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Among the articles of intelligence re- In Ireland, the benefits of education ceived from the East Indies, none has are spread with undiminished success. been more gratifying than that, which Under the auspices of the society in announces the establishment of a School Dublin, a model school, for 500 children Society at Calcutta. This institution, each sex, has been opened. The Hiber-likely to become so beneficial to the sub- nian Society proceeds with its accusjects of our Indian possessions, was esta- 'tomed vigour, and annually adds to the blished on the 1st of September, 1818. number of its schools. There are now The committee consists of twenty-four 480 under its fostering protection, in members, of whom sixteen are Euro- , which 46,976 scholars receive instrucpeans, or their descendants, and eight tion, being an increase, during the last natives of India; and, of the four secre- year, of 83 schools, and 14,460 scholars. taries, two are always to be natives.
There is also a School Society formed Fifth Report of the Female Department. at Bombay, which has published its plan New Schools have been lately opened in the Persian, Hindoostanee, and Gu in the Metropolis, for girls, in the zarettu languages.
Hackney Road, and Christchurch ; to Mr. G. Fox writes from Sierra Leone, which teachers from this institution have that the numerous schools in that colony been appointed. Mistresses have likeare in a flourishing condition. There wise been trained for various country are 2104 children in these schools re- Schools since the last anniversary, at ceiving daily instruction.
Belper, Swansea, Sheerness, Liverpool, In South Wales, several Schools have Hammersmith, Croydon, Chelsea, Hitalready been formed.
NEW PATENTS AND MECHANICAL INVENTIONS.
will turn upwards on hinges, and assume TO NICHOLAS DESPORGES, of Bucklers
an horizontal position, so that the edge bury, in the City of London, Mer
of the vane will present itself to the chant; for certain Improvements in
water, and will make so little resistpropelling Boats and other Vessels.
ance as not materially to retard the October 31, 1818.
motion of the vessel. Two or more of NICHOLAS Desforges declares, that such vanes or wings are to be applied to
the nature of the said invention, the same vessel to act in succession, and and the manner in which the same is to one will row the vessel forward whilst be performed, are as follows:
the other is returning to repeat its action. Beneath the bottom of the boat or -Repertory. other vessel which is to be propelled, I apply one or more large wings or vanes TO EDWARD WALL, of Minchinhampton, which are capable of moving horizontally for certain Improvements on Stage in the direction of the length of the vessel, Coaches, 'and other Descriptions of by means of ropes or chains, which Carriages.--May 18, 1819. are conducted upwards to the interior of To all to whom these presents shall the vessel. To such ropes the force of men come, &c. Mr. Wall declares, that his or animals, or of a steam-engine, can be invention consists in an improved carapplied to give motion to the said vanes, riage body, so arranged that there are each of which is so constructed, that two compartments for inside passenwhen it is moved in a direction from the gers at a distance from each other, and head of the vessel towards the stern separated by a central luggage box or thereof, it will assume a vertical position, basket, or a seat or seats for outside and as it moves in an horizontal direc- passengers, either or both, or all, in order tion its vertical surface will be opposed to distribute the load more advantato the water, and will be so resisted geously than has before been done over thereby, that the force which is applied the springs, axles, and carriage; and a to it will cause the vessel to advance for carriage body where two compartments wards or be propelled through the for inside passengers are at a distance water ; but when the vane has arrived at from each other, and separated by a the end of its course, it is necessary, in luggage-box or a basket, or a seat or order to repeat the action, the vane shall seats for outside passengers, either or return in the direction from the stern both, or all, are entirely new and his towards the head in that case the vane invention.-Repertory.
