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luetic.• But this hypothesis is equally untenable with that which supposes the essence of the complaint to be constituted of inflammation of the lungs; and we shall never gain right notions of morbid action, till we rid our reasonings of these abstract questions, of what particular maladies are, and what they are not. A disorder is not like the petals of a plant, a something which has its absolute counterpart in numberless other instances; and nosology and nomenclature, founded upon the analogies of natural history, cannot fail from their very nature of being defective, and iu a great degree nugatory.
A severe case of haemmorhoidal irritation has recently occurred in the practice of the reporter. In this instance the pain was so intensely excruciating, that 10 mitigate its violence, became a paramount object of the prescriber, nnd he immediately ordered half-grain doses of the stramonium extract with happy effect. Those vegetable narcotics which subdue irritation, without constipating the bowels, or tending to induce congestion of blood vessels, as does opium, often prove important aids to the medical practitioner, and the stramonium and colchicumf have appeared to the writer of these remarks 10 possess more positive and unequivocal powers than most other mcdicinals of this class.
It is not long since that the reporter was called to another case, in which the
* There is a popular remedy for the hooping cough which often proves highly beneficial, and when it does so, it must act by virtue of influencing the first passages. It is composed of a scruple of salt of tartar, and ten grains of cochineal, to a quarter of a pint of water. The dese for a child under two years of age, is from a dessert to a table spoonful, three or four times a day.
f We are told by high authority, (Dr. Williams of Ipswich) that the seeds of the oolchicum, possess very extraordinary virtues in some complaints.—See London Medical Repository for the 1st of May.
subduction of violent pain seemed to be the primary indication of treatment—it was a case of constipated bowel menacing inflammation. The necessity of procuring intestinal evacuation in these alarming occurrences must be obvious to all, but by the very exertion to effect this object, we often, it is to be feared, increase and establish that irritation, which we are desirous to lessen and remove. It waswith this feeling, that after blood letting from the arm, a combination of calomel and opium, one grain of each every fourth hour was prescribed, and with speedy and marked advantage; the pain being soon removed, and the bowels now yielding to those purgative medicines which had before been administered without effect. It should be observed, that the whole surface of the abdomen, was at the same time ordered to be rubbed well with castor oil, a practice which in these cases is general with the reporter; although by urging it, he often excites a smile on the part of his fellow-prescribers. We know however, too little of-the laws of life, and of the modus operandi of medicine, to justify that kind of scepticism which refuses assent to alledged facts, because they are the results of observation rather than reasoning; and it is a possible case, that the cathartic quality of the castor oil may find its way into, and operate upon, the system, through the medium of the absorbent vessels, which act in many cas-s with an astonishing rapidity. Dr. Cooke, in his late work on apoplexy, records the instance of an individual, who died immediately upon taking a large quantity of gin; the body of this individual was examined, and in the ventricles of the brain were found a fluid which was strongly impregnated with the liquor which had destroyed life. Now, in this case, and in a moment of time, the absorbents must have imbibed the noxious fluid, and have thus conveyed it through innumerable channels to a distant organ.
Thavies' Inn, D. Uwins, M. D.
April 20th, 1820.
MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT.
