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doubted of before,) he had licence from some of the bishops to preach in Wales, when he took his annual journey thither, where he saw great need of it, and thought he mig!ıt do it with great advantage among
poor, on account of his charities there. He was clothed with humility, and had in a most eminent degree that ornament of a meek and quiet spirit. He was not only free from anger and bitterness, but from all affected gravity and moroseness.
His conversation was affable and pleasant. . A wonderful serenity of mind was visible even in his countenance. He was hardly ever merry, but never sad; and upon all occasions appeared the same: always chearful, and always kind; ready to embrace and oblige all men; and if they did but fear God and work righteousness, he heartily loved them, how distant soever from him in judgment about things less necessary, and even in opinions that he held
dear. But the virtue which shone the brightest in him, and was his most proper and peculiar character, was his Charity to
God blessed him with a good estate, and he was liberal beyond most men in doing good with it;] which in. deed he made the great BUSINESS OF HIS LIFE, to which he applied himself with as much constancy and diligence as other inen labour at their trades. He sustained great loss by the Fire of London, so that (when his wife died, and he had settled his children) be had but 150l. per ann. left; and even then he constantly disposed of 1001. in works of charity. (He had a most singular sagacity and prudence in devising the most effectual ways of doing good, and in disposing of his charity to the greatest extent, and the best purposes; always, if possible, making it serve some end of piety or religion: e.g. instructing poor children in the principles of religion, and furnishing grown persons, who were ignorant, with the Bible, and other good books ; strictly obliging those to whom he gave them, to a diligent reading of them, and enquiring afterwards how they had profited. In his occasional alms to the poor, the relief he gave
them was always mingled with good counsel, and as great a compassion for their souls as their bodies; which, in this way, often had the best effects. For the nine or ten last years of his life, he almost wholly applied his charity to Wales, where he thought there was the most occasion for it; and he took great pains to engage the assistance of other persons in his own designs,] and to stir up the rich, in whom he had any interest, to works
as were not.
of charity in general; urging them to devote, at least the. TENTH of their estates to this use.
When he was between sixty and seventy years used to travel into IVales, and disperse considerable sums of money, both his own, and what he collected from other persons, ainong the poor labouring persecuted ministers. But the chief designs of his charity there, were to have poor children taught to read and write, and carefully instructed in the principles of religion; and to furnish persons grown up with the necessary means of religious knowledge.] With a view, to the former, he settled three or four hundred schools in the chief towns; in many of which women were employed to teach children to read, and he undertook to pay for somehundreds of children hiinself. With a view to the latter, he procured them Bibles, and other books of piety and devotion, in their own language ; great numbers of which he got translated, and sent to the chief towns, to be sold at easy rates to those that were able to buy them, and given to such
In 1675 he procured a new and fair impression of the Welch Bible and liturgy, to the number of 8000; one thousand of these were given away, and the rest sold much below the common-price. He used often to say with pleasure, that he had two livings, which he would not exchange for the greatest in England; viz. Christ's Hospital, where he used frequently to catechize the poor children; and Wales, where he used to travel every year (and sometimes twice in the year) to spread knowledge, piety and charity.
A certain author * insinuates, that his charities in Wales were only to serve a party, and that the visible effect of them is, the increase of the Dissenters. This reflection on his memory is as false as it is invidious. For he was so far from that narrowness of spirit, or bigotry to the interest of the Dissen. ters, that he procured the Church Catechism, with a practical exposition of it, and the Common-Prayer, to be printed in IVelch, and freely given to the poor; as well as The Whole Duty of Man, The Practice of Piety, and other practical books, containing such things only as good Christians are generally agreed in, and not one to persuade people to Nonconformity. "If the growth of Dissenters in Wales be an effect of the increase of knowledge there, we can't help that. They whose consciences are enlightened and moved by the word of God, will be always disposed to pay a greater peneration to divine truths and ordinances than to such usa. * Mr. Wynnes, in his edition of Powel's Hist. of Wales.
ges as are merely human; and will be naturally apt to scruple those things that want the sacred impress of divine authority. And if this gentleman thinks the best expedient to prevent this, is to keep the people in the same state of ignorance they were in during the period of which his history treats, he has the Papists on his side, but it is hoped none that understand Protestant principles.
While Mr. Gouge was doing all this good, he was perse. cuted even in Wales, and excommunicated, for preaching occasionally, though he had a licence, and though he went constantly to the parish-churches and communicated there. But, fór the love of God and men, he endured these and all the difficulties he met with, doing good with patience and with pleasure. So that, all things considered, there have not, since the primitive times of christianity, been many among the sons of men to whom that glorious character of the Son of God might be better applied, " that he went about doing good.” He died suddenly in his sleep, Oet. 29, 1681, aged 77. His funeral sermon was preached by Dr. Tillotson, afterwards Abp. of Canterbury, [from which the above account is principally extracted.] Mr. Baxter says, “ He never heard any one person speak one word to his dishonour, no not the highest prelatists themselves, save only that he conforined not to their impositions."
WORKS. The Principles of Religion explained in Q. and A. Cas valuable as most books of the kind.)-A Word to Sinners.A Sermon on Good Works.--Christian Directions to walk with God.—The surest and safest way of Thriving, viz. by Charity to the Poor. (An excellent piece, worthy the serious perusal of all who are blessed with this World's Good. The young
Man's Guide through the Wilderness of this world. The Christian Housholder. --Sermons exciting England to Gratitude, &c.