To TO WILLIAM GOOD, of Bridport, Ship- beam, and afterwards the decoction first builder; for an Improvement in the produced is employed. The skins and Art of Tanning Hides and Skins, and hides having undergone the beforeBarking and Colouring Nets, Sails, mentioned process, add as much oakand other Articles, by the application bark or tar-liquor, or both, to the reof certain Materials hitherto unused spective decoctions as is necessary to for that Purpose. --Dated July 10, complete the tanning. The quantity of 1819.
each will vary according to the strength 'The improvement which Mr. Good of such decoctions, which strength will has effected in the art of tanning, is by depend on the age and size of the tree, rendering the process more economical. and other circumstances too evident to He has discovered that the trunk, roots, require their being particularized. limbs, branches, and leaves of the oak, The method which was used for barkwhether tree, pollard, coppice, or under. ing or colouring of nets, sails, or other wood, possess tanning properties in a articles, is as follows:-he puts one sufficient quantity to be employed with hundred weight of oak-branches, and advantage in that business, which pro- one hundred weight of spent bark from perties may be best extracted therefrom, any tannery, into one hundred gallons by reducing such of the above articles of water, and so in proportion for a as are large enough for sawing to saw- greater or less quantity; and after boiling dust, or by chopping the same and the the same till it be reduced to about articles of less size into small pieces; eighty gallons, he takes the branches and he accordingly claims the exclusive and spent bark from the copper by right of using such articles for the afore- means of any convenient instrument, said purpose.
and then immerges as many nets, sails, The mode of extracting such tanning or other articles, as the case may be, into properties and of using the same is as the liquor left in the copper as the follows :-To tan calf or other thin liquor will admit of, taking care that the skins, put one hundred weight of the said nets, sails, or other articles, be limbs or branches chopped as above- completely covered with the said liquor. mentioned into a copper, containing He boils the whole together for about about sixty gallons of water, and boil three hours, then removes the fire, and till the water be reduced to from thirty- suffers the whole to get cool together, five to forty gallons; draw off the de- after which he removes the nets, sails, coction so produced, and which is to · or other articles, from the furnace, and be used as hereafter stated. Add to the hangs them up to dry. same limbs or branches forty gallons of water, and again boil the same till the TO ROBERT SALMON, of Woburn, Esq.; water be reduced to about twenty-five and WILLIAM WARRELL, of Chenies, gallons. The liquor thus produced by Engineer; for certain Improvements the second boiling is used as a weak. aud sundry Apparatus for cooling, ooze, and as the first process in tanning condensing, and ventilating Worts, such skins after they come from the Liquors, and all other Fluids or solid beam, and afterwards the decoction first Matters. January 15, 1819. produced in the manner in which The shape and sizes, as also the ways tanners are in the habit of using oak- of applying this apparatus and process bark.
are so various, as to render it impossible To tan hides, take one hundred to limit a description to any particular weight of the limbs or branches, three- shape, size, or application; the patentees, quarters of a hundred weight of oak saw. therefore, first, particularize generally dust (the sooner the latter is used after the principle of this invention, and being made the better), and one-quarter then in explanation shew the same by of a hundred weight of the root, and boil drawings and reference, not confining in eighty gallons of water till reduced themselves to such shapes of apparatus to from fifty to sixty gallons. Draw off or modes of application as they describe, the decoction, and put aside for use as nor to the introduction of the whole will be nentioned. To the materials of the described parts together, but left in the copper add sixty gallons of to each individual part, together or water, and again boil till reduced to separate as may be required. from thirty to thirty-five gallons. The In the first place they explain that liquor produced by such second boiling the principle of the invention is, the is employed in the first stage of tanning production of cold, by a blast of wind so such hides after they come from the applied, as to create a constant revolu2 MONTHLY Mag, No.338.
