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returned back again: others went into staires, leading from the garden apperthe aforesaid Redyates chambér, and taining to the house, iuto the Thames. tarried with him. The whole garret, On the morrow, the coroner and his inrooms adjoining, door, and top of the quest coming to view the bodics, found stairs, were as full as they could hold. remaining but sixty-three. In the garret were set chairs and stools

ROBESPIERRE. for the better sort: most of the women All the blood shed during the reign of sate on the floor, but most of the men terror, has been usually attributed to stood thronged together: in all, about Robespierre, though it is an absolute 200 were there assembled. In the midst fact, that, for the last three weeks, which was a table and a chair for the preacher. numbered more cxecutions than all the When the preacher had discoursed time preceding it, Robespierre never about half an hour, on a sudden the once entered the committee, haying floor whereon the preacher and tho quarrelled with the members; he regreatest part of his auditory were, fell fused to act with them, and to this down with such violence, as therewith cause, raiber than any other, may be the floor of the chamber under it, where ascribed his being delivered over to poRedyate and his company were, was pular vengeance. broken down with it, so that both the A WHITE FEMALE, PART OF WHOSE SKIN floors, with the beams, girders, joyces, RESEMBLES THAT OF A NEGRO. boards, and scelings, with all the people Hannah West was born of English on them, soll down together upon the parents, in a village in Sussex, in 1791, third floor, which was the floor of the about three miles distant from the sea. French ambassador's withdrawing-cham- Her parents had nothing peculiar. Her ber, supported with strong arches. mother is still alive, and has black hair, Amongst those that fell, many escaped; hazel eyes, and a fair skin, without any for some of the timber rested with one mark. Hannah was her only child by end on the walls, and with the other on her first husband; but her mother has the third floor, that yeclded not; and so had eleven children by a sccond marboth such as abode on those picccs, and riage, all without any blackness of the such as were directly under them, were skin. The young woman is rather above thereby preserved. Others there were the middle size, of full habit, and has that were pulled out alive, but so bruis- always enjoyed good health. Her hair cd, or so spent for want of breath, that is light-brown, and very soft; her cycs some lived not many hours, others died faint blue; her nose prominent, and a not many days after. The floor of the little aquilinc; lier lips thin; the skin chamber immediately over this, where of her face, neck, and right hand, very the corps lay, being fallen, there was no fair. In every respect, indeed, she is entrance into it, but through the ambas. very unlike a negro; it is, consequently, sador's bed-chamber, the door whereof very singular, that the whole of her was closed up with the timber of the left shoulder, arm, fore-arm, and hand, floors that fell down; and the walls of should be of the genuine negro colour, this room were of stone, only there was except a small stripe of white skin, one window in it, with extraordinary about two inches broad, which comstrong cross bars of iron, so that though menccs a little below the elbow, and 'smithis and other workmen were immc- runs up to the arm-pit, joining the white diately sent for, yet it was more than skin of tlie trunk of the body. an hour before succour could be af- ANECDOTE OF INTOLERANCE. forded to them that were fallen down. When Trenchard's Independent Whig Passage at length being made, I had first made its appearance, a Mr. Worthaccess into the room, (saith Dr Gouge, ington, of the Isle of Man, sent it as a the relator of this story,) and vicwing present to the public library of the the bodies, observed some (yet but few) island. The bishop of Sodor and Man, to be mortally wounded, or crushed by hearing of this officious gift, commissionthe timber: others to be apparently cd an agent of his, one Stevenson, to stilled, partly with their thick lying one take away the book. Mr. Worthington upon another, and partly with the dust brought an action against Stevenson, that came from the seeling which fell and succeeded in getting him imprisondown. On the Lord's day, at night, ed; but the bishop refused to restore the when they fell; they were numbered confiscated book, and, through his friends ninety-one dead bodies: but many of at court, accomplished Stevenson's rethem were secretly conveyed away in lease. the night, there being a pair of water.

