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uniformity, he retired to a small tenement of his own, in the parish of St. Ives, and preached privately to a few people in a neighbouring village, till the fire of London, by which he sustained great loss. Upon this he removed to the city, to take care of his affairs; when several of his friends prevailed on bim to undertake the teaching of academical learning, for which he was extraordinarily well qualified.With this view, he fixed at Newington Green, where he had inany pupils, who were very useful both in church and state, Some scores of young ministers were educated by him, as well as many other good scholars. He had, indeed, a peculiar talent of winning youth to the love of virtue and learning, both by his pleasant conversation, and by a familiar way of making difficult subjects easily intelligible. After about twenty, years continuance in this employment, he was so infested with processes from the Bishop's court, that he was obliged to desist. At the samne time, being under great fears as to the public, in 1685 he went over to Nere-England, and was chosen pastor of a church at Charles-Town, where he died, near eighty years of age. * He was of a healthy constitution, of a sweet natural temper, and of a generous public spirit ; an indefatigable friend, a pious, learned, ingenious, useful man ; beloved and valued by all who knew him.Being reflected npon for teaching'university learning, and thereby breaking the oath he took in the university, he drew up a Vindication of himself and his brethren from this accu. sation, (which Dr. Calamy has preserved at length. See Cortin. p. 177-197. Where there is also a copy of his Advice to those of his pupils who were designed for the ministry; which is well worthy the perụsal of all persons of that character.]

WORKS. The Little Peace-Maker, on Prov. xii, 10.- Fool ish Pride, the Make-bate.-Debts discharged, on Rom. xiii. 8.-.

The Gaming humour considered and improved.„The Way of good men, for wise men to walk in.-Season Birds :-an Enquiry into the sense of Jer, viii. 7.-Meditations on the Hist, of the first 14 chapters of Exodus, &c.— The Spirit of Man; medita, tions on 1 Thess. v. 23.-Of Common Places, or Memorial Books.-Ela£2, a Discourse on improving the county of Cornwal, (the 7th chap. of which, on sea-sand for manure, is printed in Phil

. Transact. Apr. 1675.)--Considerations on the New River.--Let

* He is not mentioned in Mather's History of New England, the probable reason for which was, that he might be living at the time when that work was published.


ter to a friend, to prove Money not so necessary as imagined.-And several other Treatises, all compendious ; for he was an enemy to large volumes, and often quoted that adage, Marya BiBaion μέγα κακον, -“ A great book is a great evil.”.


ST. BREACK [R. S. 1501.] Mr. James INNEs. He was a Scotish gentleman, of a good family; and had great interest with the Duke of Lauderdale, and with K. Charles himself, who sometiines admitted him to uncommon freedoms: so that had he not disrelished the terms of conformity, he might have had a fair prospect of considerable promotion. The king once seeing him walking on a Lord's-day morning, said to him, “You Innes, I believe you are going to some conventicle.” He replied, “If I am, I humbly hope your majesty will not turn informer.”!" At which the king appeared not at all displeased.

ST. BURYAN (R.) Mr. Joseph HULL.
ST. CLEMENT'S [V.] Mr. William UPCOT.

ST. COLUMB Major [R. S. 400l.] Mr THOMAS TRAVERS, Fellow of Magd. Coll. Camb. : A holy active person, and a lively preacher ; much celebrated in this county, and the neighbouring parts.

He was for some time lecturer of St. Andrew's, in Plynouth, and assistant to Mr. George Hughes. He was thence called to this place, where he was very useful, till the Bartholomew-act silenced him. After that he was greatly favoured by the noble lord Roberts, who 'was uncle to his wife. His son, Mr. Elijah Travers, was afterwards pastor of a congregation in Dublin. CREED (R.) Mr. Tobias BOUCHIER. A

A very learned man, but inclined to melancholy.

FOWEY (V. 401.] John TUTCHIN, M. A. Son of Mr. Robert Tutchin, of the Isle of Wight, who was a man of primitive simplicity, integrity, purity, and piety. He had three sons, John, Robert, and Samuel, and he brought them all up to the ministry, which they all adorned, and they were all ejected in 1662. John was educated in the free-school of Dorchester, where he made great proficiency in learning. He went to Cambridge at the age of fourteen, and was made M. A. at five years standing by special favour. The Earl of Kent chose him for tutor to his son.

He was afterwards engaged in the wars. Upon his ejectment he con

tinued in the place where he had been public minister, and was much valued by the sober part of the gentry. He was a general scholar, a profound critic, and a good orator. As the beginning of K. James's reign, he was tried at the assizes at Launceston, upon the 35th of Eliz. and resolved to abjure the realm ; but upon a farther hearing at the King's Bench bar, he was acquitted. He left some valuable MSS.

ST. GERMAIN's. Mr. SOLOMON CARSWILL.' After his ejectment he preached at his own house gratis, till within a fortnight of his decease, when he was about 89 years of age.


