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obtained by naval services. As the falsehood and calumny on which it was names of Hawke, Duncan, Rodney, originally established, is, in every sucHood, St. Vincent, Nelson, and many cessive number, affording the most surothers, are
prising examples of new modifications « Familiar in our mouths as household of these principles, and, by connecting words,"
them with matter of fact, forming a prejudice may exist against the Chart moral combinations much more singuwhich I am confident was never your lar than any of those physical effects intention to create: I therefore take which either chymist or alchymist has the liberty of transmitting you what is, yet been able to produce. I believe, a more correct summary of. The first article respects the Meits contents, and which, perhaps, you moirs of John Duke of Marlborough, will be good enough to insert in your by Archdeacon Coxe. We believe it is
THOR. unnecessary to tell our readers that
W The House of Lords is composed of the
Coxe is considered among the standard following classes, viz.
writers of English literature, that is to Peers of the Blood Royal... English lay Peers ............
say, his ponderous tomes stand immoveEnglish Bishops
able on the shelves of the libraries of ... Scotch representative Peers,
the opulent, for they relate to no subIrish ditto ........
ject in which the generality of the EngIrish representative Bishops.....
lish world now takes the smallest inte
rest. They are for the most part blocks Making a total of ......... 371
of historical matter, upon which future Deduct Peers who are Minors .... 11.
genius, taste, and eloquence, may exer- Roman Catholics 6 Representative Peers of Ireland, 2
cise their decorative faculties, No one who, since their election, have 3
ever thinks of calling in question any of been created English Peers - 20 this large author's statements; his inte
grity secures them from the suspicion of Present efficient force of the House.... 351 being garbled, and his total lack of
fancy is an assurance that facts are . Of the 332 lay Peers, 51 have become en- liable to no change of form or colour nobled as courtiers ; 13 as younger branches in passing through the clear vacuum of of pobility ; 23 as statesmen; 13 by naval his intellectual medium. As to what services; 24 by military ; 7 by diplomatic; 30 by legal; 32 by marriage; and 139 chiefly
the Quarterly Review says on the subon account of their wealth.
ject of his present work, we need only There are 54 bachelors, 41 widowers, and remark, that the Duke of Marlborough 237 married men: of the 278 married and having been a political apostate and a widowers, 60 are without children ; the re- great courtier, is of course applauded maining 218 have, among them, 1068. as a most admirable man. That he
The incomes of 14 of the Peers are sup- was an able general, and an acute posed to exceed 50,0001. per annum ; 13 are
001. per annum ; 13 are statesman, we freely acknowledge, hisconsidered liberal patrons of the arts and
tory, indeed, obliges us; but that either sciences; and 54 can trace their ancestry to
a great general, or an acute statesman, the conquest.
if we may judge by the specimens afThe most recent Peerage is that of Lord
forded in our own time, are men of an Colchester, the late Speaker of the Commons, created in 1817; and the most ancient, that
admirable description, we most posiof the Marquess of Lansdowne, whose an- tively deny. The Duke of Marlborough cestors, the Barons of Kerry, were first en was promoted through all the gradanobled in 1181.
tions of nobility to the dignity of an The youngest Peer is the Earl of Lindsay, Earl, without having performed any whose age is but 5 years; and the oldest the meritorious public service. He played Marquess of Drogheda, who, on the 29th of a traitor's part to the King to whom this month, will be 90.
