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As a public speaker, Mr. Grattan of adequate importance and merit, he thought ranked in the highest class. In his that there could be no reason to suspect the orations there is a grandeur which sincerity of any part of the house in giving marks a mind of superior order, and their concurrence to them; and he would enforces at once reverence and admira
add, that in speaking of pames so celebrated, tion. On every subject which he treats,
they must act under the peculiar disadvan
tage of speaking, as it might be said, in the he throws a radiance that enlightens
presence of posterity, which must review, without dazzling; and, while it assists
and might reverse, their decision. Having the judgment, delights the imagina stated these conditions, he had only to add tion. His style is always peculiar, for the name of Grattan, and the house must be it varies its character with the occa convinced that he was justified in this view sion. At one time close and energetic, of the subject. The first of those peculiar it concentrates the force of his argu claims, in the present instance, was to be ment and compels conviction; at ano traced in the most memorable occasion of ther, diffuse, lofty, and magnificent, it
Mr. Grattan's life. As far as he knew, Mr. applies itself to every faculty of the
Grattan was the only man of this age who
had received a parliamentary reward for mind, charms our fancy, influences our
services rendered in parliament, although be will, and convinces our understanding.
was then only a private gentleman, without At all times his manner was animated
civil or military honours. He was the only with a pleasing warmth, which rendered person to whom such a recompense had been it impossible to hear him without inte- voted under such honourable circumstances, rest; but on some occasions he exerted It was now nearly 40 years since the Coma power which was irresistible. Pros mons of Ireland voted an estate for him and titution, under his influence, forgot for for his family ; not indeed as a recompense, a moment the voice of the minister; because it was wholly impossible to recomand place, pension, and peerage, had
pense such services; but, as the vote itself
expressed it, “as a testimony of the national but a feeble hold even of the most de
gratitude for great national services.” These generate.
were the words of the grant. He need not Mr. Grattan died on the 4th of June, in
remind the house what those services were, London, where he had arrived to attend his
or what were the peculiar terms in which parliamentary duties. On the 14th of June,
they were acknowledged: the only thing according to the practice of the House of
necessary to be said was this that he was Commons, Sir James Macintosh rose to move, the founder of the liberties of his country. that the Speaker should issue a new writ for
(Loud cheers.) He found that country a dethe election of a citizen to serve in parlia- pendent province upon England, and he made ment for the city of Dublin, in the room of the
her a friend and an equal; he gave to her late Right Hon. H. Grattan deceased. In the her native liberties, and he called to the enabsence of an hon. friend who found it, from
n joyment of their freedom a brave and genesome circumstances, impossible to attend, he
rous people. So far as he knew, this was was induced to trouble the house with a few the only man recorded in history who had words, upon this melancholy occasion. He liberated his country from the domination of could assure the house, with the utmost
a foreign power, not by arms and blood, but truth, that his accession to that duty had not
by his wisdom and eloquence. It was his proceeded from any want of a consciousness
peculiar felicity that he enjoyed as much of his own inability to do justice to that im
consideration in that country whose power mortal memory which he so highly honoured.
over his own he had done his utmost to deIt had been the custom to limit addresses
crease, as he enjoyed in that for which he delivered upon occasions similar to the pre- had achieved that important liberation. But sent, to cases of death occurring under pecu- there were still more peculiar features in liar circumstances, or in the public service. the general character and respect which he Excepting in cases of considerable merit,
eri!, was so fortunate as to maintain in both king. that limit had not been exceeded; and in this doms. It must be admitted that no great particular, he thought parliament had acted
political services could be rendered to manrightly. The honourable and learned gen- kind without incurring a variety of opinions, tleman, after adverting to the nature and and of honourable political enmities. It character of those cases, went on to observe,
was then to be considered as the peculiar that it was hardly justifiable to address the felicity of the man whose loss they deplored, bouse in that manner upon any case which that he survived them for a period of 46 did not possess, besides a character of tran
years : he survived till the mellowness of scendent merit, some particular and indivi
time, and the matured experience of age, dual claims upon parliamentary considera had subdued every feeling of hostility, and tion. While it was reasonably to be ex- had softened down every political enmity. pected that, if these proceedings were pre
If it were possible that in that divided asfaced in the manner in which he could wish
sembly any honour could now be paid to to preface his present address, they should be this exalted individual equal to that which
