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: stone bridges, (the enormous expense of · The Universities of Sweden are in a which renders the construction of an very fourishing state. In the first quare adequate number impracticable,) bridges ter of last year the number of students of wrought-iron, which are as strong as: at Upsal ainounted to 1,197, and those stone bridges, and may be built at oneof Lund to 000. The whole of the esta fifth of the expense. If, instead of conblishments of ihe kingduin professing to structing these iron bridges on stone piles, communicate classical education, con- wood were substituted for the stone, the tained 3,485 scholars. These establishe expense would be diminished one-half; ments cost the state annually about and thus we might bave ten wooden 60,000l.
su bridges for one of stone. The principal. GERMANY.
advantages of the bridges are: 1. Great The rich collection of M. GIESEKE is s!rength; each arch bearing the weight at length transferred to the Emperor's of a million of killogrammes, (984 tons, Museum at Vienna. In 1813, M. de 7 cwt.), without the necessity of conSchreibers, Director of the Cabinet of structing abutments for the support of Natural Ifistory in that city, prevailed on the last arch. 2. The piles may be raised Profersor Gieseke to collect all the re- at the distance of thiriy or forty metres, Warkable objects brought away in bis (98 to 130 feet,) from each other, which different voyages to Greenland, Iceland, must of course dimioish expense, and fa. Denmark, Scotland, and Ireland, for the cililate navigation, 3. The bridge may sake of having them removed to Vienna. be constructed with great expedition, He fixed on Copenhagen as the point because the iron is wrought in the usual from which the transportation night way, and only a slight scaffold is requisite. most easily be made, through Hamburgh, for raising it. of. It may be repaired Leipsig, and Ratisbon. They have ac. without obstructing the foot-path or car. cordingly been expedited, and an exbibi. riage.way. 5. It may be raised or lowtion of thein since made in a ball of the ered at pleasure,' leaving only the piles Imperial Chaleau. They consist of, 1. standing, which must prove a vast ad. An ethnographical collection of a hun. vantage on frontier rivers in time of war. dred and seventy-five articles of costume, 6. A portion of the bridge may be raised arms, furniture, utensils, &c. both origj. between two piles, sufficient for the pasnal and in models. This collection is an sage of ships." appendage to another of a similar de- A report has lately been made to the scription, already made from among the Society of Education at Paris by M. natives of the islands in the Pacific JOMARD, froin which it appears, that the Ocean. 2. A collection of skulls, and number of schools already established for other parts of animals of the North Seas, boys is 41, and for girls, 22. These schools which, froin their enormous size or par. are capable of affording accommodation ticular structure, cannot be preserved en. to about 6,600 scholars. The whole tire in cabinets, the narval, whales, dole number of schools in France is said to phins, seals, &c. 3. A collection of be upwards of 1,000 ; of which 360 are peltry; and also of the skins of seals, included in M. Jomard's report. Of arctic foxes, and birds. 4. Some paris These 45 are instituted for girls; and the of animals preserved in spirits of winę; a whole of them might instruct 40,600 number of shells and molluscæ; inore scholars, or about 115 per school. On than two hundred species of dried plants, July 1, 1818, there were under instruc&c. 5. A considerable proportion of tion 19,175 children. There is also an. minerals, under the respective divisions other description of schools, established of north and south Greenland, Iceland, by “the Brethren of the Christian Faith." England, Scotland, and Ireland. The These, in the course of Ihree years, have aggregate of all these collections forms a increased froin 60 10 142; and, in ihe series of 832 pieces, the mean value of year 1818, they had 25,000 pupils. which may be estimated at six or seven Portable reservoirs of hot-water for thousand Aurins.
sale. bave been contrived and brought FRANCE.
