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Thistlewood was pleased to find them so for-, their followers, ascended by a ladder into the ward in their preparations; the pistols were loft, and they found there above twenty perflinted, pikes were got ready, sent off to their sons, with that magazine of arms which will be associates in other parts of the town, and the exhibited to you. They announced that they men who were there armed and accoutred were officers, and called upon them to surthemselves, and in different parties proceeded render ; instead of surrendering, the persons from Fox-court. It had been thought that that there, conscious of the nefarious purpose for room was not a fit place of rendezvous from which they were assembled, desperate from the which to issue forth to the accomplishment of knowledge that they had forfeited their lives their purpose in Grosvenor-square, and another by what they had already done, made a most place had been selected and engaged by determined resistance, and Thistlewood their them, which seems to have been admirably leader stabbed one of the officers, Smithers, adapted for their purpose : it was so on ac who fell on the floor a lifeless corpse! The count of its proximity to Grosvenor-square; it lights were extinguished; the cry was "to kill was so also on account of the obscurity of its the officers ;" in the confusion the officers were situation, which was not likely to attract public pushed down the ladder; they were followed observation : it was a stable and cart-house by several of the persons there, some of whom with a loft and two rooms over them, in a very entirely escaped, but those who are included obscure street called Cato-street, one end of in this indictment (with the exception of Thiswhich comes into John-street, in the Edgware- tlewood and Brunt) were taken. These desroad, but enters only by a gateway, which perate men were not content with taking the looks like the gateway of the yard of a public- life of Smithers, but Thistlewood fired at anohouse; the other end is almost equally obscure. ther officer and made a cut at him with his Just as you enter this street from John-street, sword. The prisoner Davidson was pursued; and turn to the right, you will come 10 the he resisted ; with his sword he cut at one, and stable in question. This had been vacant for be fired his carbine at another. Ings, another some time, and it was taken for this purpose of the prisoners who has been tried, fired at ano
Some of the conspirators began to assemble therofficer, and expressed a savage regret that he early in the afternoon; weapons were carried had not killed him. The prisoner Tidd resisted there in the course of the afternoon, and then, to the utmost of his power; he fired a pistol for the purpose of excluding observation, a at lieutenant Fitzclarence, and was taken only cloth was nailed against the window, in order by the superior force of those with whom he that those who lived opposite might not see was in conflict. what should pass therein. They were within I have before stated that Thistlewood esa little more than ten minutes walk of Gros- caped; he was apprehended the next morning, venor-square; they would have to go down the not at his own residence, but at another part Edgware-road and Park-lane, and would ar of the town, where he had taken refuge. rive there almost immediately; and it was Brunt also escaped; he was taken the next thought (and certainly not without reason) that morning. The other prisoners were apprethey had chosen a convenient place of rendez- hended either in the loft in the stable, or in vous, and that they were not likely to be dis- escaping from the stable In, that loft were covered.
found guns, bayonets, pikes, band-grenades, In this loft an in this stable there were fire-balls and cartridges. This was the magam assembled, in the course of the evening, all zine intended for that party which was to the persons named in this indictment, and as execute the first and most important part of many more as amounted to about five-and their guilty project—the assassination of his twenty, all armed for the purpose. To guard majesty's ministers. against surprise, they placed sentries in the Gentlemen, this is the conspiracy which is stable; one of those sentries was the prisoner charged upon the prisoners,-ihis is the high Davidson ; he was armed with a sword and a treason which is imputed to them by this carbine. At first some little apprehension was indictment. It will be proved to you by evibetrayed that their force was insufficient, and dence which you cannot doubt. some alarm was excited on account of the non To give you those details which can be attendance of the prisoner Tidd, who was looked given by no other persons, it will be necessary up to as a person of importance in the execu to call before you accomplices in their crime. tion of the plan. Their alarm was however Traitorous conspirators do not sound a trumremoved by the appearance of Tidd. The pet in the market-place to invite honest men to time approached for the accomplishment of their councils; they admit none to their countheir purpose, and Thistlewood had just called cils but those who partake in their guilty plans. out the fourteen who were to enter the dining- For what passed, therefore, in their private room at the earl of Harrowby's, when they councils, we must resort to the evidence of were surprised by the officers of Bow-street, accomplices. A great and signal benefit to followed by a party of the guards, who had the community arises from that circumstance, been ordered to attend them. Wheu the in the prevention of very many crimes; it sows officers entered the stable, they found Davidson the seeds of distrust among men who meditate and Ings, the two sentries. The officers who those crimes which cannot be committed by a were foremost, leaving them to be secured by single hand, but require the co-operation of VOL. XXXIII.