LIBLIOTHEQUE

BIBLIOTHEQUE ROYALE AT PARIS. We proceed to lay before our Readers other rare Documents from this valuable

Repository of Historical and Biographical Curiosities.

ORIGINAL Letter of fenelon, ARCH. propensities of that age, and even some

BISHOP of CAMBRAY, to the MARQUIS dissipation. We must wait, and reckon de LouviLLE.

that every year will add to bis Icarning W HAT a number of precautions for and authority. Do not say too much v an innocent secret! We are to him at once: and give him only what neither of us capable of intrigue, and be asks of you. When you imagine would resort to ihese precautions from he is fatigued, stop short. Nothing is no worldly motive. Ours is a corres, so dangerous as to administer more food pondence of friendship, consolation, and thau the mind can digest : the respect openness of heart. If our masters were due to a master, and his good, which all to sec it, they would discover only can- should desire, require a delicacy, care, dour, truth, and zeal, towards them. I and a mild insinuation, which I pray will tell you, without having been in God to confor upon yon! If he appears any way apprised of what is passing at not to want your advice, preserve a reyour court, that you cannot be too carc- spectful silence, without diminishing any ful not to exceed the boundaries of your mark of zeal and affection. One should functions, or too distrustful of mankind. never be discouraged. Even though the My friendship authorises me to speak vivacity of youth should induce him to thus freely to you. Be patient." Do transgress some boundary, his heart is not place too much confidence in your good, his religion is sincere, his courage first, or even in your second, view of is great, and he will always love those things, but suspend your judgment, and who desire his welfare, without fatiguing get wisdom by degrees. Do no harm to him with indiscreet zeal. What I most any body, but trust very few. Do not fear for him, is the poison of flattery, treat any ridiculous thing with levity; which even the wisest kings are seldom and display no impatience at wayward guarded against. This share is to be accidents. Avoid placing your own dreaded for all virtuous hearts. They prejudices in competition with those of desire the approbation of merit, and artothers. Look at things abstractedly, in ful men are always eager to obtain faorder to appreciate them in the aggre- vour by flattering praises. As soon as a gate ; which is the only true and useful man is invested with authority, he point of view in which they can be con- should distrust every commendation. sidered. Speak nothing but the truth; Bad princes are the most flattered, bebut suppress it whenever you find that cause scoundrels, who know their vanity, it would be spoken uselessly, or from an attack them on their weak side: there is excess of confidence. Avoid, as much much more to fear and to hope from them as possible, creating jealousy or discon- than from good princes, because they tent; and yet, however modest you may lavish honours with one hand, and with be, you must not expect to conciliate the other carry violence to excess. Never jealous minds. The nation in wbich you were emperors more praised than Calilive, is suspicious to excess. Their gula, Nero, and Domitian. If virtuous minds, from want of culture, cannot at kings would reflect on this truth, their tain to solidity, and turn towards finesse example would render them cautious in entirely. Be careful of them, and think receiving unmerited praises, they would particularly of what you write. Write always fear deception, and would take nothing that is not sure and solid. Give the wisest part, -that of rejecting them the doubtful as doubtful. Write with altogether. Truly good men admire but simplicity, and with a certain serious little, and praise even the best things and modest exactitude, which is more with simplicity and moderation. That, honourable than the most elegant and however, is very unacceptable to princes graceful style. Adopt yourself to the who are accustomed to acclamations, master whom you serve. He is just, applauses, and the incense of flattery. and has a beart sensible of merit. His Wicked men praise the monarch only mind is steady, and will ripen from day with a view of obtaining some benefit. to day; but he is young. It is not pos- Ambition profits by bis vanity, and flatsible for bim, notwithstanding all his ters bim for its own purposes. The taynatural solidity, to be without certain lor calls Mr. Jourdain My lord, in order

