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intention to trace him through his immorality and from exposure, by those very men who -suffice it to say that he was in every sense seek vengeance against the victims of his of the word a villain of the deepe t atrocity. and their villany. His landlord refused to give him a character. With respect to the immorality of our Some short time after this he called upon his project, I will just observe, that the assaslandlord again; but mark the change in his sination of a tyrant has always been deemed appearance-dressed like a lord in all the a meritorious action. Brutus and Cassius foliy of the reigning fashion. He now de were lauded to the very skies for slaying scribed himself as the right heir to a German Cæsar; indeed, when any man or any set of Baron, who had been some time dead; that men, place themselves above the laws of their Lords Castlereagh and Sidmouth had ac. country, there is no other means of bringing knowledged his claims to the title and pro them to justice than through the arm of a perty, had interfered in his behalf with the private individual. If the laws are not German government, and supplied him with strong enough to prevent them from murdermoney to support his rank in society. From ing the community, it becomes the duty of this period I date his career as a govern- every member of that community to rid his ment spy.

country of its oppressors. He got himself an introduction to the Spen High treason was committed against the ceans-by what means I am not aware of - people at Manchester, but justice was closed and thus he became acquainted with the re- against the mutilated, the maimed, and the formers in general. When I met with Ed. friends of those who were upon that occasion wards after the massacre at Manchester, he indiscriminately * described himself as very poor; and after

. . . . Albion is still in the several interviews, he proposed a plan for chains of slavery-I quit it without regretblowing up the House of Commons. This I shall soon be consigned to the grave-my was not my view-I wished to punish the body will be immured beneath the soil whereguilty only, and therefore I declined it. He on I first drew breath. My only sorrow is, next proposed that we should attack the mi that the soil should be a theatre for slaves, nisters at the fete given by the Spanish Am- for cowards, for despots. My motives, I bassador. This I resolutely opposed, be doubt not, will hereafter be justly apprecicause the innocent would perish with the ated, I will therefore now conclude by stating, guilty ; besides, there were ladies invited to that I shall consider myself as murdered, if I the entertainment, and I, who am shortly to am to be executed on the verdict obtained ascend to the scaffold, shuddered with bor against me by the refusal of the Court to hear ror at the idea of that, a sample of which had my evidence. I could have proved Dwyer to previously been given by the agents of Go- be a villain of the blackest dye, for, since vernment at Manchester, and which the my trial, an accomplice of his, named Arnold, Ministers of bis Majesty applauded. Ed. has been capitally convicted at this very bar, wards was ever at invention; and at length for obtaining money under circumstances of he proposed attacking them at a cabinet an infamous nature. dinner. I asked him where were the means I seek not pity ; I demand but justice; I to carry his project into effect? He replied, have not had a fair trial, and upon that ground if I would accede we should not want for I protest that judgment ought not to be passed means. He was as good as his word; from upon me. him came, notwithstanding his apparent William Davidson was next called. He penury, the money provided for purchasing entered into a long defence of his conduct, the stores, which your Lordships have seen and most strongly inveigbed against the produced in Court upon my trial. He who charge of Mr. Baron Garrow. He said that was never possessed of money to pay for a he never had formed any intention to murder pint of beer, had always plenty to purchase the Ministers, or to lay his hand on bis Sovearms or ammunition. Amongst the conspi- reign. Wen Magna Charta was exacted rators he was ever the most active; ever in- from King John, twenty-five barons were

from King John, twentyducing people to join him, up to the last appointed to see that the charter was enforced. hour ere the undertaking was discovered. If it were infringed four Barons were to pro

