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brightness of an endless scene. Voices which made the welkin ring with boisterous mirth, or forms which enlivened the snowdrifted scene, or glided gracefully over the ice-bound lake, or mingled confusedly and tumultuously in blind man's buff or the romp, where are they? The voices of many are stilled, and hush. ed in the silence of the grave. But the forms of others, though changed they be, are seen around us toiling on in the pilgrimage of life-changed indeed are they — not so happy now as the lark when it brushes the dew from its wing, and mounts higher and higher to pierce the blue pavilions of the skies with the full melody of its grateful song, or when they wandered through the flowery fields of innocent delight, and knew not of the thorns that lurked beneath their verdant drapery. They cull but a few solitary flowers now, and saddened and sobered down are they, for amidst the thousand fountains of enjoyment which they tasted, there has been some trace of poison, some element of bitterness, which has transformed the innermost soul. The silver mesh work has been tarnished or darkened by the woof of sorrow, and it no longer shines in the glorious effulgence of the light which shone upon it when it first flashed back its heaven-born brightness; a change came over their spiritual manifestations as years advanced. In a probation, in the midst of a land smiling in beauty, and robed in magnificence, they wandered from flowery fields into darkened pathways, and now in toil and bitterness of spirit, find the brightest scenes of enjoyment overshadowed by sadness and gloom. Other voices and forms indeed bave they, and magic could scarce effect transformations more wonderful than time has effected in a few brief years.

What strange mutations mark the course, and define in bold outlines the stages of human life! - A short and happy period of innocence — halcyon days all where the winged hours fly away in the dim past on golden wing as noiseless as the footsteps of the falling snow — another, still happier, if not in impulsive joy and fond delight, in thought and feeling--a season of passion when the full Awing heart sends out its gushing and sparkling waters, when young and blushing emotions bud forth, and sentiments unfolis their bright petals in the mellow dew and strong light of kindling affections-these feel their own power, and strengthen in the pride of their own consciousness, purified and sublimated by the innocence upon which they lean for support. Another stage, and all is not so bright and pure. The disposition made selfish from the very desire of enjoyment-morise from rough contact with the worla; distrustful, where disappointments wither the fairest buds of promise, anxious, with restlessness to secure in the future what has been denied in the past-sad, where affliction follows in the footsteps of afiliction, sorrowful, where one misfortune is too often a prelude to another--is it at all strange or wonderful that a transformation should take place, that sad ravages should be made upon the purity and integrity of the life of the inner soul ?

And thus it is until the last stage when man lives alone in mem. ory, and robes in the beauty of poesy every hollowed remembrance of the past. Life with its bitterness and sorrows are forgotten, and life with its beautiful and sacred reminiscences fill the dreams which float through the reveries of the aged. In a delightful and spiritualized form, clothed in the charms of distance, which throw their blue mists over its earlier scenes, life is given up, and the wanderer drops into the tomb; to sleep! perhaps to dream again! and then wake up in a land where the spiritual forms and the charmed imagery of his brightest visions will be realized in the full fruition of eternal day.

But Christmas Drears, by Christopher North, reader! what thinkest thou of them? We had intended saying something about their merits in a literary point of view: but then we never read them without lapsing into trains of thought like these, and we wander about through sunshine and shade, by twilight, by starlight and moonlight, over mountain and glen, over plains and moors, over field and flood, and never find a resting place in our wild imaginings, or starting point from which we can, Theseus like, in a direct line find our way by the charmed thread of an Ariadne through the labyrinth of bright and beautiful creations which surround us at every stage of our enchanted pathway. Reader, if you have never read these essays, you should soon avail yourself of this pleasure. But if you have, and can not take pleasure in them, and travel over the same fields with the playful ar.d poetryinvesting spirit of that good old companion with his cheerful face, his benignant soul, and his sporting jacket, we must say, that we indeed pity you, and you are not worthy of peering over the shadowy mists of Cruachan, or of resting in the shade near Windermere, and hearing the young buds of spring open with a noise in one of the many beautiful islets which are reflected from its bosom.

ERROR.

For “Illinois," in the third line of the note on page 7, read "Indiana."

For a critically accurate reprint of the Official Statistics of Public Lands, see Statement E, pages 44, 45, 46 and 47.

