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tion, during bis reign, were for the most ment of voyages of discovery; the exam-
eleven years, in his pinafore, at the bar GENERAL CONCLUSIONS.
of a court of justice, within a few days It would be difficult, (says a cotem. of the monarch's death, for the alleged porary writer,) to conceive a monarch on crime of wickedly selling a libel in bis the throne of this country, whose senti. father's shop, is a feature of the close of ments, mind, and conduct, could be the reign, which would not have markmore adjusted to the general perceptions ed its commencement. of the people over whom he ruled, than writer, not characterized by his those of his late Majesty. To be abste- liberality, concludes of him thus: “We mious, true, just, plain, mcthodical, should say, then, of George the Third, punctual, a good husband, father, and that he was a prince of little real intelmaster, is precisely the national idea of lect, of a good deal of animal vivacity a good moral character; just as to be and courage, of considerable self-will, free, unosteptatious, settled in principle, of homely and frugal habits, and of corpersevering (sometimes to excess), and rect moral conduct, according to the possessed of a high degree of what is reigning opinions on that subject. He emphatically called common, as distin- was good-naturedly inclined; but had guished from profound sense, is the most narrow views, and too arbitrary a temprevalent British notion of practical per, for an English sovereign. He wantmental superiority.
ed real dignity both in his manners and It cannot be denied for a moment, amusements; the former being too hurthat, though we may fall back in cer- ried and flippant, and the latter too metain branches of prosperity, our scien- chanical, childish, and uninformed." tific and literary progress as a people, CONTRAST OF 1760 AND 1820. during the reign of George III. has
1760. 1820. been most conspicuous, and ought to be
Quartern Loaf ............ 410.....110,
Mutton, per lb....... ...... 2 d..... 9d. allowed to reflect credit upon the ruier.
Wages of Labour, per day .. 18. .... 25. Externally, we may allude to the extra
an Annual Taxes...... millions 9 .... 52 ordinary progress of maritime discovery Expenditure........ditto.. 6 ... 65 and scientific precision in all which re- Public Debt........ ditto.. 120 ... 850 lates to geography, in its capacious and Interest of ditto .... ditto.. 5 .... 33 extended sense. At home, inland navi. Rent of Land, per acre .. 5 to 15..15 to 60 gation, manufacturing ingenuity, agri- Quarter of Wheat ........ 288. .... 658. cultural improvement, planting, useful Population of all Colours, millions 20 .. 65 roads, works, and undertakings; in Newspapers .............. 25 .... 300 short, all wbich can be comprised under
Years of War... the head of political economy, or form
Years of Peace •, .................. 30 objects of what it is now fashionable to
Country Banks ............ 25 .... 700
Currency ..........mullions 25 .... 80 entitle statistical survey, has been ex
INSCRIPTION ON HIS COFFIN.
