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they did not attract so marked a no. pious undertaking. In 1751, he went tice as the Messiah, until they were to Denmark, composed there in 1752 first collected in 1771.

an elegy on the queen's death, but reKlopstock quitted Leipzig in 1748, turned in 1754 to Hamburg, where he and accepted the situation of preceptor in that year married the daughter of a in the house of a relation named Weiss, merchant, Miss Moller, whom he celewhere he met and fell in love with brates by the name of Meta, and who Schmidt's sister Fanny. From the was enthusiastically attached to him: correspondence published in our lan- she died in 1758. The Death of Adam, guage by Miss Benger, it appears pro- and other religious tragedies, which bable, that the young lady conducted appeared in 1767, preceded by about herself with a calm and irreproachable two years his chorus-dramas concerning docility to parental instructions; and Herman. that all the poetic enthusiasm displayed Although frequently resident with in the odes of her lover could extort his wife's relations at Hamburg, the no indiscreet promise, while his income poet considered Copenhagen as his was deemed too small and precarious home, until 1771, when the death of for house-keeping. It is clear, how- Count Bernstorff took place. The loss ever, that as soon as Klopstock had ob- of this friend and patron. and of that tained a pension from the Court of hospitable access to high society, which Denmark, there was no longer any was connected in some degree with the impediment on the side of Fanny, or countenance of the prime minister, Fanny's relations. But the poet's pas- then gave a preponderance to the social sion had evaporated in his iambics, and value of Hamburg, or rather Altona, by a letter (which Miss Benger nuin- where he resided until 1775 ; when he bers XXXII) he finally announced the accepted an invitation to Carlsruhe, dissolution of an acquaintance, which accompanied with the offer of a pension Fanny had been suffered to consider as from the Margrave of Baden. There, an engagement. The writer's plea is in 1791, he contracted a second marFanny's indifference; but the amorous riage with an elderly female friend, poet had himself fallen in love else- named Johanna von Winthern, who where with a Miss Margaret Moller, of survived him. Hamburg, whom he afterwards mar- At the beginning of the French reried.

volution, Klopstock wrote odes in its During the summer of 1750, Klor- praise; but, after it had assumed a stock, by Bodmer's invitation, came to sanguinary character, he sent back to visit Zurich and the landscapes of the Convention some honorary distincSwitzerland. His glowing admiration tion which had been voted to him: his has been perpetuated in a beautiful Ode strange lyric poem on the Apotheosis to the lake. Many incidents of this of Marat is perhaps the bitterest satire tour, of which the critic Sulzer was a extant in human literature. companion, have been recorded in the Klopstock died in 1803, and was correspondence of the parties. The buried with great solemnity on the veneration of Bodmer for the poet of 22d Marchi, eight days after his dethe Messiah was of so serious a kind, cease. The cities of Hamburg and that he was quite mortified to find the Altona concurred to vote him a public bard of Zion fond of young, free, and mourning; and the residents of Dengay society—on the orgies of unchastity mark, France, Austria, Prussia and Bodmer had been inured to cast a pu Russia joined in the funeral procession. ritanic frown.

Thirty-six carriages brought the senate Klopstock was applying for the si- and magistracy; all the bells tolling. tuation of teacher at the Carolinum, A military procession contributed to an eminent academy in Brunswick, the order and dignity of the scene. when the celebrated Danish minister Vast bands of music, aided by the Bernstorff, who was struck by the ta- voices of the theatre, performed approlent displayed in the commencement priate symphonies, or accompanied pasof the Messiah, invited the poet to Co- sages of the poet's works. The coffin penhagen, presented him to the king, having been placed over the grave, the and obtained for him a pension of four preacher Meyer lifted the lid, and dehundred dollars, that he might be able posited in it a copy of the Messiah ; to subsist, while his time was devoted laurels were then heaped on it; and the to the completion of his great and death of Martha, from the fourteenth


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book, was recited with chaunt. The this look which sinks fiery upon the ceremony concluded with the dead ground, I know : yet weigh once again, mass of Mozart.

ere the herald sound a note dangerous Sturz remarks of Klopstock, that, to thee. Am I not she who have meaalthough easily familiar with equals sured myself with her from Thermoand inferiors, he never courted a supe- pylæ, and with the stately one from the rior ; and that a man of rank had al. seven hills ?" . ways to take many more steps to obtain She spake. The earnest decisive moKlopstock's good graces, than the poet ment drew nearer with the herald. could be induced to advance. Humour, “ I love thee," answered quick with good humour, a playful fancy, and a looks of flame Teutona, “ Britoness, bold felicity of diction, marked his I love thee to enthusiasm ; but not conversation : he was not impatient of warmer than immortality and those contradiction, but seemed to prefer in palms. Touch, if so wills thy genius, his companions independence to ac- touch them before me; yet will I, when quiescence.