Western Journal and Civilian. OLEVENTH volume of full series and fifth U volume of New series just bound both sets for sale, full set 11 vols, for $25,00, New Series 6 vols for $10; Subscription per year $3,00.

TARVER & COBB, 73 Chesnut str. Agents: E.A. DUBREUIL, Santa Fe New Mex100; JOHNE. REARDON, Little Rock, ArkanNas; W. G. LE DUC, St. Paul Minn.; J. C. NORGAN, New Orleans La.

Attorneys.

PHILIP PIPKIN, Jr. Attorney at Law,

Hillsboro', Mo. THEREFORD, Attorney at Law, Indepen

T. dence, Mo. Ottice over Thomas & Todd's store.

Refer to Messrs. Thomas & Todd, Smart & Hughes, Coleman & Dallam, Independence, Mo.; Uon. Wm. Scott, Hon. Thos. L. Price, George W. Hough, Jefferson City, Mo.; Tutt & Watson, M. Tarver, Esq., H. Cobb, Esq., St. Louis, Mo.

EDWARD MEAD & CO.,

Importers and Dealers in WATCHES, ClockS, JEWELRY, TABLE and Pocket Cutlery, Solid Silver and Plated Ware, Musical Instruments, Daguerreotype Stocks, Fancy Goods, and

CALIFORNIA ARMS. American and Rocky Mountain Rifles, Colt', Revolvers, Steel Ritie barrel and Iloister Pistols, Bowie Knites, and a large assortment of hunting apparatus.-Importing our foreign goods directly from the Manufacturers in Europe, we have superior advantages, and will sell to our customers equally as low as the New York Importing Houses, and would invite the attention of dealers and purchasers to our large stock of Watches, Silver and Plated Ware, Accordions, and English twist double and single barrel guns. No. 51 Main, corner of Pine Street, St. Louis.

WITTER, 38 Walnut street, corner of 2d, U, St. Louis, Mo. German and French standard works, Novels and School Books. Blank Books, Writing Papers, Music Paper, Slates & Ink, Engravings, Prints, Steel Pens, Inkstands, dc.- Printing and Binding executed in the best manner. Orders for England, France and Germany are executed at the shortest notice.

Notary Public.

College.

Land Agency Notice.

ADOLPH KEHR, Notary Public, No. 11, Fourth street, opposite the Court House.

ONATHAN JONES' COMMERCIAL

COLLEGE, St. Louis, Mo., incorporated ANTHONY V. HOFER,

by the General Assembly, January 24, 1819. Notary Public and Conveyuncer, With full authority to grant diplomas, award Omce: Southeast corner of Second & Walnut degrees, confer honors, and exercise all and streets, next to C. Witter's Book Store, singular, the privileges common to CommerSt. Louis, Mo.

cial Colleges, authorized by law in other States.''--Charter, Sec. 2.

Young Gentlemen wishing to prepare them

selves for busine s pursuits, are respectfully WORTHINGTON G. SNETHEN continues

invited to call during business hours and exam. V to practice Law in the Supreme Court;

ine the mode of imparting instruction, the to attend to cases before Congress; to prose.

progress of the pupils, and the superior facicute Claims and settle accounts against the

lities extended to those desirous of qualifying Departments and Boards of Commissioners ;

themselves for the pract cal duties of the to procure Patents at home and abroad; to ob

Counting House, Personal references given tain Pensions and Bounty lands; to collect

to above one hundred and eighty (180) Practidebts, dividends, legacies and inheritances

cal Accountants now in charge of Books in in any part of the United States and in foreign

this city, all of whom have completed their countries; to make investments of funds in

business education in this institution. Loans and Stocks and on Bonds and Mortgage.

N. B. For CIRCULARS containing inforand to negociate the purchase and sale of

mation in regard to the terms, the course of Loans, Land and Patent-rights in any State

instruction and all business connected with of the Union. Particular attention paid to

the above, call at the Book-keeping DepartCaltfornia Land Title cases coming up to the

ment," corner of Fourth and Chestnut streets U, S. Supreme Court on appeal.

or address JONATHANJONES, St. Loui Mo' Communications prepaid, addressed to W. G. SNETHEN, 5, Carrol Place, Capitol

Roots Hill, Wishington, D. C., will meet with

ñ M. & H. M. WARREN, manufacturers prompt attention.