he owed these favours, and that, in our For the Monthly Magazine. opinion, overbalances all the virtues THE PHILOSOPHY OF COTEM- which have ever been ascribed to him. PORARY CRITICISM.-No. IX. His military talents it would be idle
Quarterly Review, No. 45. and factious to call in question : they IT is not true that there is nothing were undoubtedly of the most splendid
I new under the sun, although the kind. wisest man has said so, for here is a The second article relates to Van quarterly book that, with the most Diemen's Land; and the writer having strict adherence to those principles of had official access to those sources of
information information which belong to the public. The Count is a Frenchman, and occabut which seem to be only published sionally finds fault with the impertifor the pecuniary advantage of the par. nence of English travellers : for these ties concerned in the Quarterly Review, offences the Reviewer has no mercy it contains some valuable introductory upon him, and spares neither truth nor matter relative to that colony. It ape falsehood in the flagellation, pears that
The fourth article respects divers “ Hobart Town, the capital, is extensive, publications concerning roads and highand the streets, eleven in number, are laid ways. The Edinburgh Review, some out with regularity and good taste. It stands time ago, gave us an article on the on the banks of a river, at the foot of a noble same subject: in the laudable spirit of mountain four thousand feet high, and to rivalry, the Quarterly now endeavours which the monumental name of Wellington to show how much more to the purhas been given. The houses are neatly con
pose it can hold forth on that beaten structed, white-washed, and glazed; and se
track. veral good public buildings are either completed or in progress-a large church of brick and
The fifth article is on the popular stone, a government-house, a county gaol,
topic of Parga.–Our readers will recolpublic offices, barracks, and an hospital.--Á lect that we insinuated that the Edinprinting-press has been established, and a burgh Reviewers, on the same question, Gazette is published weekly. The island were probably indebted to a foreigner appears to be fertile and picturesque, and for the substance of their partial artithe climate salubrious and delightful. The cle. The Quarterly has availed itself wheat of Van Diemen's Land averages 60 lbs. of the hint, and has stated the fact the bushel, and the general produce of an
much more broadly. The view and acre at present is thirty bushels. All the
statement which the Quarterly has given grain and pulse of Europe flourish there, but
of the Parga business, we are of opinion the climate is scarcely warm enough for maize. That destructive insect, the weasel,
is by far the more correct of the two; will not live in Van Diemen's Land. Nearly and in saying thus much of any poliall the fruits of Europe have been introduced tical topic from the hands of a Quarwith success. The grape, however, requires terly Reviewer, is more than, perhaps, a warm aspect, and the orange and lemon might be expected from us: we will will not ripen, except in very favourable si even add, that we are persuaded the whole tuations.
sentimental story is one of the vilest This island is not, as has been supposed,
pieces of trumpery that folly or facthe Botany Bay of Botany Bay; convicts
tion ever got up in the House of Comare transported for further offences from Port
mons. Jackson to a settlement called Newcastle,
We have always done justice to the on the coast of New South Wales, to the portbward of Port Jackson; and it is intended
merits of the Quarterly Review in clasto establish a new Botany Bay at the re- sical matters, that is, in those triflings cently discovered port of Macquarie, on the of knowledge to which the particular eastern coast of New Holland.-- Vap Die epithet of learning is applied, and men's Land has a lieutenant-governor and which are commonly the productions of judge-advocate of its own, commissioned by individuals slenderly endowed with any his Majesty ; but it has not yet obtained the practical faculty-fellows of colleges, benefit of a separate criminal jurisdiction, and other varieties of the ecclesiastical so that prisoners for trial, prosecutors, and
genus. Accordingly, in the present witnesses, are compelled to make the voyage to Port Jackson. The population, exclusive
number, the sixth article claims our of the civil officers and military, is 3557
approbation. It relates to the decline souls : the land in cultivatión 5.681 and corruptions of the Greek tongueacres ; horses, 264 ; horned cattle, 15,356; apparently one of the most uninterestsheep, 127,883. The trade of the island is ing topics of modern literature, but, as principally with India and the Isle of treated by Mr. Coray, highly curious France."
and illustrative of history. Coray is These particulars are interesting, and himself a Greek, and early distinguished although given on no better authority himself by his endeavours to revive the than the Quarterly Review, they may be ancient spirit of his country—and does considered as authentic.