GF late years, the farmers have been remarkably fortunate in their seed season; the present yields to no former one. Never was the lent corn of every description, put into the earth under more happy auspices, or. the business completed with greater expedition, or at less expence. The season had been previously most favourable for manuring, and the heaviest.clays worked to admiration. The spring, however, has not been equally favourable to vegetation, which had, until the late rains, been very. backward; great part of the wheats, the grass und th«
cattle crops suffering exceedingly. Early sown wheats upon good sound land will sulfur little, perhaps even be benefited by the check; but the latter sown, and particularly, upon loose apd spongy soils, in many parts, are so materially injured, that it was some time since supposed they would be scarcely worth pruning for a crop. The late rains, which in this county, continued about nine, days, from Old Lady Day to the 15th inst. it may be hoped, will be the means of improving and saving such crops. In loose woodland soils, the wheat becomes rootfallen
fallen, from exposure to iharp, drying winds, both in the winter and early spring, the moulds assuming the appearance and quality of running sand, forsaking the roots, and subjecting them to deadly chill, from which they never after sufficiently recover to produce a crop. On this bead, there is a most important hint in the, Beds Report, which we strongly recommend to the consideration of farmers. It is drilling to the sufficient depth for sand of the above description. Since the rains, there has been a recurrence of sharp easterly and variable winds, which has produced an irregular and trying temperature to the human constitution, and also considerably retarded vegetation. On the whole, however, the present appearance may be deemed favourable, and the shew for fruit is abundant. After the turnips, the stock of fodder began to run short, and the hay came into general requisition. The fall of lambs has been sufficient in number, but many have perished, and a great number of both ewes and lambs remain in a weak state: is general, none have done well but those Which have been amply supported with hay and corn. Store stock has sold well in some parts, in others, has been cheaper and difficult of sale. Fat hogs cheaper. The
fairs, as usually filled with ordinary horses, which have not found any high spring prices. By the latest accounts, there is an immense quantity of wheat and oats stored at the shipping ports of the continent, ready for any favorable change of markets in this country, and an increased breadth of wheat upon the ground in every exporting country of Europe, and in some which have recently become so. Such are the effects of cultivating foreign wastes with British capital; and they who are interested therein, may now, if they please, institute an enquiry, as to what public body originally and effectively promoted this scheme, and as to those persons who foresaw and published its tendency, and ineffectually deprecated its adoption.
Smithfield: Beef 4s. to 5s. 4d.—Mutton 5s. 6d. to 6s. 4d.—Lamb 8s. to 8s. 6d.—Veal 6s. to 7s. 6d.—Pork 6s. to'7s. 6d.—Bacon 5s Raw fat 3s. 8£d.
Corn Excliange: Wheat 63s. to 84s.— Barley 28s. to 44s.—Oats 20s. to 32s. - The Quartern-loaf in London 12|d. to 10jd.— Hay 31. to 51.—Clover do. 51. to 71.10s.— Straw 11. 4s. to 11.16s.
Coals in the Pool, 30s. 6d. to 43s. 6d. per chaldron.
Middlesex, April 24.
MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT.
PRICES ov MERCHANDIZE. MarchZS.
Cotton, W. I. common
, Denierara .
, Sussex, do.
Iron, British, Bars .
, Pigs . .
—, Galipoli . .
Raisins, bloom or jar, new
Rice, Patna kind
, East India
Silk, China, raw . . . —, Bengal, skein Spices, Cinnamon
, Nutmegs .
——, Pepper, black
———, , white
Spirits, Brandy, Cogniac . ———, Geneva Hollands
, Rum, Jamaica .
< , Jamaica, fine
, East India, brown
, lump, fine
Tallow, town-melted — *—-, Riissi»i yellow .
0 0 0 15 15 0 12 0 0
0 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 6 6 0 0 0
3 0 0 4 4 13 9 0 0 0 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 4 1 4 0 3
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
£4 5 0 6 0 0 4 8 62 47 3 2 12 8 11 78 2 4 2 0 ] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 8 1 4
April 25. 15 0 to 5
5 0 7 0 0 5 3 0 0 4 3 13 9 0 0 0 4 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 3 4 1 4 0 0
Premiums of Insurance.. .Guernsey or Jersey, 15».—Cork or Dublin, ISs. 9d.^.Belfast, 15s. 9d.—Hambro', 10s. 6d.— Madeira, 20s.—Jamaica, 30s.—Greenland, out and home, 4gs. to5gs.
Course of Exchange, April 25.—Amsterdam* 12.—Hamburgh, 36 7.—Paris, 25 40.— Leghorn, 47^.—Lisbon, 51.—Dublin, 0$ per cent.
At Messrs. Wolfe and Edmonds' Canal Office, Change Alley, Cornhill.—Grand Junction Can/, i, shares sell for 2201. per 1001. share.— Birmingham (div.) 5351.—Coventry, 9991.— Leeds and Liverpool, 3001.—Trent and Mersey, 18001.—East India Dock, 1611. per share. —West India, 1741.—The Strand Bridge, 51.10s.—West Middlesex Water Works, 401. —Gas Light Company, 601.