numbers; each man feels and fears that he The friends of liberty are desired to come who shares his councils may at some future day forward, as the provisional government is now be a witness to bring him to justice. This sitting." It will be proved to you by the apconsideration deters many from the commission prentice-not that the proclamation was writof offences; bat if accomplices could not be ien, not that it was read, for he was not in the received as witnesses in a court of justice, room,—but that he was sent for the paper, offenders would be emboldened by the cer- that he purchased the paper, that he gave it to tainty that the arm of justice would be too his master Brunt, and that Brunt carried it short to reach and too weak to punish them. into the room in which Thistlewood and the We do not however on the part of the Crown other persons were assembled. present to you accomplices as witnesses who Another confirmation occurs from this cirare to be received without jealousy and caution. cumstance; some alarm had been excited, from They who acknowledge that they participated an incident that was communicated to them, in the crime which is charged upon the pri- that their meetings were suspected by governsoners, are not to be received on the same ment, and that information had reached the footing with honest and loyal men of untainted office of lord Sidmouth, who you know is character. You will look at their evidence; secretary of state for the home department; you will watch their demeanour; you will and it was resolved, therefore, that sentries observe whether, in the relation of their story, should be placed in Grosvenor-square, 10 watch they present means of contradiction, because, the house of lord Harrowby, to see whether if men are fabricating a story, they will take police officers or soldiers were introduced into care to give no means of contradiction-they it; concluding, that if that were not the case, will lay the scene as between themselves and they might proceed safely, because they might the persons accused alone, and thus deprive suppose that no information whatever had the accused of the means of defence which been given. Sentries were accordingly placed ; might arise from the contradiction of their the prisoner Davidson was sentry on the Tuesevidence. But, above all, you will look to the day-evening, from six o'clock till nine; and confirmation which they shall receive from we will prove to you by the watchman, that he other sources.-Confirmation as to what took was there sauntering about. Brunt and Adams place in their consultation-rooms it is abso- went from nine till twelve; during a part of lutely impossible they should receive, for none the time they went to take refreshment in a but accomplices can know what passes there; public-house; and we will call a person who but if you find that in every instance in which saw them there, and who played at dominos they can, it will be impossible for you to doubt for some time with Brunt in that public-house. that they are speaking truth in those parts in These are important confirmations of the acwhich they do not receive confirmation, only count which will be given you by the accombecause in the nature of things they cannot plice. receive it.
Another and very important confirmation The confirmation of the accomplices that arises from disclosures made to a person of the will be given to you by the witnesses which name of Hiden ; he was solicited to take a part we shall call, will be the most complete and in this guilty plan; it was divulged to him the most perfect that, in a long experience in very distinctly by one of the prisoners ; he the profession, I remember ever to have heard. appeared to listen to it, for he naturally sup
The principal accomplice, Adams, will be posed that the person who was so confided in, confirmed as to the meetings in Fox-court, by and who should at once reject it, would not be the apprentice of Brunt, who lived with his very safe ; indeed, he was given so to undermaster, who saw those meetings, who saw the stand, but he showed that it was not his inpersons who attended them, who saw them tention to partake in it, by immediately go out on Wednesday the 23rd, who saw his writing a leiter to lord Castlereagh, to commaster return in a dirty condition which mupicate it to him, by endeavouring to get showed he had been engaged in some con access to lord Castlereagh-not getting access flict, who heard him divulge to his wife that it to him, by going to the house of lord Harrowwas all up,” that the officers had come in by—by following him to the park, and giving upon them, and that he had escaped only to him the letter, and afterwards by an apwith his life.
pointment with lord Harrowby, meeting him The accomplice will receive confirmation the next morning (Wednesday the 23rd) in in another point, which I omitted in the course Hyde-park, and making further communicaof my relation to state to you; for on the last tions to him. This, gentlemen, is complete day on which they were assembled, it was confirmation, for the plan in its detail was considered that some proclamations would be given to him, and as the time approached still necessary to be issued to the multitude during nearer (namely, on the afternoon of Wednestheir operations in the night; it was suggested, Jay) he saw some of the conspirators upon the that cartridge paper would be convenient paper spot, and among them the prisoner Davidson; for the purpose. Brunt sent his apprentice to and the time was appointed for him to join purchase six sheets of cartridge paper; on those who were then assembled in the loft. ihem Thistlewood wrote his proclamations in Further confirmation arises from the search these words, “ Your tyrants are destroyed. of the back room in Fox-court, the next morn
ing, when Brunt was apprehended, when there, the president of the council; none against the were found a pike-staff, gunpowder, gunpow- earl of Liverpool, it was against the first lord der in flannel bags as cartridges for cannon, of the Treasury ; none against the hero of fifty hand-grenades, and fire balls, which Brunt was victories, but the master general of the Ordpacking up for the purpose of sending to the nance. The private characters of the ministers house of another of his associates, where he are above all reproach; their personal virtues thought they might be deposited with more have secured them the esteem not less of those safety than in his own.
