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The connection between light and mag Gibbs attempted to ascertain by direct expe. netism, which appears to be indicated by riment, the influence of light upon a magnet. the preceding results, has been supposed to For this purpose he“ determined the power of exist to a still greater extent. In a paper". bis magnet, as it had been shut up in the published by Colonel Gibbs, in professor Sil- dark for a long time, and lying down. Ha Jiman's Journal, be considers light as the then exposed it the rays of the sun, also great source of magnetism. In 1817 helying down, and remote from the iron support, visited the mine of magnetic iron at Succas- and he found that it had gained 12 oz. power sanny, and was informed, that the ore in the in forty minutes, and 14 oz. power only in upper part of the bed was magnetic, while five hours." —A very remarkable analogy that which was raised from the bottom ac- between the phenomena of magnets and quired it only after exposure to the influence of glass, either transiently or permanently of the atmosptere. This effect he ascribed, crystallised, when acting upon polarised without any sufficient reason, to the influence light, has also been pointed out by Dr. of light.-In support of this opinion, Colonel Brewster in the Philos. Trans. for 1816.

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BRITISH LEGISLATION.
ACTS PASSED in the sixtieTH YEAR of the REIGN of GEORGE THE THIRD, or in the

SECOND SESSION of the SIXTH PARLIAMENT of the UNITED KINGDOM.

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M AP. CXXXII. For raising the sum staff officers in Ireland, ditto; 139,3331.

U of Two Millions British Currency, 14s. ld, for allo vances to officers of pubby Treasury Bills in Ireland, for the lie departments in Great Britain, ditto; Service of the Year One thousand eight

Cicht 10,8941. 16s. 7d. for allowances to public dehundred and nineteen.-- July 12, 1819.

partments, ditto; 21,6351. Is. 11d. for medi

cines and hospital contingencies in Great II. The bills, if not paid off, shall be

Britain ; 7,40001. 173. 3d. for medicines for takeu in Payment of the revenue in Ireland,

the forces in Ireland ; 100,0001, for volunteer after such time as the treasury shall appoint

corps in Great Britain, from December 25, and interest shall cease.

1818, to Dec 24, 1819; 21,6681. 15s. 5d. CAP. CXXXIII. For applying cer

for volunteer corps in Ireland, ditto; 687,6001. tain Monies therein mentioned for the

or half pay reduced officers on the BritishService of the Year One thousand eight establishment, ditto ; 49,7721. 6s. 2d. for half hundred and nineteen ; and for further pay to reduced officers on the Irish establishappropriating the supplies granted in ment, ditto; 42,8491. 8s. 9d. for the in-penthis Session of Parliament.-- July 13th, sioners of Chelsea Hospital, ditto; 15,6$11.

sioners of Chelsea 1 1819.

135. lld. for in-pensioners of Kilmainham 1. There shall be issued towards making

hospital, ditto ; 977,5821. 8s. for out-pengood the supply for 1819, 3,500,0001. out

sioners of Chelsea hospital, ditto; 196,0651. of the duties of excise granted by 56 G. 3.

14s. 2d, for out-pensioners of Kilmainham c. 17.

hospital, ditto ; 380,3001, for supply of bread, II. Also a proportion of the balance re

meat, &c. for troops in Great Britain, and maining in the bank belonging to the public.

casual supplies on foreign stations, &c. III. 334,4871. arising from the sale of old

1,200,0001. for extraordinary expences of tho paval and victualling stores.

army in Great Britain. IV. 244,8921. 185. 9fd. surplus of the

XV. Out of the several sums of 24,954,3001. grants for 1818.

8,599,6001, and 3,000,0001. exchequer bills, VI. Out of the supplies aforesaid there and 4,400,0001. treasury bills, a sum not shall be issued and applied 6,527,7811, 12s.

less than 5,000,0001, shall be repaid to the 7d. for naval services, viz. 565,5001. for

bank. wages of 20,000 men, &c. for 13 months ;

1 CAP. CXXXIV. To amend and 520,0001. for their victuals for 13 months; render more effectual an Act passed in 533,0001. for wear and tear of ships for the last Session of Parliament, for 13 months; 91,0001. for ordnance for sea building and promoting the building of service, ditto; 2,483,01 31. 12s. 7d. for ordin additional Churches in populous Parishes. nary establishment of the navy ; 1,631,6281. July 13th, 1819.. for building and repairs of ships, &c.; I. Exchequer Bills issued in pursuance of 419,3191. for provisions for troops on foreign recited Acts to bear a certain Rate of Intestations; 284,3211. for transport service.

