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communications under the name of Mr. Young was now in his element; Ralph Robinson of Windsor. . conducting the business of a board in
The idea of inaking an actual survey stituted expressly for the purpose of of the territory of France had long been extending and improving his constant a favourite subject with Mr. Young, and favourite object, the national agri. and it was first called into action by culture. the invitation of M. Lazówski and the He continued, from the first, to Duke de la Rochefoucault to accom take a principal and active share in pany them in a journey to the Pyrenees. all the transactions of the Board of
This first excursion to France took Agriculture, independently of the mere place in the year 1787, and Mr. Young duties of its Secretary. He personally returned to London in the winter, in made and published an account of the order to be present at the discussion on survey of the two counties of Suffolk the subject of the wool-bill then before and Lincoln ; also of the waste lands in parliament, a national object, in which various parts of England, on the authohe zealously interested himself. His rity of the Board, besides certain private last Tour was made in 1789, which com- agricultural journies and tours, of which pleted his travels in France, and the we have had an account in his Annals : account he has since published of that that useful work has at the same time country stands unrivalled in respect to been regularly continued; and Mr. important and solid information.
Young also, amidst his numerous avoI'he intermediate space between this cations, found leisure frequently to adperiod and the date of his appointment dress the public on various important as Secretary to the Board of Agricul. subjects. ture was filled up, as was the whole The attention of the Board of Agrilife of Mr. Young, in pursuits of the culture has been directed to almost inost useful nature to his country and every useful object of rural economy, to mankind. He was engaged either and to those more especially in whichi upon his own farm, or in making prac- there has appeared a deficiency in the tical observations in various parts of national practice: on these heads the Great Britain.
usual channel of communication with Nothing could be more contrary to the public was through Mr. Young's fact, or more calumnious, than the cor. Annals. The mode of premiums was rupt motives assigned to Mr. Young's adopted, and it seemed the only means of acceptance of the Secretaryship of the stimulating public indolence to a deviaBoard of Agriculture. The propagators tion from the beaten track into the of that calumny neither knew the man, field of promising experiment.. The nor the history of the transaction. The extension of the breed of fine-wooled equally illustrious Sir John SINCLAIR, sheep upon all suitable soils, for the in one of the volumes of Communica- truly national purpose of ridding ourtions to the Board, has said enough to selves of a precarious dependence on impress every candid mind with the Spain for that precious commodity, and conviction, that the post of Secretary, the general substitution of labouring with its salary of six hundred pounds oxen, which in the end become food for per annum, was not the gift of minis- man, and are the harbingers of plenty ters, but the boon of private friendship; in the place of horses, which, after their and we know that it was not the price labour, produce only food for dogs, and of any political tergiversation, for to become in themselves one great permathe last hour of his life his opinions nent cause of scarcity, were among the continued little altered on the neces- chief objects of solicitude. sity of reform, and of many changes in Mr. Young pretended not to the merit the system and policy of the govern- of original discoveries, either in respect ment. The country is indebted to the to new practices, new implements, new patriotic exertions of Sir John for the vegetables, or new varieties of animals. establishment of this excellent institu. Tull and Ellis, and the most eminent tion; but so convinced was Mr. Young rural philosophers of the continent, had of the fruitlessness of the efforts in his preceded him; and their theories which favour, that while the affair remained Young taught, and their practices which in suspense he offered to stake a set of he inculcated, were known long before the Annals of Agriculture against a set his day, although they prevailed within of the Statistical Account of Scotland a very narrow circle: it was his great on the event.
merit to recommend and universally
spread spread them, to prove their truth and long and faithfully served his country utility by actual experiments of his -HIS ERRORS WILL BE FORGOTTEN, own.
AND HIS SERVICES ONLY BE REMEMIn the long list of the works of our BERED! author, it is not possible that all can be In 1797 he lost his youngest daughof equal excellence or public use; but ter, at the age of fourteen ; and this it may be most securely averred, that loss first drew him from the extensive there is not a single publication un. circle of acquaintance he had formed, worthy of general attention. On the which he gradually lessened, to the 66 Tours," the great reputation of the commencement of his blindness in 1807, author is chiefly founded ; and the ac- when he almost entirely withdrew himcount of Ireland particularly helped to self from general company; although, spread his fame throughout Europe; at by the assistance of his amanuensis, he home that work was also received with retained his situation of secretary to great avidity; and parliament imme- the time of his death, and kept up an diately adopting his advice, 40,0001. extensive correspondence. In 1811 he per annum was saved in the bounty on was couched, and from that period bethe inland carriage of corn.
