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that the treaty was not ratified within ing which it is repeated that an envoy the time stipulated'; and has not since been would be forth with dispatched to the Uni. ratified. As it is important that the nature ted States. and character of this unexpected occur. From a full view of all circumstances, rence should be distinctly understood, I it is submitted to the consideration of Conthink it my duty to communicate to yon gress, whether it will not be proper for the all the facts and circumstances in my pos- United States to carry the conditions of session, relating to it.
the treaty into effect, in the same manner Anxious to prevent all future disagree as if it had been ratified by Spain, claiming ment with Spain, by giving the most prompt on their part all its advantages, and yield. effect to tlie treaty which had been thus ing to Spain all those secured to her. By concluded, and particularly by the estab- pursuing this course, we shall rest on the lislımevt of a government in Florida, which sacred ground of right, sanctioned in the should preserve order there, the minister most solemn manner by Spain herself,by of the United States, who had been recent- a treaty which she was bonnd to ratify; ly appointed to his Catholic Majesty, and for refusing to do which, she must incur to whom the ratification by his govern. the censure of other nations, even those ment had been committed, to be exchanged most friendly to her: while, by confining for that of Spain, was instructed to trans ourselves within that limit, we cannot fait mit the later to the department of state as to obtain their well-merited approbation. soon as obtained, by a public ship, subject. We must have peace on a frontier where ed to his order for the purpose. Unex we have been so long disturbed ; our citi. pected delay occurring in the ratification zens must be indemnified for losses so long by Spain, he requested to lie informed of since sustained, and for which indemnity the cause. It was stated in reply, that the has been so unjustly with held from them. great importance of the subject, and a de- Accomplishing these great objects, we ob. sire to obtain explanations on certain points tain all that is desirable. which were not specified, had produced But his Catholic Majesty has twice de. the delay, and that an envoy would be clared his determination to send a minister dispatched to the Uuited States, to obtain to the United States, to ask explanations such explanations of this government. on certain points, and to give them, re. The minister of the United States offered specting his delay to ratify the treaty. to give the full explanation on any point on Shall we act, by taking the ceded terri. which it might be desired, which proposal tory, and proceeding to execute the other was declined. Having communicated conditions of the treaty before this minis. this result to the department of state in ter arrives and is heard ?--This is a case August last, he was instructed, not with which forms a strong appeal to the candour, standing the disappointment and surprise the magnanimity, and honour, of this people, which it produced, to inform the govern. much is due to courtesy between nations. ment of Spain, that if the treaty should be By a short delay we shall lose nothing ; ratified, and transmitted here at any time for, resting on the ground of immutable before the meeting of Congress, it would truth and justice, we cannot be diverted be received, and have the same effect as from our purpose. if it bad been ratified in due time. This I communicated to Congress a copy of order was executed: the authorized com- the treaty and of the instructions to the munication was made to the government minister of the Uuited States at Madrid, of Spain, and by its answer, which has respecting it, of his correspondence with just been received, we are officially made the minister of Spain, and of such other doacquainted, for the first time, with the cuments as may be necessary to give a full causes which have prevented the ratifica- view of the subject. tion of the treaty by bis Catholic Majesty. In the course which the Spanish govern. It is alleged by ihe minister of Spain, that ment liave, on this occasion, thought pro. this government had attempted to alter per to pursue, it is satisfactory io know, one of the pricipal articles of the treaty, that they have not been countenanced by by a declaration, which the minister of the any other European power. On the con. United States had been ordered to present, trary, the opinion and wishes, both of when he should deliver the ratification by France and Great Britain, have not been his government in exchange for that of withheld, even from the United States or Spain, and of which he gave notice, expla. from Spain, and have been unequivocal in natory of the sense in which that article favour of the ratification. There is also was understood. It is further alleged, that reason to believe, that the sentiments of this government had recently tolerated, or the imperial government of Russia have protected, an exepedition from the United been the same, and that they have been States agaiust the province of Texas, made known to the cabinet of Madrid. These two imputed acts are stated as the In the civil war existing hetween Spaiu reasons which have induced his Catholic and the Spanisha provinces in this hemi. Majesty to withiliold his ratification from sphere, the greatest care has been taken 10 the treaty, to obtain explanations respect. enforce the laws intended to preserve an
