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are, in fact, in a worse state. With rea I V. That O'Conolly's pretended discospect to the history of the Arabians and very of a cunspiracy is one unvaried strain Japanese, they are barely ignorant; but, of perjury. with respect to Ireland, almost all they V. That there was no conspiracy for a know, is wholly untrue. They give full general insurrection in Ireland, on the 23d faith and confidence to some of the most October, 16+1,

VI. That the basis on which rests the extravagant and romantic stories that

story of the pretended bloody massacre by ever were ushered on the world, to de

the Irish, is a tissue of the most gross and lude and deceive mankind, under the palpable falsehood and perjury. On the prostituted name of histories.

contrary, The terrific tales that are recorded of VII. That the massacres perpetrated on the cvents of the Civil war of 16+1, have the Irish, by St. Leger, Monroe, Tichsowed, and still continue to sow, a copi- bourne, Hamilton, Grenville, Ireton, and ous seed of the most vulgar and rancor- Cromwell, were as savage as ferocious, as ous prejudices in the mind of man brutal, and as bloody, as the horrible feats against his fellow-man, wbich have of Cortez or Pizarro, Attila, or Genghis sprouted forth with most pernicious lux Khan; and particularly, that history pre

1 sents nothing more shocking or detestable uriance, and soured in his breast the

than Ireton's butcheries in the cathedral sweet milk of human kindness towards

of Cashel, and Cromwell's in Drogheda, those with whom he is in daily habits of

VIII. That the Irish government issued association. These prejudices are too a blood-thirsty and detestable order to generally prevalent in the British do- slanghter “all men able to bear arms, in minions.

places where the insurgents were harbourNew POINTS ESTABLISHED. ed,” without any discrimination between I submit to the consideration of the the innocent and guilty; that the Long reader the several poiots which I have Parliament enacted an ordinance, “ forlaboured, and I trust successfully, to bidding quarter to be given to any Irishestablish. That they are of vital im. man taken prisoner in England ;” and that portance, and, if proved, invalidate a those cruel and wicked edicts were carried

d into operation, large portion of the history of Ireland,

IX. That the scheme of a general extiras narrated by Temple, Borlase, Carte,

ey pation of the Irish, a general confisca. Warner, Leland, Hume, ana olliers, tion of their estates, and a new plantation will appear obvious, on a slight perusale of the country, was most seriously enterThis circumstance enti{les them to a tained, and for some time acted upon, by sober, serious consideration. It is not, the Irish rulers and their officers. by any means, pretended, that they are X. That the idea of a cessation of hosti. discussed systematically, in the order in lities, whereby the Irish might escape from which they are here arranged. The this projected plan of extirpation, excited proofs are dispersed throughout the as universal an alarm in England and Irework ; and, notwithstanding their want land, as if the established religion and goof arrangement, cannot, I hope, fail to vernment were to be wholly overturned.

XI. That the Irish government left 10satisfy every candid mind. I. That the statement given by Temple,

thing barbarous, cruel, or wicked, undone,

i to goad the Irish to resistance, and to exClarendon, Warner, Leland, and all the

tend the insurrection thronghout the kingother writers on the affairs of Ireland, that the Irish, for forly years previous to the

dom, for the purpose of enriching them

selves and their friends by confiscatione. insurrection of 1641, enjoyed a bighi de. So

XII. That if the Irish insurgents of 1641 gree of peace, security, happiness, and to leration, is as base and shameful a false

deserved to be stigmatized as traitors and hood as ever disgraced the pages of his

rebels, llien were the English revolutitory, and is no more like the real state of onists of 1688, the Americans of 1776. and the case, than the history of St. George

the French of 1789, traitors and rebels of and the dragon is like the true history of

the very worst possible kind; as their England. For

grievances bore no more proportion 10 II. That, during this period, there was

those of the Irish, than the gentle Schuyl. hardly a Catholic in the kingdom who was

kill to the impetuous Mississippi, the bill

of Howth to the peak of Teneriffe, or Lake secure in the possession of his property, or

Erie to the Atlantic Ocean. in the exercise of his religion. And III. That, during the same period, the

XIII. That there is a striking contradice

tion between the facts and inductions of Irish were plundered by the government of nearly a million of acres of their lands,

