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she carried him some necessaries, but could not be admitted to see him without a large fee, and then only for a few minutes. This imprisonment was the harder upon him, as he had long had a severe quartan ague. One day the jailor, going with the criminals to their trial, took the key of Mr. Vincent's room with him, when he i happened to have his ague, and he was kept all day without any refreshment, :so, that his fit was very severe : but it pleased God to order it that .it never returned.

White he was in prison, some persons were endeavouring to draw up articles against him to affect his life, but they could not accomplish their design. Mrs. Vincent made all the friends she could to petition the king and council ; ; and in seven weeks time got him out of the close imprisonment, but still he was obliged to remain a prisoner for half a year upon the Five-mile act. After that, he was unmolested, and went "on preaching to a numerous congregation, with great success, till the year 1682, when another storm arose against him. Justice Pierre came into his meeting when he was in the pulpit, and comınanded him in the king's name to come down: but he told hiin, He was commanded by the King of king's to stand there, and so went on in his work. Afterwards the officers came frequently to disturb him; but having pre-vious notice of it, he used to quit the pulpit, and the congre"gation sung a psalm. When the justices and constables were

gone, he came again into the pulpit, and proceeded. He was afterwards fined 20l. but the officers not having it in their commission to break open doors, did not seize his goods, but indicted him upon the act made in the 35. Eliz. according to which he was to suffer three years imprisonment, and then I banishment. He had a summons to appear at the assizes at Dorking in Surrey, under the penalty of 401. The Lord's day before his going thither, he preached a sort of a farewell sermon, to a very numerous assembly, on Phil. i.

afterwards administered the sacrament. On the Wednesday following he was brought up a prisonet, and committed to the Marshalsea, to continue there till the time of his banishiment. He had at that time a sick wife, and six sınall children, the eldest of which was not eleven years old, and the youngest not two months. Being loth to leave his native country, and his beloved congregation, he took the advice of the ablest counsellors he could meet with, who found a flaw in the indictment; and observed that he had been tried before those who were not the proper legal judges in the case, and VOL. I. NO. 7.


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thereupon advised him to be at the expence of a Habeas corpus, in order to his being brought to the bar of the King's bench, there to have a hearing before the judges. He appeared six days successively, with four or five of the ablest counsel, without being able to come to a hearing. His wife petitioned the judges, that bail might be taken for him, thar he might have his liberty, but she had little encouragement. The lord chief justice Saunders dying at that time, Sir G. Jeffries succeeded him ;'and Mr. Vincent being in the liall, when they were just going to enter upon a tedious cause, Judge Jones, casting his eyes upon him, took notice that he had attended several days; and asked the court, whether any reason could be given, why bail might not be taken for his appearance? Upon which he obtained his liberty.

This imprisonment cost him 2001. He preached but seldom for a year after ; and when he did, it was to very few at a time; and he went on endisturbed, till he had public liberty in common with his brethren, in the reign of K. James. But after some time, an unhappy and reproachful division took place in his congregation, when sixty of his communicants broke off from him, and joined with Mr. Fincher; which made a deeper impression upon his spirit than any of the troubles he had met with for Nonconformity.

He died [suddenly] June 21, 1697, aged 53, and was buried at Bunhill. His funeral sermon was preached by Mr. Nat. Taylor, on Luke xii. 4. from whence the following account of his character* and of his death is extracted. Even Wood owns that he was a considerable scholar, but falsely charges him with having been concerned in Monmouth's rebellion. Athene Oxon. ii. 1031.

$ “ As a Minister, he had a good share of learning and other ministerial abilities, which he daily improved by diligent study. He had Luther's three qualifications to make a man a gospel-minister: He gave himself much to meditation and prayer; and as to temptation, he had, in his younger days, been sorely exercised by it. He had a natural fervency of spirit, which made him somewhat vehement in every thing, which time and experience corrected so far as to make hiin more moderate towards his brethren who differed from him.

* The very short clraracter now omitted, which Dr. Calamy gives of him, is taken from that sermon; but the words are Mr. Baxter's concerning his BROTHER, Mr. Thomas Vincent. A strange inistake! But it is more strange, that the Dr. should not have given a larger extract from this excellent disa course.


He had a great zeal against bold intruders into the work of the ministry, in which I hope you his people will imitate him.* He had a marvellous readiness in answering difficult questions. But the gift of preaching was the peculiar talent with which God had blessed him. He opened and applied the great truths of the gospel with such plainness and majesty, life and power, as manifested the deep sense he had of the great ends of the ministry: His sermons commanded atten. tion, raised affection, and struck awe into the consciences of his hearers; no wonder then he had such eminent success. As a Christian; he was ready on all occasions to start some serious discourse, and whatever company he came into, like an open box of precious ointment, would leave some sweet perfume behind him. His compassion to the poor was great, and he was liberal in doing good at once both to body and soul. He was a close walker with God; and he found the fruit of it, in a settled calın assurance of the divine love, for many years together; which several times passed the trial and stood unshaken when he thought himself near his end ; so that when his nearest relation expressed her sorrow, he re. plied, “ Why weep you for one, who am going to the eternal

inheritance?" To a friend, he lately said, “ I do not “ expect to live long, but I bless God, I am ready.”—His patience and resignation under afflictions and severe pains were remarkable. When a relation once'expressed much concern for him, he answered, “ Submission, submission “ best becomes creatures." And he used often to say, “ I “ am in the hands of my gracious God and Father, who best

sees what is best for me.”—His death was very sudden, He was taken ill in the inorning, and had time only to say to those who came about him, " I find I am dying ; Lord, “ Lord, have mercy on my family and congregation.” So near did his people lie to his heart, even in his last moments." The sermon concludes with some excellent hints of advice, worthy the attention of all destitute churches.

