge, who is engaged in a series of it appears that there have been shipped analytical experiments with the blow-pipe, from that port, duriug the last three has already succeeded in the decompositiou months, 3,7 13,990 pounds weight of cotton of the earths; having obtained metals from yarns. These yarns are chiefly purchased


to supply the manufacturers of cotton piece if not quite, a continuation of the natural goods in Germany, France, and Switzer. line of the shore. Thus, the sea, instead land; some part is also destined for Russia, of breaking with force against the bank, and the whole, when manufactured, will Hows gently up it and retires, and probably produce 1,237,966 pieces of muslins and rather adds to than diminishes the bank.calicoes, allowing three pounds to each Whereas, had it been made more perpendi. piece of 94 yards, which is the average cular, it would have been wodermined by weight of ihe piece. A weaver finishes in the water, though the materials composing the loom one piece of 21 yards weekly it had been of a nature much more solid, The number of hands, therefore, necessary and which could not have been preserved 10 weave the quantity of yarn as above but at very considerable cost. In many stateil, in the same periol, is 95,228, and parts where the breaches have been stop, supposivg the quantity of cotton yarn ship led, the Marram plant is springing up, and ped from all the other ports of England and thus in a few years they will resume the Scotland, to be equit, when put together, to appearance, and accumulate like the other the quantity shipped from Hull, it will give bills. full employment to nearly two hundred

Comparative value of Cow's milk, daily. thousand foreign weavers, and the annual procluce will be ten millions of pieces of method has been recently communicacoton goods. The additional activity given ted to the Oxfordshire Agricultural Soto foreign labour iu pripting, dyeing, ciety by their worthy president, Mr. Fane, bleaching, and finishing these goods, is al- of ascertaining the comparative value of most incalculable.

the milk of each cow in a dairy. The Remarkable Sand Hills, on the coast of

principle is, that if milk be poured into a Norfolk

glass and suffered to remain, the division The Marram banks, in Norfolk, are a

between the cream that swims upon it, and most singular uatural production, and high-dent, that the depth of the cream may be

the milk below, will be so plaju aud evily useful. They are so named from a plant which grows on them, a sort of short

easily measured: of course, if the milk of reed, drundo Arenaria, among the leaves any cow produce more cream than that of of which the blowing sand is collected,

another, the difference may be correctly and the Marram continuing to rise, the

ascertained; this may be done in any glass sand bank rises with it. When on the top for instance, or, what is better, one of

vessel having upright sides; a tumbler of them, they have quite the appearance of an irregular ridge of mountains, and

those glasses in which shopkeepers preserve prevent the sea from flowing into the very

their sugar plums and such like wares. If extensive marshes and other land behind

the depth of milki poured into a glass be them. About thirty years ago, a very high of an inch in depth of the cream swim

exactly six inches and 2.8ths, every 1-sth tide and heavy sea forced its way through ming upon it will be equal to 2 per cent. them, causing very extensive gaps or

of the amount of the whole of the milk. breaches at various places. These remained open during many years, the sea at high

Turnip Wheat.-The great objection to tides passing through, and inundating the sowing turnip wheat is the chance of land for many miles into the country. Al blight, which too frequently ensues from length an Act of Parliament was obtained,

the late sowing of wheat after taking off by which a power was given to assess all the

the turnip crop. It may be of advantage parishes abutting on the rivers which unite and flow into the sea at Yarmouth, name

to agriculturists to be informed, that in two

fields of about 30 acres, called Upper and ly,--the Waveney, which separates Norfolk Lower Common Bury, in the parish of and Suffolk ; the Yare, up to Norwich ; Rickmersworth, Herts, part of the proand the Bure from Eylsham, &c. A dif

perty of the late A. F. Whitfeld, Esg. a ficulty remained how to resist so formida

very good crop of wheat is now growing, ble an opponent as the German ocean. the seed of which was hoed in among a Many plans were thought of, tried and

crop of turnips in the end of September abandoned ; at last it was accomplished in

aud beginning of October last. a very simple manner, by au engineer; furze faggots were used as a sort of foun: Mr. Lee, of Hull, in sowing four acres dation, and over these the sand and shingle of grass seed in a close, mixed with the (small stones and flints, of which the beach seed half a peck of rape, one stem of which is very much composed,) were raised to a produced 1,340 pods, many of which consufficient height, but with a very gentle tained from 35 to 49 seeds, and the w bele descent towards the sea, being very nearly, half peck of seed 100 bushels.