I bad witnesses in Court who could prove test against it to the King, and if they did not they went to Cato-street by appointment with succeed in obtaining redress, then they were Edwards, with no other knowledge or motive to join with the other Barons, and with arms than that of passing an evening amongst his in their hands demand that redress at the point friends. I could also have proved, that sub- of the sword which their King had refused, sequent to the fatal transaction, when we met and tell him that if he did not yield it, they in Holborn, he endeavoured to induce two or would levy war against him. This was the three of my companions to set fire to houses language of Magna Charta, but yet he, (Daand buildings, in various parts of the metro- vidson) and bis associates bad never used such polis. I could prove that subsequent to that language. He could die but once, and he did again, he endeavoured to induce men to not fear death; bis only grief was for the throw hand grenades into the carriages of large famıly he would leave behind him : ministers as they passed through the streets; when he thought of this it unmanned him. and yet this man, the contriver, the instiga Inys said, that he bad not much to say, tor, the entrapper, is screened from justice but that be certainly had been entrapt into MONTHLY MAG. No. 340.

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the perpetration of this scheme by Edwards, countrymen, who were starving through the who became acquainted with him while he conduct of ministers. Lord Castlereagh and kept a coffee-shop. He protested solemnly Lord Sidmouth had an antipathy against the that he had not the least fear of dying, pro- people, and if he did conspire to murder them vided that Edwards was only to die with him, was that high treason? He readily acknowMinisters met to consult and conspire to starve ledged that he had agreed to assassinate the people, and surely when a man saw his Ministers, but he denied having ever confamily starving, it was not half so bad to assas- spired to dethrone or injure the Monarch. sinate the ministers as to endure starvation- But if resisting the Civil Power, or opposing for where was the man who could bear to see wicked Ministers was treason, then he conhis family starving, while others were living in fessed he was a traitor to his country-be luxury as was the case at present? The meet- was no traitor to his King; but he was an ing at Manchester was by the people, and enemy to Boroughmongering faction, which the people surely had a right to petition, as equally enslaved both the King and the peoour forefathers had bled and died for it. He ple. The happiness, the glory, and the safety trusted his children would yet live to see the of the King depended on his being free as day when ample justice would be done to well as his people, but this was not the case their country, and Englishmen no longer now. A faction ruled both King and peoshould be doomed to live as they now did. ple with lawless sway. He had by his inHis life could only be sacrificed once; but dustry, been able to earn about three or four he declared, as a Briton, that he would rather pounds a week, and while this was the case, die like a man than live like a slave.

he never meddled with politics, but wben he John Thomas Brunt, in a particular bold found his income reduced to ten shillings a and unembarrassed manner, said he would re- week, he began to look about him, and to ask peat what he had before stated to the jury on to what that could be owing? And what his trial, which had been so ably knocked did he find? Why, men in power, who met down by the Solicitor-General, whose sophis to deliberate how they might starve and plun. ticated eloquence would make even crime a der the country. He looked upon the Manvirtue. He then proceeded to recapitulate chester transactions as most dreadful, and the circumstances already stated by him on thought that nothing was too severe for men his defence. He protested against the ver- who had not only caused, but even applauded dict, not that he valued his life; no man the dreadful scenes which occurred there. valued it less when it was to be sacrificed in With pleasure he would die as a 'martyr in liberty's cause. Looking around him in this liberty's cause for the good of, his country, Court, and seeing the sword of justice and the and to have been avenged on her tyrants, inscriptions which were placed on the walls would have given him pleasure to have died above the learned Judges, he could only say, on the spot. He was not a traitor, nor the that he felt his blood boil in his veins when friend of a traitor, and it was only a villain he thought how justice was perverted, and who could call him so. While a nerve of ber sacred name prostituted to the basest and his body could move, that should and would vilest purposes. He was a man of his word, be exerted against the enemies of the people. and not a shuttlecock, as some might sup. He had joined the conspiracy for the public pose. If he pledged himself once to destroy good. He was not the man who would have a tyrant, he would do it. Edwards, that in- stopt. O no! he would have gone through famous villain, whom the Solicitor-General with it to the very bottom, or else bave had not dared to bring forward, had preyed perished in the attempt. Their death was on his credulity, and Adams bad betrayed necessary for the public good. They might him. Where was the benefit that would quarter his body, they might inflict on him result to Christianity from the able defence every species of torture, but they could made of it by the Solicitor-General? What not shake his resolution nor subdue bis spirit. was Christianity? Why did its doctrines He would mount the scaffold with the same promulgate so horrid an idea, as that sup- firm intrepidity he now evinced, and, if his life posing a man to have been a Deist, and all was called for, if his wife was to be made at once to have been converted by seeing ihe a widow, and his child an orphan, in this halter staring him in the face, he would there mighty cause be would cheerfully sacrifice fore be strengthened by Almighty God to it. He would die as the descendant of an become a villain and a perjured betrayer of ancient Briton. his associates ? That this was the case with Richard Tidd denied that the evidence Adams was evident from his own confession against him was true, as did also, Wilson, Was this then Christianity? If it was, he Harrison, Bradburn, Strange, and cooper. prayed God he might die without it; for very The sentence, in the usual form, was different, indeed, were the ideas he had then passed, and Monday, May 1, they formed of religion. He had antipathy against died with the spirit indicated in the none, but the enemies of his country. He was a friend to the lower orders, and, as an