came totally blind, though always Mr. Young was one of our most ex. happy, and cheerful in the retrospect peditious writers; and such, indeed, he of a well-spent life. must have been, considering his oc- His works and their dates were as cupations; he seldom took any pains under: with his compositions than merely to 1. The Farmer's Letters, 8vo. third edition. render them perspicuous, in which he 1767. invariably succeeded; but some parts 2. The Southern Tour, 8vo. third edition., of his works are, however, distinguished 1763. by a rough and manly species of elo- 3. The Northern Tour, 8vo. second edition. quence. For example-in speaking of 1769. the slave-trade, he says, “ that infamy 4. The Expediency of a Free Export of of all infamies, the most damnable, Corn. 1769. and passing all expression ; with which
5. The Eastern Tour, 8vo. 1771. the punishment of tearing up by the
The Three Tours were translated into
Russian by the express order of Her Imperial · roots all human society would be barely
Majesty the Empress Catherine. commensurate; and in comparison of
6. Proposals to the Legislature, for Numwhich the late horrors at Domingo were bering the People. 1771. but as a point to infinity. That wick 7. Rural Economy, containing the Meedness, with which all forbearance and moirs of a celebrated Swiss Farmer, 8vo. compromise is a 'crime of deep and 1772. crimson dye; and which, rather than 8. Observations on the present State of tolerate upon the earth, it is the bounden the Waste Land3. 1773. duty of every man of honour and ho. 9. Political Arithmetic, 8vo. 1774.
10. A Tour in Ireland, 8vo. 2 vols. second nesty to resolve to perish."
edition. That Mr. Young did not enjoy that e
11. Annals of Agriculture, first published popularity which might have been fur
in 1784. 45 vols. 8vo. Price 251. ther instrumental to his public services
. In the 15th volume of the “Annals,” is an is to be regretted ; and is to be attri interesting account, drawn up by himself, of buted to various causes.—The high su- his life up to that period. In the 27th volume periority conferred upon him, by great of the same work, is an account of his first talents and long experience in what. appointment as Secretary to the Board of ever he professed, and perhaps a tone Agriculture, and the turn it gave to his future somewhat too decided and dictatorial, life, as he had just before purchased 4,000 aroused the jealousy of the half-in acres of waste land in Knaresborough Forest, formed, and excited the scoffs of the. 12. The Question of Wool stated. 1787. ignorant. His open and unreserved
13. A Speech that might have been spoken. manner of declaring his sentiments, and the ardour with which he pursued
14. Travels in France, Spain, and Italy,
2 vols. 4to. second edition. his aims, obtained him many enemies.
15. The Example of France a Warning to A man does not engage hiinself ear.
Britain, 8vo, fourth edition. 1792. nestly on such subjects as the slave
This pamphlet had an extensive effect in trade, the wool-monopoly, the tythe checking the influence of demagogues, whose and poor laws, unmolested and with ambition might have been dangerous to the impunity. But Arthur Young has happiness of Britaiv, as it had been to that of
France. We heartily approve of Mr. Young's For above thirty years he had been intentions, but unhappily the same advantage preparing for the press, a great work, was taken of his honest politics, as of bis on the Elements and Practice of Agriagricultural improvements; and while he put culture, containing his experiments and down one danger he gave that countenance observations made during a period of to the enemies of civil liberty, and to inve
fifty years. terate abuses in Government, which it will
These works exhibit him as a pracrequire ages of self-devotion wholly to correct and extirpate. At the same time, while
while tical farmer, as an enlightened agriculMr. Y. was quoting France as a warning, turist, as a patriotic politician, and also he forgot that all the calamities of the re- as a mystical theologian ; for he was the volution were owing to the conspiracy of dupe of certain inystics in divinity, and ministers and kings.
heing sincere and zealous in every 16. Report of the County of Suffolk. 1794. thing, he became a writer and teacher,
17. The Constitution safe without Re- as well as a liearer. It deserves, howform. 1795.
ever, to be noticed, that his religion 18. National Danger, and the Means of
made him a good man in every relation Safety. 1797.
of life, and his politics and pursuits 19. A Letter to Mr. Wilberforce, on the
"We rendered him one of the most useful State of the Pablic Mind. 1798.
20. Revort of the County of Lincoln. 1798. men in the age and community of which 21. The Question of Scarcity, 1800.
he was a member, 22 Correspondence with General Wash
vith General Wash Mr. Young was Honorary Member ington, 1801.
of the Societies of Dublin, Bath, York, 23. Report of the County of Norfolk, 8vo. Salford, Odiham, South Hants, Kent, second edition. 1805.
