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accompanied by some of the princesses quently at Weymouth. When aboard, on horseback, or in their sociables. He he examined all parts of the vessel, and dines at half-after four, on plain beef or while on deck, was constantly engaged mutton, hot or cold, as the dinner never either with his glass, to catch distant waits, and at a quarter after six makes objects, or making himself, by quick enhis appearance on the Terrace, attended quiries, conversant with the whole sysby his amiable, accomplished, and beau- tem of the sails and rigging tiful daughters, and occasionally by one Perhaps his worst personal babit was or other of his sons : and here he prome- that of travelling at the cruel rate of nades for an hour, occasionally stopping fourteen, fifteen, and sixteen miles an and chatting with those persons of whom hour, by which he killed horses, and he has any knowledge. Notwithstanding often endangered the lives of his the affectation of numerous guards in subjects. London, bis Majesty is always unguard. HIS LOVE OF IMPROVEMENTS. ed 'at Windsor; and he appears to give He had always a great passion for his subjects full and liberal credit for mechanical inventions and improve. that degree of loyalty which a king, who ments. This predilection occasioned is governed by the law of the land, is al- him at one time to be called the royal ways sure to experience. There is button-maker. Hence be liberally pa. nothing different in his Majesty's pub- tronized Herschel and Bolton: hence Jic appearance on foot from what it was his visit to Whitbread's brewhouse, and before the late war, except the ungrace- the annual exhibition of the mail-coaches ful attendance of two police-officers, who on his birth-day, opposite the Palace. pace at a short distance from his person, HIS SKILL IN AGRICULTURE. one before and the other behind him, In the 267th Number of the Monthly and who keep back, at a suitable dis- Magazine appeared the King's own tance, all persons that appear to enter- Letters to Mr. Arthur Young, devetain an intention of direct intrusion. Joping Duckett's System of Rotation of His Majesty indulges in his well-found. Crops. He sent them for publication in ed partiality for gothic architecture, and the Annals of Agriculture ; and, not is at this time rendering the style of his wishing to figure as an author, he asmagnificent castle more uniform, by sumed the signature of Ralph Robinson, altering several of the windows, and re- dating them from Windsor. The letbuilding a new add very tastefulentrance ters are written in a clear style, and beinto the state apartments. Under bis speak great zeal on the subject. Of patronage, St. George's Chapel has been course, they may be regarded as unequirendered, by various embellishments, vocal testimonies of the King's ability, one of the most beautiful places for di. being his own spontaneous act, unfettervine worship in Christendom.”
ed by any forms of state. Mr. Young HIS PERSONAL HABITS.
has obligingly promised us some other The teinperance of his life had be. specimens of the same kind. come almost proverbial. He rose in
HIS PARENTAL AFFECTION. summer and winter before six o'clock. The King's paternal care of his chil. He took a slight breakfast at eight, and dren in their infancy, was excessive and dined off the plainest joint at one. He persevering. A lady who nursed some retired early to rest, after passing the members of the Royal family has deevening with his family, generally clared, that the only harılship she could amused with music, of which he was complain of, was the necessity of having passionately fond, and in wbich he mạni. the nursery apartments in order, and of fested a correct taste. His agricultural being dressed at six every morning, to pursuits and horse-exercise contributed receive the King, who came in regularly to the strength of his constitution.
en robe de chambre, to look at the chil. Fruit was the only luxury in wbich he dren, and to ascertain how they had passindulged, and that was cultivated in thc ed the night. Royal gardens to high perfection, and Not many days before the death of the served at table in great abundance. On young Princess Amelia, and when she levee-days he would be at St. James's received the communication from her from Windsor before noon, and previous physicians of her danger, she expressed to the levee make bis dinner on a sim- a wish to have a choice stone, on which ple joint, by which he was ready to go were the words “ Remember me," put ihrough all the business with freshness to a ring for the King, for him to wear in and spirits.
remembrance of her; and, to complete He was pleased with naval excur- her wishes, it was executed immediately. sions, and enjoyed this recreation free On the following day she had the fecility
of placing the ring on her father's finger, James's, readily furnished the materials
HIS CONDUCT AT A LEVEE.