Serenissimi Potentissimi et Excellentissimi Monarchia
Ætatis suæ LXXXII. Regnique sui LX
I Nei Gratia, Britanniarum Regis, Fidei Defensoris,
*** COLLECTIONS FROM AMERICAN LITERATURE.
TN the accounts which English travel the author could collect from the Joure 1 lers have given of America, and its ‘nals of Great Britain, are laudably drawn citizens, there may probably be much into one focus, in order that the concenwhickt, from igStance or inatientjon, is trated rays might kindle the glow of reforeign to the truth. This, even if it sentment in the boson of America. were carried to a much greater extent, What is the object of all this? Will the should not excite the anger of the Ameri. English, if they have really been unjust, cans; for all such accounts are received feel gratified by this not very polite expoby sensible people with many grains of sition of their error, or will they be con. allowance. The consciousness of their vinced that America is free from faults,
aberra:ion from truth, if it be so, should because the author endeavours to fix i make such shafts fall harmless. It is no on the character of England imputations new thing in this world, to bear unde- of a deeper dye? As the inpartial servert reproach; and the Americans judgment of an uninterested umpire, should remember the saying of Socrates, this work can never have any weight. who, when one of his friends was lament. It is not written in the temper to gain ing that an innocent man should perish, credence; and he must be a man of weak exclaiined, “Had you rather then that I discernment indeed, who would give nis died guilty.” There would not, perhaps, faith to a production like the present. be much inagnanimity in passing over It would be against the spirit for which such inisrepresentations in calm silence, we are contending, to attribute any bad or, at most, the answer of a wise man motives to the auibor; on the contrary, would be couched in dispassionate lan- this volume was doubtless intended as guage. It is not, however, by words, that a laudable effort of patriotic zeal,--an at. such charges should be refuted, but by tempt to free his country from the stigma deeds; and the first example which the which had been cast upon it by English. Americans should give of ihe falsity of men, and a convincing exposure of the the accusations of those whom they dcem falsity of their assertions and opinions on their enemies, should be to show them, the subject of America: but, with all that they can at least forbear. This, this, it is perhaps one of the most unpa. however, and the assertion is not made triotic tasks which the writer could have to exasperate, is not an American vir- undertaken. tue. They have done so much, and their But, let us come to closer quarters with conduct stands so high in their own opin our author, and hear his own words. The pion, that, to deny their merit, maddens volume is entitled “ An Appeal from the them.
Judgment of Great Britain, respecting To persons of the above opinions, the the United States of America ; Purt first : appearance of a work, by Mr. Walsh, in containing an Historical Outline of their which all these antipathies and aniinosia Merits and Wrongs as Colonies; and ties are set in the strongest ligiit --in which Strictures upon the Calumnies of British all the ribaldry and coarse jokes of the
Writers. By Robert WALSII, esq. 1819." English writers on the subject of America,
And the following motto, sufficiently ex. are carefully collected;
pressive of the views and temper of the w all their faults observed,
author, is subjoined : Set in a note-book, learned, and conned by
Quod quisque fecit, patitur: autorem
scelus rote, To cast into their teeth."
Repetit, suoque premitur exemplo nocens,
Seneca. And all this, only to reply with dis. And that the work may not escape thecourteous acrimony to light and unmean- eyes of those whose conduct it is written ing remarks :-the appearance of a work to explore, it is published in London as like this, will to such persons be a source well as in Philadelphia. of serious lamentation. By this means, A more explicit declaration of Mr. the foolish, and perhaps unjust, asper- Waish's intention, however, is given in sions which, in their separate shape, must the preface, in which he says, . have been innocuous, even if discovered, “I fell upon the plan of making up, in are dragged forward in one formidable the interval, a preliminary volume, which array to the eyes and execration of all should embrace a view of the disposi. American patriors. Every illiberal re- tions and conduct of Great Britain tuinai kig every sneer of contempt, which wards this country, from the earliest pe
rind, and a collateral retaliation for her Walsh quarrels. He has discovered that continued injustice and invective." Tory and Whiy are all equally inimical
Mr. Walsh is careful to mark the to the glory of Columbia; and that that word retuliation in italics, lest the reader unfortunate country fell under the lash should by any accident mistake the even of the latter description of persons spirit in which he book is written : he whenever they wished '“ to embarrass is careful enough to tell us, that he does and discredit the ministry, or to promote not write for the sake of justice, but of some domestic ends, such as those of revenge ; not only to wipe off the stain checking emigration, and counteracting íroin ihe character of America, but at extravayant plans of parliamentary ree the same time to blacken England. form."
