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LIFE AND PUBLIC SERVICES

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GENERAL ULYSSES S. GRANT,

FROM HIS BOYHOOD TO THE PRESENT TIME.

AND

A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF

HON. SCHUYLER COLFAX.

CHAKLES A. PHELPS,
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Late Speaker of the Maw. Boom of Representative!, and President of the Man. Senate.

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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1868, by

CHARLES A. PHELPS,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

Boston:
Electrotyped and Printed by Geo. C. Rand & Avery.

"I care nothing for promotion, so long as our arms are successful."

Grant to Sherman, February, 1802.

'• If my course is not satisfactory, remove me at once. I do not wish in any way to impede the success of our arms."

Grant to Halleck, Feb. 6, 1302.

'■ No theory of my own will ever stand in the way of my executing

in good faith any order I may receive from those in authority over

me."

Grant to Secretary Chase, July, 1803.

"I shall have no policy of my own to interfere against the will of

the people."

Grant, May 29,1808

"Human liberty the only true foundation of human government."

Grant's Letter to Citizens of Memphis

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<^■ • Let Us Have Peace."

Grant's Letter, May 29, 1808

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PREFACE.

IN answer to the question which maybe asked, "Why write another Life of Grant?" the author would say, that he has endeavored to prepare a biography of the Man, Ulysses S. Grant, from his boyhood to the present time, differing in some respects from others which have fallen under his observation ; showing how, from a Western boy with no special advantages, he has come to be the foremost man of his time. He has not attempted to give a history of the late civil war, nor a military criticism upon its campaigns, nor a passive narration of battle-scenes, but to portray the character of Gen. Grant as boy, cadet, lieutenant in the army, business-man, general, secretary of war, and his actions in each period of his career. While the author has no desire to conceal his deep sympathy with the principles of freedom which warred with the Rebellion, and whose final triumph is involved in the approaching presidential election, yet he has sought to avoid a partisan harangue.

He has availed himself of all reliable sources of information; and special care has been taken to verify statements of fact from official sources. He has consulted freely, and acknowledges his indebtedness to, the elaborate and candid

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