Carte, Warner, Leland, and nearly all the

? in the most wicked, unjust, and perfidions

other writers of Irisi history,

XIV. That, in the Anglo-Hibernian bismanner; and by rapacious individuals, to

tories of Ireland, there is so much error an extent beyond calculation,


and falsehood, established beyond the pos. Burke, Flood, Curran, Grattan, Montsibility of doubt or denial, that they are gomery, and a long and bright galaxy utterly unwority of credit.

of such illustrious characters;-a counXV. That the seventeenth century, in the Britisha dominions, was characterized

try whose natives, notwithstanding the by a succession of forged plois, resting on

countless blessings bestowed on them by the basis of flagrant perjuries, and calcu.

Nature, in local situation, fertility of lated to sacrifice the lives and property of

soil, and salubrity of climate, have been the innocent, and enrich malefactors of the

for ages doomed to pine in the most abworst kind.

ject poverty, wretchedness, and idicness, XVI. That the Irish code of laws, at homc;-bot abroad, in every region wbose pretended object was “to prevent and every clime of the known world, the growth of Popery," was intended to bave displayed the brightest energies of gratify all the basest passions of human va the human character, in all the varied tare, in violation of public faith, honour, walks of life ;-a country wbich has furJastice, and humanity; and that it orga- nished almost every nation in Christenpized as tyrannical an invasion of liberty,

uberty, dom with statesmen and warriors, driven

dom and as piratical a depredation on property, from their native soil by lordly despoand was covered by as base a cloak of hypocrisy, as the appals of the world can

tism, rampant injustice, and religivus produce.

intolerance ;-a country which has proI fondly flatter myself. I rencat, that duced the men on whom the destinies the proofs I have adduced fully establish

establish of Europe have recently depended, in the whole of these points. But, should I the field and in the cabinet ;-a country be too sanguino in this expectation, I the most calumniated, and among the still trust that I shall secure the asscnt most oppressed, in the world: having as of liberal and ingenuous minds to all the fair a field to explore as ever courted essential ones. Against the fortresses

the exertions of any writer, in any ago of frand and imposture I have brought or any country, 1 most deeply regret, a battery of eight-and-forty pounders, and sincerely apologize for, the want of which can bardly fail to demolish them. judgment which led me to appear preciThe arsenals of enemies, some of them pitately before the public, without that most envenomed, have furnished all the degree of elaboration which the import. cannon. The laborious and unwearied ance of the subject demanded.. research for them, and their mere dispo

THE MASSACRE AT DROGHEDA. " sition and arrangement, are all tho merit

The English, for two hundred years, I claim.

have commemorated, with horror against My heart swells with a glow of satis

the Dutch, the massacre at Amboyna; faction and pride, that I can come be

the statement of the atrocity of which fore the critical world, with a defence of bears the strongest marks of gross exagIreland, resting on the names of Spencer,

geration and falschood: for, who can Davics, Coke, Tempic, Borlase, Cla

allow himself to believe the tale, that rendon. Rushworth. Nälson. Carte. War. the tortured wretches were forced to ner, Leland, Baker, Orrery, &c. nearly

nearly drink water till their bodies were distenito all of wliom were open or conccaled ene

ed to the utmost pitch, and then caused to mics of that country and its unfortunate disgorge the water, and the process reinhabitants. It may scem extraordinary, peated;" that they “were burned, from that there is on the list the name of the the feet upwards, in order to extort the Wretched Temple, who was so far confession of a conspiracy;" that “the ashamed of his own spurious work, that nails. J their singer:

18 work that nails of their fingers and toes were torn ho endeavoured, but in vain. to suppress of;" or, finally, that “ holes were made it: but it is the peculiar felicits of this in their breasts, and the cavities filled undertaking that it may be fairly said with inflammable matter?" No man of to this father of all the imposture,

common sense can pay a moment's at. a By thy words thou shalt be condemn'd: tention to it. Yet this is the precise for, were all the other authorities, cited story, as it stands recorded. A rancorin this work, totally annihilated, there is ous hostility prevailed between the Engenough in this legendist to demolis: the lish and the Dutch; and it is by no means fabric of fraud and deception, in the improbable, that the conspiracy charged erection of which so much time, and upon the former by the latter, was real. such varied talents. have been prostic and that the conspirators were justly and tuted, for a hundred and fifty years past. regularly punished. All the rest of the

