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have not had a fair and impartial trial, and that by my lord Sidmouth, will perhaps imagine
the execution of the law cannot be carried into that personal motives instigated me to the deed;
effect without evident injustice. After my coun- but I disclaim them. My every principle was
sel, Mr. Adolphus, had finished his address, I for the prosperity of my country; my every
was asked by the Court, if I had anything further feeling, the height of my ambition, was the
to offer ? and I then tendered evidence, which welfare of my starving countrymen. I keenly
had just been obtained, to impeach the credit felt for their miseries, but when their miseries
of the two witnesses for the Crown, Dwyer and were laughed at; and when, because they
Hiden, but I was told it was too late, and dared to express those miseries, they were cut
these men were represented to the jury as be- down by hundreds, inhumanly massacred and
ing witnesses of credit. In common justice, trampled upon; when infant babes were sa-
my lord, surely it never can be too late for a bred in their mothers' arms; nay, when the
jury, when investigating a charge which in- breast from whence they drew the tide of life
volves the life of a fellow-creature, to receive was severed from the body which supplied that
information in the regular form, previous to tide, my feelings became too intense, too ex-
their delivering their verdict; but in my case, cessive for endurance, and I resolved on ven-
it was offered before the Solicitor-general rose geance; I resolved that the lives of the insti-
to reply, and he would have had the opportu- gators should be the requiem to the souls of
nity of observing on the testimony; and, my the murdered innocents.
lord, if I had been allowed to call the evidence In this mood I met with George Edwards;
I tendered, Dwyer would have been proved a and if any doubt should remain upon the minds
villain of the blackest atrocity; for even since of the public, whether the deed I meditated
my trial, a partner in his guilt, named Arnold, was virtuous or contrary, the tale I will now
has been capitally convicted at this very bar, relate will convince them, that in attempting
for obtaining money under circumstances of to exercise a power which the law had ceased to
an infamous nature.

Þave, I was only wreaking national vengeance On the ground, therefore, of a mis-trial, in on a set of wretches unworthy the name or not being allowed to call witnesses to fact, I character of men. This Edwards, poor and humbly submit, that judgment ought not to be pennyless, lived near Pickett-street, in the passed on me.

Strand, sometime ago, without a bed to lie

upon, or a chair to sit in, Straw was his Ere the Solicitor-general replied to the ad- resting place; bis only covering a blanket. dress of my counsel, I applied to the Court Owing to his bad character and his swind. to hear my witnesses, the Court inhumanly ling conduct, he was driven from thence refused ; and I am, in consequence, to be con- by his landlord. It is not my intention to signed to the scaffold. Numerous have been trace him through his immorality; suffice it to the instances, in which this rule of Court has say, that he was in every sense of the word been infringed.

a villain of the deepest atrocity; his landlord

refused to give him a character; some short I had witnesses in court to prove that Dwyer time after this he called upon his landlord was a villain beyond all example of atrocity. again, but, mark the change in his appearance, I had witnesses in court to prove that Adams dressed like a lord, in all the folly of ihe reignwas a notorious swindler, and that Hiden was ing fashion. He dow described himself as the no better; these were the three witnesses, in- right heir to a German baron, who had been deed almost the only ones, against me; but some time dead; that lords Castlereagh and the form and rules of Court must not be in- Sidmouth had acknowledged his claims to the fringed upon to save an unfortunate individual title and property; bad interfered in his behalf from the scaffold. I called those witnesses at with the German government, and supplied the close of Mr. Adolphus's address to the him with money to support his rank in society. jury, and before the Solicitor-general com- From this period I date his career as a governmenced his reply, but the Court decided that ment spy. they could not be heard. Some good men He got himself an introduction to the Spen. have thought, and I have thought so too, that ceans, by what means I am not aware of, and before the jury retired all evidence was in thus he became acquainted with the reformers time, for either the prosecutor or the accused, in general. When I met with Edwards after and more particularly for the latter, nay, even the massacre at Manchester, he described himbefore the verdict was given, that evidence self as very poor; and, after several interviews, could not be considered too late. Alas ! such be proposed a plan for blowing up the House people drew their conclusion from principles of Commons. This was not my view; I wished of justice only; they never canvassed the rules to punish the guilty only, and, therefore, I of Court, which have finally sealed my unhappy declined it. He next proposed that we should doom.

attack the ministers at the fète given by the Many people, who are acquainted with the Spanish ambassador. This I resolutely opbarefaced manner in which I was plundered posed, because the innocent would perish with

the guilty-besides, there were ladies invited in the course of this his address, I have ex- to the entertainment, and I, who am shortly punged.

to ascend to the scaffold, shuddered with hor.