who politically differ from them, than of those Further confirmation arises from the search who are their professed friends and supporters. on that same morning in the house of the pri- To say that ministers have not given satisfacsoner Tidd, where were found more hand- tion to all, is to say that they are but men, and grenades, more fire-balls, a number of pike that we are but men. Whatever political difstaves, a quantity of gunpowder, many offerences exist, no inan can doubt but that they those cartridges for cannon, and an immense must wish to identify themselves with the number of musket-cartridges made up in par- greatness and the glory of their country. They cels of fives. This lodging of Tidd's I stated have conducted the, affairs of the state in to you had been used as the dépôt, where arduous and critical times. If, after the extheir ammunition was placed.—The finding haustion of a long and expensive war, the this quantity there, is considerable confirmation people are now suffering some of its conseof the evidence of the accomplice.
quences, let it be recollected that the country · But if all these confirmations were blotted stands on a proud and commanding eminence, out, if no one of them existed, it appears to and that it has acquired and maintained a chame that Cato-street itself is contirmation above racter not unworthy of its ancient renown. all confirmations; that alone proves that the Political differences among Englishmen have accomplices are speaking truth. There are never led to a crime so black and atrocious as found assembled in a hay-loft, a man in the assassination; and for none other than the rank of a gentleman, with five-and-twenty treasonable purpose imputed could these men, mechanics, with this vast store of arms for have ever entertained such a design. That different purposes; when they are found they assassination was to be the commencement of make that desperate resistance which is never those operations which they vainly hoped made but by persons who know that when would end in the substitution of themselves in they are taken their lives are forfeited to the the places of those whom they were to assassilaw; the finding them assembled there, the nate, and in the establishment of that promagazine of arms with which they were pro- visional government which could be establishvided, and their conduct when surprised, all ed only by the deposition of the king, combine to demonstrate their purpose; and if It may next be said that the project was any thing more were necessary, the prisoner weak, that their means were totally inadequate Davidson, when he was taken, exclaimed to their end, that their numbers were unequal “ damn him who will not die in liberty's to the accomplishment of their purpose. cause.” Thus do assassins and traitors pro- There never yet stood at the bar of this or any fane the name of liberty. It has been their other tribunal men accused of a treasonable cant in all times. These men have conspired conspiracy of whom that observation might not to destroy the government under which we be made, and of most of them with infinitely live, and to substitute a government of their more truth than in the present case. History own. To deprive us of the rights and the is full of weak plans, of ill-contrived plots and laws which we inherit from our ancestors, and abortive conspiracies; but are we on that acto give us in exchange their own rule and count to reject all history? Nay, our own dominion, commencing in and to be cemented times have furnished us with instances of conby the most atrocious crimnes.