U of Warren's Improved Fire and WaterPENERAL AGENCY at Dubuque, Iowa, for Proof Composition Roofs, and Roofing Mate

U public lands, real estate, military land rials, which are kept constantly on hand and warrants, payment of taxes, investigation of for sale (with directions for use) to those in titles, apicable collection of debts, and all the country who may desire to adopt this moda etler business within the legitimate sphere of of roofing M Agent's duties, by

Office and Manufactory, east side Second CHARLES CORKERY, street, between Almond and Poplar, St. Louis, Notary Public and ('ommissioner of Deeds and Mo. Otlice hours from 10 to 11 o'clock, A. Depositions for all the North-western States, M..and 4 to 5 P. M. Missouri included.

185October, 1.

Horse Shocing.

Brushes.

DINGS & CO., importers of German, I. French and English Fancy Goods, and manufacturers of all kinds of brushes, No.' 6 Najn street, St. Louis, Mo.

TOHN MULLERY, Premium Horse hoer

in the alley, onsosite the Post Office, will as usual pay particular attention to the various diseases affecting the feet of horses, and will guarantee to give general satisfaction in either of the above departments.

Jewelry, Watchmakerp

Liqilors and lines.

CHOCOLATE, COCOA & BROMA
W. BAKER & Co's American and Vanilla
Chocalate, cocoa and Bronna, to which first

& ENGRAVING.
premiums have been awarded by the chief In-
stitutes and Fairs of the Union, are for sale by

P. STUBENRAUCH & SONS, all the principal Grocers in the United States,

No. 11 N. 3d str. between Chesnul & Market, and by their agents, HUSSVY & MURREY, New York ; GRANT

and No. 17, Chesnut street. opposite the New & TWELLS, Philadelphia; Tho's V. BRUN

Post Office. DIGE, Baltimore; KENNET & DUDLEY, Cin-1 Would call the attention of the public and cinnati, Ohio. WALTER BAKER & CO. the trade generally to their extensive stock of

DorchesterMass. Jewelry, Watches and Clocks. They also are

well enabled by long practice and experience to perform all kinds of engraving, in stone as

well as metal, in the best style, such as seals M ARLES DERBY, Wholesale Dealer in or Notary Publics, for Insurance Companies, U Foreign Liquors and Wines, Domestic for Railroad Cos., and all other Companies. Liquors, and that well known "Star" Brand Fall orders promptly executed and on the of Rectified Whisky, No. 71 Levee, (entrance most liberal terms. from Levee and Commercial Street, St. Louis.

Commission Rilerchants.
Safes.

B. MERRILL,
W:MURRAY & DORMAN, Iren Railing
M Manufactory, n. s. of Chesn. bet. 9. & 10.

COMMISSION MERCHANT, streets, continue to manufacture at the above

Tuscumbia, Ala. establishinent, all kinds ot plain and ornamental iron railing, balconies, bank and jail doors, Refer to M. Tarver, Esq., St. Louis, Mo. book safes, fire-Vaults, iron window shutters, irun awnings, lightning rods, bedsteads, grat ANGELRODT & BARTH, Commission and ings, and in fact, any thing which can be A Forwarding Merchants, No. 126 North formed of jron.

Second Street, between Vinesireet and Wask

ington Avenue, St. Louis, Mo.

Trunkis.

DUSSELL & BENNETT, Wholesale Grocer

I and Commission Merchants, North-West PENDZINSKI, Premium Trunk Maker. M. Constantly on hand, at wholesale and

corner of Olive and second streets, opposite

the Monroe lious, St. Louis, Mo. retail, and made to order at the shortest notice, Hard Leather Trunks, Solid Leather Steel Siring Trunks Valises, Carpet Bigs,

flowers. Packing Trunks, Ladies' Dress Boxes, &c.

