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composed part of a structure. The accounts, noticed in former Numbers of bricks with juscriptions upon them are this Magazine. most generally found here by the Arabs, Proceeding about half a mile further who are constantly employed in digging up the castern bank of the Euphrates, for them to build the houses at Hillah. what has been supposed to be Belus's

Near this mound is another, not so Tower presents itself, about a quarter of high, but rather more extensive, divided a mile removed from the edge of the completely from the former by a space river. It is described by Herodotus, as of one hundred and twenty paces, and understood by Major Rennell, as a having no kind of building standing on tower of five bondred feet in the base, it except a small conical one resembling and as many in height. These dimenZobeide's tomb at Bagdad, and of the sions, however, appear so disproportionsanie workmanship. Bricks, however, ate, that Major Rennell, though he does arc dug out of this place in great quanti- nor absolutely deny the fact, yet hesities for buildings; but, I understand, none tates in admitting it: he gives an exwith impressions of characters on them. cellent comparative plan of it and the

Between these two mounds and the great pyramid at Memphis. Eupbrates, there are no others of any Major Rennel says, that Herodotus description ; a fact of which I am en- must have meant to write “breadth tirely satisfied, from the result of my in- and length,” and not “breadth and quiries, as also from the particular at- height;" in which casche coincides tention with which I observed the face with Strabo : leaving us to imagine it a of the country while passing over it, pyramid consisting of eight stories, in and during the time I was on the top of which form and height it resembles the the mound. About a mile and a half great pyramid at Memphis, except being from Hillah, on the eastern side of the about twenty feet higher. In AlexEupbrates, is a mound of some length, ander's time, the Greeks, who mention close along the bank of the river, but this sepulchre, had also seen the pyrapossessing no particular feature to ren. mids of Egypt, but no comparisons are der it remarkable. About two miles drawn by them of either their bulk or further on, in an easterly direction, is height. Strabo asserts, that the sides of another, more extensive, from which fur- Belus's temple were of burnt bricks. nace-baked bricks are procured in large Della Valle, in his Travels in 1616, quantities for modern houses, but none describes this mound, or Belus's tower, of the sun-burnt kind, or any with in. as a heterogeneous mass, of which he scriptions. At one part of it I saw a could determine nothing as to its ori. wall of red brick, even with the surface ginal state, and that it measured 1134 of the earth, and reaching to the depth paces, or 2700 feet in circumference: of thirty feet in the mound, the surround- be however does not mention what ing rubbish having been excavated for shape it had. I must acknowledge that, the purpose of getting at it; at another, on reaching it, I was agreeably surprised not far distant, I saw the remains of a in finding it possess a greater regularity house, which must have been of exten- of form than I had been led to suppose : sive dimensions ; some of its walls were it was almost a perfect square, restill in great preservation ten feet above taining its faces (excepting the south the surface of the ground, and at other one) quite regular and perceptible. Its sides of it their foundation had not been circuit (ten feet within the outer edge of reached at the depth of forty-five feet. the rubbish) was nine hundred paces, These walls were six feet eight inches or, at two feet and a half per pace, 2250 thick, and built entirely of the finest feet. I then paced the east and south kind of furnace-baked yellowish bricks, faces at the top, and found the former and a very thin lime and sand cement. one hundred and eights, and the latter ?'here was not the most distant reason to one hundred and ninety, paces.* The imagine that reeds and bitumen had south-west angle was by much the lofbeen used in the coustruction of any of tiest part of the whole. Major Rennell's the buildings in any part of this mound modern authorities omit mentioning of

Our author now proceeds to describe what kind of materials they found the the scite and appearance of the famous mound composed; but it appeared clcar, Tower of Belus, with his judicious re- that the outer face or coating had been marks on the extent and dimensions of formed of red furnace-baked bricks, cethese venerable remains of antiquity,

mented oompared with former histories and later Medium 660 feet each face.

