Page images

Rev & John Flavel from an original: Biture in D:Williamsis Library.

Published by Button "Son, Paternoster Row.

sex. He studied physic at Leyden, and practised in London. Wood says, He took his degree of M. D. at Oxford when the Prince of Orange made a visit there, in 1670. He died in the parish of St. Sepulchre in London, in the beginning of the year 1675.

WORKS, Methodus Evang.or the Gospel Method of God's saving Sinners; to which Dr. Manton and Mr. Baxter united in writing'a Preface.

TRINITY COLLEGE. JOHN RAY, M. A. Fellow, and F. R. S. He was born at Black-Notley in Essex, in 1628. He had his grammar-learning in a school in Braintree-church, and was first entered at Katherine-hall, 1644, whence, in 1646, he removed to Trinity. In 1649 he was elected Fellow, and was tutor to many gentlemen and clergymen.' After the Restoration, viz. in Dec. 1660, he was ordained by Dr. Sanderson Bp. of Lincoln; after which he preached Dr. Hill's funeral sermon in the college-chapel. He quitted his fellowship in 1662, because he could not comply with the Act of uniformity, though the college were peculiarly desirous to keep him in. He after wards lived sometimes at Chester with Bishop Wilkins, and sometimes at other places. He travelled into Italy with his friend Francis Willoughby, Esq. and on his return, lived mostly with him ; soon after whose decease he married, and in 1679 removed to an estate which he had purchased in the place of his nativity, where he continued till his death, Jan. 17, 1705.

In the account given of him in the Compleat Hist.of Europe for 1706, we are told that upon Aug. 24, 1662, he quitted his fellowship : but the reason of his doing it is very darkly expressed. One who knew him well, told the author, the true reason of it was, that he could not satisfy himself to declare, “ That none were bound by the solemn league and covenant who had taken it," though he himself never took it. But it is observable, that though he lived many years after the obligation to sign such a declaration ceased, he was not to be prevailed with

to return to the ministry. After the Revolution, when Dr. Tillotson (who was his intimate acquaintance) was advanced to the See of Canterbury, some of his friends were earnest with him to move that prelate for some preferment in the church, but he always declined it; giving this reason : That though he used the Common-Prayer, and VOL. I. NO, 6,



approved of it as a form, yet he could not declare his " unfeigned assent and consent to all and every thing contained in it." To another person he expressed his dislike of Sponsors in baptism. He said that he thought the parents the fittest persons to be intrusted to promise for their own children, and condeinned the practice of bringing scandalous and unfit persons under such a solemn vow and promise, as that re. quired in the office for the baptizing of children.—These were his declared sentiments in his health : How far they agree with the account of his dying words and behaviour, given by Mr. Pyke in his funeral sermon (since published by Mr. Derham, at the end of his Philosophical Letters) must be left to the reader's candour. [It is certain that he quitted his fellowship because he could not come up to the terms of the Uniformity-act. It is also certain that he preached before that act passed, but never afterwards, though he attended the service of the church of England. So that the claims of Conformists and Nonconformists (who would both have him on their own side) are to be thus adjusted. He was satified with Lay-conformity, but not with Ministerial. He is therefore as justly considered as a sufferer by the Act of uniformity, and a silenced minister, as any one of the Nonconformists, and as properly placed in this list.\] He was a good divine; and an extraordinary humanist, as appears by his works, which are many, for (as he says in the preface to his Wisdom of God, &c.) ** As he could not serve God in the church by ś his voice, he thought himself the more bound to do it by " writing."

WORKS. He published Ornithologia of Fr. Willoughby, Esq. in folio; 1676. of which he wrote the two first books, and dedicated it to the Royal Society, of whom he was a member.--Historia Plantarum, 2 vol. fol.-Ejusdem Tomus Tertius, 1704.--Catalogus Plantarum circa Cantab. nascentium.--Appendix, &c. Catalogus Plantarum Angliæ.-- Fasciculus Stirpium Britann. post. edit. Catal. predict.-Catalogus Stirpium is ext. Reg. observat.---Methodus Plantarum nova cum Tabulis.-Synopsis Methodica Stirp. Britan.