Essex, and Norfolk; the Philosophical 24. Report of the County of Hertford, 8vo. and Literary Society of Manchester; 1804.
the Veterinary College of London ; the 25. Essays on Manures. 1804; which Economical Society of Berne; the Phygained the Bedford Gold Medal offered by sical Society of Zurich ; the American the Bath Society. 26. Report of the County of Essex, 2
Society of Massachusetts; the Palavols. 8vo. 1806.
tine Academy of Agriculture at Man27. General Report on Enclosures. 1807. heim; the Imperial Economical So28. Report of the County of Oxford. 1808. ciety established at Petersburgh ; the
29. Advantages which have resulted from Royal and Electoral Economical Socithe Institution of the Board of Agriculture. ety of Celle; Member of the Society of A Lecture read to the Board. 1809. Agriculture for the Department of the
30. On the Husbandry of Three Celebrated Seine, France; and Corresponding Farmers. A Lecture read to the Board. 1811. Member of the Royal Academy of Agri31. Baxteriana; or, Select Passages from
culture at Florence; of the Patriotic the Works of Baxter, 12mo. 5s. 6d. 1815.
Society at Milan; of the Economical 32. Oweniana; or, Select Passages from
Society of Copenhagen ; the Agricul. the Works of Owen, 12mo. 4s. 6d. 1817.
33. The Farmer's Calendar. 8vo. tenth tural Society at Strelitz ; the Royal edition. 1818.
Society of Agriculture at Brussels; N.B. A French translation of the Author's and the Imperial Economical Society Works, in 20 volumes, 8vo. was published at Vienna. at Paris, by order of the French Directory
TAIL, sweetest of Hygeia's Train!
Which genuine Vigour can impart,
*** Places near the Wells, MONTHLY MAG. No, 340.
When great Archeust loses Power,
Save that sweet bud which strews the way, And choicest Viands please no more,
Blest Hope, to an eternal May! Thy Streams his Empire can regain,
Lorn tenant of the peaceful glade, And bless him with a double Reign.
Emblem of Virtue in the shade! If youthful Strepbon should bewail
Pure as the blossoms on yon thorn, On Delia's Lip the deadly pale,
Spotless as her for whom we mourn! Tbou, Goddess ! can'st restore her Cbarins,
Of all the flow'rs that greet the SpringAnd yield her blooming to his Arms.
Of all the flow'rs the seasons bring, When ruthless 'Time, with rapid Pace,
To me, while doom'd to linger bere,
The lowly Primrose shall be dear!
A FAREWELL TO ENGLAND.
BY MR. RITCHIE, To languid Limb's their Pristine Power ; Departing on his Travels into the interior Can make the Veins with Vigour glow,
of Africa. And all the Streams of Life o’erflow. Thy chalky cliffs are fading from my view;
Our bark is dancing gaily o’er the sea;
I sigh while yet I may, and say-adieu-
Albion--thou jewel of the earth --to. thee
Whose fields first fed my childish fantasy, Of learning's artificial rays
Whose mountains were my boyhood's wild Johnson seems more than common :
delight, When like a puritan divine;
Whose rocks and woods and torrents were We hear him preach and cant and whine,
to me The Doctor's an old woman.
The food of my soul's youthful appetite,
Were music to my ear--a blessing to my When first the infant Muses chose their seat
sight. On earth-and sought with care a lone re- I never dreamt of Beauty—but, behold — treat,
Straightway thy daughters flash'd upon No floweret smil'd, no foliage dress’d the
mine eye: place,
I never mus'd on valour-but the old Where Poesy soon poured enchanting grace ; . Memorials of thy haughty chivalry Their magic truth soon verified the scene, Fill'd my expanding breast with extacy. And the dull spot arose in bloom serene. And, when I thought on Wisdom and the Thus here, the hand of genius forms around,
crown The charms that deck the wondering ground, The Muses give-with exultation high, And here the Muses haste, they gently press, I turn'd to those whom thou hast call'd thine And hail the spot that all the virtuous bless.
own, Sept. 21, 1815.
J. B. TROTTER. Who fill the spacious earth with their and TO THE PRIMROSE.
thy renown. BY JOHN MAYNE.
When my young heart, in life's gay morning · By murm’ring Nitb, my native stream,
hour, I've hail'd thee with the morning beam, At Beauty's summons beat a wild alarm, · Woo'd thee among the Falls of Clyde Her voice came to me from an English On Leven's banks-on Kelvin-side!
pow'r, And now, on Hanwell's flow'ry plain,
And English were the sounds that wrought I welcome thy return again
the charm. At Hanwell, where romantic views,
And if, when lull'd asleep on Fancy's arm, And sylvan scenes, invite the Merse ;
Visions of bliss my riper age bave cheer'd, And where, lest erring Man shou'd stray, Of home, and Love's fire-side, and greetTruth's blameless Teacher leads the way!
ings warm, Lorn tenant of the peaceful glade,
For one, by absence and long toil endear'd Emblem of Virtue in the shade,
The fabric of my hopes on thee bath still been Rearing thy head to brave the storm
rear'd. That wou'd thine innocence deform!