previous speeches. bonest man, had a fellow feeling for his


Or, Records of very eminent and remarkable Persons recently Deceased.

At length his uncle, Louis the 18th, was WIR DAVID DUNDAS's military career once more seated on the throne of France.

commenced so early as 1752. He served The Duke married, and those attached to in most parts of Europe ; as also at the attack the existing order of things fondly looked to on the Isle of Cuba (1762), where Sir David the issue, as to the establishment of the (then Capt. Dundas) was Aid-de-Camp to Bourbon dynasty-but a French soldier deGen. Elliott. After being engaged in most voted himself in executing what be deemed of the campaigns of that time, in 1789 we the wishes of his fellow-citizens, and the find him advanced to the rank of Major. Duke fell a victim to his unpopularity in the General, and two years after he was placed flower of his age. on the Irish Staff. In 1793, he commanded

THE REV, DR. H.4WEIS. the British and allied troops at the evacua- This once popular preacher, who died at tion of Toulon, where he succeeded General Bath, the 11th of Feb, aged 86, was rector of O'Hara, after the latter had been wounded Aldewinckle All Saints, Northamptonshire,and and taken prisoner; and after returning to had the honour of being twice doctored, viz. England, served in several campaigns in LL.D. and M.D. He was chaplain to Selina, Flanders. As a small reward for his many Countess of Huntingdon, whose funeral sermon and important services, General Dundas was he preached, her principal trustee, and is also appointed, in 1804, Governor of Chelsea Hos. reported to have been the original founder of pital, and a Knight of the Bath. In 1809 the General Missionary Society, as well as he was honoured by the appointment of Com- to that of the South Sea Islands, particularly, mander in Chief, the Duke of York retiring the which will hand his name down with pro tempore. The next and last mark of honour to posterity, and for this reason, that the Royal favour which Sir David received, however thinking people may differ about was the Colonelcy of the 1st regiment of the validity of Missionary efforts, there can dragoon guards, which he held to the day of be no difference of opinion, as to the civilihis death.

zation of savages; which fact, as it applies to DUKE OF BERRI.

Otaheite, is almost realized at this day. Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berri, second Dr. Haweis was a native of Cornwall, son of Monsieur, heir presumptive of the educated at Truro, and afterwards of Christ's throne of France, lately killed by Louvel, as College, Cambridge. He then became assishe was leaving the Opera, was born at Ver- tant preacher to the Rev. Martin Madan, sailles, January 24, 1778. His youth gave (the author of Thelypthora), at the Lock promise of reputation; the revolution check- Hospital in London. So long back as 1764, ing bis studies, obliged him to withdraw from he was presented with the living which he France, with his father to Turin. He made enjoyed to his death. Considerable discushis debut early into the army; was ever sion took place about this piesentation, the brave, and (until the return of the Bourbons) causes of which have long since been buried equally unfortunate. After a long residence in oblivion. The Doctor published an Evanupon the continent, England became his gelical Expositor, in 2 vols. folio, besides a asylum, but when the tide of affairs ebbed, very considerable number of theological when Napoleon was disposed of, he returned pieces, which we believe have been collected to his native land, where, first placing his together.. foot upon the shore at Cherbourg, on the His remains are interred in the Abbey 13th of April, 1814, he exclaimed. “Beloved Church at Bath. France, let us bring back but an oblivion