the Quarterly Reviewer know this? The third article is one of these spe. The private life of Voltaire and Macial and peculiar papers for which the dam du Châtelet, is a rich subject for Quarterly Review is so notorious. It is the abusive powers of Mr. Gifford, and one continued tirade against Count de it forms the seventh article. We were, Forbin, for his Travels in the Levant. however, surprised to find that the
worthy gentleman speaks of Voltaire as well-dressed they are, and yet withal 66 a man of astonishing quickness, ex. how very unlike any thing in nature; tent, and versatility of talents; he had such, we think, are the pretty persona great deal of worldly sense and of li ages that figure in Mr. Milman's poetry, terary acuteness; and he would some- of which « The Fall of Jerusalem” is times be friendly and generous.”_ considered the finest specimen; and of Who could have expected that Mr. Gif- which the tenth article in the present ford would have said any thing like number is sufficiently laudatory; no this of Voltaire? Perhaps, however, doubt, because Mr. Murray, the pubthe sense of conscious guilt, in having lisher, is the proprietor thereof. Mr. poured into the English language the Milman is about the best academical contents of that cess-pool of Roman li- literatus of the present day in the versecentiousness—the satires of Juvenal, making line; and if words were sentioperated at the moment; and the con- ment, and verse poetry, he would rank trite “ nightman of literature,'' to use very high. But where there is a proan expression of Mr. Gifford's, endea. digious lack of common sense, absurvoured to be civil to Madame de Gra- dity cannot be far off. Mr. Milman, figny. We were surprised at an in- for example, has heard, perhaps read, stance of extreme ignorance in the Re- of the bright visions of hope, and the viewer in speaking of the wealth of reverend gentleman falls into the woeful Voltaire. He does not appear to have mistake of supposing that hope is a known that Voltaire was a great stock. substantial and palpable brightness. jobber (to use a familiar term). 6 The “ I have told thee,” says he, speaking chartered impudence” of Mr. Gifford, in the character of a crazy woman, however, in presuming to write about “ nightly do the visitations break on my things of which he knows so little is gifted sight," (the young woman had notorious.
got, we presume, the gift of a pair of The eighth article respects a volume green spectacles)—66 more golden bright of pretty descriptive poems, by John than the rich morn on Carmel.” 6 Of Clare, a Northamptonshire peasant; their shape, sister, I know not,” meanand for once the disadvantages of edu- ing the visitations, not the green speccation are treated with indulgence by tacles; mark that.-But whoever heard the high-bred Mr. Gifford. We had of the shape of visitations. Taylors supposed that the extraordinary acade- and mantua-makers do make visits; mical pampering which his own genius but every body knows they are the least received in his youth, had rendered agreeable of all their shapings at the him incapable of appreciating the merits West end of the town. But, says Mr. of talent struggling with indigence.- Milman, “this I only know, they pour We had never presumed to think that o'er me like the restless waters of some he could have any sympathy for such a pure cataract ;" meaning, we presume, thing, but we have been mistaken. That for visitations we should read vi
Upon the subject of the ninth article sitors, and that they were great and inwe shall be brief. It concerns M. Rou. cessant talkers,-cascades of words. bichon's book, De l'Angleterre, and is “ There is a mingling of all glorious forms written in some parts with spirit and Of Angels riding upon cloudy thrones.” candour, but we cannot enter into the This is information : for we never justness of those feelings which as. knew that thrones were horses before; cribes to the Frenchman a greater share perhaps, however, the reverend poet alof nationality than the Englishman... ludes to the lions on the throne of King Both have a little too much, and the Solomon, and poetically supposes that rest of the world have had long good the cherubim made hobby-horses of reason to entertain as little respect for them. In a word, 6 The Fall of Jethe pride of the one as the vanity of rusalem” is a congregation of sanctithe other. The Reviewer pronounces monious sentime
monious sentimental trash; and yet the M. Ronbichon's work « nonsense," and Quarterly Review, because its publisher . unworthy of being translated-why, has purchased the copy-right, speaks
then, did he think it worthy of being of it as something not unworthy of reviewed ?