into use at Paris. The inventor, M. A memorial of some interest has been VALETTE, has reduced the consumption presented to the French Chamber of of fuel to the least possible quantity reDiputies, on the subject of wrought iron quired to produce a certain effect. He bridges, by M. POYETT, architect to the kindles a fire in a stove, surrounded by a Minister of the Interior and to the Cham- great mass of water, and, by dexterous kwer, and a inember of the Institute. management, raises this was to 90° of “I propose," says he, " to substitute for heat.in a few minules, and at trilling
expense. This machine being placed on third volume of his great work, entitled wheels, the proprietor loses no time; bis Illustrazioni Corcyrese, the first volume water heating as he travels, is soon of which was publisted in 1811, at in a state of ebullition. He offers to con- Milan, and was followed by a second in tract on the lowest terms with all per. 1817. Thethird volume is appropriated to sons wanting hot water, whether for the monies of Corcyra, at present Corfu, scrubbing houses, washing of linen, hoile the birth.place of the author. He had ing, brewing, or personal cleanliness, been appointed by the public authorities As personal bathing is much practised at of his country IIistoriographer of the Paris, M. Valette carries with him what Ionian Isles. he calls a bagnoire, made of varnished
UNITED STATES. leather, supported by slight iron bars. We are under obligations, (-ays Dr. The patent has been extended to Eng. SILLIMAN,) to Mr. Pelariah Perit, of land, and promises great utility.
New York, for a collection of speciinens ITALY.
of siliceous petrifactions of wood from The search of ihe Tiber has commenced Antigua. Their characters are indub. at Rome, but it is said with but lille table : the distinct ligneous layers corressuccess. The excavations at Pompeia pondiny with the annual growth, the meare carried on very successfully ; and se. dullary prolongations, the knots formed veral new edifices are said to have been by branches, the cracks, and the bark, are discovered in the street which leads to all distinctly visible. Some of the pieces the Temple of Isis, to that of Hercules, are ponderous portions of large trees. and to the Theatre. Some surgical in. As to the inineralizing matter, it is eria struments of good workmanship are said dently siliceous, and the specimens are to have been found.
principally the holzstein of Werner: crysThere has recently been discovered in tals of quartz are apparent in the cavities; the Ainbrosian Library at Milan a ma- some parts are agatized, and veins of nuscript copy of the Iliad of Homer' of chalcedony occasivnally pervade the fisthe fourth century, with sixty pictures, sures. They are not impressible by steel, equally ancient. The characters are and give fire with it. According to the square capitals, according to the usage information of Mr. Perit, they are scatof the best ages, without distinction of tered over the surface of the island of words, without accents or the aspirates; Antigua, with a profusion hardly less that is to say, without any sign of the thao that which Hornemann observed of modern Greek orthography. The pic. the same mineral, during his travels over tures are upon vellum, and represent the the eastern part of the great Africant principal circumstances mentioned in the desert. Iliad. M. ANGELO Maio, professor at In North America, the pench-tree, in the Ambrosian College, has caused the different latitudes, flowers as follows: manuscript to be printed in one volume, Places. Lat. Peuch-troe in tasse wiih the engravings from the pictures, Fort Claiborne, and the numerous scholia attached to Alba. Ter... 31° 50' March the manuscript. These new scholia fill Charleston, S. C, 32 44 ...... 6 19 more than thirty-six pages in large folio;
Richmond, Vir. 37 40 ...... 23 Ap. s they are all of a very ancient period, and
Lexington, Ky. 38 6 April .: 6 13
Baltimore, Md. 39 21 ...... 9 the greater part of them are by authors
Philadelphia, P, 39 56 ...... 15 anterior to the Christian era and to New York, NY. 40 42 ......21 20 the school of Alexandria. The authors Boston, Mass... 42 '23 May 9 quoted are one hundred and forty in Albany, N: Y... 43 39 ...... 12 nuinber, whose writings have been lost, Brunswick, Me. 43 53 ...... 16 or are entirely unknown. The manu. Montreal, Can. 45 35 ...... 12 script, however, does not contain the Thirty-five steam-boats are now in Iliad entire, but only the fragments which operation on the river Mississippi and relate to the pictures.
its tributary streams, from 40 to 400 tons, VENICE.
In the Choctaw country, 130 miles ANDRE MUSTORIDI, well known as a north-east of Natchez, a part of the pulse respectable historiographer, and espe- lic road is rendered remarkable by the cially by the publication of the fragments periodical return of a poisonous and deof several Greek unpublished authors, structive fly which destroys horses. If has fixed his residence in Venice. He always appears when the cold weather laad been some time at Vienna to con- commences, in December, and as inva. sult the rich cabinet of medals in that riably disappears on the approach of capital, previous to the completion of the warm weather, about the first of April.