rest, VII. There shall also be issued 8,782,4701. III. His Majesty may appoint- commis5s, 7d. for land forces, viz. 2,258,7761. sioners to supply vacancies. Ils. 2d. for land forces in Great Britain and

V. Commissioners may treat with and stations abroad, (except the East Indies) make grants to divisions of parishes, as if from December 25, 1818, to December 24, they were distinct parishes. -1819 ; 749,9371. Ss. 10d. for forces in Ire. VI. Commissioners may unite parts of land, ditto'; 118,0211. ls. 3d. for general contiguous parishes into ecclesiastical disand staff officers of hospitals serving in tricts for the purposes of the acts; and Great Britain and on foreign stations, build cbapels for the use of such districts. ditto; 34,7841. 14s. 11d. for general and VII, Commissioners may build without

MONTHLY Mag. No. 339.

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previous determination as to division of the only, and not by auction; and rates to be parish, or whether such buildings shall be payable in advance. deemed churches or chapels when built.. XL. Rates may be laid on any parish for

XII. New churches to become distinct rebuilding or enlarging the church. benefices; but to be served, during existing CAP. CXXXV. To repeal Two incumbency, by stipendiary curates, and be Acts, made in the Fifty-fifth Year of deemed one church.

the Reign of His present Majesty, for XIII. Right of patronage of parishes di

maintaining and keeping in Repair vided to belong to the patron of the original

certain Roads and Bridges in Scotland; church, and be exercised after existing in

to provide more effectually for that purcumbency. · XIV. Churchwardens, with consent of ves

pose ; and for Regulation of Ferries in try and bishop of the diocese, may raise Scotland.July 13, 1819. money upon the credit of the rates for the

CAP. CXXXVI. For the better repair of churches or chapels, and provide Regulation of the General Penitentiary for the repayment thereof.

for Convicts at Milbank. July 13th. XV. Bodies politic, &c. empowered to I. Any number not exceeding 600 Male give up rights of patronage, and endow and 400 Female Convicts may be confined chapeis.

in the Penitentiary. XVI. Commissioners may assign districts XII. Such Convicts as shall be sent to to chapels under the care of curates, sub the said Penitentiary, shall be employed in ject to the controul of incumbents, ard com work therein every day in the year, except missioners, with consent of bishop, may de. Sundays, Christmas Day, Good Friday, Astermine what fees for marriages, &c. shall cension Day, and any day appointed for a be assigned.

general fast or thanksgiving; and also such · XVII. All acts of of parliament, &c. re days when ill health will not allow of their lating to publishing banns of marriage, working, or when the said committee shall marriages, &c. to apply to the churches and think fit for any special reason to dispense cbapels of districts.

with their working by an order in writing; XX. Commissioners of woods and forests, and the hours of work in each day shall not &c. with consent of treasury, may grant exceed ten hours and a half, exclusive of materials for building churches and chapels. the time allowed for meals; provided.

XX1. Treasury may remit duties of cus always, that it shall and may be lawful for toms or excise on materials used for the the said committee, by a written order, to building of churches.

permit any convict to labour voluntarily for · XXIII. Churchwardens empowered to a longer time than is herein mentioned, upon levy rates.

such conditions as in the said order shall be XXIV. No application to build or en. expressed. large any church, &c. shall be made if one XIII. No officer or servant of the Penithird of the proprietors of messuages, &c. tentiary, or any person whatever, to supply shall dissent thereto.

the convicts with any thing whatever, exXXV. Rate not exceeding Is. in the cept as the Governor shall direct. pound in any one year, or 5s. in the whole, XIV. Governor empowered to hear commay be raised for building or enlarging a plaints, and to punish offences. church or chapel, without such proportion of XV. Governor may confine convicts for consents of proprietors, &c. as is required offences of greater enormity. by recited act.

CAP. CXXXVII. To enable the XXVI. Commissioners may assign pew Directors of the Poor of the several rents to the parish, and order a fixed stipend Parishes within the City of Worcester, for the minister.

and of the Parishes united therewith, XXX. Appointment of select vestry for the management of new churches, and who

to sell and dispose of certain Lands, shall appoint church or chapel wardens,

discharged of all claims of the Crown XXXI. Churchwardens may alter pew

in respect of any Forfeiture incurred rents, with consent of bishop, &c.

under the Statutes of Mortmain.-July XXXII. Pews to be let to parisbioners 13th, 1819. NEW BOOKS PUBLISHED IN APRIL,

With un HISTORICAL and CRITICAL PROEMIUM.