Peace to thy smiling hearths when I am gone! Of all the flow'rs that greet the Spring-. And may'st thou still thy ancient dowry Of all the flow'rs the seasons bring,
keep, To me, while doom'd to linger here,
To be a mark to guide the natives on, The lowly Primrose shall be dear!"
Like a tall watch-tow'r flashing o'er the Sprung, like a Primrose, in the wild,
deep. . Short, like the Primrose, Marion smil'd;
Long may'st thou bid the sorrowers cease The Spring that gave her blossoms birth,
to weep, Tore them for ever from the earth;
And dart the beams of truth athwart the night Nor left, ah me! one bud behind
That wraps a slumbering world—till from To tranquillize a Parent's mind,
Starting-remotest nations see the light, + The Power supposed to preside over the And Earth be blest beneath the buckler of Stomach,
Strong in thy strength I go-and, wheresoe'er Yet will I not prophane a charge like mine,
My steps may wander, may I ne'er forget With melancholy bodings, nor believe All that I owe to thee,-and O! may ne'er That a voice whispering ever in the shrine
My frailties tempt me to abjure that debt. Of my own heart, spake only to deceive ! And what if far from thee my star must I trust its promise, that I go to weave set !
A wreath of palms, entwined with many a Hast thou not hearts that shall with sadness
Perennial flow'r, which Time shall not The tale—and some fair cheeks that shall
bereave be wet,
Of all its fragrance,-that I yet shall greet, And some bright eye in which the swelling Once more the Ocean Queen, and lay it at tear
M. Keraglion was very fond of NaT R ITTEN on the marginal leaf poleon, an: supplied hini with pocket.
V of the Ist vol. of Gibbon's Ro- money, and made him dine with him man History. “ From the Author to every Sunday. After the death of M. the R. H. C. J. Fox,” (in the hand. K. Napoleon granted a pension to his writing of Gibbon.)
widow. Under this, in the hand-writing of General Dugoumier, presenting BoMr. Fox :-6 Eleven days before the naparte to the Directory, said, “ Here Spanish rescript was signed, the writer is a young man of great talent; give of this book declared in my presence him employment and advance him, or at Brookes's, that there would be no he will do it for himself.". salvation for this country, until the
WASTE LANDS. heads of six of his Majesty's minister's Unto the King's Most Excellent Majeswere cut off and laid on the table.
ty: And to the Right Honourable, 6. Eleven days after this declaration, and Honourable the Members of both he accepted a place at the Board of Houses, in Parliament assembled : Trade, and has ever since joined in The Petition of the Waste Lands, Coma every measure with those very ministers! mons, Common Fields, and other
C. J. Fox." Commonable Lands, in Eng-
land and Wales, After separating from her husband, Most humbly sheweth,—That your she repaired to India, and resided some Petitioners have, for many thousand time at Vellore, of which garrison her years past, remained in a desolate and uncle was commandant, and whose unproductive state, though ever ready house she there superintended. I learn and willing to produce articles profitfrom an officer, who was accustomed to able to man, honourable to their powers see her every evening, that she was of fertility, and useful to their country. very plain, but very sensible and ac- That indignant at the treatment they complished. I am told she was any have so long experienced, your Peti. thing but a prude. She afterwards re- tioners have not failed to be, of as little turned to Europe, and repaired to the utility as possible, to those who have so South of France, for the benefit of her grossly neglected them. That instead health, where she died.
of bringing forth rich and luxuriant NAPOLEON.
crops of grain, &c. the greater part of Rapport de M. Keraglion à M. le your Petitioners have hitherto yielded Marechal de Segur, Ministre de la nothing but ling, goss, furze, and other Guerre, sur les Éléves de l'Ecole de rubbish ; with a little miserable herbBrienne.
age, barely sufficient to preserve in exist“ Napoleon Bonaparte, né à Agarica ence multitudes of half-starved animals, (Corse) le 15 Août, 1769, les faible de thousands of whom fall a sacrifice every constitution, les reconnaissant envers year to hunger and disease; by which les maitres sachant bien la geographie numbers of their unfortunate owners et l'histoire, et sur tout le mathema. are ruined. That a part of your Peti. tiques faible pour le Latin-conduite tioners, who are distinguished by the reguliere sera un jour un excellent name of Common Fields, though somemarin. Les reguliere merite à passer times under crop, and at other times in à l'ecole de Paris.”
fallow, yet like every thing else pos