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Ettrick Shepherd, to Margaret, daughter of necessary to him; and on his passage in Peter Phillips, esq.

1810, was captured in the Company's ship IRELAND.

Windham, and broug’it a prisoner to this A number of English gentlemen in Dublin Island, from whence being exchanged, he have lately formed a Society of“ St. George,” returned to Madras. for the relief of their distressed countrymen On his arrival there, he joined the expein that City. The plan is nearly similar to dition then preparing for the conquest of that of “ St. Patrick's”' in London.

this island, and obtained on that event, Tranquillity is not yet restored in the from his former friend and protector, his county of Roscommon: outrages have re- Excellency Governor Faranhar. the post cently been committed.

of Treasurer and Accountant-General to Married.) Latham Blacker, esq. of Dub

the new colonies. He has since filled a lin, to Miss Catherine Miller, of Armagh.

variety of the highest situations in each, John M'Kennt, esq. of Dublin, to Jane,

under various circumstances, until miniswidow of the Rev. Dr. Miller, of Prospect,

terial arrangements having left him withcounty of Dublin.-Mr. J. Blair, to Miss C.

out public employ, and his active disposiBooth, both of Belfast. Died.] At Belfast, in North-street, 57,

tion revolting at the idea of that indolence

which attends on want of occupation, his Mrs. H. Small.-Mrs. M. Delap.

military views having already terminated ABROAD.' At Bagdad, on the 26th of August, the

by ill health, and a consequent retirement thermometer in the shade rose to 120, and at

on full pay on the invalid list, Major midnight was 108; many persons died, and

Waugh turned his attention to other obthe priests propagated a report that the day

jects, and determined to embark his proof judgment was at hand.

perty in commercial and agricultural purSir Thomas Maitland, the British Com

suits. In consequence, at the period of missioner, in a speech at the opening of the

his death, he was a partner in the house of lonian Parliament described these islands as

Berry and Company, of Port Louis, and a in a state of tranquillity, notwithstanding the

proprietor in equal shares with Mr. Telhorrible outrage of Parga.

fare, in the large estate of Belombre. In In Port Louis, after an illness of only every relation of life, a rigid unbending 12 hours, Major William George Waugh, integrity, and a strictness of principle of the East India Company's military ser

bordering on severity, was, to the world's vice. He was born in London, in the year eye, the prevailing feature of Major 1779, and was the fifth son of an eminent Waugh's character. To those who gained and opulent merchant. Proceeding to his confidence, he gave his friendship with ludia at an early period of his life, he gra. such a single heartedness, such devotion, dually rose to the rank which he held at such sincerity of attachment, as no lan. the time of his death. His early habits of guage can describe, and experience only industry and application, joined to a pecu- appreciate ; and this was accompanied by liar aptitude at accounts, qualified him a generosity of feeling and practice, which more particularly for those civil branches none but its objects ever knew.-Mauritius of service, to which military men are eli. Gazette, Jan. 22. gible; and in offices of this nature, Major In Paris, 85, Count Volney, the celebraWaugh was successively employed at the ted author of the Ruins of Empires, and Presidency of Madras, and in the Eastern of many literary and political productions. Islands. Circumstances of a domestic na. He was a native of Craon, in Bretagne, a ture called him to England, at a moment member of the French Academy, and a when the prospect of a rapid and splendid Peer, created by Napoleon. Count Volney fortune had opened upon him with all the was a correspondent of the Literary Soci. attraction of certainty. But filial and fra. ety of Calcutta, and has bequeathed ternal affection prevailed over every other 1200 francs of rentes for ever, to found a consideration, and Major Waugh returned premium for the best Essay on the Oriental to bis native country at the call of a Languages, and particularly on the sim. widowed mother, where, on his arrival, he plification of their characters. His fune. found himself doomed only to weep with, ral obsequies were performed on the 28th, and console his orphan sisters. Having and his remains carried thence to the fulfilled these duties in a manner, as much cemetery of P. Lachaise. beyond human praise as earthly reward, At Rheims, 86, Mr Levêquę de Pouilly, he returned to India, to seek that advance. author of several esteemed works on antiment which was become more than ever quities.