Milton. Every body, who has noticed the hair- Were any discreet, well-informed dressers' shops in London, must have member of parliament to get up in his admired the beauty of the dolls in the place, and propose and carry a resoluwindows-how gay, how graceful, and tion of the House to the effect that all
statistical statistical and geographical communi. Surely no disinterested person will cations made to Government should be argue that a great door of temptation to made public annually, he would confer the indulgence of extravagant propena lasting obligation, not only on his sities is not opened to the poor by the country, but even on the world ; but pawnbroker's shop; and although in he would destroy the main merit of the some instances it may be that the neQuarterly Review ; for instead of the cessitous find a ready relief in distress garbled account of Mr. Ritchie, intro- by a temporary deprivation of some arduced in an episodiacal form in the ele. ticle of useless luxury, yet in almost venth article, we should have had the every instance I am confident it will be full circumstantial official annuncia. found, that the frequenters of these tion which constitutes the merits of that receptacles are the idle, the debauched, paper. The fact is, that the sole value and the dishonest, rather than the comof the Quarterly Review is derived from paratively affluent, the honest, and the a sort of literary peculation of public virtuous, as one of your correspondents documents.
have stated. But it is time that we should 6 make The nobleman about to attend the an end," and therefore we shall say but gaming-table or the race-course-the little of the twelfth and last article. merchant making a speculation in trade It is evidently from the same pen to which is to hasten his tottering downwhom we were indebted for an excel. fal towards insolvency—the tradesman lent account of the Greek philosophy. who has obtained goods upon credit It is entitled, the Manners of the Athe- which he was aware at the time he obnians, and displays reading and taste. tained them he could not pay for, may But there has been too much of the be enabled to go on in the path leading Greeks, ancient and modern, of late; to ruin a little longer, and to bring and having advised the Edinburgh Re- on the ruin of others by patching up a view to be more economical of its poli- sinking credit with the assistance of tical economy, we take a similar liberty the pawnbroker ; but no one can with with the Quarterly, and entreat that it truth say, the pawnbrokers’ shops are would adopt a more frugal system in not generally supported by the very its displays of classical erudition. lowest classes of the poor and vicious.
We scarcely see an account of a theft To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. discovered, but we learn that a quanSIR,
tity of pawnbroker's duplicates for VINCE my first letter to you on the stolen goods are found in the possession
subject of the pernicious effects re- of the thief, and there can be no doubt sulting to the poor from pawnbroking, but such places of security as pawnI have read with considerable astonish- brokers’ shops for property improperly ment some of the papers of your cor- obtained, form a very considerable respondents on the subject. It is cu- temptation to thieves. I maintain, rious to observe how far any system, therefore, that the system of pawnbrokhowever bad, may be capable of de- ing is a ruinous one, tending to make fence, when the motives which actuate the poor still poorer, to encourage vice its defenders are self-interest. I have and depravity, and to increase the buralready given credit to the honesty then of the poor's rates, and uprightness of many of those who With regard to the invectives and are engaged in the business of pawn- coarse abuse of your correspondent broking; although such men's honesty pawnbrokers (for no other person will, may be said to be only 6 bare weight, I trust, attempt to vindicate such a sysand to be a kind of uprightness created tem) I shall treat them with the conby act of parliament. But let us look tempt they merit. calmly and dispassionately at the gene- As to the circumstance mentioned ral tendency of this system, and we in my last letter of the pawned bank shall find that the poor pay twenty per note, I reply, that the note was pawned, cent. per annum, or one-fifth part of the and redeemed, and pawned again for a sum borrowed of pawnbrokers, in a long time, perhaps two years or more, common way; and if the pledge be re- until the interest amounted to the sum deemed and re-pawned from time to of two shillings and threepence, which time, which is the usual practice I paid to the pawnbroker, and returned amongst the poor, the interest is much the poor man the change..
