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for the use of his son prince Henry; which being published (though censured by the synod of St. Andrews) was well accepted in

England,

*Tis divided into three parts. "The first teacheth your "duty towards God as a christian; the next your duty "in your office as a king; and the third informeth you "how to behave yourself in indifferent things, fays he ** to the prince (a). It was wrote for an exercise of his M Works, "own ingenie and instruction ofhim, who, he hoped, "was appointed of God to sit on his throne after him." "Seven copies only -were permitted to be printed, *' the printer being first sworn to fecresie; but, con"trary to his intention and expectation, the book was "vented, and set forth to public view." (b) This (l») H. p. was in the year 1599. This book contains some tole- *+2' rable things, but intermixed with strange passages: those relating to the clergy, whom he opprobrioufly terms puritans, I have had occasion before to mention (c): what follows, I think, is not less remarkable. (0 See not* "Suffer not your princes and your parents to bedisho-'' "noured by any: the infaming and making odious of "the parent, is the readiest way to bring the son into

"contempt. 1 never yet found a constant biding

'' 'by me in all my streights, by any that were of perfit '' age in my parents days, but only by such as constant"ly bode by them; I mean, specially by them that *' served the queen my mother." (d) So that princes, W Works, even after their death, are not to have much truthp' *5 * spoken concerning them, if they have children to reign after them; and all their tyrannies, oppressions, and vices are to be buried in oblivion, or concealed at least from the eyes of the vulgar. What monstrous doctrine is this! how does it take off all awe and restraint from princes, and give them hope of reputation after death, how ill soever they may behave!. How much more sensible and judicious were the sentiments of the virtuous and amiable " Queen Mary, who when ¥ reflections were once made before her, of the stiarp

"ness

England, and raised an admiration in all men's hearts, fays Spotswood, of his piety and wisdom. Certain 'tis, adds the fame writer, that all the discourses that came forth at that time for maintaining his right to the

crown

„ " ness of some historians, who had left heavy imputa"tions on the memory of some princes; answered, that "if those princes were truly such, as the historians re"presented them, they had well deserved that treats' ment; and others who tread their steps might look "for the fame; for truth would be told -at last, and *' that with the more acrimony of style, for being so '.' long restrained it was a gentle suffering (adJgd she) "to be exposed to the world in their true colours, "much below what others had suffered at their hands. '' She thought also that all sovereigns ought to read such "histories as Procopius; for how much soever he may "have aggravated matters, and how unbecomingly "soever he may have writ, yet by such books they "mi^ht see what would be probably faid of themselves, fc when all terrors and restraints should fall off with (e) Bomet's** their ljves." (e) These reflections are solid and just, cffiyon the and cou\fi proceed only from a mind conscious of its quecnMary, own innocency and integrity; whereas the advice of p. 11 j. James has the appearance of a sense of guilt, and dread ila6>'LOnd' o^ ^ame* ^ut tne praise of his mother's servants, and the acknowledgment of their singular fidelity to him is most amazing: for who were they but most bigotted papists, and enemies to the reformation f whq but they whojustified her and desended her, even in the most iniquitous and shamesul actions? who were they but men enemies to the constitution of Scotland, and foes to law and liberty? 'Tis no wonder therefore, that the synod of St. Andrews took fire at a book containing these and like passages, and asked " what censure should "be inflicted upon him that had given such instructions !' to the prince, and if he could be thought welj

'" affected

crown of England, prevailed nothing so much as did this treatise.

However, James was not so much taken up with these matters, as to neglect making

interest

"affected to religion, that delivered such precepts "of government t" (/) • These things be- (/) Spacing considered, I fancy the judicious reader will notwood»p*S6* think the judgment of the learned Gataker of this book much amiss; which being contained in a piece very difficult to be got, I will transcribe at large, and with it conclude the note. "King James, a prince of more "policy than puissance, while he was yet king of Scot"land, penned, or owned (g) .at least, a book entituled (z) Dr. Bal** Awf ov Bao-.Arxoi/, which whoso shall advisedly read, canlu;!l(«'1»

