« PreviousContinue »
obliged to leave the university in 1662, because he could not conforın. He was afterwards chaplain to chancellor Smith, ar Norwich, three years, and then to Mr. Honeywood of Hampstead. At the latter end of Charles's Indulgence he settled with a small dissenting congregation at Woolwich, where he laboured sixteen years, and then removed to Bethnal-Green, where he died, July, 1698, aged 58.
Mr. EDMUND HOUGH, afterwards conformed, and died vicar of Halifax in Yorkshire. He was a man of great moderation and piety, and behaved in a very friendly manner to the Dissenters. He was sadly persecuted by some violent party-men, so that he died heart-broken with grief, Ap. 1, 2689, aged 59.
ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE. ANTHONY TUCKNEY, D. D. Master, and Regius Professor of Divinity, son of Mr. Tuckney, minister of Kirtor, near Boston in Lincolnshire. He was born in Sept. 1599, and educated in Eman. Col. Camb. When he left the col. lege, he became houshold chaplain to the Earl of Lincoln. But being afterwards chosen Fellow, he returned thither, and was a most diligent and conscientious tutor ; having many pupils, who proved eminently useful both in church and state ; among others, Henry, Marquis of Dorchester, and his brother Ňr. Wm. Pierrepont, that great statesman, who retained much respect for him to his dying day. He left the university upon the invitation of the people of Boston, and became assistant to the noted Mr. John Cotton; after whose removal to New England, he became vicar of Boston, and held on his ministry there all the time of a sore plague, with which it pleased God to visit the town; but met with some disturbance from the spiritual courts.
In 1643, he was called to London by the parliament; he and Mr. Coleman being chosen members of the Assembly at Westininster for the county of Lincoln ; and he was much esteemed in that capacity. It being then a dangerous time in the country, by reason of the heat of the war, he took his whole family with him, and never returned; though, at the desire of the people, he kept the title to the vicarage till the Restoration, but received none of the profits. Having been some time at London, he was settled minister of Michael. Quern, Cheapside.-In 1645 he was made master of Eman. Col. which required him to spend some months in the year at
Cambridge; and in 1648 he removed with his family thither, and was that year vice-chancellor.--In 1653 he was chosen, in the room of Dr. Arrowsmith, master of St. John's. Upon the Dr.'s death, he was made Regius Professor in his room. It was said that he shewed more courage in opposing orders sent by the higher powers in those times, than any of the heads of the university. He was a man of very great humility; and yet few kept up more authority than he did in the university when Vice-chancellor, or in the college he was master of; to which many gentlemen and ministers sent their sons, merely upon his account. It was his custom to have a sermon preached the morning after every public com. mencement, in the chapel of Emanuel and St. John's, by one who had been of the college, which was kept up many years.
After the Restoration, provision was made by the Act for confirming and restoring ministers, that Dr. Tuckney should be restored to the rectory of Somersham in Huntingdonshire; but he did not enjoy it long. He was one of the coinmis. sioners at the Savoy, but was soon out of all hope of an accommodation. Before the time for the conferences were expired, he received a royal letter*, professing great respect, signed by secretary Nicolas, dated Jan. 1, which gave him a supersedeas from his public employment, promising hiin a a hundred pounds per ann. during life, to be paid by his suc. cessor. The good Dr. thought it would be to no purpose to contend with the court, and that he could not long keep his places as things were then managed: he therefore resigned them both; and had the annnuity which was promised punctually paid for several years, by Dr. Gunning, who succeeded him.-He retired to London, and there preached sometimes in his own house, and occasionally in the families of several friends. In the time of the plague he lived at Colwick Hall near Nottingham, in the house of Robert Pierrepoint, Esq. where he was soon troubled and confined, but was treat. ed very civilly, and in a few months discharged. Upon the Five-mile-act, he removed to Oundle, and thence to Warmington, in Northamptonshire. After the fire of Lon, don (in which his library was burnt) he removed to Stocker. ston in Leicestershire, and then to Tottenham near London ; from whence, in 1669, he removed to Spittle-yard, where be continued till his death, February 1670, in the 71st year of his age. He was buried in the church of St Andrew, Undershaft
* This letter may be scen in Cal. Acc. p. 78; with another from the Earl of Manchester, advising him to quit, and assuring him that the king had no dislike to bis person, or dietrust of his ability, &r.