Having undertaken the dilightful task story, I repeat, has tho most manisest of vindicating the country of Swift, and palpable appearance of exaggeration Parnell, Goldsmith, Storue, Farquhar, and embellishinent, contrived for the pur

poso pose of rendering the Dutch odious. tants who perished in eleven years, to This is the more probable, from a consi- have been 112,000; of whom two-thirus deration of the lying spirit of that agc, were cut off by war, plague, and famine." of which I have given so many striking It is obvious to the meanest capacity, instances.

if, of 112,000, the whole number that But suppose the story of “the massa- fell in that space of time, two-thirds cre of Amboyna" true; suppose all those were cut off by war, plague, and famine. horrid deeds were really perpetrated: that those who fell out of war, in eleven ten thousand such scenes wouid fall in years, were only 37,000. We hope to calculably short of the sufferings inflict prove, that even this statement, so comed on the Irish in the Desmond war, or paratively moderate, is extravagantly the insurrection of 1641; and, in truth, beyond the truth, But, admitting it to the whole legend fades into insignifi. be correct, what a wonderful difference cance, compared with the single fact of between 37,000 in eleven years, and the the butchery at Drogheda.

hundreds of thousands in a few months, · Let any candid, fair, and honourable that make such an appalling figure in Englishman, therefore, lay his hand on the various “tales of terror," imposture. his heart, and say whether he can justify and perjury, so feelingly narrated by himself for censuring an Irishman for Temple, Borlase, Clarendon, May, Bamourning over the melancholy story of ker, Frankland, Rapin, Leland, and all his country's sufferings; for vindicating their coadjutors! Does not the credit her character ; and for attempting to re- of their tales, when thus brought to the move the mountains of obloguy and test of the taiisinan of truth, disappear: abuse with which wicked men have and, overwhelmed her for centuries? The “Like the baseless fabric of a vision, Englishman feels deeply for the honour Leave not a trace behind ?” of bis country. Why should he con- Here a remarkable trait, which, as we demn, why should he not rather applaud, have stated, characterizes Irish history the same feeling in an Irishman? Has beyond that of any other, displays itself. not an Irishman, like an Englishman, The writers are not merely at variance “ senses, affections, passions? Is he not with each other, but with themselves; fed with the same food, burt with the and there is as much discrepancy besame weapons, subject to the same dis- tween different portions of each history, eases, healed by the same means, warm- as between that history and truth. We ed and cooled by the same winter and have seen Carte, Leland, Clarendon, and summer, as" an Englishman? “If you Warner, convict Carte, Leland, Clarenprick us, do we not bleed? If you tickle don, and Warner, of most egregious erus, do we not langh? If you poison us, rors, to rise no harsher term; and the do we not die? And if you wrong us, reader must have perceived, that our shall we not" defend ourselves ?

sole reliance, for refutation of their misThe MASSACRE of 1641.

statements, has been almost altogether - Sir William Petty, the ancestor of the on themselves. Lapsdowne family, laid the foundation In like manner, we shall satisfactorily of a princely fortune, by the depredations prove, that Sir William Petty confutes perpetrated on the Irishi, aster the insur- himself, beyond the power of redemp. rection of 1641. Of course, he had no tion. temptation to swerve from the truth in “Mark how a plain tale shall put bim their favour; on the contrary, it was his

down.” interest, equally with the other posses- He bequeathed to posterity some sta. sors of the estates of the plondered Irish, tistical tables, wbich throw considerable to exaggerate their real crimes, and to light on this subject. They are very lend the countenauce of his repntation meagre, it is true; but, meagre as they to their pretended ones. Hence his tes- are, we believe there are no others; at timony,on this ground, and as a cotempo. all events, we know of none; and must rary, cannot, so far as it tends to exonetherefore avail ourselves of them. rate those upon whose ruin he raised his lc informs is, that the population of immense estate, be excepted against by Ireland, in 1641, was 1,466,000; and the enemies of the Irish. We will there that the relative proportion of the Profore freely cite him in the ease; and the testants to the Catholics, was as two to reader will at once perceive to what an eleven: of course it follows, that the poextent delusion has been carried, on this pulation was thus divided ; about subject.