WORKS. The Conversion of a Sinner, and the Day of Grace. --Heaven or Hell upon earth: a discourse on Conscience.-The Conversion of the Soul.—The true Touchstone, shewing both Grace and Nature. ---A Covert from the Storm; (written when in

* To inforce this advice, Mr. Taylor says, among other things." If :bese « illiterate Antinomian usurpers are not speedily and effectually discounte“ nanced, by ministers and people too, they who are already THE BLEMISHE • OF NONCONFORMITY will quickly prove THE TOTAL RUIN OF IT."-Whether such a bint be unscasonable in our own times, may deserve considera



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prison, upon the Five-mile act.]-Worthy Walking(written upon his enlargement.)-Of Christian Love.-The Spirit of Prayer. -Two Catechisms; one for little children: in the other he reduces the principles of religion to 17 heads: to which he added a Ca. techison for Conscience. The Good of Afliction. The cure of Distractions in 'attending upon God.-The Love of the World cured.-Fan. Sermons, for Mr. Cawton, Mr. J. Janeway, Mr. E. Lawrence, Mr. G. Baker, and Mrs. Thompson. Three Sermons 'át Morn. Ex.

ST. LEONARD'S. [C.) Mr. GEORGE Swinho. He afterwards settled at Princes- Risborough, where he had a private congregation, and held on his work till age disabled him.

Great MARLOW. Mr. PAUL SUTTON, Lecturer.

Little MARLOW. [V. 431. 10s. 8d.] Mr. HIEROM GREE GORY.

NEWPORT-PAGNEL, (V. 381. 145. 2d.] Mr. JOHN GIBBs. He was ejected some months before the Bartholomew-act, for refusing to admit the whole parish to the Lord's table. He was many years afterwards pastor to a dissenting congregation in this town, where he lived to be very old, and was much esteemed.

RISBOROUGH, [R.) WILLIAM REEVES, B. A. After his ejection he preached only occasionally, and very frequently at Abington. He was once greatly troubled by having a charge sworn against him of uttering treasonable words in a sermon on Psalm ii. 1. but upon a trial he was acquitted He died 1683.


WADDESDEN, [R.] Robert BenneT, B. D. There. are at this place three distinct Rectories belonging to one church,'to all which Mr. Bennet had the title. But one of them had been bestowed by the patron, Lord Wharton, upon Mr. John Ellis, who scrupled to take the title upon him, and only preached every other Lord's day in his turn. Mr. Bennet performed all the other duties of baptizing, visiting, &c. and yet freely let Mr. Ellis enjoy half the profits. But after the king's restoration, Mr. Ellis conformed, and got his Majesty's title to all the three benefices; Mr. Bennet not at all contending the matter with him, not being inclined to


conforiv. After some time he removed to Aylesbury, and preached there privately for some years; from whence he went to Abington, where he died April 6, 1687.

WORKS. A Theological Concordance of the synonymous Terms in the holy Scriptures.' 8vo. 1657,

WINCHENDEN, THOMAS GILBERT, B. D. of St. Ed mund's Hall, Oxford. He had been before turned out of Edgmond in Shropshire. He was an excellent scholar, of extraordinary acuteness and conciseness of style, and of a most scholastical head. It is related of him, that being in com. pany at Oxford some time after the Restoration, with some persons of eminence in the university, and Dr. South being there among the rest, the Dr. and Mr. Gilbert engaged in a dispute about the Arminian points: and upon Mr. Gilbert's asserting that the Predestination of the Calvinist did necessarily follow upon the Prescience of the Arminians, the Dr. declared, that if he could make that out, he would never be an Arminian so long as he lived. Mr. Gilbert immediately undertook it. 'Dhe company were highly pleased with his management both of his argument and of his opponent in the dispute ; and the Dr. himself was so fully satisfied, as to continue to the last a zealous assertor of predestination. Mr. Gilbert had all the school-men at his fingers-end; and (which is rather unusual) took great delight in poetry, and was a good Latin poet himself. He spent the latter part of his time in a private life in Oxford, where to the last he met with much respect from Dr. Hall Bp. of Bristol, Dr. Bathurst, Dr. Jane, and others, who were competent judges of his real worth. He died July 15, 1694, aged 83.

WORKS. A small Latin tract on the possibility of pardon with out Satisfaction; in Ans. to Dr. Owen's Diatr. de Div. Just. and a brief English Discourse on the Guilt and Pardgn af Šin, &c.Some occasional Latin Poems: one of which gives an account of the Revolution.-An Assize Serm. at Bridgnorth.

High WYCOMBE, [V. 45l. 125. 8d.] GEORGE FOWNES, M. A. He was born in Shropshire, and educated in schoollearning at Shrewsbury, (where his grandson, the ingenious and learned Mr. Joseph Fownes was lately ininister.] Up: on his father's death, his mother sent him to Cambridge, where he was reckoned a considerable scholar, and a youth of a sharp wit. He was the public minister of Wycombe several years; but quitted the parish-church voluntarily, before the Restoration. However, he continued preaching, tho?

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