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In answer to numerous solicitations of old Friends and Subscribers, who, from various

causes, have incomplete sets of this Miscellany, the Proprietor proposes, till THE FIRST OF MAY NEXT, to sell any of the back Numbers, the last volume excepted, at ONE SHILLING and THREE-PENCE per Number, instead of the regular price of Two Shillings; and, at this rate, they may be had of all Booksellers throughout the British Islands, on giving orders specifying the Number, or the month and year wanted. Entire sets of Forty-eight Volumes, from their length as well as from the originality and importance of their contents, are now becoming scarce; and, as is well knowŋ, are every year increasing in curiosity and value.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

The late King.
In addition to various anecdotes, partly original and partly selected, which we have

inserted at page 133 of the present Number, many of which merit the at-
tention of our readers, we have procured a copy of a pamphlet, written by a Lady
of rank, never published, and perhaps never circulated in any manner, which de-
scribes all the circumstances, personal and political, attending the King's first
illness in 1788. T'hese details are too curious, and also too creditable to many of
the parties, particularly to our present illustrious Sovereign and the Heir-presump-
tive, to be lost; and we therefore hasten to lay them before the readers of the
Monthly Magazine, where they will add to the genuine materials for History of
which we have often been the fortunate medium. It has been thought worth while
to insert the entire pamphlet, excepting only certain passages which describe in a
common-place manner the public proceedings of Parliament. At the time it was
printed, in 1804, a copy was put into the hands of the proprietor of this Miscel-
lany, with an intention that he should publish it; but, from sentiments of deli.
cacy to the High Personage who was its subject, and to other parties implicated, he
not only forbore to become a party in its appearance, but earnestly advised the Ba-
ronet who was its proprietor not to publish it. What became of the edition is not
known to him; but, as the chief personages are now dead, as well as the gentleman
in question, and also the authoress of the journal, the same motives do not operate
to prevent its being given to the world. The extraordinary interest of the article
will, we trust, serve as our apology for allowing it to trespass on the variety

which usually characterizes our pages.
MOST IMPORTANT PARTICULARS of the ed was an absolute mania, distinct from,

ROYAL INDISPOSITION in 1788-1789; and wholly upconnected with, fever.
and of its EFFECTS upon ILLUSTRIOUS On Sunday his Majesty was thought
PeRSONAGES and OPPOSITE PARTIES to be actually expiring. After long and
interested in it.

violent efforts, nature seemed exhausted, ON Monday, the 3d of November, and he remained two hours senseless

1788, the King's disorder excited and motionless, with a pulsation hardly great alarm, and two other physicians perceptible. Recoyering by degrees were summoned to Windsor to the as- from this torpor, he became capable of sistance of Sir George Baker, wbo, tilt taking some refreshment. then, had attended alone. On Tuesday, The distress of the Queen and the the bad symptoms gathered strength; Princesses was beyond description. The on Wednesday and Thursday apprehen. Prince of Wales and the Duke of York sions increased; and on Friday his Ma. were deeply affected. The former, wept jesty was thought in imminent danger abundantly, when the true nature of the On Saturday, Dr. Warren, at the in- malady was communicated to him. Both stance of the Prince of Wales, saw the the Princes remained at Windsor, and royal patient for the first time. This were unremitting in their endeavours to gentleman, either possessed of more support the Queen and to console thọ acute discernment, or acting under less Princesses. constraint than his brethren, hesitated not November 12th. The account sent to to communicate to the Queen that the St. James's, that the King had slept from disorder under which the King labour- six to nine o'clock the preceding night, MONTHLY MAG, No. 337.

but

but that there was no abatement of bis to lead in debate, his return was anxicomplaint, afforded no consolation to ously desired. Increasing bad symptoms those who were interested for. bis essen- in bis Majesty augmented their impatial welfare. Orders were sent to the ticnce for accounts from the messenger Secretary of State's office, that it should who had, upon the first idea of his danger, be notified to foreign courts, that no ap- been dispatched to the continent in quest prehepsions were entertained of imme- of Mr. Fox. His acknowledged honour, diate danger of the King's life.

as well as bis transcendant abilities, 13th. At the usual hour, half-past made every member of the party solicieleven, advice was received at St. tous that he sliould have frequent access James's, that the King remained as be to, and obtain the confidence of, the fore. Two hours after, a letter was re- Prince; to whom they now looked up ceived by the lord-in-waiting, which as to the source of power and bonours. brought intelligence that the King had Those who enjoyed the sweets of sul)shown tokens of recollection, which sug- sisting arrangements, and trembled at gested some hopes, althongh his Ma. the thoughts of change, were inclined jesty immediately relapsed into his sanguinely to hope what they anxiously former incoherence.