... 1,241,000 Roman Catholics, and 225,000 He states the agregate of the Protes Protestants. MONTHLY Mag, No. 336.



From this conclusion there is no ap- of the calculations, what astonishment pcal. The wbole number of Protestants must be excited by Burton's 300,000, in in the island could not have exceeded a few months; Temple's 300,000, in less 223,000. The supplies of people from than two years; May's 200,000, in one England and Scotland, antil after the month; Warwick's 100,000, in one week; final defeat, capture, condemnation, and or Rapin's 40,000, in a few days! Surely death, of Charles I. were inconsiderable; there is not, in the history of the world, and surely there does not exist a single any parallel case of such gross, palpable, man that can believe, that, out of shocking, and abominable deception.

225,000, there could have been 112,000 Can language be found strong or bold destroyed, and the residue been able to enough to mark the dishonour of those baffle and defeat the insurgents, who who knowingly propagated such falsecomprised the great mass of the nation. hood, or the folly or neglect of those who It will therefore, we trust, be allowed, adopted and gave it corrency? Their as an irresistible conclusion, that Sir names ought to be held up, as a hissing Wm. Petty's calculation, although so and reproach," to deter others from folfar more moderate than any of the “tales Jowing in their foul and loathsome track of terror," is most extravagantly over- of calumny and deception. rated, probably trebled or quadrupled; [In this spirit Mr. Carey fills a volame of and muist, of absolute neeessity, be 506 pages; and, as our readers will observe, false.

by his manner and matter, his work merits This being the case with the lowest attention.]


M QUATREMERE de Roissy bas demonstrations, as with some people of 11. published at Paris, a volume the Continent. As to the charge of under the title of Londres Pittoresque, haughtiness or innate pride, the English or a panorama in miniature of London, cannot easily be exculpated. It seems with respect to its materiel and exterior. to be inherent with them, from several

The following is a sample of the man- causes; but it must be allowed that, out ner wherein the author characterises of their own country, all that hauteur the English nation. With foreigners, dies away, and they seem only solicitous the English are generally considered as to court the good opinion of strangers, haughty, reserved, and deficient in ad. In general, their mien is grave and se dress and politeness. But there exist rious, occasionally pensive or absent.. distinctions which require to be noticed The following passage of the same here. The common people, properly work gives some details relative to the so called, are blunt, and not without interior of Carlton-house. some tinge of brutality, which may be The outside is remarkable for nothing ascribed partly to their maritime habits, but its grand portico, of the Corinand much more to the manner wherein thian order. The interior contains they assert and interpret their liberties. objects of some importance ; and our Young persons of every description, astonishment is excited to find it se including such as bave had the benefits spacious. The first story contains the of education, and even of the higher saloons appropriated to splendor, for, classes that have not travelled on the malities, and the occasions of state. Continent, shew very little politeness to The decorations, in general, consist of foreigners, or, at least, to the French painted ceilings, gildings, glasses of great Tbey value themselves too highly on magnitude, all of English manufaca their independence and freedom; and it ture; of crystal lustres, large and exis among these chiefly that we are to panded; and more than all these, of look for the prejudices that islanders are Flemish paintings, many of which are chargeable with. On the other hand, very capital. There are fancy saloons, the Ènglish, of a certain age and cank, one with decorations and furniture and this includes a large proportion of wholly Chinese. Another is all in silver, the population, especially such as have or silver plate, with its paintings, stuffs, travelled, or have acquired information furniture, &c. This has been contrived from books or commercial intercourse, to produce a deleetable and brilliant are possessed of affability, with an affeceffect on the eye. Many of the orna, tionate politeness, and but feâ preju- ments and furniture, such as bronzes, gilt dices. Their politeness does not ap- metallic substances, porcelain, acajou, pour so much in manners and external &c. are the productions of French