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my trial,

ror at the idea of that ; a sample of which had the laws are not strong enough to prevent them previously been given by the agents of govero-' from murdering the communiry, it becomes ment at Manchester, and which the ministers the duty of every member of that community of his majesty applauded. Edwards was ever , to rid his country of its oppressors. at invention, and, at length, he proposed at

Lord Chief Justice Abbott.-Prisoner, while tacking them at a cabinet dinner. I asked, where were the means to carry his project into you have been expressing yourself in the way

you have towards us who are here present, we effect? He replied, if I would accede, we should not want for means. He was as good

have not thought it right to interpose, but we as his word; from him, notwithstanding his cannot allow a person, standing 'even in your

situation, to justify assassination and murder. apparent penury, proceeded the money provided for purchasing the stores which your Thistlewood.--I have just done, my lord. lordships have seen produced in court upon High Treason was committed against the

He, who was never possessed of people at Manchester, but justice was closed money to pay for a pint of beer, had always against the mutilated, the maimed, and the plenty to purchase arms or 'ammunition.

friends of those who were upon that occasion Amongst the conspirators he was ever the , indiscriminately massacred. The prince, by most active; ever inducing people to join him, the advice of his ministers, thanked the murup to the last hour ere the undertaking was derers, still reeking in the gore of their hapless discovered.

victims. If one spark of honour, if one spark I had witnesses in court who could prove of independence, still glimmered in the breast they went to Cato-street by appointment with of Englishmen, they would have rose to a Edwards, with no other knowledge or motive man; insurrection then became a public duty, than that of passing an evening amongst his and the blood of the victims should have been friends; I could also have proved, that subse- , the watch-word to vengeance on their murquent to the fatal transaction, when we met in i derers.-Holborn, he endeavoured to induce two or three of my companions to set fire to houses Lord Chief Justice Abbolt.-We cannot allow and buildings in various parts of the metro

this. polis; I could prove that, subsequent to that, Thistlewood.--I have but a few lines more. again be endeavoured to induce men to throw The banver of independence should have hand-grepades into the carriages of ministers! Poated in the gale that brought their wrongs as they passed through the streets; and yet and their sufferings to the metropolis ; such, this man, the contriver, the instigator, the however, was not the case ; Albion is still in intrapper, is screened from justice and from the chains of slavery ; I quit it without regret; exposure, by those very men who seek ven- ' I shall soon be consigned to the grave, my geance against the victims of his and their body will be immured beneath the soil wherevillainy. To the attorney and solicitor general on Í first drew breath. My only sorrow is, I cannot impute the clearest motives; their that the soil should be a theatre for slaves, for object seems to me to have been rather to ob- cowards, for despots. My motives, I doubt tain a verdict against me, than to obtain a full not, will hereafter be justly appreciated; and fair exposition of the whole affair since I will therefore now conclude by stating, its commencement. If their object was justice that I shall consider myself as murdered, if alone, why not bring forward Edwards as a I ain to be executed on the verdict obtained witness, if not as an accomplice; but no, they against me, by the refusal of the Court to hear knew that by keeping Edwards in the back- | my evidence. I could have proved Dwyer to ground, my proofs, aye, my incontrovertible be a villain of the blackest dye, for since my proofs, of bis being a hired spy, the suggester ' trial, an accomplice of his, named Arnold, has and promoter, must, according to the rules of been capitally convicted at this very bar, for Court, also be excluded.

obtaining money under circumstances of an Edwards and his accomplices arranged mat- infamous nature. ters in such a manner as that his services might

I seek not pity; I demand but justice; I be dispensed with on the trial, and thus were have not had a fair trial, and upon that ground the jury cut off from every chance of ascertain I protest that judgment ought not to be passed ing the real truth. Adams, Hiden, and Dwyer against me. were the agents of Edwards, and, truly, he made a most admirable choice, for their inven Davidson.-My Lord ;-The first thing I lion seems to be inexhaustible. With respect have to say for myself is this; I do entirely to the immorality of our project, I will just protest against the proceedings on the trial. observe, that the assassination of a tyrant has I always understood ihat, in a court of justice, always been deemed a meritorious action; where a man stands indicted for his life, the Brutus and Cassius were lauded to the very balances of justice ought to be fairly held by skies for slaying Cæsar; indeed, when any those who ought to have exhibited justice to man, or any set of men, place themselves bim who stands there, helpless as it were, for above the laws of their country, there is no I am not allowed to contradict the evidence other means of bringing them to justice than till such time as it has made an impression through the arm of a private individual. If upon the hearts of those gentlemen in ihe box.