Mr. WILLIAM ADDERLY was ejected from this Lectureship.
ST. STEPHEN's, WALBROOK, [R. S. 1001.) THOMAS WATSON, M. A. of Eman. Col. Camb. where he was noted for being a hard student. He was so well known in the city for his piety and usefulness, that though he was singled out by the Friendly Debate, he yet carried a general respect from all sober persons along with him to his grave... [He was a man of considerable learning, a popular but judicious preacher, (if one may judge from his writings) and eminent in the gift of prayer. Of this the following a. necdote is a sufficient proof:7 Once on a lecture-day, before the Bartholomew-act took place, the learned Bp. Richardson came to hear him, who was much pleased with his sermon, but especially with his prayer after it, so that he followed him home to give him thanks, and earnestly desired a copy of it. “ Alas! (said Mr. Watson) that is what I cannot give, for I do not use to pen my prayers ; it was no studied thing, but uttered, pro re nata, as God enabled ine, from the abundance of my heart and affections." Upon which the good Bishop went away wondering that any man could pray in that manner extempore. After his ejectment he continued the exercise of his ministry in the city as Providence gave opportunity, for many years; but his strength wearing away, he retired into Essex, and there died suddenly in his closet at prayer.
In the collection of Farewell-sermons, there are three by Mr. Watson: viz. two delivered Aug. 17. and the third on the Tuesday following. The first is on John xiii. 34. A new commandment give I unto you, that ye love one ano. ther, &c. It discovers much of the spirit of the gospel, particularly in recommending love to enemies and persecutors. The ad is on 2 Cor vii. 1. Having these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves. In the former part of it he insists largely on “ the ardent affections of a right gospel minister towards his people.” This head he closes thus. “ I have now exercised my ministry anong you for alınost sixteen years; and I rejoice and bless God, that I cannot say, The more I love you the less I am loved: I have received many signal demonstrations of love from you. Though other parishes have exceeded you in number of houses, yet I think none for strength of affection. I have with much comfort observed your reverend attention to the word preached. You rejoiced in this light, not for a season, but to this day. I have observed your zeal against error in a critical time; your unity and amity. This is your honour. If there should be any interruption in my ministry among you, though I should not be permitted to preach to you again, yet I shall not cease to love you, and to pray for you. But why should there be any interruption made? Where is the crime? Some indeed say that we are disloyal and seditious. Beloved, what my actions, and sufferings for his Majesty have been, is known to not a few of you. However, we must go to Heaven through good report and through bad report ; and it is
well well if we can get to glory, tho' we press thro’ the pikes. I shall endeavour that I may still approve the sincerity of my love to you. I will not promise that I shall still preach among you; nor will I say that I shall not. I desire to be guided by the silver thread of God's word and providence. My heart is towards you. There is, you know, an expression in the late act, That we shall now shortly be as if we were naturally dead. And if I must die, let me leave some legacy with you.” Then follow twenty admirable directions, weil worthy the frequent perusal of every christian. He closes them thus: “I beseech you treasure them up as so many jewels in the cabinet of your breasts. Did you carry them about you, they would be an antidote to keep you from sin, and a means to preserve the zeal of piety flaming upon the altar of your hearts. I have many things yet to say to you, but I know not whether God will give me another opportunity. My strength is now alınost gone. I beseech you let these things make deep impressions on all your souls.
. Consider what hath been said, and the Lord give you understanding in all things.'
The last discourse, Aug. 19. is on Isa. iii. 10, 11. Say ye surely it shall be well with the just-woe to the wicked, &c. Many excellent passages might be quoted from this sermon, as well as from the preceding; but as so many of this author's works are before the public, and are still so well known, the editor must restrain his inclination.
WORKS. Three treatises. 1. The Christian's Charter. 2. The Art of Divine Contentment. 3. A Disc. of Meditation; with several occasional sermons.—The Beatitudes; Christ's Serm. on the Mount: to which are added-Christ's Fulness; the preciousness of the Soul; the Beauty of Grace; the Spiritual Watch; the Heavenly Race; the Sacred Anchor; the Trees of Righteousness; the Perfume of Love; the good Practitioner.-The godly Man's Character. A word of Comfort to the Church of God. The doct. of Repentance.- Religion our true interest, on Mal. iii. 16–18.-The mischief of Sin.-A Divine Cordial; or Privilege of those that love God.-The holy Eucharist.--A Plea for the Godly; or Excellence of the Righteous.—Heaven taken by storm. -The Saints' Delight.-Fun. "Serm. for Mr. Hodges; for Mr. Wells; for Mr. Henry Stubbs; for Mr. Jacob Stock. ---Fast Serm. bef. H. of Com. 1649.-Sermons bef. Lord Mayor on pub. OCC.-4 Serm. in Morn. Ex.-P.H.S. A Body of Div. in 176 Serm. on Assemb. Cat. with five others, and a head of the author. This is prefaced by Mr. Lorimer, and recommended by Dr. Bates, Mr. Howe, and 24 other ministers.---This catalogue of his works is more