Fourteen pounds and a half of wool were | James's church, Bath. This convert to the sheared from a two-year-old ram, at the Christian Religion is between 30 and 40 late meeting of the Shropshire Agricul. years of age. tural Society.

The inhabitants of Exeter have lesseved The salmon fisheries in the north never their parochial rates full £1000 per annum, pro-luced more abundantly than during by establishing a pottery, and employmg the present summer. The herring season the poor therein. also promises to be unusually successful.

WALES. An extraordinary quantity has been caught od tlie north coast of Northumberland, so

The principal Welch theatres have failthat they were sold at Berwick, Tweeded this season to give employment to Brimouthi, &c. on the 26th and 27th ult. at tish actors; that of Swansea is not opened Is. per hundred, and on the 28th at 8d. for want o' a tenant, ard the recently new per hundred, which is a lower price than Tenby Theatre is lét as a dissenting place berrings ever sold at there before.

of worship.

SCOTLAND. Salmon is now selling in various parts of Wales at 1{d and 2d per lb.

Earthquake in Scotland.

Chimney-tops were thrown down or A pilchard was taken last week in damaged in every quarter of the town. Mount's Bay, Plymouth, wbich measured The Mason Lodge, occupied as an hotel, Bearly thirteen inches in length, and

was rent from top to bottom, the north six iuches round the body, and weighed stalk of the chimney partly thrown down; nearly seven ounces: it is supposed to be

one of the coping-stones, weighing, the largest of the species ever caught on should think, from fifty to sixty pounds, the English coast.

was thrown to the other side of the street, The migrations of shoals of herrings

a distance not less than sixty ieet. The southward, has been observed to take spire of the steeple, which I think one of piace very early this year, and is considered the bapılsonest in Scoilind, has been seby fishermen, as an indication of a hard riousiy injured, and must in part be taken winter.

down. The spire is an octagon ; and within On Tuesday the main-mast of the Cano five or six feet of the to, the ungles of the pns, weighing about 28 tons, was lifted per-'octagon are turned nuuriy to the midile of pendicularly by four boys, of 14 yearsof age, the flat sides of the octugon. inmediately unon the plan of 'R. Seppings, Esq. Surveyor der it. What is more wonderful than any of the Navy, who was present at Ply- lithing attending this memorable event, notmouth.

withstanding the vast quantities of stones Portsmouth anchorage was for the last and bricks that have been thrown from week, for the first time these 25 years, such immense heights, not one person has without a ship of war lying at it.

received any hurt!” An Association of Attornies has been Among the numerous effects of the late formed in the County of Suffolk, for the earthquake in the worth of Scotland, thie purpose of promoting and sustaining the sluice-gate of a piece of water at Park will


the seat of General Gordon, near Aberrespectability of the profession," by excluding from the society all dishonourable deen, weighing several fons, was raised

from the foundation about 12 inches, ad persons. The victuallers and other inhabitants of Death it, kept it up in that situation vil

some large stones having roiled underReading petitioned Parliament during the

most of the water escaped before it couid last session for an alteration in their li

be replaced. censes, so as not to limit those licensed to

Esquimaur viviis Edinburgh. one house, but to enable the victuailer to

We do not recollect ever to b?ve seen sell in any house within a particular dis.

so vast an assemblage of per unis of all triet, town, or place; the license not to be used for more than one house at a time, ranks at Leith, as were collected there on instead of being limited to the person, in Thursday, tu see the contest between the respert of a particular house, as he now Esquimillx youth, iately trunglit to this specifies. The petitioners state, that in country frons Davis' Straits, and the sixReading there are 70 ale-houses, all of oured whale bort. Not a part of the pier, ebicb, two ouly excepted, are in the huds the windows and roofs of houses, but were of common brewers or spirit mercbants.

crowned; the decks and rigging of ihe ves

scis Here the saine; the latier at theimA Jew, of the name of Cersou, was bap minent risk of their lives. The exhibition tized on Wednesday last, Sept. 11, in St.

conmcked a little before two o'clock, and Vol. V. No. 25. Lit. Pan, N. S. Oct, 1.

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