thou seizest it, seize also the crown. Of the Messiah of Klopstock an ex. And, 0 how I tremble! O ye immortensive and laboured analysis occurs in tals, perhaps I may reach first the high our tenth volume, at pages 317, 423 and goal: then. O then, may thy breath 501. Of the odes a specimen occurs in attain my loose-streaming hair.” vol. 2, p. 489, and in vol. 8, p. 806: The herald shrilled. They flew with perhaps it may be worth while to add a eagle-speed. Clouds of dust smoaked translation of the Two Muses, an inte from the wide career. I looked. Beresting poem dated in 1752.

yond the oak billowed yet thicker the I saw—tell me, was I beholding what dust, and I lost them. now happens, or was I beholding futu- The Ode dated in 1754, and entitled rity? I saw with the Muse of Britain " Recovery from Sickness," will also the Muse of Germany engaged in race bear transcription. -flying warm to the goal of coronation. Recovery, daughter of Creation too,

Two goals, where the prospect ter. Though not for immortality design'd, minates, bordered the career: oaks of The Lord of life and death the forest shaded the one; near to the

Sent thee from Heaven to me. other waved palms in the evening

Had I not heard thy gentle tread approach, shadow.

Not heard the whisper of thy welcome voice, Accustomed to contest stepped she

Death had, with iron sole, from Albion proudly into the arena;

My chilly forehead prest. arena ;


'Tis true I then had wander'd where the earths as she stepped when with the Grecian

Roll around suns; had stray'd along the path Muse, and with her from the Capitol,

Where the man'd comet soars she entered the lists.

Beyond the armed eye; Haughtily she surveyed the young And with a rapturous eager greet bad hail'd rival, who trembled, yet with dignity: The inmates of those earths, and of those glowing roses, worthy of victory,

sins; streamed flaming over her cheek, and Had hail'd the countless host her hair fluttered abroad.

That throng the comet's disk; Already her tumultuous bosom re

Had ask'd the novice questions and obtain'd. tained with pain the contracted breath;

Such answers as a sage vouchsafes to youth;

And learn'd in hours far more already she bent forwards toward the

Than ages here unfold. goal ; already the herald was lifting But I had then not ended here below, the trumpet, and her eyes swam in What in the enterprising bloom of life drunken joy.

Fate with no light bebest Proud of her courageous rival, prouder Requir'd nie to begin. of herself, the lofty Britoness measured, Recovery, daughter of Creation too, but with noble glance, thee Tuiskona: Though not for immortality designs, 66 Yes, by the bards, I grew up with The Lord of life and death thee in the grove of oaks: but a tale Sent thee from Heaven to me. had reached me that thou wast no Nothing can be more simple than the more. Pardon, O Muse, if thou beest structure of this ode. It is a mere immortal, that I but now learn it. amplification of the plain truisms: I Yonder at the goal alone will I learn am recovered ; if I had not recovered, it. There it stands. But dost thou see I should have died. Yet with what the still further one, and its crown also ? precision of allegory, with what subli. This represt courage, this proud silence, mity of illustration, are these obvious


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propositions translated into the lan. On agricultural articles by Corn
guage of the gods. The thirteenth ode Law Taxation, indirect ....£0 6
of the second book of Horace, beginning On other articles, direct ...... 0 7
with the words
Ille et nefasto te posuit die-

Amounting weekly to .... 0 13
has an analogous origin, pursues a
similar train of thought, and recurs to

Yearly to .... 33 16 corresponding decorations. But low Assessed taxes, stamps, and let. inferior is the Roman to the German ter's .......

........ 16 4 poet; not merely because the pagan ideas of the realm of Proserpine are less

£ 50 0 · sublime than those of the Christian bard; but because, among the ideas and observes that he pays to the Goselected, so many are superfluous and vernment 501. yearly out of a salary derogatory. Why should Horace, when of 1001. in fear of deathi, think of the Furies, or Now, Sir, I wish to observe, that Prometheus, or Tantalus, or Orion ? I. H. has not only under-rated, but misThat he should hope to meet Sappho taken the taxation of which he speaks. and Alcæus in Elysium was alone to It is well known that agricultural prothe point.

