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High notions of the prerogative entertained by

James. Hones advice from Buchanan.

Mi/lake of lord Bolingbroke. The com-

mentary ofPareusburnt. Page 185—189.

James treats his parliaments contemptuously.

Commons protest concerning their liberties.

Priviledges and rights of the commons cca-

val with our constitution. 189—194.

'Priviledges of parliament violated by James,
and members imprisoned by him. His vile
intentions. Father Orleans censured.

i94 *9?-

James severe in punishing. Inflames of it.

199, 200.

Sir Walter Raleigh's vile treatment. Sir
Edward Coke censured. Lawyers much
altered for the better. Raleigh betrayed by
James to Gondomore. Is executed.


Account of the rife of the earl of Somerset.

Sir Thomas OverburyV murder. Somer-

set and his lady tried and conviSled of it.

Both pardoned, and suffer ed to enjoy a large

ejlate. RefecJions on the duty of kings.

A conjecture on the cause of James'i par-

doning Somerset. 203—206.

James kind to his favourites in all things.

Rife of Buckingham. His great wealth

and debauchery. All addresses made to him.

Letter from bishop Field to Buckingham

9 begging

begging to be translated. Insolence of

Buckingham to the prince and king.

Page 206—213.

James suffers the proteftants to be oppressed by

the houses of Bourbon and Austria. Ill

policy thereof. Mijlakes of Mr. Kelly.

Great savour fawn by James to the catholics.
The parliament displeased herewith. Let-
ter from Buckingham to Gondomore.
Archbishop Abbot'J letter to James.


Power, honour and wealth of the clergy of the

church of England under James. Princes

should curb the power of their clergy.

The puritans hated and ill used by James.
The commons intercede for them. State of
the controversy between the puritans and
the bishops. The use of feels, and the bejl
•way of fupprejfing them. James attempts
to suppress puritanism in Scotland. Cen-

sure of his conducJ. 230-—237.

Death of James. Suspicions of his being poi-

soned. Remarks on Dr. Welwood. Ob-

servations on lord Clarendon.

237 242.

Extract of bishop Williams'j sermon on the

death of James. His great merit accord-

ing U the archbishops Laud and Spots-


wood. Character of court-hijhops in past ages. Different characters of James.

Page 242—248.

Death of prince Henry. Particular character of him. 248—255.

Appendix, containing additions to the life of king James the frjl» communicated by the reverend Dr. Birch, secretary to the Royal Society*


H1stor1cal and Cr1t1cal





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AMES STUART, the sixth of that name in Scotland, an/J first in England, was born June 19, 1566. He was the son of Henry Lord Darnley (son to Matthew earl of Lennox, by Margaret Do<wglas daughter to the widow of James the fourth, who was the eldest daughter to Henry the seventh of England) and Mary queen B of of Scott, the only child of James the fifth, king of Scots, who was son of James the * fourth and Margaret his queen, the said eldest daughter of Henry the seventh of England. The murther of a favourite secretary (A) when she was great with child, in


(A) A favourite secretary, &c] This was the famous" David Rixio, or Rtfcio, an Italian, a merry "sellow and good musician, who was taken notice of "first of all on account of his voice. He was drawn "in (fays Melvil) to sing sometimes with the rest,and "afterwards, when the queen's French secretary re'' tired himself to France, he obtained the faid office. "And as he thereby entered in greater credit, so he "had not the prudence how to manage the fame rightly. "For frequently, in presence of the nobility, he would "be publickly speaking to her, even when there were "the greatest conventions of the states. Which made "him to be much envied and hated, especially when "he became so great, that he presented all signatours '' to be subscribed by her majesty. So that some of "the nobility would frown upon him, others would "moulder him and shut him by, when they entered the "queen's chamber, and found him always speaking "with her. For those who had great actions of law, "new investments to be taken, or who desired to pre"vail against their enemies at court, or in law-suits *f before the session, addressed themselves to him, and "depended upon him, whereby in shqrt time he be. v, • "came yery rich." (a) Here was great familiarity we of sir James f?e, and iuch as could not be much to the credit ot a Melvil, p. sovereign princess. For 'tis expected that such a one L4'd"'es mould maintain her rank, and scorn to stoop to those See likewise who have neithe/ birth nor breeding. But Mary gave thehistory herself up to David, and was advised by him in things * °ftseCtUUrdho^tke utmost importance. This appears from Melvil, ~ by archbp. who knew them well, and likewise from Spot/weed. U , . For

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