The 3 per cent. Reduced, on the 22d was 6°; 3 per cent, consols, 69}; 5 per cent navy 105f.
Gold in bars 31. 17s. 10jd. per oz.—New doubloons, 01. 0s. Od.—Silver in bars 0s. Od.
Alphabetical List Of Bankruptcies announced between the 20th of March and the 20th of April, 1820: extracted from the London Gazette.
BANKRUPTCIES. [This Month 100.] Solicitors' Names are between Parentheses.
ATKINSON, T. Huddersfleld. (Jacomb and Beotley.)
Atkinson, J. Kirkbeaton, Yorkshire, merchant. (Jacomb and Bentley.)
Algar, S. C. Jubilee-place, Commercial-road, porter merchant. (Pownalland Fairthorne.)
Arnold, M. Flemish-street, St. Catherine's, victualler. (West.)
Byeh, J. Paternoster-row, bookseller. (Tatkow and Ross.)
Bennet, W. Lemon-street, shoe manufacturer. (Madan and Sidney.)
Bell, J. Oxenholme, Westmoreland, farmer. (Addison and Wilson.)
Bnckton, R. Jermyn-street, St. James's, working jeweller. (Richardson and Miller.)
Barker, J. Strand, hosier. (Gregory.)
Bellin, J. Oxford-street, jeweller. (Sndlowand Co.)
Berry, C. Caversham, Oxfordshire, Sadler. (Hamilton.)
Brewer, S. New Brentford, grocer. (Reed.)
Clifford, R. Stow on the Wold, Gloucestershire, stone mason. (Tarn and Mason,and Honsman.)
Cave, S. Cheltenham, jeweller. (Wizard and Blower, and Pruen and Griffiths.)
Cundy, J. Whittington, Derby, miller. (Chilton and Clarkes.)
Chapman, W. Grave.*end, provision merchant. (AdamaO
Claridge, R. Oddington, Gloucester, farmer. (Tarn and Mason,and Honsman, L.)
Dobell, J. Staplehurst, Kent, taylor. (James and Ottaway.)
Diston, T. Tewkesbury, Gloucester, corn dealer. (Jones and Windas.)
Donaldson, J. W. Shee, and S. Mays ton, Fridaystreet, warehousemen. (Drake.)
England, G. Exeter, butcher. (Darke and Co. and Tarnall.)
Elliott, G. Rochester, grocer. (Aubray and Morson.)
Fitch, C. Braintree, Essex, miller. (Burleigh and Taylor.)
Farner, J. Walsall, Stafford, plater. (Tamer and Holmes, and Heeley.)
Ferr, W. Bath, cabinet maker. (Wodehouse and Salmon.)
Frew, J. Museum-street, Bloomsbury, baker. (Parnther and Turner.)
Fisher, W. Avon-cliff, Wiltshire, innkeeper. (Dax, Son, and Meredith.)
Freeborn, R. H. Stratford-on-Avon, sadler. (Leigh.)
Graham, R. and S. Sherwan, Leicester-square, linen drapers. (Swain and Co.)
George, G. Stromness, Orkney, merchant. (Davenport and Chester.)
Gardiner, W. Chalford, Gloucester, broad-cloth manufacturer. (Dax and Co. and Stone.)
Grant, J. Sullington Mill, Somerset, miller. (Rotton and Edmunds.)
Gore, E. Nettlebed, Oxon. (Hamilton, L.)
H. Hoult, W. jun. late of Btourport, Worcestershire, cabinet-maker. (Darke and Co. and Bird.)
Harrison, M. Runcorn, Cheshire, shopkeeper. (Chester and Tindall and Clarey.)
Hough, W. Manchester, shopkeeper. (Hayley, and Willis and Co)
Horner, R. Beckenham, Lincoln, jobber. (Hodgkinson, and Hall and Co.)