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mented with lime and sand; and the apprehension of any mischief, nor was I
interior mass of suu-burnt opes, with pushed for timo, being perfectly at my
layers of reeds and bitumen for their ease, and having full leisure to examine
adhesion at every course. What I the whole of it, which I did with great
form this opinion from is, that the foot attention ; and, on reading Major Ren-
of each of the faces is strewed with great nell's remarks on this part of his account,
quantities of the red bricks, and that, while seated on the top of the tower, I sur-
on ascending to the top of the mound, veyed the whole country in the vicinity,
and throughout the whole body of it, but could not perceive even a single hil-
nothing but the clay sun-burnt brick is lock, or the least vestige of a mound,
to be found. The bricks of this place except the one described just before, at
are much larger, coarser, and thieker, the distance of about a half a mile, and
than the others that I had seen; they the double banks of a deep water-course,
have no inscriptions on them, and, on perpendicular to the bank of the river,
account of their softness, are not in much and running parallel to the south-west
request amongst the Arabs for building. face of the square. The height of the
I found the sides exactly in the same tower, if we may judge from the view of
state as thcy are described by the older objects in the surrounding country, ap-
fravellers, who saw them many years pears very great, as a man or horse seen
since, very steep and rugged in some from its summit is considerably dimi.
parts, and moderately sloping in others, nished in appearance. This is the only
with deep ravines, evidently formed by place at which I found reeds and bitu.
currents of rain ; but could not discover men used as a cement, (except at Aggur-
any caverns in any part of this mound, keef, near Bagdad,) where it is seen at
notwithstandiug a diligent search ; nor the sixth, seventh, and eighth, layer of
do I agree with Della Valle, that there bricks, but here at every course, without
are a number of smaller mounds of fifty the least variation. Beauchamp, who
and sixty paccs long surrounding this seems to have visited these ruins with
mass. When I thus deny the assertion greater security and frequency than any
of Della Valle, it may be expected that preceding or subsequent traveller, is in
I should afford some probable evidence consequence more full, and, in my
of my own observation being correct. opinion, more correct, than Della Valle :
All travellers who had ever visited he, however, men tions some things,
this place, M. Beauchamp excepted, ac. which I was unable, after a diligent
knowledge they were obliged to do it in search, to verify; but he does not give
a very hurricd manner, from shortness of the statement as the result of personal
time and a fear of the Arabs. On the inspection, but as information received
contrary, I was not under the slightest from the natives.

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VARIETIES, LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL.

Including Notices of Works in Hand, Domestic and Foreigů.

A VERY extraordinary work, at least the reign of Ete-Er-Ial, they have been A one of very imposing pretensions, compiled by every Ard-Olam of Ulla'd, is announced for early publication, by the and publicly submitted to the kings, celebrated ROGER O'CONNOR, a gentle princes, nobles, and chiefs, of the Olam, man of distinguished patriotism and une or heads of the people, assembled on questionable probity, and a descendant the Mount of Ulla'd once every third of the ancient kings. It consists of a year, to transact the business of the History of Ireland, under the title of kingdom. It is therefore asserted that, the Chronicles of Ulla'l, commencing in these chronicles, is to be found the from the earliest point of time which is authentic history of Ireland, from the recorded by the invention of letters, year 1006 before the Christian era, to with a traditionary portion, which was the the birth of Christ; and that the writings work of Eolus Prince of The Gael of hitherto imposed on the world as bisa Sciot of Ib-er, who ruled in Gael-agtories of Ireland, are compilations from 1400 years before Christ. It is asserted the rhapsodies of bards, full of anachroin the Prospectus, that, from the time of nisms and misrepresentations of facts, Éolus, the chronicles were writien by the contemptible poetry of history, pieced the Ard-Olam of the Irish nation, till the together by ignorant men.. These chrodays of Ete-Er-Ial, chief king in Er-i, nicles (says the editor) describe the mode 678 years before Christ; and that, from of keeping time by our forefathers, and