When I had that opportunity I made it as am an assassin or a murderer? I appeal to plain as I could ; but, alas ! what effect had it every man who knows me, whether I am a all; the attorney-general rose as a sweeping man of that character or stamp directly or inflood, and overturned what I had fairly said; directly, to do such a thing ; but even if the and I appeal to any man that was in court, sword was in my hand; and my intention was whether, in the suinming up of the evidence, even to join with those people, I do not see Judge Garrow did justice to me, as a prisoner that it was a conspiracy against the lives of at the bar. Was he not inveterale against any ministers or of the king himself; because me ? did he not influence the minds of the in the passages of Magna Charta, when king jurymen, and almost insist upon their pro- John granted that charter, the passage runs nouncing me guilty? did any person identify in this form; that the people should choose me to be the identical person except those twenty-five barons from among them, with an officers who, we all know, and every English- intent that those twenty-five barons shall see man must know, have been always instru- that the acts of this charter are not violated by mental to the death of innocent men. I have his majesty or any of his ministers; and if any never been in a public life. I appeal to all of thein be violated by the king or his ministhose gentlemen, whether I have ever engaged ters, four of those barons shall go and insist on in any plot, if I had fifty lives, and they were redress; and if redress is not given within wanting for the public good, they should have twenty-five days, they are to return and comthem; and if it were my blood, they should pel them to give it-how ? with empty hands? take every drop, and I would stand here while no; with arms to stand and claim their rights they took it, and fall a victim to my enemies; as Englishmen; and if every Englishman felt but in what manner is it I could ever be guilty as I do, they would always do that. But it of high treason? it was never pretended I had goes on further to say; and if redress be not ever said any thing, direcily or indirectly; I forthwith given, they shall seize on his remust have been a silent spectator from the venues and his castles, and place such persons uature of my colour. I should have been in his castles as will see and observe the immediately remarked if I had taken an active duties imposed upon him by the barons. And part. I have got a deal 10 say for myself our history goes on further to say, that when where I feel it to be proper ; but there is not another of their majesties the kings of Engone single witness has ever said that I said land tried to infringe upon those rights, the any thing, consequently I could not be a per- people armed, and told him that if he did not son that was in the conspiracy; they have give them the privileges of Englishmen, they said, only that there was a man of colour, and, would compel him by the point of the sword; unfortunately, I was caught near the spot, and that is language never used by me, or those was fixed on by them; but still justice ought with whom I acted, and yet those persons were to be done to every man,

and especially where not considered as beneath the character of it is done in the revered name of British justice. Englishmen, and to be condemned to death.

In regard to the blunderbuss, Mr. Aldous Would you not rather govern a country of must be confused; for I told him, that I pawn-spirited men, than cowards? Another soveed it for a friend, and when í fetched the reign was threatened, and his minister taken blunderbuss from the place where I had pawn- before his face, and executed ; a few years after ed it, I did it at the desire of Edwards. Mr.) that he collected himself, and after packing a Edwards received it from me. Mr. Edwards | parliament, he brought this matter before the gave me the money to get it out of pawn; parliament, and charged those persons as conand I stand here and say, before God, that I spirators; but there was that spirit in the heart did not know what it was fetched for.

of every Englishman, though he had packed I was found with a sword in my hand; I them, what did they answer him? That the have told the Court how I came by that sword; people who had so done, had deserved more but I protest on my soul, as I shall stand his 'thanks than his enmity, for they had debefore God, that I never made a blow at any stroyed that which would have destroyed thouman, or discharged a blunderbuss at any man. sands of men, and which had destroyed his As to Munday, a man who has come here honour, his wealth, and his revenues, and merely for the hire for his day's work, as a formed a ground for war between the king and witness against me, who has come as to a com- his subjects, and without the life of that man, mon day's work, to take a man's life away, I peace could never have been made between declare I never had a pistol in my possession him and his subjects; and having done that, in my life. This man says he saw me with a did he catch up a number of poor harmless long sword; on one occasion he has stated individuals, as we are? no; but a few years that, and on another omitted it; but suppose I after that, he again took up these measures, was found with a sword in my hand, who can and what was the consequence ? he was deprove that I meant to overturn the govern throned; but I solemnly declare, that I knew ment? who can prove that I meant to assas- of no intention to dethrone the king; I was sinate the ministers? who can prove that I entrapped ; I am ashamed to say I was entrapmeant to lay my hand on my sovereign? Is ped; a man of my spirit to be entrapped by my character so black as for it to be said in such a scoundrel' as Mr. Goldsworthy, to get this country, or where I have travelled, that I me to the Horse and Groom' just at that time.