The President's Speech. impartial neutrality. Our ports have con- lations of our nentrality shonld be pretinued to be equally open to both parties, vented. No door should be left open for and on the same conditions, and our citi. the evasion of our laws, no opportunity zens have been equally restrained from in. afforded to any who may be disposed to terfering in favoor of either to the prejn- take advantage of it, to compromise the dice of the other. The progress of the interest or bopour of the nation. It is war, however, has operated manifestly in snbmitted, therefore, to the consideration favour of the colonies. Buenos Ayres still of Congress, whether it may not be advise maintains unshaken the independence able to revise the laws, with a view to this which it declared in 1816, and has enjoyed desirable resnlt. since 1810, Like success has also lately It is submitted, also, whether it may not attended Chili, and the provinces north of be advisable to designate, by law, the the La Plata, bordering on it; and like several ports or places along the coast, at wise Venezuela.
which only foreigu ships of war and pri. Tluis contest has, from its commence vateers may be admitted. The difficulty ment, been very interesting to other Pow. of sustaining the regulations of our comiers, and to none more so than the United merce, and of other important interests States. A virtuous people may and will from abuse, without such designation, fur. confine themselves within the limits of a nishes a strong motive for this measure. strict neutrality; but it is not in their At the time of the negociation for the power to behold a conflict so vitally im. renewal of the commercial convention beportant to their neighbours, withont the tween the United States and Great Britain, sensibility and sympathy which naturally a hope had been entertained that an ar. belong to such a case. It has been the ticle might have been agreed upon, masteady purpose of this government, to pre- taally satisfactory to both countries, re. vent that feeling leading to excess; and it gulating, upon the principles of justice is very gratifying to have it in my power and reciprocity, the commercial interto state, that, so strong has been the sense course between the United States and the throughout the whole community of what British possessions, as well in the West was due to the character and obligations Indies as upon the Continent of North of the nation, that few examples of a con. America. The plenipotentiaries of the trary kind have occurred.
two governments, not having been able to The distance of the colonies from the come to an agreement on this important parent country, and the great extent of interest, those of the United States retheir population and resources, gave them served for the consideration of this governadvantages which, it was anticipated, at ment the proposals which had been prea a very early period, it would be difficult sented to them, as the ultimate offer on for Spain to surmount. The steadiness, the part of the British government, and consistency, and success, with which they which they were not anthorised to accept. have pursned their object, as evinced On their transmission here, they were ex. more particularly by the undisturbed amined with due deliberation, the result sovereignty which Buenos Ayres has so of which was, a new effort to meet the long enjoyed, evidently give them a strong views of the British government. The claini io the favourable consideration of minister of the United States was inother nations. These sentiments on the structed to make a further proposal, which part of the United States have not been has not yet been accepted. It was howa withheld from other Powers, with whom ever declined in an amicable manner. I it is desirable to act in concert. Should recommend to the consideration of Conit becomie manifest to the world, that the gress, whether further prohibitory provi. efforts of Spain to subdue those provinces sions in the laws relating to this interwill be fruitless, it may be presuined, that course, may not be expedient. the Spanish government itself will give up The President then alludes to the state the contest. In producing such a deter- of trade and the currency, in spite of the mination, it cannot be doubted that the embarrassments of which, be states that opinion of friendly Powers who have taken the revenue will exceed its disburse. no part in the controversy, will have their ments. he then concludes by a recommerited ivfluence.
mendation to augment the naval force of It is of the highest importance to our the country. national character, and indispensable to
(Signed). JAMES MONROE. the morality of our citizens, that all vio. Washington ; Dec. 7, 1819.