TO CORRESPONDENTS. To make room for the very important discussions relative to the distresses in Trade and Agriculture, we have given an extra half sheet.

A Correspondent asks, whether there is any good English version of Pausanias; and if so, where a copy could be obtained?

ERRATUM.— In the notice of the Exhibition, at page 439, for ARNOLD, read A. W. CALLCOTT.

THE

MONTHLY MAGAZINE.

No. 341.)

JULY 1, 1820.

To of Vol. 49.

If any one enquire in regard to the public feelings which gnide the Conductor of this Miscellany, he re

plies, that in Politics, he is an immovable friend to the principles of civil liberty, and of a benevolent administration of governinent; and is of the party of the Tories, the Whigs, and the Radical Reforiners, as far as they are friends to the same principles and practices;---that in matters of Religion, acting in the spirit of Christianity, he maintains perfect liberty of conscience, and is desiious of living in mutual charity with every sect of Christians ;-and that, in Philosophy, he prefers the useful to the speculative, constantly rejecting doctrines which bave no better foundation than the authority of respected names, and admitting the assumption of no causes which are not equal and analogous to the effects.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. COUNT DE GROUCHY'S REPLY to the are of such importance, that their formal

STATEMENTS of NAPOLEON. and explicit denial ought not to be deTo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. layed, or await the complete refutation

which is preparing for them. SIR, THE Memoirs of Napoleon, re

n o I therefore declare the greater part 1 printed in America, as having

of the assertions, which this work conbeen written by himself, contain too

tains respecting me, to be false and camany errors of fact, and are replete

lumnious. I declare the greater part with assertions too palpably unsup

of the orders and instructions which it ported, to admit the possibility of their

details so formally, to be invented or having been the work of this great Chief,

garbled. All those asserted to have who in this instance has been badly

been transmitted to me on the 17th, served by the inconsiderate and culpa

and during the night of the 18th, are ble zeal of the true author.*

suppositions. The most ample proof This publication, bearing as it does,

of this appears in the book of orders the same stamp, and apparently the a

and correspondence of the Major Gen. same texture with the accounts of the

chief of the staff, the organ of communi. campaign of 1815, by Gen. Gourgaud. cation between the Commander in Chief can be considered only as a second edi

and his general officers. This unanswer

able document, given up to me together tion of that work revised and added to, and from which have been expunged

i with the command in chief of the army, the most obnoxious charges against

by Marshal Soult, after the loss of the Marech. Ney, that others equally ab

battle of Waterloo, shows that no orders surd might be substituted upon my

or instructions were sent to me, except conduct. Although I have already

those comprised in two letters, the one answered the work of Gen. Gourgaud

wawa at 10 o'clock in the morning, the other with official papers, accompanied with

at one in the afternoon of the 18th. I critical observations; which have

challenge the production of a single shown that the greater part of his rea

note or minute of any other order, or sonings was from a plan of campaign

Dairn of a single officer who will assert, that evidently drawn after the event, yet I

į during the evening or night of the

17th of June, he delivered to me a single owe to myself an immediate protest against this new attack upon my mili

instruction, dispatch, or even message tary, reputation, and violation of the

from Napoleon or from the Major Gen. truth of history. Some of the accusa

As to the emphatical expressions and tions embodied in this last publication

counsels placed in the mouth of Lieut. Gen. Excelmans (page 149 of these me

moirs) this officer has recently given at · * We have received this letter from Ame- Paris the proper estimate of their verarica, and we give place to it as matter of im- city, and consequently of the credit to partiality, but Count Grouchy errs in suppos- which the rest of this work is intitled, ing the work not to be the production of Na- by a solemn declaration, in answer to poleon, as well as in his deductions from the

the inquiry of my son, on the 11th of letters to which he gives place. Napoleon

last January, that his only communimay have misrepresented the Count, but the misrepresentations of which the Count com

cation with me, during the 18th, was plains were undoubtedly made by Napoleon.

through the intervention of his aideswho dictated the Memoirs in question, and de-camp; and that consequently this has long been employed on other volumes of conversation was altogether invented. the series.-EDITOR.