Harris, T. St. Peter, Hereford, grocer. (Owen, Saxon, and Hooper.)
Hoard, W. H. Limehouse-hole, Middlesex, rope maker. (Gonager.)
Holt, J. Manchester, dyer. (Appleby and Serjeant, and Clarke and Whitehead.)
Hazlediau, R. and T. Davies, late of Bridgenorlh, iron founders. (King.)
Hadley.P. G. Greenwich,draper. (Fisher.)
Hepburn, C. Commercial-road, surgeon. (Clarke.)
Innocent, G. Nottingham. (Hopkinsou and
Batting, and Walston.)
Jay, P. Cavendish, Suffolk, stay manufacturer. (Stevens.)
Johnson, T. sen. and T. Johnson, sen. Lowestoff, Suffolk, shipwrights. (Miller and Francis.)
Lea, J. Haighton, Flintshire, miller. (Long and Austin, and Brown.)
Millhouse, C. Sleaford, Lincolnshire, stationer. (Clarke.)
Mawson, G. Bradford, York, grocer. (Evans and Bentley.)
Motley, T. Strand, patent letter manufacturer. (Dacie.)
Matthews, W. Birmingham, upholsterer. (Egerton and Co. and Spurrier and Ingleby.)
Marsh, J. Rotherham, Yorkshire, grocer. (Taylor and Badger, jun.
Mott, W. R. Brighthelmstone, wine merchant. (Hannam and Attree.)
Miller, J. Burlington-arcade, Piccadilly, bookseller. (Allen, Gilby and Allen.)
Masico, C. W. Mincing-lane, broker. (Eicke.)
Monkhouse, M. Bedwelty, Monmouth, apothecary. (Vizard aud Blower,' L.)
Owen, O. New Bond-street, taylor. (Mills.)
Parker, N. Com pton-street, Brunswick-square, merchant. (Grover.)
Peat, J. Carlisle, mercer. (Birkett and Blow.)
Prince, T. Chester, baker. (Gunnery, and Lowes and Bower.)
Porter, J. Warrington, Somerset, nurseryman. (Alexander and Holmes, and Everard.)
Pluminer, W. B.' (Kingston-upon-HulI, ironmonger. (Dax and Rack-worth.)
Poole, C. Whitecrossstreet, Willow-square, manufacturer. (Magna)).)
Platta, J. Chellaston, Derby, wheelwright. (Greaves,and iong and Austin.)
Parker, R. Halifax, Yorkshire, draper, (Wigglesworth and Crowley, and Wigglesworth and Co.)
Phipps, J. Duke-street, Portland-place,and Maidenhead, Berks, tailor. (Richardson.)
Philips, H. H. Philips, jun. and T. Pole, Birmingham, toy makers. (Baxter and Bow ker.)
Pulleyn, W.Leadenball-st.goldsmith. (bohden.)
Pugh, A. Lancaster, chapwoman. (John.)
Parkinson, R. Liverpool, cabinet maker. (Chester.)
Roden, T. Bed ford-street, Coven t-garden, bookseller. (Dacie.)
Raby, E. Wolverhampton, Stafford, spectacle maker. (Clarke.)
Robinson, G- Middlewick, innkeeper. (Hopkins and Atkinson, and Wildas.)
Rose, G, Sheffield, grocer, (Oxley and King.)
Roy, J. Wolverhampton, tea dealer. (Chester.)
Rodman, R. Bristol, victualler. (Poole and
Roach, J. Russell-court, Drury-lane, bookseller.
Sadd, G. Ken ton-street, Bloomsbury, carpenter.
She ward, H. Belgrave-place, Pimlico, boarding
Smith, J. Smith-squaie, Westminster, corn merchant. (Sbuter.)
Simpson, J. Kingston-upon-Hull, merchant.
Searbrick, H. jun. Liverpool, baker. (Ripley and
Stone, A. Manchester, merchant. (Milne and
Stephens, K. Aintree, Lancaster, sail maker. (Ad-
Thorpe, W. Epping, hawker. (Lodington and
(Cardale and Co. and Davey, jun.)
printseller. (Griinaldi and Stable.)