ST. HILARY (V.) Mr. JOSEPH SHERWOOD. After his ejectment by the Bartholomew-act, he resided at St. Ives to the day of his death, which was about the year 1705. He was a constant faithful preacher at that place, and at Penzance, seven miles distant, alternately every Lord's-day, besides lectures on the week days. He was of a sweet engaging temper; and though for a long time he laboured under very great indisposition of body, and constant pains, yet he was unwearieď in his work, both in his study and in the pulpit. Soon after his ejection he was cited to the spiritual court for not going to church. He appeared, and gave for a reason, That there was no preaching, and that he could not, with any satisfaction, attend there only to hear the clerk read the prayers; but promised to go the next Lord's-day, if there was a sermon. Finding, upon enquiry, that there was no minister then, he did not go, and so was cited again, and gave the same answer. The Lord's-day following, being informed by the churchwarden, who was his friend, that therewould be no seriñon, he determined to go to church, when great numbers out of curiosity followed him. He seated himself in the clerk's desk all the time of prayers, and then went up into the pulpit, and prayed, and preached from these words, I will avenge the quarrel of my covenant. The ruinour of this action was soon spread abroad; but such was the people's affection to Mr. Sherwood, that though there was a crowded congregation in a great church, his enemies could not get any one to give information against him, till, by artifice, they got an acknowledgment from his friend the church warden, and by threats frightened him into a formal information. He was then carried to a petty session of jusrices, where one Mr. Robinson sat as chairman, who greatly



reviled Mr. Sherwood, and called him rebel, &c. which he bore patiently, only making this reply, “ That as he was a minister of the gospel, and at the church where there was so great an assembly, he could not but have compassion on the multitude, and give them a word of exhortation.” Mr. Robinson said, ** But did ever man preach from such a rebellious text ?” “ Sir," replied Mr. Sherwood, “ I know man is a rebel against his Creator, but I never knew that the Creator could be a rebel against his creature.” -On which Robinson cried out, “ Write his mittimus for Launceston jail.” And then turning to Mr. Sherwood, said, “ I say, Sir, it was a rebellious text." Mr. Sherwood looked him full in the face, and addressed him in these words: * Sir, if you die the common death of all men, God never

spake by me."-He was then sent to prison, where he found favour with the keeper, and had liberty to walk about the castle and town. Robinson returned hoine ; and a few days after, walking in the fields, a bull that had been very taine, came up to a gate where he stood, and his maid ser. vant before him, who had been milking, when the creature turning her aside with his horns, ran directly upon Robinson, and tore out his bowels! This strange Providence brought to mind what had passed at the sessions. In a little time Mr. Sherwood getting leave to return home, was sent for to Penzance, where some justices met. He immediately went, though he expected no other than to be sent back to jail.But when he came there, Mr. Godolphin came out, and taking him into another room, said, “Sir, I sent for you to know how you came to express yourself

in such a manner, when we committed you? You know, Sir, what has since befallen Mr. Robinson, &c.” Mr. Sherwood replied, “Sir, I was far from bearing any malice against Mr. Robinson, and can give no other answer than that, when we are called before rulers for his name's sake, whom we serve, it shall be given us in that very hour what we shall speak.To which Mr. Godolphin replied, “ Well, Sir, for your sake, I will never more have a hand in prosecuting Dissenters. And he was as good as his word. -[N. B. This extraordi, nary story is well attested. See Calamy, vol. iii. p. 215.1$The sanie story, as to the substance of it, is related, with



Among the magistrates in this county, one of the most noted for his ficry zeal against the Quakers, was Major Robinson, a justice of the peacc, and member of parliament. He had been active in sending many of them to


the addition of some circumstances, in Besse's Sufferings of the Quakers, where there is also a further account of the infamous persecutor Robinson, the whole of which shall be given below.

ST. ISSY (V.) STEPHEN REVEL, M. A. of Exeter Col. Oxf. The son of Mr. Thomas Revel, of Hunsdon, in Ermington parish, Devonshire, where he had a good estate. He many years survived this his son, who died of a consumption, July, 1671, at about forty years of age. He was an excellent Greek'scholar, and a man of a very pleasant temper. He married the daughter of Mr John Vincent, who was sister to Mr. Thomas and Mr. Nathaniel Vincent, so well known as eminent ministers. On account of his early decease, his father left his estate to his grandson, a very worthy gentleman.


LANDRAKE [V.] GASPER Hickes, M. A. of Trin. Col. Oxf. He was the son of a minister, and born in Berkshire. He was a good scholar, a celebrated preacher, and a member of the Westminster Assembly. Being ejected in 1662, he preached as he had opportunity, but met with much trouble. Continuing (after May 30, 1670) to preach in his family, to the number that the Conventicle-act allowed, with others under sixteen years of age, Mr. Winnel, the young parson of Landrake, was so enraged, that he informed against him, as keeping conventicles, and had his house search

prison; and hearing that the jailor had given some of them Icave at times to go home and visit their families, he complained against him at the assizes, and had him fined 100 marks for his good nature. It was this man's diversion to harrass the Quakers, and the disturbing their meetings be sportively called Fanatic hunting. The dismal exit of this violent persecutor was remarkable. Not long after the above) assize, he sent one day to a neighbouring justice to go with him a fanatic hunting. Oo the day appointed for that sport, he ordered his inan to meet him with his horse some distance from the house. He then went into a field, where he was used to play with a bull, and fenced

at him with his staff, as he was wont to do; but the bull ran fiercely at him, - struck his horn into his thigh, and so lifting him up, threw him over his back, and tore up his thigh to bis belly; and when he came to the ground he broke his leg. The bull then gored him again, and roared, and licked up his blood. Several workmen came up, but could not beat off the bull, till they fetched dogs to bait him. The major's sister, hearing of this disaster, came and said, “ Alas, brother, what a heavy judgment is this !” He replied, “ It is a heavy judgment indeed!" He was carried home, and soon died. This tragical end was much remarked, and many were of opinion, that the divine justice was eminently conspicuous therein. Besse, vol. i.

P. 118.


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