In the winter of 1816, it was stated that in the sweating process brought on by from thirty to forty travelling horses were the oil. destroyed. Its colour is a dark-brown; The enterprising traveller, Mr. it has an elongated head, with a small RITCHIE, who proceeded, some time and sharp proboscis, and is in size be- since, with an expedition from Tripoli, tween the gnat and musquito. When it for the purpose of exploring the interior alights upon a horse, it darts through the of Africa, writes as follows." As one hair much like a gnat, and never quits of my friends desired me to give him, in its hold until removed by force. When writing, an account of what I knew toucha horse stops to drink, swarms fly about ing the petrified city, situated seventeen the head, and crowd into the mouth, days journey from Tripoli by caravan to nostrils, and ears; hence it is supposed the south-east, and iwo days journey the poison is comin unicated inwardly. south from Ouguela, I told hiin what I Whether this be true or not, the most had heard from different persons, and fatal consequences result.
particularly from the mouth of one man SOUTH AMERICA.
of credit, who had been on the spot ; that Three dreadful earthquakes took place is to say, That it was a spacious city, of at Copiapo on the 3d, 41h, and 11th of a round form, having great and small April. The whole city is said to have streets therein, furnished with shops, been destroyed by these awful visitations. with a large castle magnificently built. More than three thousand persons were That he had seen there several sorts of traversing the neighbouring plains, flying trees, the most part olives and palms, all from the desolation which had been pro- of stone, and of a blue, or rather lead, duced. It appears, according to all the colour. That he saw also figures of men, accounts, ihat the inhabitants had time in postures of exercising their different to save their lives, but only their lives. employments; some holding in their
hands staffs, others bread; every one WEST INDIES.
doing something ; even women suckling Sugar-cane plants to the number of
their children: all of stone. That he several thousand, and of the species
went into the castle by three different called Otaheite, have been lately transported from Cayenne to Guadaloupe, and
gates, though there were many more;
that there were guards at these gates, distributed among the planters of Basse
with pikes and javelins in their hands. Terre and Point-a-pitre.
In short, that he saw in this wonderful The plant ratanhia, discovered some
city many sorts of animals, as camels,
i years ago in Peru, is considered, the
oxen, horses, asses, and sheep, 'and va. more it is known, as an excellent tonic
rious birds, all of stone, and of the colour and corroborant. Both the root and the
above-mentioned.” . extract have been used very successfully Don Badia, a Spanish general, whose by the physicians.
daughter was married to the late Delisle AFRICA.
de Salis, and who is better known in M. GRABERG writes from Tangiers, Europe by the name of Aly-Bey, is now June 1, 1819, that, by drinking from four at Tripoli, whence he purposes to set to eight ounces of olive-oil, a great num- out on a new expedition into the interior ber of patients had been saved from death of Africa, through the desert of Sahara. by the plague. The remedy acts gene. M. MOLLIEN, not twenty-two years of rally as a sudorilic; an abundant sweat age, has penetrated into all the countries breaks out all over the body, and the virus watered by the Gambia and Rio Grande. seems to issue with it,and to lose its power. He traced the sources of those rivers, It sometimes proves vomitive or pur and entered the country of the southern gative; but the sweating is most salutary. Foulahs, proceeding as far as Teembou, The consul states a remarkable circum- the capital, situated, according to Major stance that happened at Tangiers. It is Rennel, on the Rio Grande, in the tenth affirmed, i hat negroes who take the plague degree of longitude and the same of never escape with life. But two negroes, latitude. Afterwards, turning nortlı, he he says, who, on the access of the disor: discovered what he conceives to be the der, look a strong dose of his oil, reco- true sources of the Senegal, more to the vered from the effects of the contagion, south than by the common reckoning. To render this remedy more efficacious, His guides refusing to go further, through some use it as frictions or bathings ex. nations at war with each other, he again ternally also ; and some drink a decoce descended the Rio Grande, and returned tion of alder; but the curative power is by the isles Bisagos to Senegal.