One of the prologues to the annual A great part of the volume is taken up play, which is represented by the West with a history and vindication of the war minster scholars, seems particularly to of the colonies with the mother country, have roused Mr. W.'s indignation ; and which it would be too long a task to exa. lie has been at the pains to translate it, mine in this place. Then follows a more that its merits might not be lost to his entertaining portion, on the reviews of more unlettered countrymmen. Thething Great Britain, in which Mr. Jeffry, Mr. itself is low and coarse enough, it is Gifford, and their associates, will with true; but it is mere buffoonery, a carica. great pleasure see all their sharp sayings ture, wbich one would think could not on America carefully collected and are excite anything but a good humoured ranged. The following heads, amongst Jaugh, or, at most, a smile of disdain; others in the table of contents, relate yet it is said, by our author, that “whace to this subject.-" Edinburgh Review; ever the writings of the British travellers its system of derision and obloquy-How could furnish that was injurious and indistinguished from the Quurterly in this sulting to the American people, is here respect- Instances of its malevolence and elaborately condensed and imbued with a inconsistency-Sneers and calumnies new and inore active venom.” And all Reprisa!s upon Great Britain-The Quar. this great commotion is made about the terly Review, its elevation,-its implaca. following senseless ribaldry :
ble enmity, false logic, unworthy proceed“Nor is it easy to say whether the ing, invectives, and misrepresentations." tenor of their manners is more to be ad. The following are some of Mr. Walsh's mired for simplicity or elegance, * * . observations on the review of the Life of a beau will strip himself io the waist, Washington, which appeared in the Edin, that he may dance unincumbered and burgh." At the appearance of another with more agility. Do you love your American work, of the highest possible glass, every hour brings it a fresh bumper interest as to the subject, and proceed. * * * Bridewell and the stews, furnish ing from the first law dignitary of the them with senators, and their respectable American republic, not more respectable chief-justice is a worthless scoundrel. by his exalted situation than by his geDues a senatorial orator desirously aim neral talents, and private virtues, I mean to convince his antagonists? He spits the Life of Washington, by Chief Justice plentiful in his face; and, that this spe. Marshall, a fair opportunity was afforded çies of rhetoric may be more effectual, the Edinburgh illuminati to resist “ the tobacco furnishes an abundance of saliva impertinence and vulgar insolence," and for the purpose. The highest praise of a ihe “bitter sneering" of the ministerial merchant is his skill in lying. Then party with respect to American concerns, their amusements! To gouge out an eye by the force of example, in a generous with the thumb, to skin the forehead, co exposition of the merits which they bite off the nose, and to kill a man, is an might discover in the performance: a admirable joke."
scrupulous abstinence from harsh and And this effusion is absolutely quoted, supererogatory reflections on the author as a ground of serious dispute with this or his country, and a commemoration of country. And our author strengthens bis those traits in the American Revolution own opinions with some equally wise and which distinguish it as the purest and judicious remarks from the Portfolio. noblest amongst the most important and Does not the art of caricaturing exist in celebrated in the history of the world. America? or is it supposed that the above Nothing would have seemed more reis meant as a' fair and infpartial picture mote from probability, than that the disof American manners?
ciples of Fox could, on the occasion of But it is not with the supporters of go. reviewing an authentic biography of vernment amongst us only that Mr. Washington, labour mainly to appear MONTHLY MAG. No. 337.
smart and knowing, at the expense of the are heart-struck and broken-spirited, if nation which had produced this model of not hardened and enranged ?” heroes, and even insult the faithful and Not content with the proofs of the inunassuming bingrapher, who had been feriority, barbarily, wretchedness, and
his companion in arms, had enjoyed his meanness of England, which are con-intimate friendship, and shared with him tained in the body of the work, Mr. the labours and honours of his civil ad. Walsh has industriously added an appen. ministration. Whether they pursued so dix' of notes, where he descends into unworthy a course, and how far they im- more minute particulars, and where proved the opportunity above-mentioned, every disgusting anecdote of oppression, to the very reverse of the proper ends, cruelty, and immorality, which disgraces may be ascertained from the following the columns of our newspapers, is set short extracts from the article under forth in due order. Thus we have a long consideration :
interesting note on cruelty, shewing that Mr. Marshall must not promise him. the science of gouging is understood in self a reputation commensurate with the England as well as in America. We dimensions of his work.”
have a quotation from the Courier of • Mr. Chief Justice Marshall pre. Jan. 18, 1819, shewing how D. Donovan serves a most dignified and mortifying bit off the nose of M. Donovan ; and hiw silence respecting every particular of J. J. Wakeman bit off part of the tongue Washington's private life, &c. Mr. M. of R. Cotton, in order to furnish a selo may be assured, that what passes with off, we suppose, to the Westminster him for dignity, will by his readers be prologue ! pronounced dulness and frigidity.