It is true that Lieut. Gen. Gerard havMONTHLY MAG. No. 341.

3 R

ing ing joined me late on the morning of o'clock in the afternoon of the 18th) the 18th, urged me to proceed in the was in the following terms: direction of the cannon which were “On the field of battle at Waterloo, the heard upon our left: but this responsibi. 18th, at one o'clock in the afternoonlity I was unwilling to encounter, con

“ Major Gen. Marsbal Soult, to Marshal vinced as I always have been, that the

Grouchy. arrangement of the war (if the expres

“ Marechal, You have apprised the Em

peror at two o'clock this morning that you sion may be used) belongs exclusively

were in march upon Sartavalain, whence it to the commander in chief, and that

was your intention to proceed upon Corbaix his subordinate officers are restricted or Wavres. This movement corresponds to the execution of his plans. It was with the dispositions of H. M. which have certainly unfortunate that the troops been communicated to you” (see the preunder my cammand were not marched ceding letter). “ The Emperor commands upon Waterloo, but it is to be imputed me, however, to say to you, that you are to the Emperor as much and more always to manœuvre in our direction, it rests than to me, since my advance upon

with you to ascertain our situation and to Wavres, accorded with his intentions,

govern yourself accordingly, keep up to the conveyed to me in the following letter

communication, and to attack and destroy

any of the enemy's forces that may attempt at the moment of his dispositions for

to disturb our right. At this moment the the engagement. It has been already

battle is gained along the line at Waterloo, published, but may with propriety be the enemy's centre is at Mont-St. Jean, your inserted here.

motions are therefore to effect a junction “ In advance of the farm of Caillou the 18th with our right.

June, 10 o'clock A. M. - Major Gen. (Signed) “ T'he Duc DE DALMATIE."
Marshal Soult to Marshal Grouchy.

“ P. S. An intercepted letter states that “ Marechal, the Emperor has received Gen. Bulow is to attack our right flank, we your last dispatch dated Gembloux; you think that this corps is to be perceived upon state to H. M. that two Prussian columns the heights of St. Lambert, you are therefore have passed on Sauvenieres and Sartavalin. not to lose a moment in your approach to It is reported, however, that a third, in consi- join us, and to destroy Bulow, whom you derable force bas passed at Gery and Gen- will take at the greatest disadvantage.” tines, advancing upon Warres. I am in It is impossible to resist the convicstructed by the Emperor to apprise you that tion from this and the preceding letter, he is at this moment about to attack the that the whole contents of these Me. English army, which has taken position at

moirs of Napoleon, relating to the Waterloo, in front of the forest of Soignes.

movements or dispositions said to have His Majesty therefore desires that you should

been prescribed to the portion of the advance upon Wavres for the purpose of continuing your approach to us, preserving the

army under my command, are no better connexion of operations and keeping up the

than a mere romance.* In fact, the ascommunication, driving before you all the sertion of the author, and particularly Prussian corps which have taken this direc- those in pages 111 and 112 of the Metion, and which may halt at Warres, where moirs, are in direct contradiction to you are to arrive with all possible expedi- these dispatches. It is there stated as tion; you will cause the columns of the follows: enemy which are on your right, to be fol “At 10 o'clock in the evening of the 17th, lowed by some ligbt troops to observe their Napoleon dispatched an officer to Marshal movements, and to pick up stragglers. Grouchy, to inform him that a general en“ You will acquaint me immediately with

gagement would take place on the morrow', your dispositions, and the direction of your that the English army was posted in front of march, together with whatever intelligence

the forest of Soignes, with the village of La you may obtain of the enemy. You are not