duce is full double the price it would Beside the Messiah, the sacred dra. sell for without the indirect Corn Law mas, and the odes, Klopstock has left Taxation, being an average tax of at some dramatic poems of singular struc- least 101. per head per year on every ture, containing a life of Herman. The individual, or on the population of 18 dialogue is in prose; but a chorus of millions of souls, 180 millions yearly. bards is introduced, wliose songs though I. H.'s calculation of ll. 4s. 10d. for rimeless are metrical. The poet of the agricultural produce consumed Samson Agonistes had made Euripides weekly by 3 persons, i. e. 641. lls. 4d. his model; the poet of Herman's battles yearly, or 321. 5s. 8d. of tax, would has more of the lofty character of average 101. 158. tax on each, which, Æschylus. But the total avoidance on 16 millions of population, would of Greek ideas, the unborrowed tone amount to a Corn Law Taxation of of sentiment, and the truly German 193,500,0001. and which, I believe, is costume of manners, give to these dra. nearer the mark than 180 inillions ;matic sketches the appearance of druid. but all this goes to the land-owners, ical remains.

not to the Government ; I think, thereThe prose-works of Klopstock agitate fore, I. H.'s statement would be more questions of grammar and style, fre. correct thus:quently in dialogue; they are remark- Assessed taxes, stamps, letable for recommending and attempting ters, &c. ..............£16 4 0 bold innovations of diction, and have Taxes on candles, tea, sugar, much contributed to the displacement &c. &c. at 7s. per week .. 18 4 0 of foreign words from the German language, and to the coinage of new and Amt. of Gov. taxation.. 34 8 0 native terms in their stead. Some Taxes on AGRICULTURAL attempts at humour occur which are PRODUCE on a weekly exnot fortunate: not playfulness, but penditure of ll. 4s. 10d. or dignity, was the natural destination of 641. lls. 44. yearly, at this literary giant.

cent. per cent........... 32 5 8 To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

£66 13 8 V OUR correspondent I. H. will, I I apprehend, Sir, your correspondent

I am sure, not be displeased by the will be convinced from the above, that following observations on his letter in instead of paying 501. to the Governyour Number for March.

ment out of his salary of 1001., he is The various articles enumerated in paying 661. 13s. 8d. out of his salary, his weekly expenditure consists of six but that it goes in different directions items of AGRICULTURAL produce, as follows:amounting to 1). 4s. 10d., and eight To the Government, direct.. 34 8 0 others, making in the whole 11. 18s. To the land-owners, indirect 32 5 8 He then makes a calculation which and that whilst the Government taxes amounts in substance to this :

should be lessened, the land-owner's


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tax should be TOTALLY REPEALED, Where, then, can be the objection to and a free trade be permitted.

render the plan so general in its priu. A CONSTANT READER. ciples as to include universal consent Bristol, April 23, 1820.

and assistance ?-It is too much to ex.

pect that the public, however well disTo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. posed, could bestow the trouble and SIR,

expense of erecting a monument to LLOW me to express the warm separate and individual merit, wherA approbation I felt at the splendid ever they might conceive it to be due; proposal exhibited in your last No. for but here would every case be provided the purpose of erecting a national ce- for, which they might think proper to notaph in honour of Shakespear. There allmit. Five hundred inay be accomis, perhaps, no prejudice of the human modated at the expense of one;-Penn, heart more universal, nor any stronger Raikes, and Howard, might soon adom incentive to genius or benevolence, the venerable pile; and I should hope than the desire of posthumous fame'; and believe, that it would be less diffiand the Miltons and Russells of their cult to raise 100,0001. on this plan, day have consoled themselves for the than 10,0001. for Shakespear alone.neglect or opposition of their contempo- There is scarcely an idea in the original raries, by the noble enthusiasm which proposal which neeil be altered: it is animated them in their difficulties to comprehensive and highly creditable to make their appeal to posterity.

the projectors ;-Shakespear may have On this ground, therefore, will the the first and most distinguished place in public do well to patronize the plan; the erection ;-his family may be beneand if extraordinary degrees of intel- fitted as proposed ;-the reliques and lect, or of self-devotedness to the cause records may be distinctly preserved in of virtue and humanity, are worthy of appropriate departments; and when universal encouragement, perhaps more this is done, why not comprehend other effectual means could not be adopted cases exactly upon the same footing? than such an expression of the un. In point of economy, much would biassed applause of the great and good be gained in the management; a liof every age and of every persuasion. beral provision might be made for the The object of this application, of course, superintendents; and whatever addiis not to limit, but to extend,—not to tion's might be adopted, the extended retard, but to hasten and promote the contributions would probably cover design; and though it may appear, at every demand with less burden to the first glance, to interfere with the ori. institution. Another obvious advanginal plan, yet, ultimately, it may for- tage would attend the extension of the ward it beyond all anticipation. In- plan,-in the first case, the attention stead of confining the public zeal and being limited to one object and to one energies to the case of Shakespear person, would never require any future alone, I would include him with every augmentation after its first accomplishpossible attention due to his matchless ment; whereas the second, by its emgenius, but would, in addition, propose bracing future and unlimited objects, that the subscriptions should be for the would have a perpetual claim on the purpose of a national mausoleum for taste and munificence of posterity. As exalted and future merit of every class long as one superlative benefactor to and description; and this feeling, under his species remained unembalmed in proper direction, it may be hoped would this sacred deposit, so long would aflucomprehend subscribers of every reli- ence be reminded that all its duties gious persuasion, and politicians of had not been fulfilled. every diversity of opinion. There are, The building might be erected near doubtless, a vast mass of our popula the Metropolis, as belonging to the tion who, from religious scruples, have whole community ;-a spacious and no wish to patronize theatrical exhibi- beautiful promenade, with every adtions, whose sentiments, if not in direct vantage of natural and improved sceopposition, have sufficient sway to cause nery, might be attached to it; and indifference and even refusal to a scheme when we consider the enthusiastic veto honour the Prince of the Drama, neration displayed in a neighbouring who might feel no reluctance at his kingdom to such places as the cemebeing admitted a partner with other tery of Père La Chaise, it may reason. worthies in the claim to national es- ably be expected that this nation is not teem, admiration, and gratitude.- a whit behind hand in those feelings of