INCIDENTS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS, IN AND NEAR LONDON, ' With Biographical Memoirs of distinguished Characters recently deceased.
DREVIOUS to the adjournment, a distresses of the country. They forcibly
I numerously-sigued petition from the remarked, that they were deeply imies merchants of London was presented to pressed with a sense of the present dis. the House of Commons, on the commercial tressed state of the commercial and ma.
M 2 nufacturing nufacturing interests, of the general want Mr. Henry Court, of Wond-street, to of cortidence, and of the extensive and Miss Mary Gibson of Cambridge. increasing evils, the consequenre of such Mr. J. T. Barham, of Friday-street, state of things, and of the pressing neces. Cheapside, to Miss M. Agate, of Tuusity that legislative measures should be bridge. adopted for relief. The petitioners added, Mr. Joseph Baylis, of Sonthwark, to that, “ being apprehensive that ihe House Miss Mary Anne Mariin, of Shipbourne, is about to adjourn, without having adopted Kent. any measuses tending to an enquiry into Mr. Henry Hope, of Upper Clapton, to the causes of those evils, and being at the Miss Mary-Ann Sialubrass, of Anstye, same time satisfied that, if such enquiry Herts. were to be instituted, the result would be The Rev. C. A. Sage, to Miss Caroline extenslvely beneficial, by laving open Quilter, of Hadiey, Middlesex. those causes, and bringing under the view Mr. William Mayhew, of Fenchurchof the House the meavs, they conti- strect, to Miiss Sophia Albra, of Chelms. dently believed that the existing evils ford. may be alleviated, and eventually re The Rev. C. T. Heathcote, D. D. of inoved.”
Mitcham, to Miss Maria Trower, of ClapOn the 30th of December, a petition ton. was presented to the House of Commons At St. Pancras Church, Count Henry de from the unemployed Irish labourers of la Belinaye, youngest son of the Marquis St. Giles's parish : the petitioners called de la Belinaye, to Maria Josephine, daaghe the attention of the House to the quantity ter of ihe laie Joseph Alder, esq. of boy land in lieland, amounting to at J. C. Cameron, ésg. of Gray's Inn, to least 4,000,000 acres, which, they said, Miss Jane Sibley, of Hall-place. might be drained at a trifling expense, Bury Hutchinson, jno. esg. to Miss and rendered fit for cultivation. It would, Catharine Trapaud, of Potter's Bar. tliey added, furnish employment, not only C. O. Bushnan, esq. 1o Anne, daughter to the poor of Ireland, but also to those of B. Hart, esq. barrister. of England, and wonld tend to make them - 'The Right Hon. Viscount Kingsland, to contented and happy.
Julia, daughter of John Willis, esq. of So severe has been the weather within Walcot-terrace, Lambeth. the month, that all business on the Thames Capt. H. B. Gamble, of the ed Dragoon has been at a stand. The numerous cases guards, to Miss Charlotte Sarah Freeman, of great distress moved the philanthropy of Brook-street. of the City, and a meeting took place in T. D’Oyley, esq. sergeant-at-law, to Elithe wareliouse of Mr. Hicks, of Cheap. zabethi, daughter of the Rev. N. Simons. side, in London Wall, the Lord Mayor in Charles R. Morgan, esq. of Charlottethe chair. Several highly respectable per- street, to Miss Aune Jane Ogle, of Southsons attended, when it was resolved to ampton-street. open the warehouse for the reception of William Plonier, esq. son of the late Sir the destitute during the inclement season. William P. to Miss Catherine Wilhelmina Subscriptions have been great and ex. Pagan, of Edinburgh. tensive, and the purpose effected.