ACTS Passed in the 60th year of the REIGN of George THE THIRD, or in the
SECOND SESSION of the sixTH PARLIAMENT of the UNITED KINGDOM. The two following Statutes are given out of Rotation, on account of their temporary
Interest and Importance. MAP. VIII. For the more effectual and to detain the same in safe custody unU Prevention and Punishment of til the same shall be restored under the Blasphemous and Seditious Libels — provisions of this Act, or disposed of acDec. 30.
cording to any further order made in rela1. From and after the passing of this tio
this tion thereto. Act, in every case in which any verdict or
II. Copies of libels so seized to be rejudgment by default shall be had against sı
default shall ha dadsinst stored if judgment for detendant; otherany person for composing, printing, or
wise to be disposed of as the Court shall publishing, any blasphemous libel, or any
direct. seditious libel, tending to bring into ha
III. Court of Justiciary in Scotland to tred or contempt the person of his Majes. Mi
make order for seizing copies of libels, &c. ty, his heirs or successors, or the Regent,
IV. If any person sliall, after the passor the government and constitution of the ing of this Act, be legally convicted of United Kingdom, as by law established, or
having, after the passing of this Act, comeither House of Parliament, or to excite posed, printed, or published, any blasphehis Majesty's subjects to attemut the alte mous libel, or any such seditious libel as fation of any matter in church or state, as
aforesaid, and shall, after being so convict. by law established, otherwise than by
ed, offend a second time, and be thereof lawful means, it shall be lawful for the le
legally convicted before any commission judge, or the court before whom or in
of Oyer and Terminer or gaol delivery, or whicli such verdict shall have been given,
in his Majesty's Court of King's Bench, or the court in which such judgment by
such person may, on such second convicdefault shall be liad, to make an order
tion, be adjudged, at the discretion of the for the seizure and carrying away and de.
Court, either to suffer such punishment as taining in safe custody, in such nianner as
may now by law be inflicted in cases of shall be directed in snch order, all copies
high misdemeanors, or to be banished from of the libel wbich shall be in the possession
the United Kingdom, and all other parts of the person against whom such verdict of his Majesty's dominions, for such terni or judgment shall have been had, or in the
of years as the Court in which such conpossession of any other person named in
viciion shall take place shall order. ihe order for his rise ; evidence upon oathi
V. In case any person so sentenced and having been previously given to the satis.
ordered to be banished as aforesaid, shall faction of such court or judge, that a copy
not depart from this United Kingdom or copies of the said libel is or are in the
within thirty days after thie pronouncing possession of sach other person for the use
of such sentence and order as aforesaid, of the person against whow such verdict
for the purpose of going into such banishor judgnjent shall liave been had as afore
ment as aforesaid, it shall and may be law. said; and in every such case it shall be
ful to and for his Majesty to convey such lawful for any justice of the peace, or for
person to such parts out of the dominions any constable or other peace-officer acting
of his said Majesty, as his Majesty, by under any such order, or for any person or
and with the advice of his Privy Council, persons acting with or in aid of any such
shall direct. justice of the peace, constable, or other
VI. If any offender, who shall be so orpeace-officer, to search for any copies of
of dered by any such Court as aforesaid to sich Jibel in any house, building, or other
be banished in manner aforesaid, shall, afplace whatsoever belonging to the person
ter the end of forty days from the time against whom any such verdict or judge
do such sentence and order hath been proment shall have been had, or to any other
nounced, be at large within any part of person so named, in whose possession any
the United Kingdom, or any other part of copies of any such libel, belonging to the
his Majesty's. dominions, without some person against whom any such verdict or
lawful cause, before the expiration of the judgment shall have been had, shall be;
term for which such offender shall have and in case admission shall be refused or been so ordered to be banished as afore. not obtained within a reasonable time afier
said, every such offender being so at large it shall have been first demanded, to enter
as aforesaid, being thereof lawfully conby force by day into any such house,
victed, shall be transported to such place building, or place whatsoever, and to carry as shall be appointed by his Majesty for away all copies of the libel there found. any term not exceeding fourteen years;
MONTHLY MAG, No. 337,
and such offender may be tried, either be. A
and shall be printed, published, and disfore any justices of assize, Oyer and Ter
tributed under and subject to all such and miner, great sessions, or gaol delivery, for
the like rules, regulations, restrictions, the county, city, liberty, borongh, or
provisions, penalties, and forfeilles, as place, where snch offender shall be appre.
are contained in the said recited Acts. hevded and laken, or where he or she was " sentenced to banislıment; and the clerk
II. No quantity of paper, less than
twenty-one inchies in length and sevenof assize, clerk of the peace, or other clerk
teen in breadth, 10 be deemed a sheet. or otticer of the court having the custody
Ul. No cover or blank leaf to be deemof the records where such order of banisli
ed part of a pamphlet. ment shall have been made, shall, when
IV. Publications at intervals exceeding thereunto required on his Majesty's be
twenty-six days, to be published on ihe half, make out and give a certificate in
first day of every calendar month, or withwriting, signed by him, containing the et.
in two days before or after. Penalty 201. fect and substance only (omitting the for.