he had enjoyed in life, it would be clearly country at a time when the tuste of that that which should be an unanimous recogni- house had been rendered justly severe by its tion of his meritorious character. He did daily habit of hearing speakers such as the not anticipate any difference of opinion as world had never before witnessed. He bad to the propriety of their bestowing this mark therefore to incur great names on the one of their respect for the memory of a great hand, and unwarrantable expectations on the and good man; only it would be well that other. These were his difficulties, and he the decision of posterity should confirm it. overcame them all. He surpassed his friends' He need not remind the house, that the name expectations, and he made otbers bend to the of Gratian would occupy a great space on superiority of his genius, who had, perhaps, the page of bistory; for it would be con- formed a very different estimation of his nected with the greatest events of the last powers. (The hon. and learned gentleman century. Fertile as the British empire had here remarked, that he had felt himself been in great men during our days (as fertile called upon to allege these peculiarities of as it had been in any former period of our character and qualification in order to justify history,) Ireland bad undoubtedly contri. his address to the house-in order to show buted her full share of them. (Cheers.) But that the present case was beyond the ordinone of these, none of her mighty names, nary rule, and could establish no dangerous not even those of Burke and Wellington, precedent.) This great man died in the atwere more certain of honourable fame, or tempt to discharge his parliamentary duties. would descend with more glory to future He did not, indeed, die in that house, but he ages, than that of Grattan, (Loud cheering.) died in his progress to the discharge of those He (Sir J. Macintosh) had not touched, duties. He expired in the public service, saneither did he intend to touch, upon any crificing his life with the same willingness question which might have a tendency to and cheerfulness with which he had ever deprovoke political discussion; he meant no voted his exertions to the same cause. It allusion which should apply to any opi- was not for him to define what those services nions entertained by hon. gentlemen; but he and exertions were. He called on no man to might be allowed to observe, that those opi. remodel or to alter his former opinions relanions of his great public services, which had tive to that great measure which Mr. Grattan obtained for Mr. Grattan the gratitude of his was about once more to propose to them ; country in the year 1782, were totally dis- but he would only mention, that Mr. Grattan tinct from those which might be formed considered it in the same light as he had alupon other subsequent acts of his, and parti- ways done. Mr. Grattan risked his life to cularly as regarded the Union; for, what come into that house for the purpose of so ever those latter opinions might be, this at proposing it; because he believed that it least was certain—that no safe and lasting would be the means of healing the long-bleedunion could be formed between the two coun- ing wounds of his suffering country; of tries, till they met upon equal terms, and as establishing peace and harmony in a kingdom independent nations. What Mr. Grattan said, whose independence he had himself achieved; therefore, of the Union (which he trusted of transmitting to posterity, with the records might be lasting to eternity) was this--that, of her political, the history of her religious instead of receiving laws from England, the liberation; of vindicating the honour of the Irish members in this country would now Protestant religion; of wiping from it the take tueir full share and equal participation last stain that dimmed its purity, and of supof the duties of legislation, and of the con- porting the cause of religious liberty, whose duct of the affairs of both kingdoms. It re- spirit went forth in emancipated strength at sulted, therefore, that the reward which Mr. the Revolution, although its principle was Grattan had formerly received was equally long unknown to the reformers themselves. good and merited ; and that he was still There was one important circumstance in equally entitled to the approbation of his the case of Mr. Grattan which was well en. countrymen. If he might be permitted to titled to observation : his was a case without mention the circumstance, he would observe, alloy ; it was an unmixed example for the that there was one strong peculiarity in Mr. admiration of that house. The purity of his Grattan's parliamentary history, which was, life was the brightness of his glory. He was perhaps, not true of any other man who ever one of the few private men whose private sat in that house. He was the sole person, virtues were followed by public fame; he in the history of modern oratory, of whom was one of the few public men whose private it could be said, that he had obtained the virtues were to be cited as examples to those first class of eloquence in two parliaments, who would follow in bis public steps. He differing from each other in their opinions, was as eminent in his observance of all the tastes, habits, and prejudices,-- as much, duties of private life as he was heroic in the possibly as any two assemblies of different discharge of his public ones. Among those men nations. He was professedly the first orator of genius whom he had had the happiness of of his own country (of which, he would say, knowing, he had always found a certain dethat wit and humour sprang up there more gree of simplicity accompanying the possesspontaneously than in any other soil,) who sion of that splendid endowment. But, had done so much under such disadvantages as among all the men of genius he had known, he had to combat. He had come over to this he had never found such native grandeur of
soul accompanying all the wisdom of age, The man who had so served her must ever be
“ Since their foundation, camne a nobler guest;
« Nor ever to the bowers of bliss conveyed free constitution; and (as most conducive to
“A purer spirit or a holier shade," effect both these objects) that the legislature The hon. and learned gentleman sat down might at length see the wisdom and propri amidst the unanimous cheers of the house. ety of adopting a measure which should Sir James Macintosh was followed • efface the last stain of religious intolerance in a simil.
in a similar strain of panegyric by Lord from our institutions. He trusted that he
Castlereagh, Mr. Grant, Mr. Wilbershould not be thought too fanciful if he ex
force, and others.