Nothing could be more courteous, Though Dr. Wolcot has been so se- pleasant, and familiar, than the King's vere on the King's habitual parsimony; address at a levee. He often repeated yet, when a sheriff of London, some years the same things, and used the same since, announced a fund for the relief of words, to successions of state-officers; the wives and children of prisoners, bis but he pleased all, by his apparent perMajesty called bim aside at the levee, sonal devotion to each while addressing and, after stating that he felt himself him. With those whom he had soen obliged by the sheriff's attention to his often he entered into long stories, and duty in instituting such a fund, present. always had some appropriate joke. ed bim with a fifty-pound bank.note,
HIS MANNERS. desiring that it might be appropriated The King's address and conversation to the purposes of the fund, but requests were always extremely grave and mea. ing that his name as the donor might not sured, except when he unbent, and then be allowed to transpire.
his mirth was apt to be boisterous, and The King, when on a hunting party, bis laugh loud and coarse. His babit was separated from his attendants, and from his childhood of doing and saying obliged to take shelter in a cottage, to everything before the public, diminished avoid a sudden fall of rain. The in-' the reserve which is usual in other permates of the cottage were preparing sons before strangers; hence his broad their dinner, by roasting a joint of meat laugh at his own light observations frebung by a string from the roof, as a sub- quently conveyed impressions unfavourstitute for a jack. Being unknown, he able to his understanding. asked them what had become of their HIS MENTAL DERANGEMENT. jack.-“ We have not money to buy It is to be feared that the bealthful ene,” was the reply. The King said exercise of his faculties was more frenothing; but, on bis departure, two gui- quently interrupted than was known to neas were found on the chimney-piece, the world. Smollet recorded one inwrapt up in a paper, on which was writ- stance in 1765, in a passage which was ten with a pencil, To buy a jack.' expunged from his History, but reprinted
When the King went to look at Salis. in this Miscellany, vol. xlvii. p. 133. bury Cathedral, the tower of which was Again, in 1785, a similar insinuation at that time under repair, he was without was published in Almon's paper, the attendants, and his person at first not General Advertizer', for which the prorecognized. Looking over the book of prietor was prosecuted with such sevesubscribers, he desired to be put down rity, as obliged him to fly the country, for 1,0001. «What name shall I write, and submit to an outlawry, which ruined sir ? said the person present. “Oh! him. a gentleman of Berkshire,” replied the In 1788, the disease became permaa King; and a draft was given for the nent, and occasioned the first publiclymoney.
recognized indisposition. PETER PINDAR.
Some relapse is said to have taken The hostility of Dr. Wolcot to the place in 1802, at the time of the second King arose from his Majesty having rupture with France; at which time some taken a fancy to a picture at the Exbibi- singular anecdotes were in circulation tion, for which the painter could have about a peacock in the speech to Parliahad a hundred guineas from a private ment, and about “the House of Peaperson, and then sending him but fifty cocks." pounds for it. His chief avecdotes he A t length, the natural strong underderived from Weltjie, cook to the Prince standing of the King yielded to the inof Wales; and Weltjie, being in habits sidious influence of counteracting disof intercourse with the cooks at St. eases; and, on or about the very day of
the Jubilee, when be entered on the fifa house adjoining it, a small ball, either of tieth year of his reign, he succumbed, lead or marble, passed throngh the win. to be bimself no more.
- dow-glass on the King's right-hand, and
perforated it, leaving a small hole, the big. RSONAL COURAGE. This quality was put to the test in
in Bess of the top of my little finger, (wbich 1800, when a maniae, at Drury-lane
I instantly put through it, to mark the
size,) and passed through the coach out of Theatre, fred at him as he entered bis
the other door, the glass of which was box. The following account of the event
down. We all instantly exclaimed, “This is extracted from Wraxall's Memoirs: is a shot! The King shewed, and I am
“ Few of his subjects would have shewn persuaded felt, 10 alarm; much less did the presence of mind and attention to he fear, to which indeed he is insensible, every thing except himself, which per- We proceeded to the House of Lords.. vaded bis whole conduct on the evening when, on getting out of the coach, I first, of the 15th of May, 1800, at the time that and the King immediately after, said to Hatfield discharged a pistol over his head the Lord Chancellor, who was waiting at in the Theatre, loaded with two slugs. His the bottom of the stairs to receive the whole anxiety was directed towards the King, “My lord, we have been shot at.ua Queen, who not having entered the box, The King ascended the stairs, robed ; and might, he apprehended, on hearing of the then, perfectly free from the least agita. event, be overcome by her surprise or tion, read his speech with peculiar core' emotions. The dramatic piece which was rectness, and even less hesitation than' about to be represented commenced in a usual. At his unrobing afterwards, when' short space of tinie, precisely as if no ac. the event got more known, (I having told cident had interrupted its performance; it to the Duke of York's ear as I passed apd so little were his nerves shaken, or his him under the throne, and to others who internal tranquillity disturbed by it, that stood near us,) it was, as might be sup.. he took his accustomed doze of three or posed, the only topic of conversation, in. four minutes between the conclusion of which the King joined with much less the play and the commencement of the agitation than any body else. And aftere, farce, as he would have done on any other wards, in getting into the coach, the first. night."