Fowler, and Cherter.)
manufacturer. (Lane and Bennet.)
glass toy makers. (Tooke and Can, and
and Hubbard, and Keys.)
(Allen and Co.)
Bank, Lancaster, cotton spinners. (Arm-
Amos, J Little Britain.
Atherton, J Liverpool.
Blair, J High-street, Saint Paul, Shadwel).
Billocke, J Catherine-street, Strand.
Bunsfield, W May's-lmildings, St. Martin's-lane.
Basley, T W and W Stapleton, Newport Pagnell,
Browne, T and J Forrester, Savage-gardens.
Bell, J Church-street, Spitalhelds.
Blundell, M B Blundell and S Blnndell, Holbornbridge".
Blackburn, W City-road.
Bngden, J Dartford.
Berrey, J Exeter.
Battler, J Prescot.
Brown, W L and and T Hunter, Wood-street.
Braithwaite, J Leeds.
Bolton, W Bury-street, St. James's.
Coppin E North Shields.
Coppin, W North Shields.
Cahusac, W M High Holborn.
Chapman, T Littlebury-mill**, Essex.
Cooke T and M E Brennan, Strand.
Champion, J Great St. Helen's, Bishopsgate-streetwithin.
Coles, W Mincing-lane.
Clunie, R. A. Berwick-upon-Tweed.
Constant, L H H G Wellclose-square.
Deakin,F and J Oughton, Deritend-mills, Warwickshire.
Dickinson, W Scalby, Yorkshire.
Day, RH Tovil,Kent.
Dennett, H Wilson-street.
Dickie, W Little St. Thomas Aportle.
Emmott, W Lawrence Pountncy-lane.
Elmer, G Mistlay, Essex.
Evans, G and G High-street, Southwark.
Falkner H Liverpool.
Fletcher J and J Liverpool.
Greenwood, J Handswortb. Woodhoute, Yorkshire.
Gyles, S E Shoreditch.
Gray, B Liverpool.
Gray, K W Alton, Southampton.
Griffiths. D Canterbury.
Gray, B Liverpool.
Grime, J Bolton, Lancashire.
Howden, W Cannon street.
Herbert, J Chequer-yard, Dowgate-hill.
Harding, J jun. Helstone,Cornwall.
Irlerring, J and K Hornblow, Bishopsgate-itreet.
IMowett, J St. Martin's-lane.
Man man, T C Wisbeach, Cambridge.
DIVIDENDS (omitted last Month.)
Jack-son, J Duke-street, Manchester-square.
Jammieeon, J Globe street, Wapping.
Jackson, J Manchester.
Jarman, W jun. Knightsbridge.
Jordan, W Barnwood, Gloucester.
King, J Neath, Glamorganshire.
Lock, J High-street, Woolwich.
Lee, R. Great Winchester-street.
Latham, T D and J Parry, Devonshire-square.
Laing, G Commercial-t^ale-rooms, Mincing-lane.
Lingbam, T Worcestershire.
May, W Spital-squ»re.
Middleton, E and T Dyson, Beverley, York.
Molbrow, S Bishopsgate-street.
Newell, J Redbridge, Southampton.
Neale, J and S Warner, Milk-street.
Newby,W Agremont, Cumberland.
Norris, T White Hart-yard, Drury-lane.
Oswell, W Angel-court, Throgmorton-st reet.
Oulet, J Charlotte street, Fitzroy-square.
Pott", J Cole man-street.
Phillips, A and B Loser, Salters' Hall-court.
Parker, W West, Teignmouth, Devonshire.
Patrick, T C Austin-friars.
Pratt, W Birmingham.
Pritchard, J Bristol.
Richards, J E C and J Richards, jun. St. Martin'slane.
Robinson, A M Kingston-upon-Hull.
Romford, R W Bartholomew-lane.
Robertson, E Manchester.
Savage, K Upper North-place,Gray's-inn-lane.
S&wkins, W Southampton.