patriotic patriotic and exalted refinement which In France, no one entertains a doubt are the boast of the age, the honour of that it was the Russians who prepared civilization,--and the best proof of the the means of their deliverance, by influence of that religion which it is setting fire, themselves, to Moscow. In our high privilege to possess.

vain, we look round to trace any reaMore need not at present be said if sonable motive that could induce the the hint is good, it will, I trust, not be French to deprive themselves, by so lost sight of, though backed by no in- violent a measure, of the only protectfluence or authority.

ing resource they could apply to. If, April 8, 1820. Jas. Lockcock, however, some readers should be scep

tical on this point, as conceiving it For the Monthly Magazine.

might be a coup de maitre in Bona

parte, and that his ill success afterREMARKS on the great CONFLAGRA

wards was owing to unhappy circumTION of Moscow, in October, 1812:

stances impossible either to prevent or Jrom Julien'S Revue Encyclopearque. surmount, we shall quote the following THE inhabitants of Moscow are, in incident, as it appears in the narrative

1 general, persuaded that the city of a recent foreign traveller. was set on fire by the French. This The conflagration of Moscow will opinion, originally promulgated by the be handed down to posterity, as one of Russian government, received confirm the most remarkable events of the late mation from the slow progress of the war; and as the Russians obstinately flames, which did not spread to any decline claiming any share of praise or extent, till two days after the entrance merit, in the undertaking, any anecof the French advanced guard. Count dote that may help to illustrate a fact de Rostopchins, the governor, had pre- wrapped up in obscurity, will not be viously taken care to remove the impe- undeserving of notice. rial ornaments, the shrines, and every Among the inhabitants of the city article of value relating either to the that fled on the approach of the French, church or the crown. The French, was one of the most opulent merchants, however, had seized the famous cross who set out for Petersburg, with the that went by the name of St. Iwan or whole of his property that he could John, and carried it with them, toge- realize. On the entrance of the enemy, ther with the colours taken from the his house, which stood in the quarter Russians, first to Smolensko, and then called Bielgorod, and was already occuto the further bank of the Beresina. pied by a principal officer of the staff, But in the sequel of their retreat, every had till then been preserved from all da-. thing was left behind, at a place beyond mage. After an interval of some days, Wilna, their passage being so blocked a Russian domestic in the service of up by a mountain covered with snow, the merchant, was several times dethat they were compelled to abandon tected in the attempt to secrete himeven their military chest. In that dis- self in the inferior offices dependant astrous retreat, wherein their miseries on the mansion, and he was as often were daily augmenting, from the dislodged. But at length, having a chances of war and the rigour of the recommendatory note from the police elements, what remained to complete established by Bonaparte, he was contheir misfortunes, was supplied by the stituted guardian of the furniture and avarice of the Jewish agents. These other effects left behind, by his master. persons had entered into a contract to Scarcely had he entered on his new cleanse the city of Wilna, polluted office, when he was plotting the means with the deleterious miasmata that of setting fire to the buildings. Being exhaled from the dead bodies with taken in the very act, and interrogated which it was crowded. The bargain as to the motives that could induce a between the Jews and the French pur- conduct so strange, he coolly answered ported that the former should receive that as every thing round about was in five copecks for every dead body they flames, he could see no reason why his should remové. It was discovered, that master's house should be allowed to not contenting themselves with the escape, The French exemplified a surcorpses found in the streets, they had prising lenity in this case, enough to thrown the dying out of the windows exasperate any enemy, and were satisof the hospitals, to swell up the number fied with sending him away. He reof bodies, and enhance the value of the tired, not a little mortified, at the aborpayment.

tive issue of his attempt, and consider

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