Mr. Grattan was publicly interred some tendency to vromote the great objects in Westminster Abbey, on the 16th of of his life, by showing to Ireland how much June, attended by a procession, rewe valued services rendered to her, even at markable for its numbers, rank, and the expence of our own prejudices and pride. intelligence.
PLATO'S AMERICA Or ATLANTIS. bridges, splendid edifices, gymnasia, DLATO, we believe, is the earliest hippodromes, aqueducts, reservoirs,
1 author who has given us the de- every thing, in a word, which indicates scription of a country, which might be the highest state of opulence, prospetaken for America. While yet a boy, rity, and civilization,-might be found he says, he was told by his grandfather, in the felicitous dominions of Atlas. that, after the gods had divided the The temple of Neptune alone was six universe, Neptune took to himself a hundred and twenty-five feet long, and mortal spouse; and, having several three hundred and sixty broad; with children, bestowed upon them their spires of silver, columns of gold, and rightful portions of his empire. To walls and pavements of brass. This Atlas, the eldest, he gave a vast island, vision was too bright to be permanent ; beyond the Pillars of Hercules ; which, and, that the end of the story might after him, was called Atlantis. Never, be consistent with the beginning, the perhaps, was a king blessed with so whole island of Atlantis is said to have rich and beautiful a country, or so been swallowed up, at last, by a voraprosperous and happy a people. The cious whirlpool. bowels of the earth teemed with the WELSH DISCOVERY OF AMERICA. precious metals; while the surface dis- The Welsh are the next claimants played every variety of nutricious and to the original discovery of America. . aromatic plant, root, fruit, and flower. In the year 1170, the sons of Owen The woods furnished a covert for all Gwyneth are said to have contested the descriptions of useful and comely succession to North Wales; the eldest beasts; and were replete with birds of being 66 counted unmeet to govern, beevery sort, whether distinguished by cause of the maim upon his face." the beauty of their plumage, or the Madoc, one of the brothers, seems to melody of their notes. Innumerable have thought, that his own prospect ships, capacious harbours, magnificent was hopeless, or that it was hardly
worth while to quarrel for so trifling a hundred and twenty-five thousand; stake; and he resolved to seek some which multiplyed by thirty, makes other region, where it would not be ne- Chirton, consisting of nine millions, cessary to establish his title by force, or seven hundred and twenty thousand. to maintain it by oppression. Sailing Which they multiply again by thirty ; westward, from the northernmost point the product whereof is Gistera, consistof Ireland, he came, at length, to a ing of two hundred and ninety-one country, where, though he 6 saw many million, and six hundred thousands. strange things,” he found no inhabit. The sum total of them all being, three ants, and where, of course, he might hundred and one million, six hundred rule without the fear of competition or fifty-five thousand, one hundred and dethronement. He returned to provide seventy-two, as appears in the subhimself with subjects; and setting sail joyned table: again, with a number of ships, is sup
12 Mazaloth. posed to bave planted a colony in the
360 EI. New World. This tale only exists in the traditional poetry of the Welsh;
360 10800 Legion. and, though it found converts during
324000 Rihaton. the last century, the expedition of Lewis and Clarke has dissipated the 10800 9720000 Chirton. fable of Welsh Indians up the Missouri.
291600000 Gistera. ANGELS. 'Tis certain, says Richard Blome, in 324000 301655172 Banns or Rehis system of Christian Philosophy,
30 giments of Angels in all. (folio 1694,) from Holy Writ, that there are vast multitudes of Angels, 9720000 which tho’ they be sometimes expressed
30 by a certain number, Dan. vii. 10. Thousands of thousands ministred unto him, 291600000 and ten thousand hundred thousands Whether the Talmudists have truly assisted him, Revel. v. 11. And the assign'd this number of the angels, number of them was, thousands of thou- cannot be decided by any evident reasands; yet they cannot be reduc'd to son. Wherefore we may conclude with any determinate number. For since St. Gregory on the 26th of Job, humane great or little are only comparative reason cannot assign the number of the terms, and no number can be called superiour spirits : because it doth not the greatest, but in comparison with a know the multitude of those invisible lesser ;, the multitudes of the Angels beings. And a little after, the number must be compared with some other of the spirits or citizens above can only multitude, that by the excess of becounted by God, but are innumerable, either we may find out which is the asto men. greater.