I did not know at that time that he knew Edremarks which I made to the jury when I was wards; and when, as I was going away, there being tried, and which has been so ably knockwas a cry of “stop thief” behind me, I felt ed down by the learned Solicitor-general, who that an indignity, and turned round to resent appears by his sophisticated eloquence to be il; but this man swears falsely, for I never capable to make even crime a viriue. I then struck at any of them; they have come for- entered into a detail of the character of Mr. ward to swear my life away on this charge, Adams, and sort of enmity he had to me, and I now tender my life to your service; I which should induce him to deprive my wife, can die but once in this world, and the only of a husband, and my children of a father. Í regret left is, that I have a large family of next adverted to the character of Edwards, small children, and when I think of that, it who was the man who once before laid a trap unmans me, and I shall say no more.

for me, which I avoided, and afterwards enIngs.--I have got but very little to say for trapped me : be laid a trap for me when there myself , for you will not allow me to speak; he said, he had been watching the earl of

was a dinner at the earl of Westmoreland's; if Mr. Edwards had not got acquainted with Westmoreland when there was a dinner there, me, when I kept the coffee-house, I never should have been here; he came to my house, and he mustered his men, but there were not and got acquainted with me; unfortunately I There is no doubt Mr. Hiden was in this ploi,

enough, and so he would not betray them. could not get on with my business, and get a living for my family, and early in January, I for he told me of it at the Scotch Arms, in met him in Smithfield, and he went and gave tices that ever were carried on in the known

Round-court; and of all the nefarious pracme victuals and drink; I got acquainted with world by any government, or any set of men, him through that, and be bought me things, there never was any thing so villainous in this and gave me a great many things ; and in my world as that of the gentlemen sitting round anxiety of mind, for I could not keep my there to carry on the nefarious practices on the family, it was, that I was induced for the sake of these things, to keep company with him, part of the evidences, as well as in keeping Ed. and it is through him I shall lose my life ; I do wards in the back-ground; this I protest, and not mind dying, if you will let that man come

protest, and will again, that there is no man on forward, and die with me; he was the insti- for his life if it is 10 be sacrificed in liberty's

the terrestrial globe who ought to care aught gator and the author of all the atrocity I was going to commit . The murdering his majesty's and those tablets by the side of it, it makes

When I look at that sword of justice, ministers, I admit, was a disgrace to human nature; bue those ministers meet and conspire hear a man get up and defend the villain who

every drop of blood boil within me, when I together, and pass laws to starve me and my has come up to swear my life away. It can be family and my fellow-countrymen; if I going to assassinate those ministers, it is not proved by my wife, and people in my house,

that I never went after him. Can he say, so bad as starvation, in my opinion, my lord. There was a meeting, if you recollect

, called when he sent letters to me to call upon bim,

did I ever call upon him? No; the villain at Manchester, under the protection of the great charter of England, which our forefathers wanted me to go to him in prison, and then bled and fought for, and made king John sign moment he gets out, he comes to me again,

he would have got me in I suppose; but the in the open air; those men were met under the protection of that law, to oblige parliament and he is furnished with arms, with a brassto give them their rights. My lord, previous has not stated here ; he said a sword was not

barrelled pistol, and a blunderbuss, which he to the meeting, the Manchester yeomanry ca- sufficient for him; the sword belonged to Edvalry carried their swords to the cutlers to be ground; for my own part, I see no harm in wards, and he had it for the situation he va grinding swords, but they cut down unarmed lunteered to in lord Harrowby's house. This is men, women, and children; that was a dis- the villain who has entrapped me, though the grace to the name and character of English- liar and a villain, and that I could not prove

Solicitor-general stated so ably that I was a men; I carried a sword to be ground, but these facts ; when men of character at the WestI never used it; I hope my children will live to end of the town, whom he has been in the see the day that there will be justice admin- habit of calling upon, know them well. He istered in the country ; that they all will be freemen, and live like men ; I had rather die got me into it, because he knew I was a man like a man, than live like a slave; I am sorry of principle; he knew I was a man of prinI have not got abilities to address you, but i ciple, and that if I said, I will put a tyrant out have not, and therefore I must withdraw.

of the world, I would do it, or perish. If this

is a crime, let me die here instantly; I have Brunt.--Why, my lord and gentlemen, I am no objection, not the least. But that, even precluded from saying much, for I intended to after I went before the privy council, had not have committed my short defence to paper ; I an offer to become a villain then? might but as I had not an opportunity of pen, ink not I have turned against these people, and and paper, I am precluded from so doing. others that are not taken? might not I, if I As such, I shall state shortly what I think con was a villain in nature-but never shall it be cerns my life. I shall commence with the said that ever I betrayed a man,