5 '_ - J 7 was at the

"though of no verysharp eye-sight or deep reach, yet synod or "may easily descry a design carried all along in it to Doit, and "ingratiate himself with the popijh side, by commend- jelnofR "ing the fidelity of his mother's servants, as to her, so to Chester) is "himself, with the prelatical party, by giving them iaid w have "hope of continuing that government that he should r,^,, ln' "find here established; with the common people, by al- write his "lowing them their may-games, and the like sports; Basilicon "only he had bitterly expressed himself in high terms Tc°j°"' "against the poor puritans, whom he least seared, an'd through "deemed generally difaffected by those other three par- Scotland, p. "ties. Howbeit, when the time drew near of queen 7°* "Elizabeth's departure, that his quiet coming in might "not meet with any disturbance from that party, he I' prefixed a preface to his book then reprinted, where"in on his honour he protesteth, that by the name of •' puritans he meant not all preachers in general, or "others, that mistiked the ceremonies as badges of po"pery, and the episcopacie as smelling of a papal su"premacie, but did equally love the learned and grave "on either side; intended only such brainsick and "heady preacheis, that leaned too much to ibeir own "dreams, contemned all authority, counted all pro

"tane

interest with the great men at the English court (u), to secure to him the right of

succeed

cluteTM'" fane that wou,d not swear to a11 their fantasies-" ih) B. o. his The reader will be pleased to compare this with what vindication James fays, note (m) of his having written a long apoot !"s ann°"logetick preface to the second edition of this book, gainst the only in odium puritanorum, and then judge what stress is scurrilous to be laid on his word.

aspersions of

impoftorMr. (u) James was not so much taken up with these William matters, as to neglect making interest with the great Llllie'1<'7/' men at the English court.] "He was caresul, fays I6s'j, '"Burnet, to secure to himself the body of the English "nation. Cecil, afterwards earl of Soli/bury, secreta"ry to queen Elizabeth, entered into a particular con"fidence with him; and this was managed by his am"bassador Bruce, who carried the matter with such "address and secrecy, that all the great men of Eng"land, without knowing of one another's doing it, "and without the queen's suspecting any thing con"cerning it, signed in writing an engagement to assert "and stand by the king of Sorts right of succession." (a) Burnet, (a) A pleasant story or two from Sir Henry IVotton, ?• 6* whose testimony in this affair is indisputable, will con

vince us of the probability of what Burnet has here asserted, and confirm the truth of the text.

"There were in court [queen Elizabeth's'} two *' names of power, and almost of faction, the EJfexian "and the Cecilian, with their adherents, both well •' enough enjoying the present, and vet both looking to "the suture, and therefore both holding corresponden"cy with some of the principal in Scotland, and had "received advertisements and instructions, either from "them, or immediately from the king. But lest th?y "might detect one another, this was mysteriously car"ried by several instruments and conducts, and on the '' EJfexian side, in truth with infinite hazard; for Sir "Robert Cecil, who (as secretary of state) did dispose 8 . '• the

succeeding Elizabeth, in which he was successful, as the event shewed j though how

wife,

"the public addresses, had prompter and faser convey"ance j whereupon I cannot but relate a memorable *' passage on either party, as the story following shall "declare. The earl of EJsex had accommodated mas"ter Anthony Bacon in a partition of his house, and had "assigned him a noble entertainment. This was a "gentleman of impotent seet, but a nimble head, and "through his hand ran all the intelligences with Scot"land, who being of a provident nature (contrary to "his brother the lord viscount St. Albans) and well *' knowing the advantage of a dangerous secret, would "many times cunningly let fall some words, as if he "could much amend his fortunes under the Cecilians, "(to whom he was near of alliance, and in blood also) "and who had made (as he was not unwilling should "be believed) some great proffers to win him away; "which once or twice he pressed so far, and with such "tokens and signs of apparent discontent to my lord "Henry Howard, afterwards earl of Northampton, "(who was of the party, and stood himself in much "umbrage with the queen) that he flies presently to my "lord of Eff'ex (with whom he was commonly primas "admiflionis, by his bed-side in the morning) and tells "him, that unless that gentleman were presently fa"tissied with some round sum, all would be vented. "This took the earl at that time ill provided (as indeed "oftentimes his coffers were low) whereupon he was "fain suddenly to give him EJsex house, which the "good old lady Walsingham did afterwards disengage "out of her own store with 2500 pounds: and be"sore he had distilled 1500 pounds at another time "by the fame skill. So as we may rate this one "secret, as it was finely carried, at 4000 pounds in "present money, besides at the least a icoo pounds of "annual pension to a private and bed-rid gentleman: "what would he have gotten if he could have gone "about his own business? There was another accident

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