... Authors or Publishers, desirous of seeing 'an 'early notice of their Works, are

requested to transmit copies before the 18th of the Month.

LTROM the sudden appearance of the determined not to loose its hold upon the T Monastery, at the heels of Ivanhoe, affections of an indulgent public; and we we may conjecture, that the indefatigable do not for our own parts, see why as long and prolific genius of Sir Walter Scott is as there remain patrons to pay the piper,

he

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he should not merrily play on. He has, of its decline and fall, any more than of
indeed, delighted his audience with some the Knight Templars in Ivanhoe, and even
fine national airs, less of his own com- his incidental hero Halbert, whom he
posing, than a collection and judicious meets by the way, is left totally unpro-
blending of the remains of the old tunes vided for, in honour and achievement
that still vibrate in the souls of his coun- that befits a hero. Yet on him and the
trymen. It will be perceived that we white lady of Avenel rests the excuse of
allude to national and political occur not doing justice to the story of the Mo-
rences, which are still unfaded in the pastery. In all minor qualifications, the.
memory of men, and yet are sufficiently romance is nearly faultless. The descrip-
venerable and aged, to admit of strong tions are good, the dialogues ani:nated
excitements of mind, by introducing ima. and well sustained, the characters not
ginary characters into the midst of them. without humour, though not consistent
This is the secret charm which he exer- We cannot too much admire the religious
cises over our feelings, and is as efficacious controversy between the champions of the
in loosening the purse-strings of the book. different churches, the picture of the easy
seller, as that of his hero Halbert, in con- old Abbot, and the Sub-Prior, with the
juring up the white woman, by pulling off description of the Castle of the Marauder
his shoes and making three Scotch bows. Julian of Avenel. With all their defects Sir
There is evidently one advantage which Walter's ghost stories are good (for those
the present work possesses over that of romances are little more); but we wish he
Ivanhoe, inasmuch as the author has again would not tell them in quite so serious a
wisely resumed his old ground, where he manner.
exbibits himself with much more grace The Life and Adventures of Don
and effect than in attempting the dan Quixote De La Mancha, a new edition,
gerous scheme of displaying himself in with engravings, from designs, by Rich.
English costume. There is a power and WESTALL, esq. is another of those literary
truth of nature in him, as long as he forages efforts of the age to embody as much
on the border, attacks the draw-bridge entertainments for the understanding and
and the bartizan, or holds a dialogue the eye in as small a compass, and at as
between two Scotch elders ; but amongst cheap a price as type and paper will allow.
English arcbers and yeomen he is com- It is, however, too palpable an imitation
paratively a very secondary personage of a finer edition of the same book, with
indeed. In the present romance he has designs, by Smirke, and we think the infe-
professed to give the monastic history of rior value of the work by no means com-
the period of the reformation, and as in pensated by its comparatively low price,
his other works his professed object seems The beauty of illustrations depends
to have been that which has least engaged greatly upon a corresponding size and
his attention. A ghost story seems to have quality of paper, type, and excellence of
been the hobby which has this time run execution; and we have not a moment's
away with him, as the accompanying besitation in pronouncing, that where the
episode, to which he has injudiciously efforts of the artist are required to eluci-
sacrificed the main interests of his story date those of an author, the union of them
As to plot, there is not the most distant · should be displayed in as noble a manner
sign of any, and there is neither beginning as possible.
middle nor end. It is this want of inven. The Private Correspondence of Horace
tion on a grand scale, which absolutely Walpole, Earl of Orford, now first col.
deprives him of the power of composing lected, is merely a compilation of what
either a legitimate novel, or a regular has been recently published in a variety
drama. Though evidently possessed of of forms relating to the minute gos-
the details of dramatic composition, he is sipping of the tribing genius whom it
at a loss both for that strength of nature commemorates. The multitude of private
and art, to weave and unfold passions and memoirs, and literary correspondence
incidents at will, which distinguished daily growing upon us, is becoming an
some of our very first dramatists and absolute nuisance, and we think some
novel writers. His works are rather a post obit law should be enacted, that the
collection of fine things huddled together writing desks and cabinets of deceased
without much art, and gleaned from old authors should not be ransacked at the plea-
works of history or fiction. His very sure of injudicious survivors. These rery
characters are most of them drawn ready refined letters are likewise becoming
to his hand, and they seem as they pro. unfashionable. As the noble author erected
ceed to acquire the power of directing the 'a printing press for his own weak lucu-
author, rather than of being moulded by brations, he has surely given the world
bim. It is thus that he never knows how sufficient proof of his little genius, with.
to dispose of them in the end, and we find out the necessity of raking up his ashes
him particularly puzzled at the conclu continually.
sion of the Monastery. There is no history Among the feeb!e satirical efforts of the

