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penses, which must be incurred in carrying into execution the proposed plan.

Two geologists to each district, at a salary of $1,500

per annum each-4 districts—8 individuals,..... One draughtsman to each district, at a salary of $800

per annum-4 districts—4 individuals,



One zoologist for the whole State, at $1,500 per an...
One draughtsman

do do 800 do



One botanist for the whole State, at $1,500 per an...
One draughtsman do do 800 do
Packing and transporting specimens,.


800 100

Total annual expense of survey, ........


An appropriation of $20,000 per annum for four years, will certainly cover the whole expense of making the survey.

The cost of publishing three thousand copies of the report, drawings and map of the results, will be as follows: It is supposed that the entire account of the survey

may be contained in three vols. 8vo. of 700 pages each, 3,000 copies, 9,000 volumes, in boards, at 81 cents each,

$7,290 The maps may be lithographed, and with the necessary

drawings of fossil remains, will not exceed $4.33) per atlas-3,000 copies, ..

13,000 Colouring the maps will be an additional charge of, say,...

3,000 Cost of fitting up cabinet for specimens,.....


$24,290 The amount may, and doubtless will, at first glance seem large: but it cannot, it is believed, be materially reduced without putting at hazard the objects of the survey. It is estimated that the survey of the State of Maryland will cost $20,000 exclusive of the expense of printing the final report, procuring maps, &c. That State has less than one-fourth of the superficial extent of NewYork, and the facilities for ascertaining its geological structure


set apart for committee rooms, into one. These rooms are rarely if ever, used, and there will still be, after thus appropriating two of them, enough remaining for the purpose for which they were originally designed.

It may be proper to state in this place, that a petition was presented to the Legislature in the year 1834, by the Albany Institute, soliciting pecuniary aid for the purpose of making a similar collection. By reference to the petition, Senate Document No. 15, of that year, it will be perceived that a desire was expressed by that body “to form a grand and comprehensive collection of the natural productions of the State of New York, to exhibit at one view and under one roof, its animal, vegetable and mineral wealth.” Should it be deemed desirable, there would be no difficulty, it is presumed, in making an arrangement with the Institute for the custody of the specimens, subject to the pleasure of the Legislature with respect to a different disposition of them at any future time, and subject also to the supervision of any public officer, who might be designated for the purpose. This arrangement would be attended with some inconvenience to the Institute, but it would doubtless be acceded to, if it were desired by the Legislature. The Maryland cabinet of minerals is temporarily deposited with St. John's college at Annapolis, the seat of government.

Under all the circumstances it is submitted, whether the arrangement first suggested, would not be the most proper. The rooms could be fitted up with little expense, except that of furnishing cases for the security of the specimens. It is supposed, of course, that the Legislature would be desirous of preserving them where they would be at all times accessible to its members and to strangers visiting the seat of government. With respect to the first of these objects, the preservation of the specimens in the Capitol would be more convenient than in the Institute, and equally so with respect to the other object referred to.

With regard to the arrangement of the specimens, the plan proposed for the State cabinet of Maryland, so far as respects a geographical distribution,* is deemed highly important. On this plan the mineral productions of each county are exhibited separately, so that its representatives can see at a glance those, in which their imme

Report on the new Map of Maryland, p. 50,


[Assem. No. 9.)

diate constituents are directly interested. In addition to this arrangement, there is a duplicate series of specimens arranged in their natural order, with a reference also to their fitness for useful purposes.

The first of these arrangements it would be advisable to adopt. But with respect to the second, it would, perhaps, be preferable to make it altogether geological; that is, to exhibit the entire suite of specimens in the order in which the rocks are supposed to have been formed, commencing with the lowest or those of earliest formation, and arranging the metallic specimens and organic remains in connexion with the beds and strata, in which they have respectively been found, thus disregarding in the arrangement of the second series of specimens the cconomical uses, to which the several substances may be applied. This is a suggestion, however, which may more properly be left to the determination of those, to whom the duty of arranging the specimens may be entrusted.

In entering upon the execution of the proposed plan, the indi. viduals selected for the purpose, should meet at a central point and agree, so far as practicablc, upon a uniform mode of conducting their examinations. By a comparison of views at the outset, misunderstandings may be obviated and valuable suggestions elicited; and if the survey is not, by means of these preliminary deliberations, accelerated in its progress, they can not fail to be serviceable in preparing a uniform exihibition of its final results.

Whenever in the examination of a district a sufficient number of specimens shall have been collected, they should be packed with tow or hay, in a strong box or barrel, and sent to the place appointed for their reception. Each specimen should be numbered, and have labelled on it the particular locality in which it was found, and it should be enveloped in thick paper for packing. No specimen should be named; but the observers should, of course, preserve in a journal of their proceeedings, a description of the locality, with a memorandum of the different strata, and their order of superposition, assigning each specimen, by a reference to its number, to its proper place.

The number of specimens of each kind, must be determined by the Legislature. It would be desirable to deposit an entire suite in each of our colleges. In this case, it would be necessary to preserve eight specimens of each rock, mineral, &c., and as the

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