tion in the liquid to be cooled, to act on the caloric to and above the surface, at a large surface of the same, to cause the same time exposing a large moist evaporation and production of cold, and surface to the action of the blast, thereby to retain the colder particles and leave increasing the evaporation, and confining the calorie at liberty to escape: this and directing the blast to the surface of evaporation is continued, as long as may the liquor. be requisite for the purpose of cooling, Sixthly, they occasionally introduce condensation, or congelation; and where other apparatus which they call confiextreme frigidity is wanted, apply the ners; these are to keep the blast down to blast in the first place to the surface the surface of the liquor, to attract the of cold water, and re-collect and re-con- vapour raised from the liquor, and exduct such blast again into the conden- pose it to the blast for evaporation. sing machine, so as to re-apply it each Seventhly, they occasionally introduce time more cold than before in all the ap- toher apparatus which they call conducparatus and process, causing the revolv- tors; these are casings or troughs to reing air and exhaled vapour so to pass conduct the blast into the fan, after horizontally on, as to deposit the colder having passed over the surface of the particles, leaving the rarefied and elastic liquor, and after having derived a temmore part to escape, and this principle will perature below the atmosphere. be explained by a figure and reference H aving thus defined the principles of hereafter given; before the introduction the invention, we refer for particulars to of which, and other figures explanatory the drawings and references in Wyatt's of this invention, we further particularize Repertory. the different parts of the apparatus and ..
OTHER PATENTS. process as follows:-first, they make use To Francis Fox the younger, of Derby, of any or many of the common conden M.D., for his new or improved method of sing engines already in use, adapted to
facilitating and ensuring the discharge of the purpose as hereinafter explained;
fire-arms and artillery of every description.
- 15th Jan. 1820. from these they apply the blast on the
To John Leiberecht Steinhauser, of Moffatt surface in any direction required, and
ured, and Terrace, City-road, artist ; for improvement
Terra these are made to take in their air from in portable lanthorns or lamps applicable to the atmosphere, or from any well or various purposes.—15th Jan. .cellar, or their own blast may be re-con- · To John Oldham, of South Cumberland ducted and re-applied without inoreasing Street, esq. for certain further improvements the labour of working them.
on his former patent, bearing date the 101 Secondly, they make such blast to day of October 1817, for an improvement or cause a revolution in the liquid to be improvements in the mode of propelling cooled, so that every part thereof is put
ships and vessels on seas, rivers, and canals,
by the agency of steam.-15th Jan. in motion, and each particle is made
To Joseph Main, of Bagnio-Court, Newsuccessively to discharge its caloric.
gate-sireet, for an improved method of prea Thirdly, they occasionally introduce paring and spinning wool, cotton, silk, flax, other apparatus which they call breakers; fur, and all other fibrous substances.against these the liquor is made by its 15th Jan. impetuosity to dash and separate, thereby To James Thom, of Wells-street, St. more thoroughly mixing the blast there- Mary-le-bone, piano forte maker, and Wilwith, carrying with it and evaporating
vaporating liam Allen, of Castlestreet, same parish, part of the liquid, leaving the caloric at
piano forte maker; for a certain improveliberty by 'its elasticity to escape, and
ment in piano fortes.- 15th Jan.
To Marc Isambard Brunel, of Chelsea, depositing the colder particles on the
he engineer, for certain improvements in makirevolving fluid.
ing stereotype plates.--25th Jan. Fourthly, they also occasionally intro- To Phillips London, the younger, of Canduce other apparatuswhich they call de- non-street, for his method of desiroying or scenders; these occasion the surface of decomposing the offen ive vapour arising the liquor in revolving to descend to the from animal or vegetable matter when bottom, bringing the bottom to the heated.--25ih Jan. surface so as to discharge its caloric.
To Daniel Threadwell, of Newman'sFifthly, they also occasionally intro
court, C'ornbill, for certain improvements in duce other apparatus, which they call
the construction of printing-yresses.--25th
Jan. revolving dischargers; thitse are intro- To John Moody, of Margate, for an inkduced for cooling liquor in deep vessels ; 'stand containing carbonaceous and extracthese by the blast are made to revolve tive matter in a dry state, which, with the and keep the liquor in motion, and by addition of water only, will supply ink.-revolving they successively bring up 25th Jan..