MANDEVILLE'S CURIOUS SPECULAThe Talmudists reduce the Angels
TION. to certain numbers, distributing them Sir John Mandeville, who wrote in into several companies or bodies, and the fourteenth century, has a still more assigning to every one of them a set extraordinary story, concerning an number (as it were) of inferiours, as early British adventurer. He is ensubjects or soldiers. For according to deavouring to prove, from his own exR. F. Georgi the Venetian, of the order perience, that the earth is round; and, of St. Francis, the Talmudists distri- since his speculations were published a bute the armies of the Angels into Ma. century before the voyages of Columzaloth, El, Legion, Rihaton, Chirton, bus, they must take from the latter the and Gistera. Mažaloth they say are praise of originality, in suggesting the twelve, according to the XÍI signs of existence of new continents, or the cir. the Zodiack. El are thirty bands or cumnavigability of the globe. As the regiments, for every one of those twelve; people to the north, he observes, guide and accordingly there are 360 bands themselves by the 66 lode sterre; so of Angels. Legion multiplies this num- those of the south are guided by a siber of 360 by 30; whence (doth arise milar star, called the “ antartyke." the number 10,800. And this number6 For whiche, cause, (he adds,) men they multiply again by thirty; which may wel perceyve, that the lond and makes up Rhihaton, consisting of three the see ben of rownde schapp and
forme. For the partie of the firma- habited by wicked people, and had tra“ ment schewethe in o contree, that versed a great lake, which was narrow scheweihe not in another contree. And shallow, and full of islands, where they men may well preven by experienee had suffered great hardships and much and sotyle compassement of wytt, that misery, it being always winter, with ice zif a man fond passages be schippes, that and deep snows. At a place they called woldegotoserchen theworlde, men might the Coppermine River, where they go be schippe all aboute the worlde, made the first land, the ground was and aboven and benethen." He then covered with copper, over which a body shows much 6 experience and sotyle of earth had since been collected to the compassement of wytt,” in proof of ihe depth of a man's height. They befact; and concludes, as he began, “ that lieve, also, that, in ancient times, their men may envirowne alle the erthe of ancestors had lived till their feet were alle the world, as well under as aboven, worn out with walking, and their and turn azen to his contree, that hadde throats with eating. They described a companye and schippynge and conduyt: deluge, when the waters spread over and all weyes he sholde fynde men, the whole earth, except the highest londes, and yles, als wel as in this mountain, on the top of which they contree."
were preserved." As an additional proof of his asser The natives of Cuba are said to have tion, he subjoins the story just alluded had a still more satisfactory account of to. “And therefore," he says, “ hath the flood. They told the Spaniards, it befallen many times of a thing, (we that an old man foresaw the intention drop the old orthography) that I have of God, to punish the world with a deheard counted, when I was young: how luge; and building a large canoe, he a worthy man departed some time from embarked with his family and a great our country, for to go to search the number of animals. As soon as the world. And so he passed India, and waters had subsided, he sent out a the islands beyond India, where there raven ; which found carrion, and did are more than five thousand islands : not return. A pigeon was then let and so long he went by sea and land, loose; and it soon re-appeared with a and so environed the world by many sprig of hoba. At last the ground beseasons, that he found an island, where came dry. The old man quitted his he heard his own language spoken, canoe; and making some wine of the calling on oxen in the plough, such wood-grape, drank till he was intoxiwords as men speak to beasts in his cated, and fell asleep. One of his sons own country; whereof he had great mocked him; but the other covered marvel ; for he knew not how it might his body; and, when he awoke, he be. But I say, that he had gone so blessed the one, and cursed the other. long, by land and by sea, that he was Had this account been more vague and coming again environing ; that is to general, we should have been very sussay, going about to his own marches, picious of its real existence; but, it is • zif he wold have passed forth, till he presuming much too far upon our crehad founden his contree and his own dulity and prepossession, when travelknowleche.'”
lers expect us to believe that the InINDIAN OPINIONS.
dians have preserved, by merely oral Indians, says EZEKIEL SANFORD, tradition, the particular details of an in his History of American Aborigines, event, of which we should know nolook upon white men with contempt. thing, had not the account been reThey think us a paltry race; and, vealed by the Divinity, and recorded sometimes through malice, but more by Moses. frequently from indifference, will make
APOLEUTHERUS. any answer, or tell any story, which A member of the Rev. T. Belsham's first enters their thoughts. A few lead. congregation in Essex-street, has writing questions, as they are called, will ten this book, and he dedicates it to commonly extract just what is wanted; the pastor with some gentle apologies and perhaps no person was ever disap- for dissenting from the dissenting pointed in finding, among the various church. It is written with the elegance tribes, some traditional corroboration of a gentleman, and the temper of a of a preconceived hypothesis. They pliilosopher; but it aims at proving amused one of our travellers, for in- that the doctrines of a supernatural stance, with the story, “ that they ori- origin of christianity is neither consoginally came from another country, in nant with reason, nor useful to virtue, MONTHLY MAG. No. 341.