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they will never submit to pay so im: Its splendour for a moment dazzled my mense a tribute for a debt incurred by senses, and benumbed my grief; but it their ancestors, to a king who admits has quickly resumed with increased them to no portion of his power. The 'pain. The thousands of human beings only thing which reconciles the people whom I see every moment of the day, to the payment of sixty millions a year, seem as strange to me as the flies and is, the public discussion of political af- the birds. I am not a passenger in the fairs in the House of Commons, and in same ship: I am worse than a stranthe newspapers.
ger. I wish them all struck with the The second circumstance which same judgment as myself; I wish the stands in the way of arbitrary power, is world a desert, every one of its cities a this very liberty of discussion. There Carthage, and every Roman citizen a certainly exists in this country, a very Marius—yet I bear the Romans no ill large mass of enlightened men, who, will; they have conquered, they have without taking a decided part in her poli. triumphed; they flourish and enjoy. tical parties, entertain liberal ideas, and I hate the triumphant and the prosperare favourable to the progress of know- ous—yet they are vicious and corrupt : ledge, and all the improvements of civi. in that I rejoice; their manners may lised life. it is not easy to conceive a afford me pleasure and satisfaction. ' nation passing from so general a diffi- I supped yesterday with Atticus.sion of the light of knowledge, to the As he is an idle and luxurious man, he utter darkness of a despotism ; and supped at an earlier hour than other this circumstance formerly induced me people. Every thing was in a magnito think the British Constitution was ficent style. Having previously bathed immortal.
and anointed, we lay down about three Of all questions which can occur, o'clock on beds of tortoise-shell, to a there are none so interesting as those table of which the support was ivory.which concern the length and consti- Each guest was crowned with a garland tution of Parliament. Every question of roses, and the ceiling was so contrived which relates to it, the duration of Par- as to open from time to time, and let liament, non-resident freemen, dinni. fall showers of perfume upon the room. nishing expense, corrupt boroughs, &c. There was a great profusion of sow's &c. ought to be brought into close and belly, and thrushes, and phænicopterus, successive discussion. Many improve- and many of the dishes were deliciously inents might, no doubt, be made with prepared with honey. The liver of a out the slightest danger. But, in my goose, however, dressed with mulsus, humble opinion, it would not be a wise milk, and fig, was the best dish I tasted. measure to divide the country into dis. Yet it moved even my pity, to see a tricts, each of which is to return a poor friend of the family to whom the member: such an alteration would, in good dishes were never offered : he fact, be a complete change in the form had not even the good bread which was of government, and, as such, it is the put to more favoured guests, and hapvery catastrophe which I am anxious pening by chance to taste his wine, I to avoid. When we are obliged to look found it execrable. The best part of out for a new Constitution, a more his dinner consisted of a kind of bad perfect one may, perhaps, be devised. crab. I wonder what should induce But, for one, I should wish to avoid him to come. The conversation cersuch a necessity, because, with all the tainly could offer no inducement; it burthens of unnecessary wars, I still was in the usual style of this great arisperceive more freedom, in combination tocracy, stately, correct, and dull. with justice and civilisation, in Eng. The dinner was as barren of ideas, as land, than I ever saw, heard, or read of it was . copious in dishes. At long in any other country.
pauses, and in short phrases, a few On the other hand, those who are so words were said upon these last; as, violently prejudiced against the very 66 This turbot is excellent." __ Very name of Reform, should consider how good indeed.”—“ The wild venison is many of the people are ready to serve very well drest.”—“ I think it is.”— under that banner; and they should Sometimes, too, a conversation of ten beware how they increase those num- minutes took place upon jewels, which bers, by protecting clear and convicted all the company understood; but the ahuses—Omnia dat qui justa negat. subjects which alone seemed to excite EXTRACTS FROM THE JOURNAL OF any interest, were wrestling and wine. THE WANDERING JEW.
I have acquired much information on How magnificent is the city of Rome. these two subjects, and an indigestion. I was present lately at an entertain- feared that it might be in danger. Upon ment which promised very different fare arriving there, we found that the fire from that which I have described above, had begun in the Circus, and, catching It was a supper given by Lucan to Quin. some shops, had already been carried a tilian, Statius, Juvenal, and other wits. great way by the wind. The narrow Lucan is very rich, and his supper was streets, and high houses, afford a great splendid; but for amusement, it af. advantage to the flames. It was curious forded little. Everyone seemed re- to see the people who came out of these solved not to speak unless he could filthy habitations; many of them seemed shine, and the conversation fell entirely not to have seen the light of day for into the hands of Paullinus, who, being year's ; their clothes grew as it were to a great talker, did nothing but enter their skin, and their limbs, unused to tain us with an account of his journey the weight of their bodies, scarcely to Baiæ, and the effects of the hot bath supported them; they turned their upon his own constitution. Telesinus, hollow eyes on every side, as if uncerwho sate next to me, said, in a low tain where they were and what had voice, “ If this man had travelled over happened to them: yet I observed that Asia and Africa, and was now relating when they recovered their senses, they very curious things which he had seen were much more anxious about their and heard, he would excite the envy rotten moveables, than the senators for and hatied of the greater part of the the safety of their tables of gold and company; but as he is a silly fellow, silver. But the very poor had a more and only talks nonsense, no one disputes pressing care. Multitudes were dewith him the place of orator of the prived on a sudden of their only means table.”