REV. ROGERS RUDING, B. D. of the past, and peace, and the desire of Died at Maldon, Surrey, in his 69th year, giving happiness to the French.” At Caen, and was Vicar of that parish. He was born he set several prisoners at liberty, and ar at Leicester, Aug. 9, 1751; was educated riving at the Thuilleries, he embraced the at Merton College, Oxford, of which he was French marshals. From this moment he some time Fellow; and proceeded B. A. devoted himself to gain the affections of the 1771; M. A. 1775 ; B. D. 1782. military, and partially succeeded. But when In 1793, he was presented, by his College, Buonaparte returned from Elba, like a mighty to the vicarage of Maldon; and was afterrushing wind carrying all before him, the wards elected a Fellow of the Society of Duke was obliged, with his family, to fly Antiquaries of London: he was also an Ho

towards Belgium. Upon this occasion, with norary Member of the Philosophical Society · an escort of 4,000 soldiers, he met with some at Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

companies of the regiment De Bethune, con In 1798, he published “A Proposal for sisting of about 300 soldiers, who by way of restoring the antient Constitution of the Mint, defiance, set up the cry of Vive L'Empereur. so far as relates to the Expence of Coinage ; The Duke dashed among them, proposing together with the Outline of a Plan for the Vive Le Roi instead, in which, being unsuc- Improvement of the Money, and for increascessful, he said, “ you see that we could ing the Difficulty of Counterfeiting ;" 8vo. attorly exterminate you, but live.”

In 1812, be circulated Proposals for pub

lishing lishing by subscription bis “ Annals of Coin- Editor, whose opinions of these corrupt proage,” which valuable work appeared in ductions are well known to all his readers, 4 volumes 4to. in 1817, under the following told the counsel that he neither respected nor title : “ Annals of the Coinage of Britain read them. This Sir Vicary Gibbs affected to and its Dependencies, from the earliest Period think strange, and insisting that every pubof authentic History to the End of the 50th lisher ought to consult the opinions which the year of King George 111." For the illus- Reviews give of authors before he treated tration and embellishment of these Volumes, for their works, he asserted in his course the Society of Antiquaries permitted the way, that “if any publisher bought a MS. Plates of Mr. Folkes's work on Coins to be without consulting the Reviews in regard to used.

former works of the same author, he ought Mr. Ruding contributed to the Archæo- ' not to be allowed to walk about without a logia, " some account of the Trial of the keeper.” This position was to the last dePinx,” and “a Memoir on the Office of gree silly, yet it suited the purpose of certain Cuneator."

willings of the day to endeavour to embroil SIR VICARY GIBBS,

the Sheriff with the Attorney-General. The The late Chief Justice of the Court of former, indeed, did not consider himself as Common Pleas, was a man of strong mind, likely to be a favourite with the Crown peevish temper, and great legal knowledge, Lawyers, with whom he had been officia ly perfected by vast industry and continual at issue on several points discreditable neipractice. For the sake of the bar, however, ther to his patriotism nor benevolence. What the urbanity of which we would wish to had passed led bim, however, to consider the respect, it is to be hoped that the asperity affair as a manifestation of personal hostiwith which this lawyer treated all who dif- lity on the part of Sir Vicary ; but in a few fered in opinion from him, whether in a wig days, both being in the drawing-room at St. or without, will never be copied. In a James's—Sir Vicary, at a considerable discounsellor, a waspish infirmity of temper tance, across a crowd of heads, recognized the becomes disgusting, but in a judge it is Sheriíi' by a continuance of cordial salutations, monstrous; not that we can impute this to which were at first gravely received and not Sir Vicary as a Chief Justice. When r:lised returned ; but in a few minutes he bustled to the bench, all his petulance fled; and a through the throng, commenced some friendly dignified amenity went hand in hand with enquiries, and held out his hand. The Sheriff duiy. The dictatorial manner of a con- smiled, and remarked, that after all that had temporary Chief Justice was unknown on passed in the newspapers it must be thought the chief seat of the Common Pleas.

