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queen Elizabeth, notwithstanding her refusing to answer and be tried ; and the sentence being confirmed by the English parliament, and their desire moreover added, that it might be put in execution; James ordered it to be represented to queen Elizabeth how unjust he held that proceeding against his

mother,

2. Though most of the ministers being hereupon commanded to leave the city in 24 hours, and forbid to preach in his majesty's dominions, on pain of death, complied, owning themselves convinced of the truth of the conspiracy; yet we find Mr. Robert Bruce faying, he v.ould reverence his majesty's reports of that accident, but

could not fay he was perjwaded of the truth of it. (i) W Spots

3. Ojborn tells us, no Scotchman you could meet be- TM°°a» *• yond sea but did laugh at it, and the Peripatetic politicians faid, the relation in print did murder all possibility of credit. But I will not (adds he) wade farther

in this business, not knowing how dangerous the bottom may prove, being by all mens relations foul and bloody, having nothing to palliate it but jealousy on the one side, and sear of the other. (/) And indeed the relation of(0 Works of 4his affair in Spotswoodis consused and marvellous. The franci4s°.s* drawing the king to Perth, the getting him from din- p?TM35. g'vo. ner to examine a stranger; the discourse of Gentry's Lond. 1673. brother with him; and his stout and gallant behaviour p"dalso . (which in no other part of his lise appeared); and hisp.^,,,' causing the two brothers to be killed, when he might with the fame ease have secured them; the denials of Cowry's servants of their knowledge of the affair; and the tale of the earl's girdle, are circumstances which are not easily to be swallowed by the inquisitive or sceptical.

4. Burnet himself allows, that this conspiracy wa9 charged at that time by the puritans in Scotland on the king, as a contrivance of his to get rid of that earl,

who

mother, and that it did neither agree with the will of God, who prohibited to touch his anointed ones; nor with the law of na* , tions, that an absolute prince mould be sentenced and judged by subjects; that if she would be the first to give that pernicious example of profaning her own and other princes diadems, me should remember that both in nature and honour it concerned him to

be

. Burnet who was then held in great esteem. («) And afterwards

p.x» See he fays, it was not easy to persuade the nation of the

a vety ho- truth of this conspiracy: for eight years before that

nourab e tjme fcing James, on a secret jealousy of the earl of

character of ' & J * , ' /„ _

Gowry.ftom Murray, then esteemed the handlomeit man in Scot

Sir Henry Jand, set on the marquis of Huntley, who was his mor

seereury*0 tal enem>'» to murder him ; and by a writing all in his

Cecyll, in own hand, he promised to fave him harmless for it. He

Wmwood's set the house in which he was on fire, and the earl fly

Vof fapers' ing away, was followed and murdered', and Huntley

156. sent Gordon of Buckey with the news to the king. Soon

after, all who were concerned in that vile fact were

pardoned, which laid the king open to much censure:

and this made the matter oiGowry to be less believed.

5. Sir Henry Neville, in a letter to Mr. Winwood,

dated Nov. 15, 1600, from London, writes, "Out of

"Scotland we hear there is no good agreement between

"the king ofScots and his wise, and many are of opi

"nion, that the discovery of some affection between

(»)Win. "foer and the earl Gwferjr's brother, (who was killed

morialsof "with him) was the truest cause and motise of all that

affairs of "tragedy." («)

fd'iofE; And Mr- *r«TM*'i in a letter to secretary Cecyll, H«beth and from Paris, dated 17 May, 1601, O. S. fays, "The king James " ambassador of Scotland hath been advertized of a '°' *'oi " dangerous practice against the Scots king; that Lond. 17*5." lately one called Glarmt, hath been sent out of Scot8 "land,

be revenged of so great an indignity; which if he should not do, he should peril his credit both at home and abroad (a).—But („) spots. these threats were not regarded by Elizabeth, *^'p« nor were they of any service to his mother; for (he was executed in pursuance to a warrant

"land, with letters to Bothwel, to hasten home with "diligence, where he should find sufficient assistance. "The principal party who employed this party is the