J. W. increased.
January 1, 1820.
For the Monthly Magazine. easy: and, if similar principles be in.
EVANSVILLE, in INDIANA, NORTH tain but little anxiety as to their pro-
gress in the world, which must be a DEING arrived in safety at this re- considerable relief to the mind of a
D mote part of the vast continent father of a large family, who with all of America, I am desirous of giving his industry, care, and privations, yet you what information I have been en- finds himself in a worse condition at abled to collect in the short space of the end of each year than at the begina month, respecting this truly wonder- ning, which I know to be the case with ful country. After crossing the At- many in England. lantic ocean, we traversed the hills of You are already acquainted with the America for about 280 miles, and pur manner of purchasing lands of the gosued our route down the Ohio river, vernment. The soil in this district is for this settlement, near 800 more. generally very rich, having several In my journey, I was much struck by inches of vegetable mould on the surthe indifference, or rather indolence, of face, and underneath a rich yellow the Americans, who appear not to con- loam, with very few stones ; neverthea cern themselves about anything be less we have very considerable runs of yond the present moment; this I at. lime stone and coals. I was fearful, on tribute to the ease with which they first examining these strata, that we procure the necessaries of life, so few should be obliged, after a day's rain, to deductions being made from their in- stop our plough for a time; but I find dustry, in the shape of taxes or other we can work after 24 hours, with little impositions, and the prices of the arti. or no inconvenience. I assure you, I cles of subsistence being likewise very saw with surprise, the quantity of work low. Bread ld. to 14d. a lb.; meat that had been done, where 13 months 2d. to 3d.; good cyder, 12s. a barrel, ago was no trace of the labour of man, of 32 gallons; and whiskey, at 2s. 3d. in a circle of many miles extent. Our a gallon, of English money. The settlement already includes a surface price paid for every species of labour of six square miles, peopled chiefly with is high, and the profits on trade very English, to the number of near 200 great ; it, therefore, does not require persons, and daily increasing. We live that unwearied attention to supply in perfect harmony and friendly intertheir wants as you experience in Eng- course, consult together on the best land. If a man in business does not modes of husbandry, and adopt the make 20 per cent. of his capital, he does most approved, every one being desirnot consider himself paid. A common ous of communicating whatsoever he is labourer receives 4s. 6d. a day, and acquainted with for the general good. when hands are scarce his meat also; In this flourishing little district, there a good smith or wheelwright earns from are at this time 100 acres in wheat, 4s. 6d. to 5s. a day. For a watch glass upwards of 200 in Indian corn, and we pay 2s. 3d., and for cleaning a watch fair proportions of barley, oats, and rye. 4s. 6d., and other repairs in proportion; The land, as far as it has been tried, and even at this rate, it is not uncom: appears very favourable to turnips, and mon to send it 2 or 300 miles. A we expect that a very large quantity of clever man of this profession might, I seed will be sown. We shall have have no doubt, succeed to his most good crops of potatoes; also rice, which sanguine wishes, especially if he knew was last year found to answer exceedany thing of the tinning business. A ingly well. The tobacco plant has good saddler would also do well here: been cultivated with some success. In also a shoe maker, and a rope and bag respect to fruit, all that have been maker, as hemp and flax grow in this tried, have been found to excel both in neighbourhood, and are sold cheap; in flavour and size. Apples and peaches short, all manufactured articles fetch are most abundant; and at a distance very high prices. I have no hesitation of eighteen miles, are considerable in asserting, that any person, of almost vineyards, and where they make great any employment, possessed of common quantities of wine for sale. Melons are industrious habits and prudence, will also very plentiful here, and I am innot fail, in a few years, of realizing suf- formed very delicious and grateful in ficient property to make himself quite the summer months. The land con
sists of woods, barrens, (that is, spots • From Cullum's Alfred, No. 261. lightly wooded, but the soil as good MONTHLY MAG. No. 341.