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to gratify his revenge, so that, at last, though both were bad, it is difficult to say which was t'ie worst.

Prince Eugene confesses that he loves war, and that is all that can be said in its favor,by any of its advocates, and is similar to what is said by the drunkard in favor of intemperance-he loves rum. He also confesses, that “glory is sometimes a hypocrite, which disguises itself in the cloak of the honor of states," and this is no less the case with respect to pretended patriots, than with renegadoes.

Indeed, if we examine the character of this prince, in what does he differ from the renegado, high-way robber or hired assassin, except in the nature of the reward! He hires himself out to kill and destroy Turks and Christians, countryinen and strangers, for glory, and the world is so infatuated as to pay him his meed.' It is as evident as the sun at noon day, that this absurd conduct, of the world, in rewarding such cut-throats, with what they demand, increases their number--that public opinion ought to be corrected in this particular that when such fel

lows shall meet the detestation they deserve, wars will be less frequent, and when military glory ceases to dazzle the world, wax will cease.

NO. 32.


I have, at length, after much laborious in quiry, been so fortunate, as to find a copy of the above named able peace paper, written about the year 1790, while we were engaged in a war with the Indians. It is highly probable, that this is the first hint of a peace society, that ever appeared in any country, and falls not very far short of the plan at present pursued, to institute a Peace Society of the United States. This is not the only instance in which this great philanthropist anticipated the “march of intellect;" though it is probable, he little thought, while he was penning this able prodaction that, in twenty-five

years after, peace societies would commence their operations in this country and in Europe, and that, in thirty-five or forty years, a national peace society would be formed, in all things according to the spirit, and in many things according to the very letter of his plan.

The Doctor writes as follows:

“Among the defects which have been pointed out in the federal constitution, by its anti-federal enimies, it is much to be lamented, that no person has taken notice of its total silence upon the subject of an office, of the utmost importance to the welfare of the United States; that is an office for prmoting and preserving perpetual peace in our country.”

“ It is hoped, that no objection will be made to the establishment of such an office, while we are engaged in a war with the Indians, for, as the War-office was established in a time of peace it is equally reasonable that a peace-office should be established in a time of war.- The plan of this office is as follows." Art. 1st. Let a Secretary of the appointed, to preside at this office, who shall be perfectly free from all the present absurd and vulgar European prejudices on the subject of government: let him be a genuine republican and a sincere Christian-for the principles of republicanism and Christianity are no less friendly to universal and perpetual peace, than they are universal and equal liberty."

Art. 24. Provides for the maintainance of free schools and the principles of the Christian religion, “ for it belongs to this religion exclusively to teach us, not only to cultivate peace with all men, but to forgive, nay more, to love our enemies."

Art. 3d. Provides for the free distribution of the Bible at the public expense.

Art. 4th. “Let the following sentence be inscribed, in letters of gold, over the doors of every State and Court house in the United States : THE SON OF MAN CAME NOT INTO THE WORLD TO DESTROY MEN'S LIVES, BUT TO SAVE THEM."

Art. 5th. Provides for the repeal of sanguinary laws.

Art. 6th. “ To subdue the passion for war, which education, added to human depravity, have made universal; a familiarity with the instruments of death, as well as all military shows, should be carefully avoided. For which reason, military laws should évesy where be repealed, and military dresses and military titles should be laid aside: reviews tend to lessen the horrors of a battle, by connecting them with the charms of order : militia laws generate idleness and vice and thereby produce the wars they are said to prevent: military dresses fascinate the minds of young men, and lead them from serious and useful professions; were there no uniform there would probably, be no armies : lastly, militia titles feed vanity, and keep up ideas in the mind, which lessen a sense of the follies and miseries of war."

Art. 7th. “In the last place; let a large room, adjoining the federal hall, be appropriated for transacting the business and preserving all the records of this office. Over the door of this room let there be a sign, on which the figure of a lamb, a dove, and an olive-branch should be painted, together with

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