Now, gentlemen, respecting what the solici- , I have before, to be a villain in nature, though tor-general stated, that I was a liar in saying young; and had it not been for his having a what I did, for that it was not the fact. I say table of mine regularly to go to, when I did this man can be brought forward now; that I can not sometimes earn a pound a-week to support bring forward a man of the name of Dowling, my family, that villain would have been transa man of unimpeached character, who went in ported before now, for he went about thieving company with him and Mr. Thistlewood and at nightsEdwards, to the Cross Keys, at the end of Drury-lane ; he fetched out this man, with not

Lord Chief Justice Abbott.—We cannot hear, a halfpenny in his pocket, and took him into now, the character of a person who has been the public-house, and treated him ; but I examined at this bar arraigned in this way; would wish to observe, while Mr. Thistlewood have been tried for it.

if he had been guilty of any offence he might and this man and Edwards were together, while I was gone out, he made an observation Brunt.-I will state nothing but facts ; I which this man had art enough to see through; have had a steel in my hand that he stole; he said, "If I had a hundred such men as you, he sold it for 38. 6d. and cheated the boys who I could do more good for this country ihan stole it with him; am I to harbour this in my the duke of Wellington with an hundred thou- mind ?sand men;" he laughed at it, and asked him what he meant; he said, “If I see you again, thing in it, it ought to have been proved on

Lord Chief Justice Abbott.— If there is any I will make a man of you.” He treated bim

the trial. with beef steaks and rum; and he called upon me two days afterwards to go to this man Brunt.—My lord, there are a number of again; and he said to me, “that man will do witnesses I could call, to shew the guilt of this very well;" but this man saw through him, Edwards. There was a witness I was willing and he said, “I know he is a villain; I do not to call, to prove that he wanted to sell some like the appearance of him at all; and as to thing in Warwick-street, in order to use the his saying he has got secret political friends money in buying these arms—why have you that will advance him money, and so on; how not brought that person forwards? he was do you know but he is receiving money from subpænaed by the Crown, but they would the government;" however he preyed on my not call him ; and so then I was told, these credulity ; I did not see bim in that light then, witnesses could not come forward on our parts which I have since I have been in prison, at the trial; but he wanted to get money to though I never attempted to vilify any man; purchase these grenades and fire-balls, which the solicitor-general says I spoke falsely, and he well understood, for he said he had had a that I cannot prove this respecting Adams. It college education ; for my part, I know no can be proved that he is as big a rogue as ever more about a fire-ball, I know no more about lived.

those things than a child unborn, and no man Gentlemen, I should like to know what can say, from the evidence, that I made any Christianity will receive from being so ably of them. Adams says, Edwards made the defended by the solicitor-general. This man fire-balls and the fuses, and I am to suffer for acknowledged himself he had been an infidel what he has done. I must confess, and I will till the 24th of February, till he had a noose confess, and I wish it to go abroad to the about his neck, and that God Almighty world, that I have an antipathy to a man whom then strengthened his mind to take my life I consider as an enemy to my country; that I away. Is this christiau repentance ? if it possess a general feeling for those termed the is, never let me embrace it; I have a dif- lower orders, who are the stability of my ferent idea of Christianity. I believe, were I country; that I regard an industrious man, a guilty of that, my Creator never would moral man; and when I see a man, or a set of suffer me to approach him; and I consider men, such as my lord Sidmouth or my lord that I am right. This villain, as I say, has Castlereagh, who have been the cause of milwatched every opportunity; he has come to lions being murdered, and tens of thousands me in the greatest distress, and begged a shil- starred to death, that I have an antipathy ling of me, as I was a little better off than against those men; but if I conspired to put himself, though not much, to get his family a them out of the world, is that high treason? supper, and now he comes forward to this bar I never did agree, and Adams has acknowand swears my life away. Is this, gentlemen, ledged at the bar, that when it was proposed the evidence to be taken in a court of justice, to make an attack on London, while the king's to take the lives of a number of men : more Í funeral was carrying on, I rejected it, and said, did expect; but as I understand a number of nothing short of attacking the cabinet, or some my fellow prisoners are suffered to plead of the ministers, would satisfy me—bis I acguilty, and so I suppose there will not be quite knowledge I agreed to; but for a verdict to be so many sacrificed.

returned against me, that I conspired to depose Now, gentlemen, I will go to my apprentice. his majesty, that I conspired and intended to The learned solicitor-general likewise observed, levy war, is untrue. I never did ; and here I what a pure evidence he was, and an evidence must certainly make an appeal to the learned that no one could doubt. I can prove him, and judge who tried me, and that is, respecting a VOL. XXXIII.

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