wished. They firmly believed that the A palsy upon the brain was said to derangement of the King's intellects be the cause of a deplorable malady, would be but temporary, and that rewhich no medical skill could reach; and pose and method would not fail to effect an opinion universally prevailed, that it his restoration. But, amongst those over would be necessary immediately to form whose hopes and fears interest had no a Regency. Opposition asserted, that sway, few were found who did not draw the Prince's majority entitled him to the most afflicting conclusions, from all undivided power; but Mr. Pitt's parti. the circumstances they were acquainted sans reprobated the idea, and strenu. with. That the approach of the terrible ously maintained the Queen's superior malady had been gradual and regular, pretensions.

that sound sleep, good appetite, and 14th. Circular letters were sent to total absence of fever, had produced no members of Parliament, stating, that the diminution of it, appeared to them a present unhappy situation of the King formidable basis for the worst appremaking it improbable that his Majesty's hensions. commands could be received for the The number of those who watched further prorogation of Parliament, it over his Majesty was now increased. must meet on the 20th instant, when at- A rash attempt created the necessity. tendance was earnestly solicited. With the extraordinary cunning that is

15th. It had been hoped that lucid osten found to accompany intellectual intervals and better prospects might have maladies, his Majesty one night, feignenabled the King to prorogue Parlia. ing to sleep, even to snore, threw the ment, and would have justified the mea. apothecary, who alone watched by him, sure. Early in the morning of this day, off his guard, and hastened to a window the Chancellor, actuated by this hope, of his apartment with a precipitancy went to Windsor; but the sad situation which, while it bespoke the worst of in which he found the King, suggested purposes, happily prevented its perpeonly the necessity of lastening the dis- tration, by the alarm it spread. tribution of notices, which had been de. The Queen and the royal children layed to the latest moment.

now no longer saw his Majesty Inter· Sunday, the 16th, expectation was views which produced no effect upon kept upon the rack at St. James's till him, but which exquisitely tortured their half-past two o'clock. Bad presages feelings, were judged best discontinued. drawn from the delay were confirmed It was hoped that the frequent interby the event. “ Notwithstanding six views which the Prince was said to have hours' sleep, the King is not better to with Mr. Pitt at Windsor, might soften day," was the affecting report. It ap the dislike bis Royal Highness nade no peared that the messenger had been de secret of entertaining for that minister. tained beyond the usual · hour, in the The influence of the Queen, who was hope that some favourable symptom known to esteem him, seconding the might authorise a different one.

flame of mind whịch the calamitous siOpposition now forcibly felt the mise tuation of his royal father was likely to fortune of Mr. Fox's absence. His produce, might, it was hoped, lessen powerful and extensive talents qualify- the acrimony of the Prince's feelings to. ing him alike to guide in council and wards Mr. Pitt and some of his adhe

rentsa

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rents. It was also loped by the candid cious, condescending, and munificent,
and moderate, that a calamity like the his Majesty lavished honours upon all
present might have had the effect of re- who opposed him ; elevating to the
conciling parties; and that, attention to highest dignities, pages, gentlemen of
thic public good, absorbing selfish consi. the bed-chamber, or any occasional at-
derations, might have produced union, tendant.
and prevented contention, that must ag. To these gentler workings of a dis-
gravate the material difficulties which ordered mind often succeeded sad
embarrass goyernment. But these, transports of vehemence and agitation,
little susceptible tliemselves of the im- which were expressed in toncs so un-
pulses of avarice and ambition, were governed, as sometimes to reach beyond
incompetent judges of their influence the walls of the royal apartment. Ex-
upon minds in which they had long hausted nature would tlien feel a pause;
predominated. It was however some during which, it was not oneommon for
satisfaction to persons of this descrip- his Majesty to express a consciousness
tion to know, that the Prince had sent of his unhappy state, and a despair of
for the Chancellor (Thurlow), and re- ever being relieved from it.
ceiving him with the marks of the high. The slecp which succeeded these va.
est consideration, had said to him, “I rious agitations of mind and person, was
have desired your lordship's attendance, often sound and long; but never did the
not only as my father's friend, but as monarch awake from them in a com-
my oun friend, and I besecch you, my posed state of mind. The refreshment
lord, to give me your counsel on this of the body seemed only to add strength
unhappy occasion. I have the utmost to the mental malady. From this cir-
confidence in your judgment, and shall cumstance, the most melancholy in-
have the utmost satisfaction in acting ferences were drawn; and, in confirma-
by it”