of subsistence; and some, despairing of Upon the whole, the day passed disa. succour, threw themselves again into greeably. Quintilian was out of hu- the flames from which they had been mour at being asked to meet Juvenal, rescued. The streets were filled with and Statius was evidently revolving in children crying for their parents, and his mind a comparison between the old men blind and helpless from age. splendour of Lucan's table, and the Most of these either mistaking the way empty honour which his public recita. by which they could escape, were sur. tions of the Thebaid produce. I asked rounded and devoured by the flames, or each of the guests separately, his opi. overthrown and trampled upon by a pion of the Pharsalia, which seems to mob of ruffians, who were searching me to contain more fine passages and for plunder. An old woman of some energetic thoughts, than any work of fortune, was entirely deserted by her the day: such as the comparison be- slaves in the beginning of the tumult: tween Cæsar and Pompey; the passage she loaded herself with gold, and had of the soul of Pompey into those of Bru. already passed the fire, when she was tus and Cato, &c. &c.
knocked down by some of a gang of No one, however, was of my opinion. plunderers. I saw one of them, after One said that Lucan was a very worthy she had been stripped, throw her back man, but knew nothing of poetry; into the flames. In another part, a another, that his taste was execrable; slave devoted his life to save the child a third, that all that was good in him of his master; he threw him into his was in the first half of the first book; mother's arms, and, overcome with and a fourth whispered in my ear, that the torture of his wound, ran himself the story had been much better versi. upon a sword. No aid was brought to fied by a friend of his, whose poem had quench the flames. The soldiers of the not been fairly read through by any one city guard ran about disguised with the of his readers, but himself.
mob, and partook of the spoils. At Kal. Sextiles.-A fire has broken out intervals these wretches gave a shout, which threatens to destroy this im- as it were, of encouragement, which mense town. I was paying my respects formed a contrast with the cries of to Flavius Sabinus, who was taking women and children. When the fire his exercise in a carriage under a co- reached a great palace, the clamour vered portico, when an account was was redoubled, and some of the most brought us, of a violent fire that was unpopular patricians, so far from getconsuming some houses on the Cælian ting aid against the fire, had the misery hill. He immediately threw himself of seeing lighted torches thrown into from his carriage, and we both ran to their houses. They themselves fled in the spot; for, as his house is at the different directions out of the town. back of the Cælian, he reasonably Yet, in the midst of all the clamour, as I was passing through a quarter of ruins. Nero has shown no small de. the town remote from the fire, I saw gree of judgment in his directions for the people lying in the sun, and eating rebuilding the town. Each house is their fried fish as if nothing had hap- separate and independent, forming what pened ;—perhaps, to-morrow the same is called an island. For every house calamity will reach their own dwellings. built within a certain time, of a kind
Upon the whole, it was the most of stone which is not affected by fire, amusing day I have passed in Rome. like the common tufo, the Emperor
15. Idus. Nero came in from An- grants a premium. He also engages to tium just as his own palace was taking build the porticoes in front of every fire; he has ordered his gardens to be house, from his own funds : add to this, thrown open to the people, and tem that the streets are broad, that each porary buildings to be erected. He house has a yard, and that water is has even sent for furniture from Os. brought to fixed places for the convetia, and lowered the price of bread nience of extinguishing fires. to a mere trifle: yet an absurd ru- So much for the public; but Nero has mour has spread amongst the people, not been less careful for, or less generous that he played the 6 Fire of Troy,' to himself. He has built an immense whilst his own town was meeting the palace, which contains every luxury same fate.
that a fertile imagination could suggest 23. It is now said that Nero set fire to a sensual disposition. Gold, and sil. to the city himself; he has taken a ver, and ivory, are the common mate. prompt and decisive resolution. 6 It rials of the furniture. The columns of is necessary;" he said to his freedman, marble froin Alexandria, are, through a u to dispel this rumour, and convince wantonness of decoration, incrusted with the people that I am ready to punish. marble from Numidia. The ceilings of The idle opinion they have taken up, the supper-rooms change with every must be refuted by a great and public service, now exhibiting a face of glass, measure. Let the Christians be con-' and now of painting. But one is still demned and put to death immedi- more surprised on going into the garden. ately.”