spiracies more weak, with means more inadeIn answer to this case, what defence is to quate, conceived by men of higher intellect be made? It will be said, perbaps, “ true it and far better means of information. Colonel is there was a plot to assassinate bis majesty's Despard was an officer of great military skill ministers, but the assassination of his majesty's and experience ;-his plan, compared with the ministers is not of itself high treason." Un- plan of these conspirators, was weak and doubtedly it is not; the assassination of all the puerile. Privy council, aye and all the members of both In the cool consideration of detected and Houses of Parliament, singly and individually, defeated projects we are apt to reject that as and with no other object (if such a thing were impracticable and visionary which political possible), is not of itself high treason ; but for enthusiasts have contemplated as easy of exwbat but a treasonable purpose could such a ecution. These guilty men—founding their black and guilty design enter into the heart hopes on the existence of popular discontent even of the most depraved and abandoned of (which discontent had been excited and fomankind? These miserable men bad never mented for some months before by speeches come in contact with his majesty's ministers, and writings of the most flagitious character) so as to harbour private malice or private re- which they supposed to have spread further venge against them; they had no hatred or and wider than it had, heating each other's malice against lord Harrowby, it was against minds by seditious and treasonable discourse,
till they persuaded themselves that all men In what regiment ?—The royal regiment of thought and felt as they did, that they wished Horse-guards. for a change, and were ready to enlist under The Blues? -Yes. their standard,-imagined that if they could When did you leave the army ?--About but strike some great and frightful blow, if eighteen years ago. they could but destroy those who were in. Do you know the prisoner, John Thomas trusted with the supreme administration of Brunt ?-Yes. affairs, and introduce confusion, and inspire Where did you first become acquainted terror into the metropolis by means of con- with him ?-At Cambray, in France. flagrations, that they could then carry on their · How long is that ago ?—In 1816. further operations by the armed men whom Was the English army at that time at they had provided, and that they might count Cambray ?-Yes, the head-quarters were. on such an increase of force from malcontents What were you doing at that time at Camas might enable them to subvert that govern- bray ?–Following my trade. ment which was the object of their hatred. Al With the army ?--- Yes. though the design was impracticable, I admit, Do you remember seeing Brunt early in with respect to ultimate success, yet as to tem- the present year at his lodgings ?-Yes. porary suspension of the functions of govern Where were his lodgings ?-In Fox-court, ment, and temporary confusion and anarchy, Gray’s-inn-lane. I am afraid that, however the design is to be What was Brunt by trade?-A boot-closer. branded as wicked and atrocious, it does not Did he make any proposal about introduciug bear the character of weakness and of folly. you to Thistlewood 1-Yes.
This is the case which we shall lay before Did you, in consequence of that, accompany you; you will hear and you will attend to the him to Thistlewood's lodgings ?-I did. evidence according to which you are sworn to When was that as nearly as you can recoldecide, and you will follow that evidence im-lect ?- The 12th of January, a Wednesday. plicitly, whether it lead to a verdict of convic Did you go alone with him, or was there tion or of acquittal.
any other person in company ?—Brunt and
Ings. Mr. Baron Gurrow.-Is it wished that the
Tell us what passed at Thistlewood's lodgings other prisoners should be put to the bar.
when you went with Brunt and Ings ?-On Mr. Attorney General.-If your lordship Brunt introducing me to Thistlewood, Brunt pleases.
said to Thistlewood “this was the man I Mr. Baron Garrow.-- Perhaps I ought to said,|you were in the Life-guards ?" I told
was speaking to you about." Thistlewood address myself to the counsel for the prisoners him"No, I belonged formerly to the Oxford, as well as the counsel for the Crown. It is blues;" he says, “I presume you are a good merely to enable the witnesses to speak to soldier ?” and after that, that he supposed that their identity; hut if it is understood that I was a good swordsman ; I told him I once when they speak of A. they are speaking was, and that I could use the sword now if it of the prisoner A. and that when they speak were required to defend myself, but it was a of B. they are speaking of the prisoner B. it long time since I had used a sword or arms of may not be necessary.
any description ; be turned the discourse upon Mr. Adolphus. I have no wish at all, my the different shopkeepers of London particularly, iord, upon the subject.
saying they were a set of aristocrats altogether, Mr. Baron Garrow.—It is better, perhaps, tem of government, and he should glory to see
and that they were all working under one systhat they should come, to prevent any mistake the day that the shops were shut up, and well of their persons ; it is for the prisoners’ benefit plundered; he turned his discourse upon Mr. that they should be there certainly when they Hunt, sayirig Mr. Hunt was a coward, and no are spoken of.
friend to the people; that he had no doubt, James William Wilson, John Harrison, could he get into Whitehall, and overlook the
Richard Bradburn, John Shaw Strange, books, he should find his name there as a spy James Gilehrist, and Charles Cooper were to the government; he next turned his dis. placed at the bar behind the prisoners on course upon Mr. Cobbett, that Mr. Cobbett, trial.
with all his writings, he did not consider as any friend to the people, and he had no
doubt upon his mind that Cobbett was a spy Robert Adams sword.-Examined by
equally the same. Mr. Solicitor General.
Did any thing further pass at that meeting
that you recollect ?- Mr. Brunt alluded to two What are you by trade?-A shoemaker. men that he had to call upon in Carnaby
Where did you live before you were in con- market; and asked Mr. Thistlewood if he finement ?- No. 4, Hole-in-the-wall passage, would walk with him; Thistlewood refused Brook's-market.
this, saying he had somewhere to call; before You are now come up in custody ? - Yes. we left the room, Brunt told Thistlewood reWere you ever in the army ?-Yes. specting of a blunderbuss that was to be rafied
EVIDENCE FOR THE CROWN.
for, and asked him if he would be there; Do you recollect any time when Harrison Thistlewood, to the best of my recollection, was there ?-A Wednesday night. told him that he would.