their their luni-solar system. They correct month, entitled “ Documents Historiques errors respecting the language and relia et Reflections sur le Goudernement de la gion of the Irish, and clearly show the Hollande, par Louis BONAPARTE, Exformer to be Picnician, the latter not Roi de Hollande." It contains every Druidic. They correspond exactly with event relating to the political or financial the traditions of the Hebrews, concerne situation of Holland, froin the coming the overthrow of the Scythian domi- mencement of the reign of Louis, until nion in Asia, and the establishinent of the close of his government. Sketches Eis-vir (the Assyrian) on their ruin; of the invasion of Italy and expedition and they record the building of Babylon in Egypt, in both of which the author and Nineveh. They represent Noe, was present. Relations of most of the Japheth, and Gog, in new characters, important events in Spain; and his relu. and explain the passage of Genesis, sal of the crown of that kingdom, on the which says, “ That the beginning of his renunciation of Charles IV. to Ferdikingdom was Babel, &c. in the land of nand his son, and the forınal cession of Shenar: out of that land went forih Asher, the latter to Napoleon. Copies of the and builded Nineveh." The chronicles letters of Charles and Ferdinand, restrip the events of the Sgurative dress in lating to the conspiracy of the latter which the Hebrews have decked them, against his father. The hitherto secret whilst they give the true original names motives of the marriage of the author of the Ganges, Tygris, Euphrates, Euxe with the daughter of the Empress Joseine, Caspian, Caucasus, Armenia, Cole phine, and their subsequent mutual chis, Iberia, Albania, Phænicia, Egypt, agreement to a separation. The events and Spain ; and of all places in Galicia. which occurred on the separation of the They also describe tbe commerce of the Emperor Napoleon and the Empress Phænicians with the southern parts of Josephine. Numerous characteristic · Britain, and mark the period when the and highly-interesting letters from Na. isles of Scilly were separated from the poleon to the author, exposing his views, main-land. They confirm the accuracy situation, and purposes; and a variety of of the traditions of the Hebrews, as to anecdotes of the author, of Napoleon, the colonization of the isles of the Gen- and of his family. Although this work tiles by the posterity of Japheth; and contains many events already known to. they set at rest other important and cu. the public in a general way, yet, coming rious inatters, too numerous for brief an. from the band of one who had an imme. ticipation. The editor states that he diate share in all that occurred, joined to relies with confidence on the fidelity of his universally acknowledged probity and his materials; and, deeming them au. good faith, form together a justifiable thentic records, he has not stepped out motive for giving it the preference over of his way into the paths of controversy; many other modern publications; and it but that, when this curious piece of anti- is assuredly next in point of interest to quity is attacked, he will not decline the the great work from the pen of Napoleon combat with all who are inclined to enter himself. the lists of literary warfare. The work will The Fudge Family in Italy, is an. be illustrated by maps, and other en. nounced; by the author of the Fudge gravings.

Family in Paris. Among the literary prodigies of the The Monastery, a romance, is ano age, may be accounted the appearance of nounced, by the prolific author of Wavera book of the anxiously-expected Hise ley, &c. in three volumes. We begin torical Memoirs of the Einperor Na to suspect some new application of the poleon, by Himself. The French edition powers of the steam-engine in this manu. was published in London a few days factory of Scottish novels. These form since; and a translation into English, by ten or twelve volumes within the year; Mr. O'Meara, will appear in the ensue and the previous year was not less prc. ing week. Several frauds, in the name ductive. of this great man, render the public suse A Journal of a Tour through part of picious of the authenticity of whatever the snowy range of the Himala mouna assumes his abused name; but of the tains, and to the sources of the rivers good faith of the publishers of this vo. Jumna and Ganges, in 1815, by J. B. Jume there can, we hope, be no question. FRASER, esq. is printing, royal octavo,

A manuscript of reputed authenticity Twenty Views in the Himala Mounhas reached this country, and will be pub. tains, illustrative of the foregoing TraJished, in English and in the original vels, engraved from the original drawings French, in the course of the ensuing made on the spot, by James BAILLE

FRASER,

Fraser, esq. are also preparing, in ele- delivered to Messrs. Ross Donelly phant folio.

Mangles, David Anderson Blane, EdA very curious and useful work, giving ward Bradford, Jolin Goldingham, Gevo an account of between 2 and 3000 PUBLIC Williain Bacon, Evelyn Meadows Gore MEN of all countries, living in 1820, is don, Alfred Wilhan Begbie, Robert printing with all expedition, and will Keith Arbuthnot, John Venn, George appear as a match-book to Debreti's Udney, Robert Norh Collie Hamilton, Peerage, early in March.