The Rev. John Sheppard, to Miss MariThe Parish Cierks have published their anne Mann, buth of Blackheath. bill of all the Christenings and Burials Mr. J. W. Adlard, of Duke-street, from Dec. 15, 1818, to Dec. 14, 1819. Smithfield, to Elizabeth, eldest danghter They state that there were christeneil, in of E. Roberts, esq. of Grove-house, Brixthe 97 parishes within the walls, 1,277; ton. buried, 1,149.
William Choice, esg. of Ashley-hall, Bar: Christened in the 17 parishics without the net Common, to Miss Emily Brown, of walls, 5,594 ; buried, 4,143.
Kentish Town. Christened in the 23 ont-parishes of Mid. At Chelsea, William Hall, esq. of Wor. dlesex and Surrey, 13,255; buried, 9,922. cester, to Miss Charlotte Gedge, of Sloane
Christened in the 10 parishes in the city street. and liberties of Westmiuster, 4,175; buried, William C. Hood, esq. of Vanxball, to 4,014.
Miss Anne Brown, of South Lambeth. Christened, Males, 12,574; Females. James Ross Oxberry, esq. of Gibraltar, 11,726 : in all 24,300. Buried, Males, to Mrs. Tonyn, of Mortimer-street, Caven9,671; Females, 9 557 : in all 19,228. dish square. MARRIED.
Thomas Francis, esq. of Arundel-street, Lient. Col. Marsack, of the Grenadier Strand, to Miss Norris of Harwich. guards, to Jane, wi:low of Richard Late At St. George's, Hanover-square, Wilward, esq. of Ealing-grove.
liam 0. Rich, esq, to Miss Elizabeth Sarah Mr. Blake, of Tooting, to Miss Sophia New come. Lobhan, of Great Winchester-street.
R. P. Smith, esq. M.P. to Eliza, daugli. Robert Espinasse, esa, of the Inner ter of the late Peter Breton, esq. Temple, io Miss Emily Espinas:e.
Mr. Adam Adams, of Wootton-under
Edge, Edge, to Miss Charlotte Owen, of Penton. In Hnnter-street, Brunswick-square, 69, ville.
Mr. William Clarence. Robert Bill, esq. barrister, to Louisa, In Cecil-street, 71, Willian Winchester, daughter of the late Philip Dauncey, esq. esq. many years an eminent stationer in the DIED.
Strand. At Hammersmith, 56, James Nott, esq. On the Pavement, Moorfields, 37, Syl. generally regretted.
ranus Beran, a much respected member of At Paddington Green, 63, James Cromp- the Sociсty of Friends, and active in every ton, esq. a distinguished inhabitant of that work of benevolence. place.
In Portugal-street, Lincoln's Inn, 74, In Newman-street, 77, Thomas Jefferys, Mr. W. Clarke, having resided there 52
years as a highly respectable law book. In Sloane-street, 80, Mrs. Thomson. seller, in which extensive concern he is
In Margaret-street, Cavendishi-square, succeeded by his two sons. 82, Mr. D. Jucob.
At Eglipton-castle, 80, the Right Hon. In St. Martin's-lane, 34, Thomas Hodge, the Eari of Eglinton, generally respected : esq.
from a benevolent motive, he employed In Bloomsbury-square, Mrs. Lyon, wi- a great number of poor on his estates, by dow of Joseph L. esq.
which humane plan, he nearly doubled · In Charlotte-street, Bloomsbury, 64, their value. Hugh Montgomerie Earl of Mrs. Boswell, widow of Bruce B. esq. of Eglinton, the 13th eart of that title, Iver Lodge, Bucks.
was descended from the first ear] by a In Upper Lambeth Marsh, 37, Mrs. daughter, and succeeded to it in 1796. He Charles Field, greatly regretted.
married his cousin, Eleanora Hamilton, In Great Surrey-street, Mrs. Adderley. daughter of John Hamilton, of Bourtree
In Hart-street, Bloomsbury, Thomas hill, in Ayrshire, by whom he had ArchiWalker, esg, many years a partner in the bald Lord Montgomery, who died in 1809. respectable firin of Carbouel, Walker, and His lordship had acted with the Opposition; M'Cleary.
and, when the administration of Lord GrenAt Peckliam, 52, Mrs. Draper.
ville came in, he was created an English At Horton-place, near Epsom, 70, Eli peer by the title of Baron Androssan. zabeth, wife of James Trotter, esq.