V. The price and day of publication to mai part) of every indictment and convic
be printed on periodical publications, and tion of such offender, and of the order for
penalty for omitting the sanie, 201. his or her banishment, to the justices of
VI. Nou to extend to the allowance assize, Oyer and Terminer, great sessions,
made to distributors who buy to retail. or gaol delivery, wliere sucht offender shall
VI. Pamphlets liable to stamp duties be indicted, for which certificate six shil.
freed from all regulations relating to lings and cight-pence, and no more, shall
pamphlets, be paid, and which certificate shall be snf.
VIII. No person, from and after thirty ficient proof of the conviction and order
days after the passing of this Act, shall for banislıment of any such offender.
print or publishi for sale, any newspaper, Cap. IX. To subject certain Publica
or any pamphlet or other paper containing tions to the Duties of Stamps upon Neus
any public pews, intelligence, or occuirpapers, and to make other Regulations rences, or any remarks or observations for restraining the Abuses arising from thereon, or upon any matter in church or the Publication of Blasphemous and Se. state, which shall not exceed two sheets, ditious Libels.-Dec. 30.
or which shall be published for sale at a I. Whereas pamphlets and printed pa. less price than sixpence, until he or she pers, containing observations upon public shall have entered into a recognizance be. events and occurrences, tending to excite fore a baron of the Exchequer, in Englanci, hatred and contempt of the government Scotland, or Ireland respectively, as the and constitution of these realms as by law case may be, if such newspaper or pamph. established, and also vilifying our Holy let, or other paper aforesaid, shall be Religion, have lately been published in printed in London or Westminster, or in great numbers, and at very small prices; Edinburgh or Dublin, or shall have exeand it is expedient that the same shonld cuted in the presence of, and delivered to be restrained: may it therefore please some justice of the peace for the county, your Majesty, &c. that fiom and after ten city, or place, where such newspaper, days after the passing of this Act, all pamplilet, or other paper shall be printed, pamphlets and papers containing any public if printed elsewhere, a bond to his Majesnews, intelligence or occurrences, or any ty, his heirs, and successors, together remarks or observations thereon, or upon with two or three sufficient sureties, to any matter in church or state, printed in the satisfaction of the baron of the Excheany part of the United Kingdom for sale, qner taking such recognizance, or of the and published periodically, or in parts or justice of the peace taking sich bond, numbers, at intervals not exceeding twen- every person printing or publishing any ty.six days between the publication of any such newspaper or pamphlet or paper two such pamphlets or papers, parts or aforesaid, in the sum of three hundred numbers, where any of the said pamphlets pounds, if such newspaper, pamphlet, or or papers, parts or numbers respectively, paper, shall be printed in London or withshall not exceed two sheets, or shall be in twenty miles thereof, and in the sum of published for sale for a less sum than sixs two hundred pounds, if such newspaper, pence, exclusive of the dnty by this Act pampiilet, or paper, shall be printed else. imposed thereon, shall be deemed and where in the United Kingdom, and his or taken to be newspapers within the true iier soreties in a like sum in the whole. intent and meaning of an Act of Parlia. IX. If sureties pay any part of the momeni passed in the thirty-eighth year of ney for which they are bound, or become the reigu (of his present Majesty; and be bankrupt, new recognizance or bond with subject to such and the same duties of suretics must be given. Penalty, 201. stamps, with such and the same allowances. X. Sureties may withdraw from recog. and discounts, as newspapers printed in nizance upon giving notice. New recogGreat Britain and Ireland respectively, nizance to be entered into. Penalty 201. now are subject unto, under and by virtue XI, Bonds not to be subject to stamp of the said recited Acts of Parliament, duty.