Edward Vernon Schalch, Joseph AlexMemoirs of the late R. L. Edgeworth, ander Dorin, Kicliard Paternoster, Ede esq. partly written by himself, and cüne ward Peploe Smitli, Henry Lushington, tinued by his daughter, Miss EDGE- George Francis Brown, Augustus Prin. WORTE, are announced, in two volumes sep, Samuel George Palmer, William octavo.

Henry Babington, and Francis Franco, · Tales of the Heart, are printing, from The following courses of Lectures will the ingenious pen of Mrs. OPIE, in be delivered at the Surrey Institution, viz. three volumes.

1. On the Elements of Civil ArchitecMemoirs of Dr. Walton, Bishop of ture, by JAMES Elmes, e q. architect; to Chester, and editor of the London Biblia

Biblia commence on Tuesday, February 8, and

to be continued on each succeeding TuesPolyglotta, with important notices of his

day evening. coadjutors in that illustrious work, are in

2. On Music, by WILLIAM Cuotch, preparation ; by the Rev. H. J. TODD.

· Mus. Doc. professor of music. To comThe next Number of the Journal of

mence on Friday, February 11, and to be New Voyages and Travels will consist

continued on each succeeding Friday of Travels in Lower Canada, in 1817, evening. by J. SANSOME, Esq. of New York, . Oin the first of March will be com

A Tale of Paraguay, is announced, by menced the publication of a series of ROBERT SOUTHEY, esq.

subjects descriptive of the character of · Ao Historical and Statistical Account the noble river Meuse; which, indeof the Principalities of Wallachia and pendent of the interest excited by its Moldavia, including various political own peculiar grandeur of character, will observations relating to them, is pren derive an additional claim to attention, paring, by William WILKINSON, e q. from the circumstance that it has never late consul to the above-mentioned prin before been the object of any graphic cipalities.

publication. The first part will be comMemoirs of the Life and Writings of pleted in eight Numbers, containing Louis de Camoens; by John ADAMSON, each six plaies, the size ani manner of esq. will soon appear, in two volumes, the Liber Veritutis ; engraved by S. W. with nine engravings.

Reynolds, fruin drawings made on the The Poetical Works of Mr. James spot by G. ARNALD, A.R.A. The MONTGOMERY, are printing uniformly, naine of the draughtsınan is a guarantee in three volumes, foolscap octavo, for the superior character of the work. · The Unknown Director, is preparing Dr. Baron will shortly publish, Illusfor the press, by Sarai Renou.

trations of some parts of bis Enquiry · Mr. Leigu Hunt, author of Rimini, is respecting the Origin of Tubercles and about to publish a translation of Ainyntas, Tumors. The work will be printed in from the Italian of Torquato Tasso ; qiiarto, and contain engravings, several with an Essay on the pastoral poetry of of which will be accurately coloured,

showing, in a particular manner, the On the 3d of Dec, a deputation of the progress of tubercles in the lungs, the Court of Directors of the E.1.C. proceede liver, and the serous membranes. od to the college at Haileybury, for the Dr. PROUT intends to publish shortly, purpose of receiving the report of the re. an Inquiry into the Nature and Medical sult of the general examination of the Trealment of those Diseases connected students at ibe close of the term. The with a deranged Action of the Urinary students, as usual, read and translated Organs, especially Gravel aod Calculus. in the Sanscrit, Arabic, Persian, and The next volume of the Library of Hindustani languages. Specimens of New Novels, called the Circulating Persian and Deva Nagaree writings were Library, will appear on the 15th of exhibited. Mr. Ross DONELLY Man. March GLES read an English Essay, the subject, Mr. Cottle is about to pablish an "the Effects of the Discovery of the Expostulatory Epistle to Lord Byron, Cape of Good Hope." Prizes were then M emoirs of M. Obelin, Lutheran pas. MONTHLY MAG. No. 336.

tor

Italy.

tor of Walshback, are preparing, by the There were no traces of any inhabitants Rev. Marx WILKS.