strange to see them in that attitude.—“Pshaw, Sir Vicary was educated at Eton School, Sir,” said he, “do you imagine 1 regard newsand in 1772, was elected to King's College, papers, or think about their observations ?". Cambridge, as a scholar on Lord Craven's “ Good,” rejoined the Sheriff; “yet Sir foundation, where he distinguished himself Vicary, it must be allowed that you have as by his attainments in classical literature; great an interest in what they say, as a puband where he took the degree of B. A. 1772, lisher has in the opinions of Reviews!"and proceeded M. A. 1775. In the earlier “You are right-you are right, Sir-I feel part of his life he was a popular Counsel, the force of the observation ; but you must being second to Lord Erskine in the State not expect a pleader to be always logicalTrials of 1794, and his exertions in favour of the Man must be distinguished from the liberty at that time were the foundation of his Advocate, and I hope we are friends and shall eminence; but, like others, he kicked down continue to be so." The Sheriff replied, that the stool by which he rose, and when made a publisher always wished to be on good King's Counsel, his political principles terms with an Attorney-General; and the çhanged into the most violent persecution parties then separated in mutual good buby ex officio informations ever known among mour, several bye-standers laughing at the the records of Attorney and Solicitor-Ge- incident and at so singular an eclaircissement. nerals, who it is known are no way sparing A volume could not more fully illustrate the in this mode. In 1795, he was made Soli- character of Sir Vicary Gibbs, though diffecitor-General to the Prince of Wales, an rent readers may draw very different inRecorder of Bristol. In 1805, Solicitor-Ge erences from the anecdote. neral; at the general election of 1807, he

THE EARL OF SELKIRK. became M. P. for Cambridge. In 1812, Thomas Earl of Selkirk, Lord Lieutenant Attorney-General. In 1813, Chief Baron of of the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, lately the Exchequer, &c. soon afterwards Chief died at Pau, in the 49th year of his age. He Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, on had spent the winter in the South of France. the resignation of Sir James Mansfield, which Few men were possessed of higher powers of important office he was obliged to resign in mind, or capable of applying them with 1818, on account of ill health-In 1808, he more indefatigable perseverance. His Treatise was counsel in a cause in which the Editor on Emigration bas long been considered as a of this Magazine, then acting as Sheriff of standard work, and as having exhausted one London, was a witness. It was important to of the most difficult subjects in the science his client to prove that the Editor paid vulgar of politieal economy. His Lordship was respect to the dicta of Reviews ; but the also advantageously known to the public as

the author of some other literary productions, obstructions be met with served only to all of them remarkable for the enlargement stimulate him to increased exertion, and and liberality of their views, the luminous after an arduous struggle with a powerful perspicuity of their statements, and that confederacy, which had arrayed itself against severe and patient spirit of induction wbich him, and which would, long ere now, have delights in ihe pursuit, and is generally suc- subdued any other adversary, he had the cessful in the discovery of truth.

satisfaction to know, that he had finally sucHis Lorosbip was eminently exemplary in ceeded in founding an industrious and thrivthe discharge of every social and private ing communiiy. It has now struck deep duty. He was a considerate and indulgent root in the soil, and is competent, from its landlord, a kind and gracious master; to own internal resources, to perpetuate itself,

the poor a generous benefactor, and of every and to extend the blessings of civilization to · public improvement a judicious and liberal those remote and boundless regions. patron.