Trungs repaired in the best manner. Call LOPA GARDEN.- This establishment conand examine for yourselves before busine I tains a collection of Plants and flowers elsewhere, as I am determined to sell : s low not excelled, perhaps, by any in the United as any nouse in the treat all risks, No. 12 States. Of ROSES alone there are 230 varieNorth Second street [\Vestsid, between j ties: and the proprietor has devoted ten years Chestnut and Pine streets, Mar. 18 l. to storin his NOT-HOUSES, 20 feet long,

with specimeans of rere and beautiful plants,

ndilovers from almost every partoithe globe Tie garden is pleasantl situated on South

Sereitli street and storais adelichtful retreas ROLIN CLARK, PLANDER BRILET. ! from the roice and dust of the city. A conJOHN RINFREW. ALIXANTER CROSLN. modo115 SALOON has been fitted up and will LAGLE TOUNDRY AND ENGINE SHOP, be supplied with confections, Ice Creams, 1 North-West corner of Jain and buddle and other refreshinitis nullabie to the season streets. Manufacturers of all kinds of mi-and the place. Spiriteus liutors are excluded chinery, boilers and shertiron worh, portable from t emises. Bougeois of the richescircular sawmill always on hand, all orders flower and most tasteful combinution furnisht executcai with sidelity and despatch.

ieu throughout every season of the rear.
March 133.

G. GOEBEL.

Foundry.

Records.

Itlerchant Tailor.

DERSONS wish to obtain transcrirts of
I records in New Madrid county. pro

I H. BLOOD. Merchant Tailor, No. 2 cure them without by address in the indersioned. And to avoid the inconvenience

, Third St:eet, One coor from the corne of remitting small us, the records will be

ofChestnut Street. St. Louis, Mo. directed to Georre l'ecrim (o.. St. Louis.

TO THE LADIES. who will deliver the sme upon the payment of the fees.

WM. MOSELEY, VR.!'. A. PIGNERO be to iaf:m the palle Recorder of New Murid Co., MO.

'an the Ladius 1. partiary, that teha March, 1951.

in titre,

i
n

tilltrite, derI'll. '!..11, tulait! lie Hirnove beestalent for a llir, tri-pr. y, and for

mucus, (abs, fri. Vr. Innerhasrerently cute! thu

ellt of 128, (CIIRETOR & LEY, MInufacturers of 114,234 l'alse litr, minit turen in etery style

autortivery date. lie ler, on txination Boots and Shoes, No. 11 Main Street,

luf his teck Trivate Town's fur ledies and gentieFonth door South of Pine, St. Louis

2n, entirely seperat, and tilted up, where consultation on diseases of the hair can bo had free of largo.

Boots & Shoes.

Fonet evenem dolore

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WESTERN JOURNAL

NO. 1.

ARTICLES

ART.

PAGE.

I-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF MISSOURI. Foundation of the fame

of a country. Law of Missouri. Progress of survey. Claims
of Missouri on the United States. Report of David Dale Owen,
U. S. Geologist on Survey of Wisconsin, lowa and Minnesota.
Its beneficial influences. Grant of land to Missouri for a Geol-
ogical Survey and a Farming and Mining College. Reasons in
its favor. Minerals and products of Missouri. Railroad inter-
ests. Invocation of the spirit of the people. By the Junior Ed-

[blocks in formation]

II-VALLEY OF THE OHIO. Its conquest and settlement by Ameri-

cans. Escort of gunpowder from FotPitt to Kentucky. First con-

siderable invasion of Kentucky,under the Indian chief Blackfish, in

1776. Adventures of Gen. James Ray, his speed, nis labors for

the besieged; siege of Harrodstown, of Logan's station; heroisin

of Logan; reinforcement by Col. Bowman, capture of Daniel

Boone and 27 men; sieges of Boonesborougl; retreat of the Cana

adians and Indians; British proclamations to the people of Ken-

tucky. By MANN BUTLER, Esq............

111--THE IRON INTERESTS OF THE UNITED STATES. Tariff

question. Railroad projects. Subjection of the U. S. to Eng-

land. Indepenence advocated........
IV-NEWSPAPERS AND PUBLIC LIBRARIES. Origin of news.

papers. Sisi newspaper in America. Newspaper and period-

ical statistics ....

V-PRODALLE EFFECT OF AN EUROPEAN WAR UPON A-

MERICAN SECURITIES. Temporary depression of securities.

Rise in price of provisiors. Timm condition of railroad invest-

ments......................................................

VI-MATERIAL PROGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES. Re-

port on the seven'l census, with accompan: ing Tables. By J.
D. B. Delow, Superintendent U. S. Cens!13. Washington, 1851.
Area of U. S. Area of Europe. Railıoads of the U. S., Dec'r,
1853. Exrorts and imports of U. S fur 1852..........

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