"!2>ueen of Scotland. And letters have been inter

"cepted out of England from master Gray, that the "death of Gowry should shortly be revenged." (o) (*) H. p. These passages compared, may possibly give the reader326some light in this affair. A gallant, or a supposed one slain, was cause sufficient to induce a lady to give her husband trouble, and nothing so likely as this to excite her to revenge.—These are the reasons which may in-' duce some persons to doubt about the truth of Gouiry's conspiracy; whether they are sufficient the considerate reader will determine. However, one reflection naturally arises from this subject, viz. that the people entertained but a very poor opinion of James's veracity and honesty. The ministers, we fee, could not be induced to give thanks for his deliverance, out of a distrust of his account, till sear of their own fasety brought them to a compliance; and the general belief of the people of that nation, both at home and abroad, was, that 'twas mere contrivance in order to screen himself from the guilt and infamy he must otherwise have lain under. Unhappy situation this! truly worthy of commiseration. For a prince believed false, treacherous, and bloody, must be despised, hated and contemned, and can expect nothing but unwilling obedience from his subjects. And it must be consessed, James had given but too much reason to them, to view him in these lights.

rant directed to secretary Davidson (F), the seventh of February following: though EK-* zabeth pretended it was quite contrary to

her

(F) She was executed in pursuance of a warrants &c.J The sentence passed on her was approved by the English parliament, and earnestly pressed by it to be put in execution. Nor was any one more earnest in the mattes than Elixabtth herself; for she deemed Mary's lise incompatible with her own fasety, and therefore determined to shorten it. But it was a matter of much delicacy, and what she would have been glad to have been excused from appearing in. She would fain therefore have had her put out of the way by Sir Amias Paulet, and Sir Drue Drury, and had it hinted to them by the secretaries Davidson and Walsingham. But they were too wise to be caught, and too honest to execute so barbarous a deed, and therefore boldly resused, to the queen's no small mortification. Mr. Tindal seems to intimate somethingof a doubt- about the genuineness ofthe letters ^]1fap^'' here reserred to (a), but I think without reason. For England, to me they have all the marks of genuineness, and are translated by persectly agreeable to that dexterity and management

ul^iS* for which Ellzabeth was so famous. When the fe

in'thenote's, art-, failed, the warrant in the hands of Davidson, fignFoi. Lond. ed by the queen, was made use of by the council, the 17j3' queen being not openly acquainted with it, and Mary,

by means or it, had her head severed from her body.—• So that James's conduct could not fave his mother, nor could Henry III. of France, by his ambassador, respite the execution of her sentence, but a violent death was her fate. But, if what historians tell us is true, 'tis no wonder Elizabeth paid so little regard to the solicitations in, the behalf of the unfortunate Mary. For 'tis affirmed, that Beliievre, the French ambassador, what(£) H. v0i. ever in pUk]ic ne pretended, had private orders to sol i(<:} Id. p.' cit the death of the queen (b). And Gray, the Scotch Iji. win- envoy, on this occasion, is faid likewise in private, to ""u'Von. advise tne making her away, faying, a dead woman bites p!pi"'. "not(c).

her intentions, seemed greatly grieved at it,' and turned out, and fined the secretary by reason of it (G). I

Indeed*

(G) Though Elizabeth pretended it was contrary to her intentions, and turned out and fined the secretary by reason of it.] The execution of Mary could not be concealed, nor was it thought proper by Elizabeth to justify it. She therefore threw the blame upon poor Davidson, and made him suffer for being an instrument in bringing about what she most of all desired. Shede- nied not, but she commanded him to draw a warrant under the great seal for the queen of Scots' execution; but after it was done, she seemed angry: however she left it in his hands, without telling him what he sliould do with it. Whereupon the council being consulted by Davidson, it was unanimously resolved to execute the warrant, and accordingly it was carried to Fotheringay, and produced the desired effect. Elizabeth, in the mean time, pretended she had changed her mind; but none of her counsellors talked to her, upon the subject, or attempted to hinder the execution, as they certainly would have done, had they not been fatisfied in her intentions. But when the wished-for event took .1 place, then Elizabeth pretended great sorrow, and prosessed her disinclination towards it; and to convince: the world thereof, she wrote to the Scotch king, by a cousin of hers, and had Davidson cited into the Starchamber, where he was fined 10,000/. and imprisoned during the queen's pleasure. Though " she herself "could not deny, but that which (he laid to his charge "was done without hope, sear, malice, envy, or any "respect of his own, but merely for her fasety both "of state and person." (a) This sentence on David- W 6«»'*». son was very severe, and carried the dissimulation to a^a, \66vi great pitch, for the man lost his post, and lay'd long in prison. So hard^nd difficult is the service of princes! So dangerous complying with their inclinations, for C ther«

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