When you went to the room, whom did you Did you then leave Thistlewood ?-On this, find there? I saw Thistlewood, Harrison, and I believe we left; I do not recollect any thing in the course of the evening Ings was there, else at that time.
and Wilson, and Edwards. On going from Brunt's to Thistlewood's, or Tell us what passed when you went in ? at any other time had Brunt stated any thing When I went in, Thistlewood and Harrison to you as to any plan they had in agitation? seemed in deep discourse, respecting some --A plan was stated to me previously to our conversation they had heard ; information they getting to Thistlewood's.
had gained of the life-guards and foot-guards What did he state to you ?—He told me being to leave London to attend the funeral of there was a plan that was drawn up by two or the late king. IIarrison was told by a lifethree, and he had no doubt, if I would consent guardsman, that every man in the life-guards to join them, it would meet my approbation. that could be mounted and could be spared,
Did he tell you what this plan was !- This was to attend the funcral of the late king, as plan was to assassinate the ministers, the first well as the foot-guards, and likewise the police time they met together to dine.
officers; after he had left the life-guardsman, That was before you arrived at Thistle. he said it came to his mind that it would be wood's ?—Yes, it was; he likewise told me at an excellent opportunity to kick up a row in this time, “besides,” says he, “ we have got London that night. Mr. Thistlewood agreed information where the thieves keep their money, to the plan; and proposed that it should be to the amount of upwards of three million all done by collecting what men they had among in hard specie; after we have done this we in themselves together, and to take the cannon in tend to go to that place and plunder it." Gray's-ino-lane, as well as the cannon in the
Did he say where the place was ? —Not at Artillery-ground, and likewise for the fire-balls that time.
to be made use of to set fire to the different Some time after this, were you in confine buildings; thinking it would be an excellent ment for debt?-I was.
opportunity, as the soldiers and what police In the Whitecross-street prison ?-Yes. officers could be spared would be out of Lon
When did you come out of prison ?—The don, that there would not be sufficient strength day after the death of our late king.
left in London to protect it. That was the 30th of January, the Sunday ? What further passed – Thistlewood said, it --Yes.
would be necessary to send a party up to Hyde After you had come out of prison, did you Park corner, in order to prevent any orderly go to any meeting in Fox-court ?—On the leaving London for Windsor to communicate Monday evening I called.
what was passing in London. You have told us that Brunt lived in Fox Any thing further ?-He likewise proposed, court?-He did.
that the telegraph over the water should be Was that room in the same house in which taken, in order to prevent it communicating Brunt lived ?-On the same floor.
any intelligence to Woolwich. Brunt lived in the two-pair of stairs front Did this plan meet with the assent of those toom ?-Yes.
persons who were at that time assembled ? This meeting was in the back room ?-Yes. İt met with the assent of those persons then in
Did you learn from Brunt who hired that the room. room?-I heard him say he had hired it of the After that, did Brunt and any other person landlady for Ings.
come into the room!—Brunt and Ings at this Was there any furniture in that room ?— time. Only a stove fixed.
When Brunt and Ings came into the room, Did meetings continue to be held in that was this plan which had been in agitation room up to the 23rd of February ?—They were communicated to them ?-It was communiheld twice a day, except that there was done cated to them by Thistlewood. ou Sunday evenings.
On its being communicated to them by What persons usually attended those meet- Thistlewood, what passed ?-Brunt and Ings ings?—Thistlewood, Brunt, Ings, Hall, David both declared there was nothing short of the son, Harrison, Wilson, Bradburn, Tidd oc assassination of the ministers which they bad casionally.
in view, that could satisfy them. Any more that you remember?-Edwards. In consequence of this, was that project
Do you remember the names of any more, which had been so mentioned given up ?-It at this moment ?-Not at this moment.
You tell us you came out of prison on the Do you recollect a meeting which took 30th of January ; that, on Monday evening, place on Saturday the 19th of February ?the day afterwards, you attended one of those Yes. meetings ?—Yes.
Who was at that meeting ?- There were Can you tell us any thing particular that Thistlewood, Harrison, Brunt, Ings and Hall. passed at those meetings P-Not on the Mon. What passed at that meeting? - On my day night.
going into the room, they seemed to be in a