The critique on Barlow's Columbiad Then follow some more quotations draws forth the following angry expostu. that the king can do no harm : so, in Mr. lation : Walsh's opinion, an American can do no “The Life of Washington having harm; or, at least, he does less harm than failed to draw the Edinburgh wits from an Englishman, or the native of any the course to appearance so little in uniother country. Take the following as a son with their professions, which was specimen of his reasoning :
pursued with the Letters of Mr. Adams, “ In admitting the deformity and evil we cannot be surprised if the Columbiad of our negro slavery, we are far from ac. of Barlow wrought no better effect. It knowledging that any nation of Europe seerns to have been committed to the is entitled, upon a general comparison Momus of the fraternity for special divi. between our situation, as it is thus un- sion. Accordingly, the American epic luckily modified and known, with all ap- is introduced with refined humour, as pendages and ingredients, to assign to "the goodly firstling of the infant Muse herself the pre-eminence, in fecility, vir- of America;" and by way, no doubt, of tue, or wisdom. On the contrary, we manfully resisting ministerial imperti, know of none with which we would nence, and generously soothing the feel. make a general exchange of institutions; ings of the poet's countrymen for the
and we are assured there is none, sentence which it might be necessary to whose mode of being, on the whole, is pass upon his work, the reviewer immenot much more unfavourable than ours diately salutes them as follows : “ These to the attainment of the great ends of so- federal republicans are very much such ciety. Who can say that the negro people, we suppose, as the modern slavery of these States, combined even traders of Liverpool, Manchester, or with every other spring of ill existing Glasgow. They have a little Latin whipamongst us, occasions proportionally as ped into them in their youth, and read much of suffering, immorality, and vile- Shakspeare, Pope, and Milton, as well ness, as the unequal distribution of as bad English novels, in their days of wealth, and the distinctions of rank, the courtship and leisure." manufacturing system, the penal code, Such harmless wrangling as this might the taxes, the tythes, the poor-rates, the serve very well to grace a contest beimpressment, in England? Are there tween two rival authors, but, to intronot as many of her inbabitants as the duce it in an appeal between two great whole number of our blacks, as effectu- nations, and to insist upon it as furnishally disfranchised, as entirely uninstruct- ing any ground of dispute, shews that ed, in the last state of penury and dise the author's zeal far outsteps his judge tress, whose physical condition univer- ment. The Edinburgh Reviewers, too, sally is hardly better than that of the have called Dr. Dwight, Timothy! most lowly plantation-slave, and who The latter para of the book is filled
with an elaborate palliation and defence the same objections to the work would of the system of domestic slavery, as it at exist. No possible good can arise from present exists in America, proving it to it, while it revives and gives strength to be one of the most mild, kind, and com- aniinosities which, in a few years, must fortable states of servitude which slaves bave been forgotten. It seems written ever enjoyed; and shewing at the samne to cause irritation, not repentance,-19 time that every Englishman's inouth is defy, not to amend. With every selle closed from mentioning the subject, be- sible person, it will fail in producing any cause his country formerly coinmitted such sentiment. It seems that the premost atrocious inroads on the liberty of sent volume only contains the first part man. This is by far the most reprehen. of this gentleman's labours in the cause sible part of the work, and plainly shews of his country. To what depth of degra. the principle on which it is written,- dacion the character of England may be a principle not unknown to our law when sunk in part the second, it is impossible applied to the conduct of the sovereign, 10 say. But of this we may be assured, equally important and edifying ; all which that, though such angry recriminations our author combats and refutes in the may find favour in the eyes of the male. clearest manner, plainly proving that volent, or of those false patriots who works of much larger dimensions bave imagine that the character of their counbeen published in England.
try can be propped by arguments like Bui, even had Mr. Walsh proved all he these, we may be assured that, in the attempts to prove, had he set the injusminds of discerning inen, they will not lice of England towards America in the weigh a leather in the scale of calin and most convincing light, which his intem- correct judgment. perance tias effcctually prevented, still
ODE TO FAME.
Mortals feel but to obey ;
See where yon desolated plain
Now, swell the song of glory high,
Now, when the shades of evening rise,
But stop, my Muse, nor dare presume
Their leaves, the earliest of the year,