-Ead. Synops. multis Stirpibus & observat. curiosis passim insertis ; cum Muscorum Methodo, &c.-Epist. ad D. Rivinum de Methodo Plantarum.--Dissertatio de variis Plantarum Methodis.-Synops. Method. Animal. Quadrupedem & Serpentini generis.- Dic

9 Strictly and properly speaking, he was a Nonconformist, though not a Dissenser; and the conduct of such a man as Ray, (whom the Episcopalians have been so cager to claim) in refusing to comply with the terms of ministerial conformity, affords something like an argument that these terms were not altogether so unexceptionable as some persons would represent them.


tionariolum Trilingue.-Francisci Willoughbeii Hist. Piscium cum Fig. Oxon. Fol.-Observations Topographical, Moral, and Philological, made in a journey thro' several parts of Europe.- A Collection of unusual or local English Words; with an Account of preparing English Metals.-A Collection of English and other Proverbs. Camb.-A Persuasive to an holy Life.—The Wisdom of God manifested in the Works of the Creation. In two parts. Three Physico-Theological Discourses with Practical Inferences.Miscell. Discourses concerning the Dissolution and Changes of the World, 1692; which have been since reprinted with Additions, and his Letters.-Stirpium Europearum extra Britannias nascentium Sylloge.--Methodus Insectorum.-Historia Insectorum: Opus Posthumum.-Synopsis Methodica Avium & Piscium : Opus Posthumum.--A long Congratulation to K. Charles II. upon his return.

Joseph Oddy, M. A. Fellow. He was born at Leeds, and sent from the school there to this college. Besides his fellowship he had the living of Meldred in Cambridgeshire, but lost both by his Nonconformity. He afterwards retired to Willingham in the isle of Ely, [where Mr. Bradshaw, after his ejectment, had formed a church in his own house, and had preached unmolested five years. To escape the troubles which threatened him in 1667 he went to London, when Mr. Oddy succeeded him, and preached not only to this peos ple but all over the Fens.] He was so much followed, (persons travelling twenty miles to hear him) that he was sometimes constrained to preach in the open fields; on which account it is less to be wondered at that he was frequently imprisoned. He was once confined five years together, and a great while with Mr. Holcroft, to whom he was assistant. But at length he was connived at to preach privately to his friends. Upon the Indulgence in 1672 [he removed to Cote tenham, and gave himself up entirely to itinerancy till his death, which happened May, 3, 1687. He was buried by the side of his colleague Mr. Holcroft, in a piece of ground which the latter purchased for a burying-ground, at Oakington, where a decent tomb was erected for them both. These two men were the founders of almost all the nonconformist churches about Cambridgeshire, and exercised a general superintendency over them, but were assisted by three other el. dlers. (See the account of Mr. Holcroft, p. 260.) Their pulpit is yet preserved at Cottenham.

It may not be amiss here to insert Mr. Oddy's smart repartee, on being insulted by one of the wits of Cambridge,



rary lines:

after he was released from prison, in the following extempo

“ Good day, Mr. Oddy,

“ Pray how fares your body?
“ Methinks you look damnably thin ;

Mr. Oddy's extemporary reply.
“ That, Sir's your mistake,

“ 'Tis for righteousness sake; “ Damnation's the fruit of your sin."] SA correspondent * relates the following anecdote of Mr. Oddy; who lived with his great grandfather at Willingham, which he heard from old people there when he was young. " When preaching in the night in a wood, between Willingham and Cottenhain, sitting upon his horse, that he might the more readily escape if molested by informers, he was broke in upon so abruptly, that he was thrown from his horse and quite stunned with the fall. In this state of insensibility he was laid, by his inhuman persecutors, across the horse, and in that situation carried to Cambridge castle."

THOMAS SENIOR, B. D. Fellow, and lecturer of TrinityChurch. He was a Westminster scholar, and a great critic in the original languages, both Hebrew and Greek. He was an admirable textuary, indefatigably industrious, and a useful preacher. He spent the latter part of his life at Hackney, with alderman Bewley; and preached a lecture many years in the house of alderman Ashhurst, with great acceptation. He has a sermon in the Morning Exercises (at Cripplegate No.7. on hearing the word with profit. James i. 21. It is not only a useful practical discourse, but abounds with learned criticism.]

SAMUEL CORBYN, M. A. Conduct of the same college. A man of untainted piety and integrity. [He was of the congregational denomination, and was one of those who were chosen elders to assist Mr. Holcroft. See p. 260.]

WORKS. A Call from the living God to unconverted Sinners, -Advice to Sinners under Convictions, to prevent their miscarrying in Conversion.

EDMUND Moore, M. A. Fellow. He was born at Dit- . ton near Cambridge, and educated there from his childhood. * Mr. Martin Mayle, minister of Blunham in Bedfordshire.


« PreviousContinue »