G 2

to

to obtain a crown-piece. A great mo- dom tbat was in him (a Solomon.) narch ought to spurn the idea of being Nothing makes a king leared so much, considered so weak and frivolous. No as to behold him steady, firm, witlr a man should be bold enough to praise proper self-possession, not precipitate, him to bis face; for it is a want of re- hearing all men, and decidiny only after spect and duty. You know that Sextus a deliberate examination, the Fifth would never hear himself If a young prince is so fortunate as to praised.

have neither favourite nor mistress, and A king has no other interest and lo- if he listens to a particular minister only, nour than those of the nation which be as before God he has reason to think governs. Men judge of a monarch by bis counsel better than that of the others, the government of his kingilom, as they he will be feared, lovce, and revered. form the opinion of a watchmaker by He should be attentive to the advice of the excellence or worthlessness of the each, but should never decide according watches which he manufactures

to the quality of the parties, or the imA kingdom is well governed, when the posing tone of their representations. following objects are diligently culti. He should accustom even the most dish vated. Ist. To increase the popula- tinguished persons to offer tbeir ideas, tion; 20. to compel all men to labour and wait patiently for bis determination. according to their mcans, in agriculture; This ascendancy over those who are 3d. to provide for the proper support of proach bim, is an important point; but all the classes ; 4th. to suffer 110 slug- he cannot possess it suddenly. A young gards or vagabonds; 5th. to reward king, though be may be equally powermerit; 6th. to punish disorder; 7th. to ful with those of a riper age, cannot bavo kcep every body, if men and individuals, the same authority over the mind. For however powerful they may be, in a instance, bis Catholic Majesty will be state of subordination; 8th. to moderato very fortunate, if, in forty years bepce, the royal authority in its own person, so he can make himself obeyed, as our that the king may do nothing from pride, master is obeyed in his kingdom. A violence, caprice, or weakness, against young king, arriving in a country to the laws; 91h. to have no favourite or wbich he is a stranger, and from a na. particular minister ; to listen to different tion considered by the Spanish as encadvisers, compare their counsels, and mies, must conform to the people, yield weigh them without prejudice; but to their customs, accommodate himself never to follow blindly the advice of any to their prejudices ; and, above all, inindividual: if the counsellor is good, this struct himself in the laws, and maintain exclusive preference would spoil bim; if them religiously. As bis application he is bad, the king betrays himself in and experience increase, so also will his Jistening to him.

authority. He must be economical, and By this conduct, a king really per- undertake nothing that is not absolutely forms the duties of a kins; that is to say, necessary. Let him listen readily, but he is the father and pastor of his people. bclicve oply from the most indubitable He labours to render them just, wise, testimony. Let there be nothing gained -and happy. He should never think be by addressing him last or first. The does his duty except when he has the first and the last speaker should be crook in his hand, and feeds his flock, equal; the depth of their reasoning only sheltered from the attack of wolves. He should convince bim. Let him study should never think bis nation will go- mankind, and examine the talents of verned, but when all labour, are fed, and every man; and let the good qualities of obey the laws. He should obey them any individual never blind him to his himself, for he ought to set the exam- defects: he should fear infatuation. ple: he is only a common man like the Every man bas bis faults: wlien none rest, charged with their safety and bap- are seen in a man, his character is fictipiness.

tious, and he is not to be trusted. The He must insist upon obedience to the great duty of a king is to discern the laws, and not to himself. If he com- merits of men, to place them in proper mands, it is not for bimself, but for the situations, to rule and redress them. He good of those whom he governs. He governs sufficiently himself, when he immust be the servant of the laws, and of pels bis subalterns to govern justly. God. He bears the sword for the punish- If the king should take so much upon ment of the wicked. It is said that bin), be so moderate, so studious, what eycry body fcared the king for the wis ought not they to do who have the honour

to

HENRY.

to be nour him! I pray to God every king and a true saint, -the worthy deday for his Majesty and for you, sir, soendant of St. Louis. whom I honor and esteem from the bot. tom of my licart.