. He had the character of an eminently pious and learned man, a true friend, an indefatigable student, a candid disputant, and an earnest promoter of truth and godli
[A remarkable proof of his candour, and at the same time of his zeal for what he thought to be the truth, may be seen in his letters to Dr. Whichcote, who had been one of his pupils, and whom he thought proper to admonish for some things exceptionable in his sentiments and strain of preaching. And it is hard to say whether Dr. Whichcote's letters to him, do Dr. Tuckney or himself the most honour.See this curious correspondence (which affords an excellent pattern for religious controversy) at the end of Whichcote’s Aphorisnis, published by Dr. Salter, Master of the Charter-house and a strong Anti-Calvinist; who, in his Preface, has given some account of Dr. Tuckney, (evidently taken for the most part from Dr. Calamy) which he closes as follows: “In his elec“ tions at St. John's, when the President, according to the “ cant of the times, would call upon him to have regard to “ the Godly, he answered, -No one should have greater res gard to the truly Godly than himself; but he was deter“mined to chuse none but Scholars : adding, They may de“ceive me in their Godliness; they cannot in their Scholar. #ship.-Upon the whole, he seems to have been a very ho" nest and good man, a very industrious and learned scholar; “his imperfections and weaknesses flowed from his principles " rather than his disposition, and he was worthy to have lived ! in better times,"
WORKS. Death disarmed : a serm. at the funeral of Dr. Hill. -Balm of Gilead for the Wounds of England. A good Day well improved ; five sermons. After his death, 40 Sermons on several occasions.-Prelectiones Theol. all his Theological Exercises while at the University. He had a considerable hand in the Assembly's Confession and Catechism. Many of the Answers in the larger Catechism, particularly on the Commandments, were bis. (And yet, as he tells Dr. Whichcote, (who had given him a hint of impos
“in the Assembly he voted against subsCRIBING or swearing to the Confession, &c. set out by authority.”] JONATHAN TUCKNEY, M. A. Fellow.
Sọn to Dr. A. Tuckney. When a school-boy, he was accounted a prodigy for the pregnancy of his natural talents, and his rapid proh, ciency in the several parts of school-learning. His memory
was such as excited the admiration of his acquaintance. He attained to great eminence in literature, but it was rendered almost useless by an habitual melancholy. He died in 1693.
WORKS. A Latin Poem on the death of Dr. Edmund Staunton. He published a volume of his father's sermons, and wrote a short Preface to his Prelectiones.
John Wood, M. A. Fellow. Born at Chesterfield in. Derbyshire. He continued at Cambridge fourteen years, and was ejected by the Act of Uniformity. He afterwards preached up and down in his native county in several churches, reading much of the Common-Prayer: but he used to say he did not like subscribing to conformity. He was a pious peaceable man, and of very inoderate principles. He died at Norton in Derbyshire, in 169o.
WORKS. An Exposition on the Assembly's Catechism.-A Sermon on reading the Scriptures, which is annexed to it,
From the same college were ejecte::—Mr. WINDRESS, B. A.-Mr. MATHUM; Fellows.--Mr. ALDEN, Scholar.
KATHERINE HALL, WILLIAM GREEN, M. A. Fellow. He spent fourteen years in the university. After his ejectment he preached privately in and about Cambridge. In the latter part of his time he lived at Fenny-Stanton, near St. Ives in Huntingdonshire; about which place many were edified by his preaching and pious conversation. He was a learned, grave, and holy man.
WORKS. Two Discourses on the Corruption of Nature and Salvation by Grace; (very excellent.)- A needful Preparative for the Lord's Supper, in Question and Answer.
KING'S COLLEGE, GEORGE DUNCOME, M. A. Fellow. He wrote a piece, on occasion of the plague, for the use of a family, entitled, Forgetfulness of God the great Plague of Man's Heart.--Also some verses in the Ewspa Cantab.
MAGDALEN COLLEGE. JOSEPH HILL, B. D. Proctor. Born in October, 1625, at Bromley near Leeds. His father, Mr. Joshua Hill, preacher at one of the chapels of ease belonging to that large parish, died when he was about seven years old. Some persons had resolved to trouble him for not wearing his surplice, and for other acts of Nonconformity; and had procured him to be cited to appear in the court of the Abp, of York : but he died a few hours before the summons came.
This his son gave early proofs of his capacity by the progress he made in schoollearning : but the troubles which began at that time prevente ed his being sent to Cambridge till he was eighteen years old, when he was admitted into St. John's Col. (viz. in 1644,) where, by his diligence, he soon recovered the time that he had lost. In 1649, he was chosen Fellow of Magd. Col. The number of his pupils, during his stay here, was very considerable. In 1659, he was promoted to the office of Proctor, in preference to a senior; and his conduct in that office, for the suppressing all open immoralities, shewed him to be worthy of that honour. In 1660, he kept the B. D.'s act at a public commencement; and having declared his judgment against conformity, the collegians cut his name out of their books in kindness to him, that he might avoid trouble. He retired to London, and preached for a little while at Alhallows Barking. In 1663, he went abroad, and having seen several countries, and wearied himself with travelling, he rested at Leyden, in which university he spent two or three years. In 1967, he was called to be pastor of the English church at Middleburgh in Zealand, where he continued till 1673, when his too late publishing his Defence of the Zealander's Choice, occasioned the governors of that province to oblige him to leave that place. Whereupon he came to England, and waiting on K. Charles II. he, as a reward for writing that book, gave him a sinecure worth above 80l. per annum, and offered him a bishopric if he would conform. But being altogether dissatisfied with the terms of conformity, he readily accepted of a call to the English church in Rotterdam, 1678, in which post he continued to the day of his death, which was Nov. 5, 1707, aged 83.
He was an acceptable and edifying preacher from his first entering the ministry. He had laid in a considerable stock of useful learning, and had an excellent way of employing it. Few persons had a more plain and intelligible method of preaching. He was peculiarly happy in a very short, but satisfactory, opening of his text; and was always very methodical in handling his subject. His sermons were well adapted to profit his hearers ; and those who were most intimate with him, could plainly see in him, when out of the pulpit, a no less tender concern for souls than when he was in it. The unprofitableness of any of his people, under the means of grace, and the unsuitableness of their lives to their profession,