Haie'as the point of appui on the left, and to omit to keep up your communications commanding him to detach from his corps with us. The Emperor desires to receive at Wavres, a division of 7,000 troops of all frequent accounts from you.

descriptions, upon St. Lambert, before day(Signed) “ Major Gen, Duc DE DALMATIE. break, with 16 pieces of cannon, to form a

It is evident, froin this letter, that jauction with the main army and to act in Napoleon, in engaging, did not in the concert with them. That the moment he was least calculate upon the immediate co ascertained of the evacuation of Wavres by operation of the corps under my com Marshal Blucher, and his retreat being conmand, and by this letter, it was made

tinued upon Bruxelles or in any other direcmy duty not to yield to the instances

tion, he should advance with the greater part of Lieut. Gen. Gerard. A second letter,

* Marshal Grouchy, may be a good and written by command of Napoleon (not

brave man, but he is evidently a bad reasoner, at 11 o'clock in the morning, as falsely for nothing could be more clear than his inalleged in these memoirs, but at 1 Structions. - Editor,

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of his force to support the division at St. be executed in time to repel the fatal Lambert."

effects of the unexpected attack by the If these orders had been dispatched Prussians. to me in the evening of the 17th, and The motives which forced my halt at their duplicate at four in the morning Gembloux the evening of the 17th, and of the 18th, why should they not liave prevented my farther advance, appear in arrived, when every dispatch from meto pages 8 and 9 of my refutation of Gen. Napoleon was received ? how is it possi- Gourgaud. I regret that I am comble that they should not have been in- pelled to state, for I repeat it always serted on the records of the staff, and with pain, that the failure in executing that they should be at such direct vari- my orders, on the 17th, until near three ancewiththeonly twodispatches brought in the afternoon, lost time that was to me? If Napoleon had informed me highly precious; and the inaction of during the night of the 17th,of his inten- Napoleon on the field of battle at Ligny, tion to engage in the morning, would his during the whole of the morning of the letter at ten in the morning of the 18th 17th, and his indecision from dayhave contained the words, The Empe- break until noon, when he dispatched por commands me to apprise you of his me in pursuit of the Prussians, without intention to attack the English army affording me the least trace of the diwhich has taken position at Waterloo ?" rection taken by them, or of their reIf he had ordered me, upon the evening treat, these must rank among the essenof the 17th, to detach 7000 men upon tial and principal causes of our reverses St. Lambert, would not this order, so on the 18th. It would be supposed important in the evening, and so much that Napoleon was aware of the direcmore important at the commencement tion of Marshal Blucher's retreat, on of the battle, have been reiterated, and finding in page 103 of these Memoirs, forcibly reiterated in this dispatch from 66 that at day-break on the 17th, Gen. the chief of the staff ? On the contrary, Pajol was sent with a division of his the order is given to march upon Wa- light cavalry and the division of infanvres, 6 The Emperor desires that you try of Teiste, in pursuit of the Pruswill advance upon Wavres, where you sions in the direction of Tilly and Gemare to arrive with all possible expedi- bloux." The falsehood of this assertion." It results from comparing these tion is proved by a letter from the chief orders, that the command to send a of the staff to the Minister of War at division upon St. Lambert, and to sup- Paris, written on the 17th, and inserted port it with the greatest part of my in the register of orders and corresponforce, is the fruit of imagination, and dence. It contains this paragraph: can only be received as a fiction, in- 66 The army is formed on the main road vented after the event has pointed out from Namur to Bruxelles, where the its expediency. This order was no Emperor is this moment to proceed." more given, than was there, on the 17th The last report of Gen. Pajol is dated at noon, an order to advance on Wavres, from Mari, on the road to Namur, thus a movement never prescribed to me Gen. Pajol was sent on the road to Nauntil the 18th, at ten o'clock in the mur, and not to Wavres, and thus Namorning. It is also palpable, that when poleón believed the Prussians to be in · engaging, Napoleon was unacquainted the direction of Nainur, anil did not with the position of the Prussian army, expect to find the English at Waterloo. and that he believed part to be at Wa Notwithstanding the length to which vres and part in the direction of Lou- this article has already swelled, I canvain. Since he caused Marshal Soult not close without expressing indignato write to me, “ you will cause the tion at the effrontery with which the columns of the enemy which are on your compiler of these Memoirs of Napoleon, right to be followed.In effect, the has stated (page 142) that at ten in the secret of the enemy's operations was morning of the 18th

