On the Discovery of the Mississippi, and on the South-western, Oregon, and North-western Boundary of the United States. With a Translation from the Originals MS. of Memoirs, Etc., Relating to the Discovery of the Mississippi, by Robert Cavelier de La Salle and the Chevalier Henry de Tonty
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accompanied America arms arrived asked attack authority banks boundary Britain British called Canada canoes carried Cavelier chief claims coast colony command continued convention dated directed discovered discovery distance English established expedition extend fact Father five Fort four France French Frenchmen Frontenac gave give given Governor granted Gulf of Mexico hundred Illinois important Intendant Iroquois island joined journey killed King la Salle Lake land leagues letter Louisiana Majesty March ment Mexico Mississippi mouth necessary object obtain occupy passed peace persons possession presents proposed province published reached received remained respecting returned river sailed Salle savages sent settle settlement side Sieur Spain Spaniards St Louis subjects taken territory Texas thence told Tonty took treaty United vessel village voyage wished Woods
Page 35 - ... thence through the middle of said Long Lake, and the water communication between it and the Lake of the Woods, to the said Lake of the Woods : thence through the said lake to the most northwestern point thereof, and from thence on a due west course to the river Mississippi ; thence by a line to be drawn along the middle of the said river Mississippi until it shall intersect the northernmost part of the 31st degree of north latitude.
Page 93 - ... until the said line shall intersect the said parallel of north latitude, and from the point of such intersection due west along and with the said parallel, shall be the line of demarcation between the territories of the United States...
Page 36 - ... to the middle of the river Apalachicola, or Catahouche ; thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint river ; thence straight to the head of St. Mary's river ; and thence down along the middle of St. Mary's river to the Atlantic ocean.
Page 41 - Majesty which I hold in my hand, and which may be seen by all whom it may concern, have taken, and do now take, in the name of his Majesty and of his successors to the crown, possession of this country of Louisiana, the seas, harbours, ports, bays, adjacent straits; and all the nations, people, provinces, cities, towns, villages, mines, minerals, fisheries, streams, and rivers, comprised in the extent of the said Louisiana, from the mouth of the great river St.
Page 42 - Koroas, which are the most considerable nations dwelling therein, with whom also we have made alliance, either by ourselves or by others in our behalf; as far as its mouth at the sea, or Gulf of Mexico, about the twenty-seventh degree of the elevation of the North Pole, and also to the mouth of the River of Palms ; upon the assurance which we have received from all these nations, that we are the first Europeans who have descended or ascended the said River Colbert...
Page 38 - The boundaries, which I deem not admitting question, are the high lands on the western side of the Mississippi enclosing all its waters, the Missouri of course, and terminating in the line drawn from the northwestern point of the Lake of the Woods to the nearest source of the Mississippi, as lately settled between Great Britain and the United States.
Page 84 - The first of these is, that when any European nation takes possession of any extent of sea-coast, that possession is understood as extending into the interior country, to the sources of the rivers emptying within that coast, to all their branches, and the country they cover, and to give it a right, in exclusion of all other nations, to the same.
Page 43 - Of all and every of the above, the said Sieur de la Salle having required of us an instrument, we have delivered to him the same, signed by us, and by the undersigned witnesses, this ninth day of April, one thousand six hundred and eighty-two. " LA METAIRIE,