words he said were,“ Well, my lords, one Tbe King manifested a like extraor- person is proposing this, and another is dinary composure after the attempt to supposing that, forgetting that there is One assassinate bim by Margaret Nicholson; above us all who disposes of every thing, but he evinced an unworthy regard to and on whom alone we depend." The the affections of bis subjects, by forbida magnanimity, piety, and good sense of ding all future approach to his person by this, struck me most forcibly, and I shall petitions, thereby placing them in the never forget the words. On our return. bands of merciless Ministers.'
home to St. James's, the mob was in
creased in Parliament-street and WhiteOn the subject of the popular attack
hall; and, when we came into the Park, it of the King, on his way to the Parlia
to the Parlia- was still greater. It was said, that not ment-house, on the 29th of Oct. 1795, the less than 100,000 people were there, all following minute was made by that in-' of the worst and lowest sort. The scene veterate courtier, the late Lord Ouslow: opened ; and the insulting abuse offered to
Soon after two o'clock, his Majesty, at his Majesty was what I can never think of tended by the Earl of Westmoreland and but with horror, or ever forget what I myself, set ont from St. James's, in his felt, when they proceeded to throw stones state-coach, to open the session of Parlia- into the coach, several of which hit the ment. The multitude of people in the King, which he bore with signal patience, Park was prodigious. A sullen silence, I but not without sensible marks of indiguaobserved to myself, prevailed through tlie. tion and resentment at the indignities whole, very few individuals excepted. No offered to his person and office. The hats, or at least very few, pulled off; lit. glasses were a!l broken 10 pieces; and in tle or no huzzaing, and frequently a cry of this situation we were during our passage, “ Give us bread!" “ No war!" and once through the Park. The King took one of or twice “No King !" with hissing and the stones out of the cuff of his coat, groaning. My grandson Cranley, who was where it bad lodged, and gave it to me, upon the King's guard, had told me, just saying, “ I make you á present of this, as before we set out from St. James's, ihat a mark of the civilities we have met with the Park was full of people, who seemed on our journey to-day," discontented and tumultuous, and that he apprehended insult to the King. Nothing
As a party in this outrage, one KYDD material however happened, till we got
WAKE, a journeyman printer, was taken down to the narrowest part of the street
into custody, convicted, and sentenced called St. Margaret's, between the two
by the Court of King's Bench to five Palabe-yards, when, the moment we had years' solitary confinement in Gloucester passed the office of Ordnance, and were gaol. He survived this horrible senjust opposite the parlour-window of the tence; but, in about a year afterwards,
met met his death by a crush between a beer with a glass of gin, &c.; bis Macart and a wall. His widow, who is still jesty listened attentively; and then turn living, declares at this day that her hus. , ing roundi, said, loud enough to be heard band was innocent, that he was even by all, “I dare say, very good drink, but obnoxious among his comrades for his too strong for the morning; never drink loyalty, and that abundance of evidence in a morning." Eiglit or nine years afwas at hand to prove this, but not called ter this, his Majesty happened to enter by the counsel employed, owing to the the stables much earlier than usual, and positive manner in wbich one Stockdale found only a young lad, who had re. and others swore on the other side. cently been engaged, to whom he was • HIS MEMORY.
· unknown. “Boy,” said he," where are Some years since, Mr. Slack, an em , the grooms, where are the grooms?” • I nent sugar-baker in London, povrchased don't know, Sir; but they will soon be an estate near Maidenhead, Hearing back, because they expect the King. that the King was ont with his barriers, “Ah, ah," said he, “then run, boy, and Mr. Slack Inistened to order that his say the King expects them: run to the gates might be thrown open, for bis Three Tuus, they are sure to be there, Majesty and suite to breve free access for the landlord inakes the best parl in over the grounds. Placing himself at Windsor." one of the principal openings, the King Thus minute and tenacious was the soon passed througlı; and, drawing up King's memory. He knew every body his horse, addressed himself, with his again whom he had once seen, and more wonted familiarity on such occasions, or less about them; and his memory, to the proprietor of the field : “Slack,” unfortunately, went to offences and of said bis Majesty,“ I am glad to see you ; fenders as well as pleasantries. He and thank you for your attention. You never forgot, even if he forgare. are making great improvements here,
THE TREATY OF AMIENS. which I am always pleased to see; but The preliminaries of the peace of you will never make your estate perfect, Amiens were concluded without bis unless you take in those fields, (pointing knowledge or concurrence. On reading them out); and I am told that they must the letter communicating this important inevitably come to the hammer." Mr. intelligence, he said to those about liim, S. thanked his Majesty for the kind “I have received surprising news; but suggestion; but there would still be one it is no secret. Preliminaries of peace obstacle to its completion,-as a ring are signed with France. I knew nofence; which, perhaps, he was not aware thing of it whatever; but, since it is of: “ There are fields between my pro-' made, I sincerely wish it may prove a perty and those of Mr. P., which belong lasting peace.” to the Corporation of Reading; and bo. On this subject there is an account dies corporate have not the power to directly in contradiction, which states, sell or alienate any part of their estates.' that, on the messenger entering the room “ Don't tell me of that," replied the at Salisbury, where he then was, on uis King, hastily ; look into the late Act of road from Weymouth to London, and Parliament for the Redemption of the mentioning the subject of his dispatches, Land Tax; there you will find a clause, the King exclaimed,“ So inuch the enacting corporate bodies to sell or ex- worse : it shan't last long." It did not change for that express purpose, · Get* last; but we trust the royal humour was some friend belonging to the Hall who not the sole cause of the subsequent can talk a little, and the business will be rupture. easily brought about. Good morning to
HIS WIT AND HUMOUR, you; look at the Act, and you'll find I . At the conclusion of a review of the am right."