Three of the seven hiijs of Rome are · 24. The order of the Emperor has devoted to this purpose. Here the trees been fully executed; I went to-day to are so planted as to form in a short time glad my eyes with the sight. It was an impenetrable shade; there the ground diverting to see some of the victims is left open, and leaves a long prospect shut up in the skins of wild beasts, of lakes, meadows, and temples, In some pursued by dogs, and torn to pieces; parts are confined the beasts of the three others were crucified, and I told them, quarters of the globe; in others the vaas they groaned with pain, that they rious plumage of a thousand birds de. ought to be satisfied, since they were light and dazzle the eyes. The magni. treated in the same manner as their ficence of the baths is indescribable. God. As the night approached, fires Even those in the city, built for the use were kindled, and a number of them of the people, are adorned with silver thrown into the flames. The people do spouts, and enjoy the convenience of a not consider them as guilty, and they grove, and a circus. I saw a common are looked on with compassion; but as fellow, who had probably been active it was a dark night, and the fires were in the fire, lounge out of the bath with very splendid, a great multitude at- this exclamation : “ Some praise Romu. tended the spectacle. I alone beheld lus, for building the city; and some their sufferings with real delight. I praise Augustus for beautifying it; but did not lose one of their cries, nor pass í say long live Nero for burning it.” unobserved one of their contorsions ;
HAPPINESS. and when their bones were consumed, As a spectator of life, I am often led to I scattered them in the air, that none ob érve what makes men happy, whilst might preserve their remains. Nero they who are playing the game, seemi was there, and mixed in the crowd in scarcely ever to reflect on the causes of the disguise of a coachman.
their pleasures and pains. It is astonishing to see the rapid and It appears to me, that if men were to magnificent creation of the new city. consult rationally, their own interests, Of the fourteen quarters into which old their pursuits would always tend to Rome was divided, three were burnt to something positive and fixed. For l the ground, and seven raore reduced to have observed, that those who follow Mon. Mag. No. 342.
4 Q diligently
diligently a trade or a science, the re. was indebied for an independant forsults of which can be weighed and tune, was not the same Publius to wbom measured, are generally men of cheer- he owed his life and education, but ful disposition and unreserved conversa- some remote ancestory, of whose history tion; whilst those whose hearts are he knew Dothing. Not only did he fixed upon the esteem of society, or show a want of gratitude and right feelpublic reputation, are, for the most ing by this behavour, but exposed himpart, infected with gloom in their soli. self to general ridicule: it is become a tude, and jealousy in their commerce matter of diversion for all the idle på. with the world. An instance of this has tricians, to remark the efforts he makes occurred in my own street:- Publius to push himself into their society. In Virginius kept one of the smallest wipe- the forum, he is always squeezing up to shops in Rome, and was long in a state a judge, and whispering in his ear some of great poverty: to make matters worse, trifling piece of news. He returns to as his neighbours thought, he had mar. his house with a greater number of Tied early in life; but this circumstance, clients, and is more generous in the though it narrowed his means, quicken- distribution of the sportula, than any ed his industry. By great care and one. His suppers are the most sumpfrugality he accumulated a small sum of tuous in Rome, and are attended by money, with which he bought a larger persons of the greatest eminence, both shop, and laid in a stock of better wine. for rank and talent. Yet he is never His house acquired great custom, partly satisfied with his situation. If he can from the merit of the owner, but more find nobody to play at the palla with from the superior excellence of his com- him, he thinks it is because he is the modity. Step by step he bought a vin son of a victualler. If Petronius Arbiter yard, a villa, and finally, a palace in gives a supper to which he is not invited Rome. This man was never seen to be he thinks he is losing ground in the out of spirits ; in the worst days of his world. If Gordian has theatricals at poverty he always said he knew what his vilia, and he is not one of the comhis best efforts could do, and was will. pany, he supposes that there is an inner ing and able to do it; nor did he ever circle of patrician society, infinitely more sink under the event of untoward for- select, more refined, and more agreea. tune: he reckoned, justly, perhaps, that ble than that in which he moves, from prudence must in time gain the victory which he shall always be excluded. over chance.
Hence his life is a series of little vexaHis son Quintus is a very different tions, and useless miseries : his invenman. Inheriting from his father a large tion is always on the rack to find a moproperty, he endeavoured, as much as tive for discontent, and the slightest possible, to forget the obligation. He word of raillery is sufficient to poison would fain have had it believed, that the purest of his joys, ard outweigh a the person to whose skill and talents he solid year of ostentatious parade.
END OF THE FORTY-XIXTH VOLUME,
The Binder is requested to place the Plate of
FIRST SIX MONTHS OF 1820.
ABEL, death of ............ 130 | Banks, Sir Joseph, his death .... 576
Beattie, Dr. and Mr. Pratt ...... 38
Berri, Duc de, some account of .... 475
- , assassinated by Louvel ... 178
Bhadripath, the temple of ........ 610
, its numerous visitants .. 611
325, 421, 527
Congress at, to the Colonists of South Bischur, the rajahship, or province
433 its natural productions, and manu-
Blair, Hugh, Dr. account of, by him-
Blane, Sir Gilbert, on vaccination .. 541
Duchess of, forced to quit Blucher, Marshal, his movements, &c.
........ ib. decisive of the victory of Waterloo 630
by the English ................ 637 ment respecting Holland ...... 64
- entering Lyons and Paris ib.
takes the field ....... 621
- address to his soldiers.... ib.
- brief statement of his at-
-- his progress after the battle
-- sample of his activity .... 638
tioned .................... 622 of his corps
his engagement with Count de
............ 375 Bonne, University at ........
licy, &c. ................ 108
, religion, manners, &c. of the