To To George Shoobridge, of Houndsditch, To James Huggett, of Hailsham, for a and William Shoobridge, of Marden, for a machine to be attached to carriages as a substitute for flax or hemp, and for manufac- substitute for a drug, to regulate the speed, turing the same into articles for wbich fiax and to prevent accidents in going down-hill, or hemp are used.--5th Feb.
or in otber perilous situations. 10th Feb.
VARIETIES, LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL.
Including Notices of Works in Tland, Domestic and Foreign. .
THE principles of the Holy Alliance years 1817-1818. By W. A. Cadell,
I have been developing themselves, du- Esq. F. R. S. 2 vol. Svo. with thirtyring the month, by some attempts in the three illustrative engravings. French Legislature, in direct contraven- The personal History of George the tion of the charter, to place the public Third, undertaken with the assistance journals under a 'censorship: and a of persons officially connected with the small majority, we are sorry to say, were late King; and dedicated, by permisfound to sanction this attempted vio- sion to his present Majesty, by EDWARD lation of public principle. In like HAWKE LOCKER, Esq. F. R. Š. will soon manner some prosecutions against the appear, handsomely printed, with porpress, for the venial offences of retail- traits, fac-similes, &c. in 4to. ers, have been pressed with a degree Mr. MALTHUS announces the Princiof severity before special juries, which, ples of Political Economy considered, to say the least, evinces a questionable with a view to their Practical Applicadegree of wisdom in the British cabinet. tion. A counterpoise to these deleterious mea- Mr. JAMES GREY JACKSON, late British sures has, however, presented itself in Consul at Santa Cruz, South Barbary, SPAIN, where the “ universal Spanish and resident merchant upwards of sixnation” has risen as one man to assert the teen years in various parts of the empire rights of the people against the improper of Marocco, professor of Arabic, and assumptions of royalty, and the tyranny author of an account of the empire of unprincipled ministers. The press, of Marocco, and the districts of Susa, in Spain, therefore, is now free, and its Tafilet, Timbuctoo, &c. has in the press, future freedom is guaranteed by that and will publish next month, in one beautified constitution which the terrified volume 8vo. an Account of Timbuctoo despot has, at length, sworn to respect. and Housa, territories in the interior of May the same privilege soon be enjoyed Africa, by El Hage ABD SALAM SHAby all civilized nations !
BEENIE, a native of Marocco, who perA very interesting volume will ap-' sonally visited and resided as a merpear next month, entitled the History chant in those interesting countries, with of the Rebellion in 1745 and 1746 ; notes, critical and explanatory. To containing the causes of the Preten- which will be added, Letters descriptive der's defeat at Culloden, and a variety of several Journeys through West and of interesting anecdotes, by CHEVALIER South Barbary, and across the MounJOHNSTONE, Aid-de-camp to Prince tains of Atlas. Edward; with an account of his sub- The Life of the Right Honourable R. sequent adventures in Scotland, Eng- B. Sheridan, by Tuomas Moore, Esq. land, Holland, France, Russia, and with a portrait, is in progress; as well as America. The manuscript was origi- the Works of the same writer, now first nally deposited in the Scots College at collected and edited. Paris.
The New Cyclopædia ; or Universal A Work called Winter Nights, by Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and LiteNATHAN DRAKE, M.D. author of Literary rature, by ABRAHAM REES, D. D. F. A. Hours, &c. &c. will appear in April. S. L. S. &c. will be completed in one
A Narrative of the late Political more part, making seventy-eight, which and Military Events in British India, will be published in a few weeks. under the brilliant and liberal adminis- Nir. LEIGI Hunt, author of Rimini, tration of the Marquess of Hastings. By will soon publish a Translation of HENRY T. PRINCEP, Esq. With maps, Amyntas, a Tale of Woods, from the plans, and views, will be published in a Italian of Torquato Tasso. This work few weeks.
