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of the fathers of the church, on war, when I noticed the doctrines and practice of the early Christians, I do not wish to repeat any of the quotations I have already laid before the public, but shall briefly add others, that were then omitted.

Justin, Talian, Tertullian, and Lactantius I have already quoted.

Clemens Alerandrinus, A. D. 206, observes, that in his time, Christians were so far from wars, that they had no marks or signs of violence among them : “ Neither sword nor bow to them that follow peace."

Origin, A. D. 254, on Luke xxii, 36, thus remarks: “If any one, looking to the letter, and not understanding the spirit, of the words, shall sell his bodily garment and buy a sword, taking the words of Christ contrary to his will, he shall perish."

Cyprian, A. D. 258, in his epistle to Donatus, says : “Suppose thyself with me, on the top of some very exalted eminence, and from thence look down upon the appearances of things beneath thee. The things thou wilt principally observe will be the highways be set with robbers ; the seas with pirates ; en

campments, marches, and all the terrible | . forms of war and bloodshed. When a single

murder is committed, it shall be deemed, perhaps, a crime; but that crime shall become a virtue, when committed under the shelter of public opinion, so that punishment is not rated at the measure of guilt, but the more enormous the size of the wickedness is, so much greater is the chance of impunity."

Ambrose, A. D.393, on Luke xxii, 36, says, "O Lord, why commandest thou me to buy a sword, who forbiddest me to smite with it ? Why commandest thou me to have it, whom thou prohibitest to draw it ? Unless perhaps a defence be prepared, not a necessary revenge, and that I may seem to have been able to revenge, but that I would not. For the law forbids me to smite again, and therefore, perhaps, he said to Peter, who offered two swords,“ It is enough,” as if it had been lawful until the Gospel times; that in the law there might be a leaning of equity, but in the Gospel a perfection of goodness."

Isidore, A. D. 430, says, “ The great King of Heaven came down from above, to deliver to the world the laws of a heavenly conver

sation; which he has proposed in a way of conflict and striving quite contrary to that of the Olympic games. There, he that fights, and gets the better, receives the crown; here, he that is stricken, and bears it meekly, has the honor and applause ; there, he that returns blow for blow; here, he that turns the other cheek, is celebrated in the theatre of angels ; for the victory is measured, not by a wise and generous patience. This is the new law of crowns; this is the new way of conflicts and contentions."

To these might be added the names of St. Augustine, Archelaus, Jerome, Cyril, and indeed, as far as I know, of all the fathers, who flourished before the corruption of the church and the declension of vital piety.

As I have already descanted at large on the principles and practice of the early Christians as they relate to war, it is unnecessary further to pursue this topic. But I would, once more, eamestly recommend to professing Christians, seriously and prayerfully to consider, how they shall answer to the bar of God their dereliction of those principles, which were taught by Christ and his apostles,

both by precept and example, and also by their immediate followers : and whether the prejudices of a faulty education, and the example of a wicked world, will exculpate them, or extenuate their errors in practice, or neglect of duty.

NO. 11.

THE MILITIA SYSTEM.

There are some subjects which are connected in my mind with so many ludicrous associations, that it is almost impossible for me to treat of them, without approaching to " levity. However important our sage legislators may think our militia system to be; it always has, in my view, a ridiculous appearance. To see young and old, at a time of profound peace, almost universal through the christian world, burnishing their helmets, buttoning on their spatter-dashes, and swinging their knapsacks, just as though they heard the war-whoop, and expected the Indians

down upon them in a twinkling, puts a serious mind on asking, what all this fuss and parade is for. Cui bono-what is the use of it?

It is hard to get the true answer to this question. The legislator, who supports the militia law, will tell you, that it is to be prepared for war. But I tell you it is no such thing; and I can demonstrate it instantly. Divest the militia of all those accompaniments which are so fascinating to the young and vain :--take away all the music except

“ The fife and drum, Which make the soldier's stomach come ;": take

away the uniforms, the gold and silver lace, the feathers and the epaulets--the fair spectators will go of course ;-take away the

pomp and circumstance of glorious war," which this display is intended to mimic and then take away the grog-reduce the whole system to a plain, sober, cold-water, drilling piece of business, and—though it would be infinitely more serviceable, so far as military tactics are concerned, there is no doubt, it would be considered as the most oppressive and needless burden, that the most tyrannical government ever saddled an obe

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