ORIGINAL LETTERS of HENRY 11, I had forgotten to observe, that no

of FRANCE, man is more thoroughly persuaded thin To Mademoiselle D'Antraigues. myself, that his Catholic Majesty has a

April 21, 1600. true spirit of valour, and noble senti, MADEMOISELLE.—Love, honour, and ments of honour in all things. I have the favours you have received from observed instances of this, from his in- me, would have fixed the lightest mind fancy. I confess that it is a great point in the world, if it had not been acin a king to be intrepid in war, but the companied by ill-nature like yours. I courage of war is less requisite in so shall not add more on the subject, great a prince than the courage of busi- though you know I can, and onghi, to ness. When will he be called to com- do it. I beg yon to send me back thic bat? Perhaps never! On the contrary, promise I gave you ; and do not put me he will be every day in action with to the trouble of taking it by other others, and with himself, in the midst of means. Return me also the ring I prehis court. He requires an invincible sented you with the other day. Such courage to contend with an artful minis. are the subjects of this letter, to which ter, an indiscreet favourite, or with a I must have an auswer to night. woman who desires to become his mistress. He requires courage against fat.

TO M. D'Antraigues. teries, against pleasures, and against tlio

April 21, 1600. amusements which would drive him from MONSIEUR D'ANTRAIGUES.-I sind · his duties. He must be courageous in you the bearer, to losing me back the pro.

labour, inconvenience, and bad success. mise I made to you in writing at MilcsHe must bave courage against importu- herbes: do not fail to return it. If you nity, to know how to refuse without vio- bring it me yourself, I will explain to you lence or rudeness. Warlike courage, my reasons for it, which are private, and however brilliant, is very inferior to this not of state, from which you will say that courage of life and of every hour. It is I am right; and you will discover that this that imparts real authority, prepares you have been deceived, and that my great successes, surmounts the greatest nature is rather too good than otherobstacles, and acquires true glory. Fraj. wise. Being assured that you will obre cis the First was a hero in battle ; but my command, I conclude in assuring he was weakness itself in the midst of you that I am your good master, his favourites and mistresses. He sacri.

Henry. ficed shamefully, in his court, all the To Madame the Princess of Tuscuny, Murg glory he had gained at Marignan. Thus de Medicis, afterwards Queen. it was that every thing went wrong with

Alay 24, 1000. him. Charles, surnamed the Wise, could The virtues and perfections which not attend the war on account of his in- sbine resplendent in you, and make you firmities; but his good and strong mind universally admired, had long created a regulated the war itself. He was supe. desire in me to honour and serve you rior to his ministers and generals. The according to your merit ; but what Halking, our master, has acquired more es- lincourt has related to me las greatly intcem by his firminess in regulating the crcased it; and, being myself unable to finances, disciplining the troops, reforming represent to you my inviolable affection, I abuses, and by the orders which he gave have chosen, in waiting for that consent, for the war, than by his presence in se- (which will be soon, if Heaven be propia veral perilous sieges. His patient cou. tious to my prayers,) my faithful servant rage at Namur did even more than the Frontinac to do that oflice in my name, valour of his troops.

assured that he will acquit himself faith Say all this, sir, as you think proper, fwly as one whom I have brought up, I offer it to you as I think it. You will and who knows better than ały other my know how to adapt my observations to intentions towards you. He will disthe opportunity; and I doubt not that cover to you my heart, which you will you have perfectly at heart the reputa. find not less accompanied with a pastion and welfare of the monarci to sionate desire to cherish and love you whom you are attached. For my part, all my life as mistress of my afairs, but I desire ardentiy that he may be a great to leave hereafter to the pleasure of

- your

your commands my own will and obedi. for it, and for the assurance you afford
ence, which I hope one day to testify mo of continuing the happiness of yonr
to you, and confirm to you in person favour and your kind assistance, as M.
the pledge which he bears you of my Wilks bas declared to me your inter-
faith. If you yield equal faith to him as tion to do, which has been a great con-
to myself, and I pray you to permit solation to me amongst the many evil
him, after having saluted and kissed designs of our enemies, from whom,
your hands on my behalf, to offer you with your good aid, I hope that God
the services of a prince whom Heaven will preserve me, and turn them to their
has destined for you, and created for you own shame and confusion; and because
alone.