judustry. Among a number of curious court-yard and gates, wherein carriages objects distributed through these beau- may enter. In general, the houses contiful apartments, are two antique master- sist of brickwork of threc stories, and a -pieces of great value, sent as presents floor under-ground for culinary purfrom Pope Pius VII, to the Prince. poses, &c. And thus, with the excepHere also we fiud a round table, of the tion of a few spacious buildings that porcelain of Sevres, with the beads of the would be called hotels in Paris, the ha. most famous eaptains of antiquity round bitations of the noble, the rich, and pri it, in cameos, imitating agate ; this is a vate individuals, exhibit the semblance present from his Majesty Louis XVIII. of a republican equality. The man of The minor apartments are on the ground rank and fortune steps out of his coaeli, floor, chiefly dining-rooms, closets, &c. alights in the street, and passes on with two galleries entitled to particular through no other vestibule than a housenotice, one of which is very earious in door, that would equally suit the most the Moresque style; the other contains waspiring citizen. the library, and bas some very superb The interior of the houses affords all paintings.

that comfortableness on which the Eng. With respect to the houses in general, lish value themselves so highly. The this writer states, that there are not paper hangings, bowever, are much in abuve thirty in London that have a ferior to those in France, &e. &c.


THE ATAENIAD; OR THE RAPE OF With ready gold, he call’d men, carts, and THE PARTHENON.

cords, An Epic Poem.

Cords, carts, and men, rose to the baited words. Written at Athens in the 647th Olympiad, and The ropes asunder rive the wedded stone,

during the Time that Logotheti was one of The mortals labour, and the axles groan ;. the Archers of that celebrated City. Hymettus echoes to the tumbling fane, CANTO 1.

And shook the Acropolis, shakes all the plain. A THENIA's wrongs, O heavenly Muse,

Froin high Olympus gaz'd the gods afar, A rehearse!

Indiguant gaz'd, that men their wrath should

dare : The lofty theme deserves immortal verse,

« Shall we (they cry,) behold our temples torn, Athenia, fairest of the mural fair, Minerva's minion and peculiar care,

And o'er the seas the Grecian relics borne ; Saw from her sculpiur'd throne with dire

See yon Brucides glorious become,

Like the bold youth that fir'd th' Ephesian dismay

dome ; Her sages perish, and her gods decay:


No: by the Siyx !" with rais'd right hand they No joy she knew, but only grief refin'd, When far-come tray’llers paus'd, and look'd Jove nodded, and the oath was ratified. behind, y

Appall’d the heavens, and earth received the Paus'd to indulge a sigh for glory past,


mula Or wond'ring look'd that scones so long should

The sun eclips'd, conceal'd his face divine;

The air lamented, and the clouds in tears, last.

Fill'd all the voyagers in Greece with fears; But Jove and Fate decreed that this should

Thieves of the dead, while grasping at the urn, cease,

Scar'd by the showers, the scafiers return, And Mercury flies from Heaven to quench the

The rain-streams fill the graves, and antiquapride of Greece.

ries mourn. On earth arriv'd, the form divine obscurid,

CANTO 11. He seems a mortal wretch to arts inur'd,

Lo! smoothly wafted by the breathing gales, Cadav'rous, crafty, skill'd in tints and lines,

A ship with sacrilegious plunder sails, A lean Italian master of designs ;

The coast of Neptune-favour'd Hydra past, He sought Brucides, and Brucides found. “ O Lord, (he cries,) My Lord, for taste ren

And on the starboard green Especia cast; nown'd,

Cerigo rises in the distant view, What fame awaits you, were your lordship wise,

And Maina's mountains stretching far and blue. But prudence gains what Nature oft denies; True to his trust, and wakeful on the steep, The Phidian sculptures, long-deserted, stand Æolus view'd afar the rippling deep, Crumbling to dust amidst the wasted land. And by the sapience of his state divine, Haste, save the relics, bear them to your home, He knew the curs'd bark that stirr'd the ocean The lights of art for ages yet to come :

brine; Awake, arise, fulfil your honour'd fate, High on Tygetus' brow he sits alone, These sacred images will sell for plate."

And calls the winds around his cloudy throne. Fir'd by the scheme, his way iirucides took; The winds obey, -Sirocco came the first, And public tasks, and tricks of state forsook Pluto's dire son by Aria, desert-nurst,

H 2


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