tion of them, it was said, that a brother
The habitual piety observable in the of the w's mother had terminated his
King's life did not forsake him in his existence under a total privation of the
calamitous situation. On Sunday the first of blessings. Music, which had
16th, bis Majesty desired to have pray- formerly been found peculiarly soothing
ers read; and, on Mr. M- 's approach, to the royal mind, now served only to
seeing him confused, embarrassed per- excite impatience. In the last fortnight,
haps from emotions of sensibility, he bis Majesty had resisted all solicitations
rose from his seat, and presenting a Book to be shaved. His malady, and his ex.
of Prayer, pointed to several which he ertions, bad so emaciated him, that it
had marked, and desired these might was judged expedient to remove every
be read. His Majesty accompanied mirror, lest the reflection of his own
the chaplain with much recollection; figure should affect him too sensibly.
but, soon after, his wanderings returned, The accounts transmitted to St.
and great disturbance of mind cosued. James's on the 21st, 220, and 23d, va.
In the middle of the night, his Majestyried little. Quiet, or disturbed sleep,
rose suddenly from his bed, and rushed made the only difference; and the conti.
into the anti-chamber. The equerry-in- nuance of fever was always announced.
waiting there earnestly besought him to The account of the 24th said, his Ma-
return; which the King absolutely re- jesty had had a restless night, and was
fused to do, saying, “ What right have not better.
you to command me? I know who you Nov. 27th. An observable change
are. You are my servant." Colonel appeared in the physicians' note of this
Gwynne, with a happy presence of day :-“ His Majesty has had sufficient
mind, 'replied, “Sir, it is not so now. sleep, but does not appear to be relieved
I am now your master; and you must by it.” This seemed a prelude to a
and shall return." The King replied not; public avowal of the deplorable malady;
but turning away, shed tears, and com- and inspired a belief, that those who
plied.

were most unwilling to admit the im. In the King's calmer moments, his probability of recovery, had now a miprincipal occupation was writing; and lancholy conviction forced upon them of the subject, generally, dispatches to fo- the permanency of the disorder. reign courts. These, founded upon ima. In the violent paroxysms of his Maginary causes, were said to be written jesty's disorder, he continually raved with great consistency and uncommon about the Queen; sometimes loading eloquence. At some periods, all gra- her with reproaches, and uttering threats

O 2

against against her; at others, (lesiring her pre- at this period free from violence. He sence, with expressions of passionate did not now exbibit the terrible transregard.

ports that were frequent during the first One day, tired of vainly soliciting to fortnight of confinment. see the Queen, bis Majesty desired to Noy. 27th. The chancellor, Mr. Pitt, have her picture. He addressed it with Lord Stafford, and the other members of great calmness and recollection in these the cabinet council, waited upon the words:—“We have been married twen- Prince of Wales at Windsor, and proty-eight years, and never have we been ceeded to examine the King's physicians, separated a day till now; and now you and also Dr. Addington, who had visited abandon 'me in my misfortunes." It his Majesty three or four times previous being deemed improper to hazard the to this inquiry. The four attending phyQueen's having an interview with bis sicians having declared his Majesty's Majesty, a lady whom he used parti- malady to be of a species that had not cularly to esteem and value, begged to been the subject of their researches, this be permitted to see him, in the hope of gentleman, at Mr. Pitt's particular deexciting some salutary feeling in the sire, bad been called in. It was known, royal mind...... The event did not that thirty years had elapsed since Dr. answer the benevolent intention; but Addington had abandoned the practice too well confirmed the expediency of of that branch of the medical art now the Queen's remaining at a distance required, and it was more than ten

Another day, his Majesty desired to years since he had wholly withdrawn have 4001. from his privy purse. He from business. divided it into different sums, wrapping The result of this examination, was a them up in separate papers, upon which determination to issue sumimonses to he wrote the names of persons to whom every member in the list of privy counhe had been accustomed to make sellors to attend a general meeting on monthly payments, with perfect accu- the 3d of December, when a further inracy and precision. His Majesty then quiry respecting medical opinions was wrote down the different sums, with the intended to be made. It was further renames annexed, cast up the whole, aš solved, that the King should be removed he formerly used to do, and ordered the as soon as possible from Windsor to money to be paid immediately, it being Kew. The considerable diminution of then due.