At Dublin-castle, 37, after a short ill. At Twickenham, 59, John Taylor, esq. pess, the Right Hon. Countess Talbot, wife merchant, of Broad-street.
of the Lord Lieutenant, Earl Talbot: her At St. Pancras, 81, George Bagster, esq. charities were numerous, and chiefly prie deservediy lamented.
vate. The whole city participated in the In Great Queen-street, Westminster, 72, grief of her afflicted husband. Alexander Sutherland, esq.
In Newman.street, Thomas Jefferys, esq. In Nelson-square, Great Surrey-street, son of a jeweller and silversmith, who 73, John Box, esq. of Weeping Cross, resided many years in the Strand, and left, Staffordshire,
the business to his son, who removed, and At Islington, 80, Mrs. Griffith, widow carried it on at the well-known shop, now of the Rev. Jolin. Ġ. of Hitchin, Herts. Mr. Gilbert's, the corner of Cockspur• The Rev. Dr. Bingham, 76, vicar of street, where, with the most unblemished Great Gaddestone, chaplain to the King, character, he accumulated a large fortune. and late Archdeacon of London.
Having no son, he took into partnership In Cornhill, Mr. W. Rivers,
the late Mr. Jones and Mr. Gilbert, 10 In Guildford-street, 74, IV. Suvill, esq. the latter of whom, about twelve years ago, generally respected.
he resigned the whole concern. He on On Turniiani Green Terrace, W. T. his retirement, a short time after, pur, Taylor, Deputy Inspector of Hospitals. chased a seat and estate in Gloucestershire,
Ř. Burton, esq. of Synionds' Inn, Chan. at wbich place be spent much of his time; cery-lane.
but he found it too far from London to be At Enfieid, William Stallword, esq. convenient, and lately sold it. Mr. Jef At Pentonville, 24, Ulr. Thomas Willun ferys has been twice married : by the first
At Stoke Newington, 68, Jumes Cupper, wife he had an only daughter, who married a member of the Society of Friends, de the late Buller Cocks, esq. whose servedly regretted.
widow she now is. By his second wife, At Hackney, 80, the Rev. Jumes Creighn who survives to lament his loss, he has no ton.
children. Mr. Jefferys was a man of mild At Norwood, 35, Elton Hamond, esq. manners, but of a high independent spirit; suddenly.
and, althongh many years a tradesman to In Tavistock-street, Bedford-square, 74, the King; Qucen, and others of the Royal Richard Burker, esq.
family, was no servile adherent. He was In Lower Grosvenor-street, Miss Mar. very charitable and humane, ready to garet Metcalfe, of Hawsted, Suffolk. open his purse on all proper occasions, to
In Hill-street, the Hon. Charles Finch, sopport a charity or institution he favoured, oncle to the Earl of Aylesford.
or to do a benevolent act. To some of
the charities lie devoted a considerable "Rev. H. WILKINSON, M.A. to be head. portion of his time. His fortune he en- master of the grammar school of Sedbergh, joyed without shew or ostentation, and Yorkshire. left the world, lamented by all who knew Rev. HENRY FREELAND, M.A. to the him.
rectory of Hasketon, Suffolk.
Rev. ROBERT BATHURST, M.A. to the ECCLESIASTICAL PROMOTIONS. rectory of Topcroft, Norfolk ; also to the
Rev, T. G. TYNDALE, M.A. to the rec. vicarage of Docking, in the same county. . tory of Holton, Oxfordshire.