Henry. the said Mr. Wilks will be able faithfully
To the Queen of England.

to represent to you all he knows, and
MADAM.-Amongst the many favours what I have communicated to him, I
which I continually receive from your rely on his sufficiency without sending
goodness, I account it a very great one you a longer letter, after having most
that it has pleased you to afford me the humbly kissed your hands, and prayed
means of informing you, by one of your God to have you, madam, in his holy
faithful servants, of the state of my af- keeping.
fairs, and of the lionour and Juty which,

Your most affectionate during all my life, I shall continue to

friend and servant, i render you. I most humbly thank you

HENRY.

COLLECTIONS FROM AMERICAN LITERATURE.

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A N original work has just appeared It is likewise dedicated to the immortal H at Philadelpbia, under the title of memory of the Desmonds, the O'Nicis, “ Vindiciæ Hibernicæ, or Ireland Vin- the O'Donnels, the O'Moores, the Presa dicated; an attempt to develop and ex. tons, the Mountgarrets, the Castlela. pose a few of the multifarious errors vens, the Fitzgeralds, the Sheareses, the and falsehoods respecting Ireland, in the. Tones, the Emmetts, and the myriads of luistories of May, Temple, Whitelock, illustrious Irishmen, who sacrificed life Borlase, Rushworth, Clarendon, Cox, or fortune, in the unsuccessful effort to Carte, Leland, Warner, Macauley, emancipate a country endowed by HeaHume, and others : particularly in the ven with as many and as choice blesslegendary tales of the Conspiracy and ings as any part of the terraqueous globe; pretended Massacre of 1641; by M. but for ages a hopeless and helpless Carcy.”* We say original, because it victim to a form of government transis not a slavish compilation from English cendantly pernicious." anthors, and a wretched copy of English “ Philadelphia, March 6, 1819.prejudices, like most American books.

IRISH HISTORY.
The Dedication is unique: it is ad. The history of Ireland, as stated and
dressed “to those superior spirits, who proved in the body of this work, is al-
scorn the yoke of fraud, imposture, bi- most one solid mass of falsehood and
gotry, and delusion; who, at the sacred imposture, erected, particularly during
shrine of Truth, will offer up their preju- the seventeenth century, on the basis of
dices, bow inveterate soever, when her fraud and perjury; fraud and perjury so
bright torch illuminates their minds; obvious, so stupid, and so flagitious, that,
who, possessing the inestimable blessings to the most superficial observer, it must
of thrice-holy and revered Liberty, ac- be a subject of inexpressible astonish-
quired by an arduous struggle against a ment how it ever gained currency.
mere incipient despotism, will sympa- Nevertheless, from such foul and pol.
thize with those who contended ardently, luted sources alone, the knowledge of
although unsuccessfully, against as grie Irish history is derived by ninc-tepths of
vous an oppression as ever pressed to those who have condescended to study
the earth a noble and generous bation, it; and, though it may appear extrava-
which embarked in the same glorious gant, it is nevertheless a serious truth,
cause as Leonidas, Epaminondas, Bru. What a large portion even of those who
tus, the Prince of Orange, William Tell, pride themselves on their literary ac-
Fayette, Hancock, Adams, Franklin, quirements, are almost as ignorant of
and Washington, this work is dedicated. the affairs of Ireland, from the twelfth to

the eighteenth century, as they are of
* Imported by Souter.
those of thic Arabians or Japanese. They

are,

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