will be embellished with a highly-finishEarly in April will be published, A ed Portrait of Tasso. Journey in Carniola and Italy, in the On the 1st of April will be published,
No. No. 1. of the Works of Hogarth, from by ROBERT SOUTHEY, author of Wat the whole of the original plates lately in Tyler, &c. is in preparation. the possession of Messieurs Boydell; The History of the Indian Archipelago, and others engraved by eminent artists ; by John CRAWFORD, Esq. F. R. S. late the whole under the superintendance of British resident at the Court of the JAMES HEATH, Esq. accompanied by Sultan of Java, with illustrative maps and Explanations of the various subjects, by numerous engravings, is in preparation. John Nichols, Esq. The whole work In a few days will appear, Tales of the will consist of about 130 plates, contain- Priory, 3 vols. 12mo. by Mrs. HOFLAND. ing 150 subjects, with occasional sheet Mr. JACOB is printing his Travels of letter-press, and it will be divided through Holland, Germany, and Part of into 23 or 24 monthly Numbers.
France in 1819, with References to their The next Number of the Journal of Statistics, Agriculture, and ManufacNew Voyages and Travels, will consist tures. of Mollien's Travels in Africa to the A History of the several Italian Schools sources of the Gambia, with plates. It of Painting, with Observations on the will be followed, in May, by Pertusier's present State of the Art. Promenade round Constantinople, with Picturesque Tour from Geneva over splendid engravings.
Mount Simplon to Milan, one volume, An interesting Journal, under the title with thirty-six coloured engravings, is of “ Annals of Oriental Literature,” to be preparing for publication. published quarterly, will appear on the A Mineralogical Dictionary, is in prefirst of May. The Editors mean to de- paration; coinprising an alphabetica. vote a large portion of their work to a nomenclature of mineralogical synocritical account of productions on orien- nymes, and a description of each subtal subjects; to communicate early no- stance.-To which is prefixed an explatices of all such publications to British nation of the terms used in describing orientalists. The eastern regions of the external characters, and chrystalline Asia still have much worthy of being structure and forms of minerals. It will explored : and the vast fund of lite- be illustrated by numerous plates, many rary treasures which China presents, of those relating to the theory of chryswill not be overlooked ; the portion of tallography, are entirely original. The Africa, which lies to the east of Europe, whole to be engraved by Mr. and Miss will be classed, without impropriety, Lowry. under the head of Oriental Literature. The Rev. ALEX. STEWART, author of The plan is to publish an octavo volume, the Lives of Blair, and Robertson, of nearly 200 pages quarterly. Each has in the press a History of Great Bripart is to be divided into three sections tain, from the Accession of George III. Lihe first devoted to original essays, till his death. translations, &c.—the second to reviews A new interesting volume of Natural of oriental works--the third, to short History will shortly appear under the notices of books, and miscellaneous in- title of TOXIDERMY, or the art of collecttelligence. We repeat on this as on ing, preparing, and mounting objects of other occasions, that we shall consider Natural History, for the use of Museums this work as one of the sources by which and Travellers. to add to the interest of our own Mis- Early in the month will be published, cellany.
Chevy Chace, a Poem, founded on the The Fall of Jerusalem, a Dramatic Ancient Ballad, with other Poems. Poem, by H. H. MILMAN, M. A. author Mr. FREDERICK Nash, having been of Fazio, 8vo. is now printing.
employed at intervals, during the last The first volume of the Comedies of three years in Paris, in making DrawAristophanes, translated from the Greek, ings of its principal buildings and the with numerous illustrative notes, by surrounding Scenery, proposes to pubTHOMAS MITCHELL, A. M. late Fellow lish a series of Engravings (in number of Sidney-Sussex College, Cambridge, from fifty to sixty) under the title of will be published in a few weeks.
Views in Paris and its environs. Travels, in 1816 and 1817, through The first number of a New Quarterly Nubia, Palestine, and Syria ; in a series Journal and Review, to be entitled, of familiar Letters to his Relations, writ- The INVESTIGATOR, will be published ten on the spot, by Captain MANGLES, on the 1st May. “ Its object,” say the R.N. are printing.
Editors, “is to connect sound Learning The History of the late War in Spain, and the various Branches of Polite Lite