on the coast. In March will be published, an Ada

GERMANY. dress to Parents and Guardians, collie M. PEUTSCHE has just published, at taining a Review of the Merits of Schools Weimar, an historical pamphlet relative and Academies for Youth of both Sexes to the Potatoe, including the particulars within one hundred miles of London, by of its introduction into Europe, a deWILLIAM PLAYFAIR and JAMES WEBB. scription of the plant, with all its varie.. It will be preceded by a short but veryties, accurate rules for selecting its proimportant treatise on Education; and a per soil and manure, the different modes caialogue of the best publications for of cultivating each species, the diseases the improvement of young minds in to which it is liable, and its varying pro. moral duties and useful knowledge. ducts. It contains also directions for

A small voluipe of Poems is in the turning it to the best account as an ani. press, to be entitled “ Sacred Lyrics ;" cle or domestic econoiny, for the use of bv JAMES EDMESTONE.

men or animals. In the work are a num-. The following reprints of original Ame.

ber of coloured plates, representing the rican works will appear early in Fe. plant in all its parts and varieties, with bruary :

tie instruments for pounding, minciog, 1. The Sketch Book, by GeoFFREY &c. M. Putsche has derived much of his CRAYON, gent, the first English edition,

inforigation from the Society of Agriculwith alterations and additions, by the Au.

ture of Paris, which distributes, annutbor, in one handsome volume 8vo.

ally, samples of the different varieties, 2. Giovanni Sbogarro, a Venetian Tale;

; and labours to propagate them through2 vols. 12mo. 3. A Voyage to South America, per

out the provinces of France. formed by order of the Government of the

M. ROSENMULLER, Professor of Orie United States, in the frigate Congress; by

ental Languages in the University of H. M. BRACKENRIDGE, esq. secretary to

Leipsic, published formerly an elementhe inission; in two volumes, octavo. tary work for facilitating the study of the

An Account of the Introduction of Arabic. It has been held in high estiChristianity into this Island, and the mation, and is now succeeded by a very Welsh Nonconformist Memorial; with complete Grammar, which unfolds the a brief account of the original state of rules of syntax, with a perspicuity and the Sacred Writings; by the late Rev. precision that fully correspond with the. WILLIAM RICHARDS, LL.D. is preparing. wishes of the student.

An Enquiry into certain Errors re- The Journal General of Music, which specting Insanity, by Dr. Burrows, appears in weekly numbers at Leipsic, will appear this month.

severely criticizes the Royal Academy of A third edition is in the press, of Dr. Music, or the Grand Opera, as the Pari. MERRIMAN's Synopsis of the various sians in general style it. It denounces: kinds of difficult Parturition ; with ad. the pompous title which the French give ditions, and an Appendix of illustrative it of being the first theatre in Europe. cases, plates, &c.

The singing is considered as a sort of Iu February will be published, Re. scream, wherein too much effort is extrospection, a rural poem, by THOMAS pended, to render the words distinct. To. WHITBY, author of the Priory of Birke the orchestra it attributes great ipechanienhead.

cal precision, but its strains are inanimate, Sunday-school Sketches of the benign and without power to charm the ear. All Operation of those Institutions, are the actors are condemned for making too printing.

much noise for a delicate ear; and it im. A "second volume of CLARK's pugns Madame Catalaní singing conAbridgment of Popular Voyages and certos for the violin, and allows her one Travels, forming the Tour of Asia, is in qualified applause in German airs only.. forwardness.

We learn, from this Journal, that a ConA Collection of Fables for Children, servatory of Music has been founded in on the most familiar subjects; by M. Volhynia, for the purposes of instrucsion JAUFFRET, will be published in February, in singing, in composition, and of play

Recent letters from Sydney, New ing on ditferent instruments, by a society. South Wales, announce the discovery, by of 500 gentlemen. Captain Hammond, of a small island The latest census in the kingdom of which he could not land on, for the Bavaria enumerates' 2512 Carholic pa- . breakers, in lat. 38° 37' S, and 127° lon. rishes, 1036. Protestant do. and 789,119

families ;

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