Rev. WILLIAM HENNELL BLACK, to Řev. JEREMIAH BURROUGHES, to the the perpetual curacy of Wormegay, Nor. rectory of Burlingham St. Andrew, with folk. Burlingham St. Edmund annexed, Norfolk. Rev. HENRY MORGAN, of Miskin, Gla.'
Rev. HENRY BLUNT, B.A. to the vicará morganshire, to the vicarage of Brinsop, age of Ciare, Suffolk.
near Hereford. . Rev. JOHN WILLIAMS BUTT, B.A, to Rev. Robert Wood, D.D. to be lieadthe vicarage of Lakenheath, Suffolk. master of Nottingham Grammar School.
Rev. JEMSON Davies, B. A, to the liv. Rev. T. B. COLE, to be master of the ing of Evington, Leicestershire.
Grammar School, Maidstone. Rev. W. F. MANSEL, B.A. to the vicar. Rev. C. M. ALLFREE, to be a minor age of Ashelworth, Gloucestershire. canon of Rochester Cathedral.
THE LATE HENRY NORTON WILLIS, ESQ. Mr. Willis's integrity and pleasing mante M R. WILLIS was a native of Hamp. ners made him so much in favour with the I I shire, and son of an eminent brewer, king, that, on the establislıment of the who gave him a good education. He was Princess Charlotte of Wales's household, many years at Winchester school, where he was nominated by his Majesty her treahe became a good classical scholar, and surer and comptroller, a place which he acqmired a taste for literature. Mr. enjoyed until her death, and in which he Willis, at an early age, was introduced to acted on a system of trile economy, void & place at Court, and served some years in of meanness : for it is a circumstance not the Hampshire militia, in which he ato generally know, that the young Princess tained the rank of captain. What place had no allowance to set her off in life, but he first had at court is not known; was obliged to furnish herself with many but he passed successively throngh the things from savings of her income, which three posts of Gentleman of the Pan- was only 70001. try, of the Ewery, of the Spicery; all For many years he had the happiness to ander, and in the gift of, the lord stew enjoy the confidence of the Prince of ard. He married a lady who was also at Wales, and a token of his esteem, in a prea tached to the court, and who, when he sent of a very liandsome gold waich. was Gentleman of the Ewery, was ap- Mr.Willis was an excellent classical scholar, pointed honseliold-laundress to the king. which recommended him much to the In this situation, it was in his pouer to notice of his Koyal Highness. We believe, have made his wife's place more profit in the early part of the Prince's life, able: but, like a man of honour, to avoid he often consulted him; and his R. Highall suspicion, he procured a removal fiom ness could not well find a better adviser. the Ewery, an office through which the Although much of his life was spent at household linen passes to the Spicery. court, few men possessed more indepenThis trait of disinterestedness aided his dence of spirit, or had more just ideas of promotion; and, in the year 179, he was the constitution of his country. , , appointed secretary to the lord-steward of When the volunteer system was esta. his Majesty's household, and also made blished, Mr. Willis had a commission given Coroner of the Verge of the Court. . him of colonel of the Kensington Volme
When Mr. Pitt thonght proper to change teers; in die training of which corps le the constitution of the lord-steward's was indefatigable, and conducted himself office, and restore the two places of Clerks in so mild and gentlemanly a manner as Comptrollers of the Board of Green Cloth, to gain the respect of every otficer and which had been abolished by Mr. Burke's man of the corps, which he continued bill, Mr. Stone and Mr. Willis were no to command until its dissolution, after the minated to fill those places. In this sitil- peace; and the individuals and he parted atiou Mr. Willis completed his fifty years from each other with regret. His convi. service; and which, by a recent Act of vial talents made his company much sought Parliament, entitled him to a snperaile atter; and he became a member of many
mation on a full salary, and which he ciabs, whose conversation he contributed, enjoyed ever since 1813.
much lo enlivels. He was well stored with