age,

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age, we may notice as something superior assumed, they still left it unexhausted to to the common place with which we are those powers of mind, which united to an periodically deluged, Patronage a Poem; enthusiasm for their subject, render him an Imitation of the Seventh Satire of as conspicuously eminent for a critic, as Juvenal; by Mandanis. This of course is the authors he treats of were for genius and a reiteration of the old hacknied com- wit. We may safely appeal to the judgment plaint of authors against the neglect of of the literary public, whether the articles the great, who in consequence attempt to contained in the Quarterly Review upon “ Bare the mean heart that lurks beneath a star."

similar 'subjects, are at all comparable to

the enlightened spirit of truth, and critical and our anonymous satirist appears to

discrimination which abound in the single stick very close to his text by laying

volume before us. Let us for a moment about pretty sava gely on all sides. The

turn to the vapid and dull article of Mr. diadem, the ermine, and the long robe,

Gifford in the last No. upon Sheil's Evadne, nobles, and princes, are all reduced to the

and Payne's Brutus, written with all the levelling system which this new Juvenal has

elaborate persiflage, and artful emptiness adopted. With the exception, however,

in which he is so successful, and we shall of being a little too rough, there is much

be necessarily convinced of the difference. talent displayed, mingled with caustic,

A second edition of the New Whio rather than attic wit.

Guide, has been recently published, conL. SMYTH, esq. of the Royal Navy, has

taining Political Pasquinades in the shape lately published Slavery, a Poem, in Two

of poetical caricatures of the chief memParts, a little work which we fear cannot

hers of the opposition. These are rank claim a very high station in the poetical

Tory effusions, though very humble ones, ranks, which are daily filling up faster

as the Pseudo-Pasquin bimself avows. It is and faster. Though deficient in interest

of course in the satirical vein, and if talent as a story, and without much determinate

and cleverness in the production could object, there is some pleasing description,

atone for ribaldry and low language, it and a strain of feeling and humane ten

would be entitled to rank amongst the derness, which tend to redeem its defects

witty things of the day. They have some of composition. So much, however, has

of them made their appearance, if we are been said, or sung upon similar topics,

'not mistaken, in a notorious periodical that now our country has relieved its

journal of the North. They pretend to conscience from the crime of having parti.

afford some amusing, though exaggerated cipated in it, a work ought to possess very

information of the peculiar habits and superior claims indeed to poetic excel

manners, and often of the motives of public lence which pretends even to anathema

men, which cannot be found elsewhere, tize so odious a name. Let us beware of

We agree with the editor, that the porit at home.

traits are for the most part exaggerated, WILLIAM HAZLITT, esq. has recently

but not that there is a general resem. published Lectures chiefly on the Dra

blance. The personal ridicule is carried matic Literature of the Age of Eliza

too far, and the political picture over. beth, delivered at the Surry Institution.

charged, and too warmly coloured, to admit These, like the former writings of this

of admiration from the lovers of classical gentleman, are characterized by a bold

satire, and judicious raillery. Among the and original spirit of criticism, no less dis

best finished, however, of the state portinguished for taste and judgment, than

traits, we observe the candidates in “ The for a keen perception and relish of the

Choice of a Leader, The Countesy of Jer'beauties of the noble subject of which he treats. There is a strength and freshness

sey's Masquerade, Severe Battle, English

$ Melodies, &c. &c.” which have as much of in his manner, with a singular power of

the humorous as we can reasonably expect illustration which impresses his observa

- in state affairs. We cannot, however, tions upon the mind more strongly than

compare them with descriptions in Authe style of feeble and common place

stey's Pleader's Guide, The Fudge Family, disquisition with which we are generally

and other more legitimate satires of the loaded. His remarks are evidently dic.

age. To give an idea of the characters tated by genius rather than by study and

in play, we shall just quote a specimen of observation, and though this genius be

a sort of Bill dialogue of some members not free from the faults of the age in

of the house. " Gen. Thornton. Bill to which he lives (some affectation and man

compel hackney and other coachmen to nerism) yet compared with that of other

be more civil towards female passengers, living commentators, we are of opinion,

and likewise to amend the acts relating that if not the first, it stands boldly forward with a few of the choicest growth,

to the uniformity of the common prayer.