the inconvenient distance from the caAfter this instance of perfect recol. pital, and the means of taking exercise lection, his Majesty began to deplore without being exposed to observation, the unhappy situation of London; which, were great and solid reasons for the he said, had been under water a fort- change of situation, night. His attendants, who never die Summonses were also issued to the rectly-contradicted any assertion, assured members of the House of Commons, to bis Majesty that they had received no meet at the Cock-pit in the evening of account of such an event, though they the 3d of December; and it was expected had daily communications with persons that some measures would speedily be from town. His Majesty very calmly adopted for supplying the essential chasm replied, that they either sought to de- which the King's deplorable malady had ceive him, or were themselves not well occasioned in the state. informed. He then proceeded to ex- Consultations were every day held by plain, with the same composure, that the Ministry; and a daily assembly of Opwater was making gradual advances ; position members took place at Burand that, in one week more, it would lington-house. The strength of parliareach the Queen's house. His Majesty mentary interest was apxiously calcu. expressed great unwillingness that a va Jated at both. The wish of Opposition luable manuscript, the precise situation was, that the Prince might be sole Reof which he described, should suffer; gent, and that he might be invested with and declared an intention of going, on every kingly power and function; his the ensuing Monday, to rescue it from royal father being by them considered the approaching evil. This mixture of as virtually defunct. distraction and reason giving way to The partisans of Mr. Pitt advanced, absolute alienation, his Majesty express that, in the present case, when the disa ed his sorrow that Lord I was not order probably was but temporary, arpresent, be having prepared every thing rangements ought to be the same as for creating him a duke.

would have taken place, had his Majesty The temper of the King's mind was made an excursion for a limited time

to his foreign dominions. They con- royal mind, and the succeeding night tended, that, as in that case, he certainly was passed in a deplorable manner. would have given the Queen supreme December 3d. The examination of power, so, in the present situation, it the physicians before the privy council, ought to be vested in her.

who, on this important occasion, assemThe Queen, wholly occupied at this bled to the extraordinary number of —, time by solicitude for the health and ascertaining the nature of the King's restoration of her august consort, resisted malady, and his incapacity to exercise every attempt to engage her in political his royal functions, a regencywas deemed contests. She positively declared, that necessary to supply the deficiency. The the only stipulation she wished to make, result was communicated to the Prince; was, för permission to watch over his who waited upon the Queen to apprise Majesty's safety. The Prince's atten- her of it, and to declare bis intention to tion to his royal mother and sisters was assert those pretensions which bis situunremitting; and reciprocal regard, and ation and age gave him. His Royal mutual confidence, furnished the best Highness added, that if, as he expected, consolation to each under the common he should be declared sole regent, be calamity.

should hope her Majesty would take The King expressed great unwilling- upon herself the sole and absolute care ness to remove from Windsor. But, on of the King. Her Majesty at this time Saturday, the 29th of November, the entertained no other wishi, and unequipoint was happily accomplished. The vocally professed her determination to Queen wrote a letter to his Majesty, take so part in politics. entreating him to go to Kew; and some His Royal Highness then proceeded of his attendants gave an unauthorized to the Duke of Portland, and embracing assurance, that he would there be allowed bim most cordially, “ begged that every to see the Queen. It was not, however, unpleasant circumstance that had passed till his Majesty had been shewn the between them might be buried in oblicarriages which conveyed the Queen and vion; assuring his Grace, that he had the the Princesses from Windsor, that he highest regard for him, and that he consented to leave it. His impatience should be happy to receive his assistthen became extreme, and bis agitation ance, and to depend upon his wisdom, so great, that it was some time doubtful in this moment of calamity.” whether the wished removal would be The genuine urbanity of the Duke's practicable.' Something like tranquil- mind rendered this concession ample lity succeeding, his Majesty was placed atonement. His Grace promised to dein the carriage, accompanied in it by vote bimself to the Prince's service; and General Harcourt, and Colonels Golds- prepared to combat the difficulties of ar. worthy and Gwynne. The motion rangements with a zeal inspired rather secnied to compose bis mind, and the by the testimony of the Prince's confijourney was happily performed.

dence, and the desire to serve dependent The sufferings of the Queen and the friends, than by any immediate wish for Princesses, on this trying occasion, can- power to himself. That he had exernot be described. Uncertain whether cised, heretofore, long enough to reach the King would follow, yet, satisfied the alloy that lurks under its enchanting that their cleparture was the only pos- surface; and the now opulent state of sible means of inducing his Majesty to his fortunes, made emoluments of little remove, they left Windsor, doubtful account in his scheme of happiness. whether they were not performing an December 7th. When the end deunavailing journey, and their minds torsired has not been obtained, it is comtured with solicitude for what might mon to coudemn the means that have occur during a cruel interval. If any been employed. The King's malady thing could add to feelings thus acute, not having abated during the restrainis it must have been the profound, respect- imposed at Windsor, it was judged that ful, silent woe, manifested by every in the indulgence of a degree of liberty dividual of an immense crowd assembled might have produced salutary effects. to behold the sad procession.

On his Majesty's removal to Kew,' bis Either disappointment of the expec- range was enlarged ; and, instead of se.. tation his Majesty had entertained of veral persons watching over bim, a sinseeing the Queen on bis arrival at Kew, gle page only remained to receive his or irritation from exercise long discon- commands. Two equerries only waited tinued, produced hurtful effects upon the iu the anti-chamber, and the assistauce

which

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