Strachan, R and T Stubbs, Cheapside.
Stalker,D Leaden ball-street.
Whitwell, W Bethnal-green.
Whiting, C Bristol.
Walter, A and J Stokes, WaHord, Herefordshire.
Willett, T Hurleston, Cheshire.
Walker, J and G Lamb, London.
Woods, W Crawford-street, Mary-le-bone.
Wye, J W Newingtou-butts,
Williams, W Amen-corner.
Witcburch, J Houndsditch.
West, J and J TCulliford, Great Winchester-street.
Whitehouse, W and G Galan, Liverpool.
Wood, G and T Wood, Oldswinford, Worcester.
Welch, A D Leadenhall-street.
Warne, W Great Queen-street, Lincoln's-inilfields.
Young, J Carlisle, Cumberland.
Results from Observations made in London for the Month of March, 1820.
frevaiiing wind,—W. <te N.E.
Number of days on which rain has fallen, 9; snow, 5; hail 3.
Cirrus. Cirro-stratus. Cirro-cumulus. Cumulus. Cumulo-stratus. Nimbus.
7 16 8 21 11 4
The fall of rain and snow has been again but trifling, and the weather throughout the principal part of the month was very fine and dry. The number of bright days amount to sixteen, one half of which were chiefly clear—On the 2d. from 5 to 8 a. m.the wind blew a complete hurricane from the northwest, at the commencement it was accompanied with a heavy shower of hail and rain, and from 7 to 8 a. m. with fine snow. In the night the barometer fell half an inch, and the thermometer rose to 50°, but by 8 a. m. had fallen to 34°. The gale continued more or less violent throughout the day, and between S and 6 p. m. we had another fall of snow. From the 3d to the 12th, the weather was mostly very fine with sharp frosts, and a few light showers of snow. A large faint halo appeared round the moon at 8 p. m., on the 21st, and on the 23d, we had another gale of wind from the west, accompanied with heavy showers of hail and rain.
St. John's Square, March 19, 1820.
The mercury in the barometer at intervals was very high and steady for several days, but at times the fluctuations were very great, for instance in the night of the 2d, it fell 0-50 inches, between the 3d and 5th it rose 1-23 inches, between the 9th and 12th it fell 0-82 inches, between the 12th and 16th it rose 0-94 inches, between the 20th and 24th it fell 1-33, and between the 24th and 29th it rose 1-18 inches.
The temperature was very low during the first eight or nine days, the average of which was only 33° 17, but during the remainder of the month it was somewhat higher, the thermometer generally stood between 45° and 50° in the day, but frequently fell to within a few degrees of the freezing point in the night. The maximum of 6 1|° occurred only once, on the following day it was only 51°, and in the night the thermometer fell to 33°, it however reached 60 again on the 29 th.
POLITICAL AFFAIRS IN APRIL.
THE public attention during the month has been occupied by the trials of the infatuated men who had conspired to murdei ministers by a coup de main, at a cabinet dinner,—by the trials of Messrs. Hunt and his Manchester friends at York,—by the trials of Messrs. Sir C. Wolseley and the Rev. Mr. Harrison, for alledged sedition in Cheshire,—and, as a commentary on the inutility of such means of allaying discontents (instead of wisely and magnanimously striking at their root by removing the causej, by open insurrections and armed combinations in the Glasgow and Paisley districts of Scotland, and in the West Riding of Yorkshire. Thistlewood, one of the proposed
assassinators, and a man who has long played a headstrong and desperate part, was the first person tried of what are called " the Cato-street conspirators;" —of his guilt, and of his folly and wickedness there can be no doubt; but questions exist among cool-headed lawyers, whether the evidence sustained the charge of treason, in number of witnesses to the same overt acts, and whether the acts so proved were in truth within the treason laws; while among moralists questions arise on re">orted facts of instigation by spies of the police; but these are points which can only be safely discussed under privilege of parliament, where we hope they will be satisfactorily explained.
Four others of these deluded men, of the names of Inks, Brunt, Tidd and DaVidson,