He was the youngest of five sons (all of The latter years of the life of this lamented whom attained to manhood) of Dunbar, 41h nobleman were employed in the establish- Earl of Selkirk, who died in 1799. In the ment of an extensive colony in the western latter end of 1807, he married Jane, daughter parts of British America. In the prosecution of James Wedderburn Colville, Esq. by of this favourite object, he had encountered whom he has left one son, now Earl of obstacles of the most unexpected and formi. Selkirk, born in 1809, and two daughters. dable character. With these, however, he Her Ladyship accompanied the Earl to was admirably qualified to contend; as to North America, and afterwards to France, the counsels of an enlightened philosophy and continued, with painful and unwearied and an immovable firmness of purpose, he assiduity, to administer kind and soothing added the most complete habits of business attentions till the last hour of his life. and a perfect knowledge of affairs. The

INCIDENTS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS IN AND NEAR LONDON; With Biographical Memoirs of distinguished Characters recently deceased.

May 1. LIVE of the men who had been

MARRIED. [ convicted of treasonable in- J.R. Park, M. D. of Bedford square, to' teations, were executed at the front of Mrs. Stouppe. the debtors' door, Newgate. [For their , G. Norton, esq. of the Inner Temple, speeches and cases see the article Public Barrister at Law, to Miss Rose, of Gray's Affairs.]

Inn. -A'meeting of the Committee of Charles Struth, esq. of Upper HarleyManagement of the Agricultural Associa. street, to Miss Emma Louisa Stracey, of tion, took place at Henderson's Hotel, Harley-place. Westminster, to forward the petitions, and The Rev. B. M. Willan, of Queenboprosecute the claims of the Agriculturists; rough, to Miss Harriet Dixon, of Barwell nearly fifty gentlemen assembled, among Court, Surrey. whom were the members of Essex, Sussex, The Rev. Thomas King, of Wallington, and Surrey. The meeting of the Mendicity Surrey, to Miss Amelia Quilter, of Hadley. Suppre-sion Society was held at the Free Thomas Kithingman Stavely, esq. of masons' Tavern. It was stated that ma- Sleningford, Yorkshire, to Miss Mary nagers had brought their arrangements to Claridge, of Pall Mall. such perfection, that they entertained Thomas Jeffery Bumstead, esq. B. A. of great hopes of being able to accomplish Queen's College, Oxford, to Miss Fanny the total suppression of mendicity in the Smith, of Manor-house, Walworth. metropolis, at no great distance of time. George West, esq. of the Royal Engi.

15. In the Court of King's Bench, neers, to Miss Louisa Revell, of Round Oak, Messrs. Hunt, Johnson, Knight, Healy, and Surrey. Bainford, for co-operation in the meeting of Mr. Charles Baker, of Southampton, to the Manchester petitioners, were sentenced Miss Mary Ann Wilkie, of Paternoster-rów. as follows:-Mr. Hunt to be imprisoned in George Grote, jun. ésq.of Threadneedle. the gaol of llchester for 2 years and 6 street, to Miss Harriet Lewin, of the Holmonths, and to give security for his good lies, Kent. behaviour for 5 years, himself in 10001. At Lambeth, Thomas Benwell, esq. to and two sureties in 5001. each ; and the Miss Mary Hitchins, of Oxford. rest for 12 months in Lincoln Castle, and. At Hammersńith, the Rev. John Legto find sureties, 1001. each, gett, to Miss Frances Wells. and two sureties of 501. each.

At Chelsea, the Rev. Henry Thomas - 25. The electors of Westminster Austen, rector of Steventon, Hants, to Miss celebrated the first return of Sir Francis Eleanor Jackson. Burdett, and presented him on the occa . Mr. George Russell, of Stafford-place, sion with a superb silver vase.

Pimlico, to Miss Sarah Bass, of Piccadilly.


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