morning of the 18th, I was yet at. not penetrated by him until I o'clock

Gembloux; unfortunately for this mi

Gembloux in the afternoon of the 18th, when Gen. litary romancer, there are 12.000 men Bulow's corps appeared on the heights of the corps of Lieut. Gen. Vandamme, of St. Lambert. The troops under miy who left their position in front of Gemcommand were then in consequence of

bloux at the first dawn of day, who the orders given to me, at four leagues when the sun first emerged from the distance; and it was impossible that horizon, saw me at their head, more thedispositionsthen commande:,should than a league from this town; and

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who at eleven, attacked the rear -
guard of the Prussians more than
Three leagues from Gembloux; the
corps of Lieut. Gen. Gerard was, it
is true, too late in moving on the
1Sth, but my orders to him were, to be
in march at six o'clock, the testi.
mony of the General Officer at the lead
of my staff will prove this; I was with
the troops of Lieut. Gen. Vandamme,
and ignorant of the delay of these under
Gen. Gerard on leaving their encamp-
ment: J am not to be made responsible
for their delay, more than for that
which took place on leaving the field
at Ligny.

The limits of a letter do not now ad-
mit of my pointing out more than a very
small portion of the unpardonable mis-
takes and disgusting misrepresentations
which soil the pages of these Memoirs,
but at a future period, none of them
shall escape the scrutiny of an impar-
tial examination, and the proofs of the
perfidy with which my conduct is cen-
sured, shall be more apparent, as that
Providence which denies the durability
to imposture, has left in the hands of
my family, during my exile, the official
documents relating to the military events
of 1815, which will furnish me, upon my
return to my native country, with ma-
terials to confute and overwhelm my
detractors.
C. DE GROUCHY.

other fragile materials; and being in

a very ruinous state, were lately taken Philadelphia, April 1, 1820.

down by order of the Gresham ComFor the Monthly Magazine. mittee, and a very substantial and The NEW TOWER of the ROYAL EX tasteful tower of stone and brick is CHANGE, LONDON.

now erected in its place. The design THE old tower of the Royal Ex- is new and more elegant, though less

I change, with its Grasshopper, have appropriate than the one removed. so long been identified with this seat of Though very elegant, and peculiarly commerce, that the erection of a new excellent in construction, it will not one will confer a novel feature on accord with the rest of the building, the city.

but will look like a Dutch burgomasIt is well known that the interior of ter, or a primitive quaker, with a dandy the Royal Exchange is nearly a fac- head and cravat, and covered with a simile of the one at Antwerp, from chapeau bras and feathers; which, which it was copied, and is so much however, is no fault of the ingenious like it, that a Dutch painting of the architects, Messrs. SMITH and WALKER, latter, which was sold at Christie's a of Bread Street Hill. few years ago, passed for that of London.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. It was rebuilt after the fire of London SIR, by the city of London and Company of TN your Number for last month, I Mercers, as trustees of Sir Thos. Gre- 1 perceive you have done me the sham. The architect is believed to honor to make favorable mention of a have been Nicholas Hawksmoor, pupil little work of mine, entitled “ The of Sir C. Wren, whose clumsy construc- Peerage Chart;" but in detailing its tions of St. Mary's Church, in Lombard contents, you have inadvertently adStreet are in the same tasteless style. mitted a few inaccuracies, the most

The tower and campanile, or bellmaterial of whiich is where you state iturret, were built of painted wood and that it appears 5 peerages only were

obtained

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