Mr. Bennett. Move for leave to bring in * While Cainpbell, Jeffrey, Coleridge and

a bill to regulate the office of necessary Lambe, have variously occupied the

women to the state apartments at St. same ground which Mr. H. bas latterly James's. Mr. Barham. Bill to make it

felony

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felony without benefit of clergy, to inter- of the Improvisatore, related by himself, marry with the descendants of persons are little inferior in nature and genuine carrying on, or related to persons car- humour to the exploits of Gi) Blas, and the rying on, the slave trade. Mr. Wm. best itinerant heroes of Fielding; Andrew Smith. Move for leave to bring in a bill is a true son of Fortune, but bears her vi. to amend the doctrine of the Trinity. Mr. cissitudes in so good humoured a manner, M. A. Taylor. Bill to regulate the size of and relates them with so much grace and pa viors, and to prevent parish vestries nature, that (which is now seldom the case) from employing such men below a certain we laid down the book with an actual feel. stature."

ing of regret. The English Melodies are good parodies Mr. CHARLES Swan, author of Omar, an of some of our best songs, particularly that eastern tale, &c. &c. has lately published imitated from Moore, “On the days are Retribution, a Poem, addressed to Woman, gone when beauty bright.”

which amongst much common-place, oc“Oh the time is past, when Quarter day

casionally displays a few superior passages My cares would chase,

of poetry. Still, however, we think it in. When all in life that made me gay

ferior in point of style to the Epistle DediWas place,-still place; New hopes may bloom,

catory, with which it is ushered into the New offers come,

world, couched in such a figurative granOf surer, higber pay,

deur of sentiment and language, that Dr. But there's no hing half so sweet in life

Johnson himself would have envied it. As Quarter day," &c. &c.

There are a few miscellaneous poems which But we must content ourselves with referring the whole to ministers and state pen.

follow Retribution, containing more spirited

touches of thought and tenderness of feel. sioners of all descriptions.

ing, than we could have supposed from the Amongst the poetical works of the last

monotonous tameness of the chief poem. month, we notice a small publication en

The public have just been presenied with titled Chevy Chase, with other Poems,

the second volume of Chefs D'Euvre of written in a more spirited and interesting

Ř French Literature, consisting of intereststyle than any thing we have met with

ing extracts from the classic French writers, since Scott

in prose and verse, with biographical and : “ Awoke the border echoes with his song.”

.critical notices of the authors and their The Chase is a poem founded on the an. works. These are specimens more judicient ballad, and presents a very pleasing ciously selected from the poets, than the picture of the sports of the field, combined former volume of extracts from the prose with the more striking incidents of war writers; and read much less abrupt, and fare, and contrasted with much dramatic interrupted, as the style and language of effect. The sudden tramp of the Scottish poets are easily understood from the light. spearmen, heard in the midst of the wood. est pieces, while essays and subjects in land feast, the appearance of Douglas, and prose require a more full and complete the mortal defiance of the earls, are all de- display, without breaking the line of argu- . scribed in true poetical language, and with ment which is essential to the merits of an intenseness of feeliog that none but a disquisition on general subjects of taste poet could possess. . We do not, however, and morals. With a laudable desire of ibink it equal to some of the miscellaneous embracing as numerous a portion of the pieces which follow it. The fine spirit of beauties of French literature as could pospoetic enthusiasm which characterises the sibly be interesting to the public, we think poem to the Sea Bird, approaches nearer the Editors have endeavoured to comprize the genius of Milton than any single piece rather more than the limits of the work of any modern poet we remember to have would allow, and it thus leaves too faint an read. There is an Ode to Time, Walcheren, impression of individual excellence upon and a few noble sonnets, little inferior to the reader's mind. Slight and frivolous as this.

the modern taste for reading is, we should The 3d volume of the Periodical Novel. still endeavour to feed it in as substantial list, or Circulating Library, recently pub- a way as it will bear, and the “ Membra lished, is one of the most interesting and disjecta Poeteof such men as Scarron, animated little works of the narrative kind Malherbe, Corneille, Rousseau, and Greswe have lately seen. It consists of two set, will do little to satisfy the lovers of stories from the Italian and the Spanish- true poetry,-sublimity, tenderness, and Andrew of Padua, The Improvisatore, a beauty. We are aware that a craving for tale from the Italian of the Abbate Furloo, a chemical preparation of the essence of and The Vindictive Father, from the Spanish books is growing stronger every day, and of Leander of Valladerras. They combine that we are in a great measure to ascribe much of the various excellence of the novel, the decline of true taste, and a contempt as the former is of the narrative and ad. for the laborious productions of older , venturous cast, while the latter is of a more writers, to the modern practice of pamper, sentimental description. The adventures ing the diseased appetite for novelty, by

eloying

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