· 2d regiment of the Life Guards, in It was ever his custom to pay an early June 1798, two privates went through visit to his Mews, to look at and pat his the sword-exercise before the King: favourite horses. · One morning, on en- after which Lord Catchcart enquired tering, the grooms were disputing one if bis Majesty would be pleased to see with the other very loudly, so that the two of the youngest officers display their King for a short time was unnoticed. science in the use of the sword? He
I don't care what you say, Robert,' assented, and was much gratified with said one, but every one else agrees their execution. His Majesty then that the man at the Three Tuns makes turned to the general, and inquired who the best purl in Windsor.' “ Puri! puri!” were the oldest officers present: and on said the King, quickly.;“Robert, what's being answered that Lord Cathcart and purl?" This was explained to be warm Major Barton were, he desired to see them perform, laughing heartily, and “ It would be well,” said his Matelling his lordship that he had brought jesty, in a clerical conversation, “ if the exhibition on himself. They ac- the clergy would put Christianity into cordingly turned out, to the great amuse their sermons, and keep morality for ment of those present.
their lives.” When the King was walking out
HIS PERSON. early one morning at Windsor, he thus George the Third was of a good addressed a boy at the stable-door: height, about five feet 104 inches, and of “ Well, boy, what do you do : what do a robust person. In bis youth, he was they pay you?” “I help in the stable; accounted handsome, being of a fair but i have nothing but victuals and and blooming complexion ; but his face clothes.' “ Be content,” said the mo- and his eyes were too prominent. His narch; “ I have no more.”
hair was light-flaxen, bis eyes were grey, Having purchased a horse, the dealer his eye-brows white, his lips thick, his put into his hands a large sheet of paper teeth white and regular, and mouth completely written over. “What's large and wide. Latterly, his face was this?” said the King. "The pedigree red, and often of a deep copper-colour. of the horse which your Majesty has just His countenance, when grave, had an bought ;' was the answer. “Take it air of deep melancholy; but, when back, take it back," said the King, cheerful, it indicated a degree of frivo. laughing; “ it will do just as well for lity approaching to weakness. the next horse you sell."
HIS LAST ILLNESS. In one of the King's excursions Few of the details are known to the during the bay-harvest, in the neigh- world; but it is understood be often bourhood of Weymouth, he passed a conversed with himself with great viva. field where only one woman was at city, and referred chiefly to events and work. He asked her where the rest of persons in whom he felt interested in her companions were. The woman the early part of his life. Thus he was answered, they were gone to see the constantly discoursing with Jobn Duke King. “And why did not you go with of Marlborouglı, commenting on his batthem?” rejoined the King. The fools,' tles and campaigns, and treating of all replied the woman, who are gone to the incidents of that time as passing. town will lose a day's work by it, and He also affected to hold conversations that is more than I can afford to do. I with Handel, discussed with him the have five children to work for.” “Well, merits of his several pieces; and, in conthen," said his Majesty, putting some firmation of bis opinions, played them money into her hands,“ you may tell on the piano with great effect and accu. your companions who are gone to see racy. He suffered his beard to grow; the King, that the King came to see but, in all his actions and conversations, you!"
never forgot the tone, style, and language The King, in his walks at Chelten- of a King. ham, July, 1788, accompanied by the HIS POLITICAL CHARACTER. Queen and the Princesses, was constantly As a man, he was a Tory in principle; attended by crowds of people. His and, as a prince, an Ultra-tory in practice. Majesty pleasantly observed to the He therefore gave countenance only to Queen, “ We must walk about for two friends of the royal prerogatives, and or three days to please these good peo- systematically kept at a distance all ple, and then we may walk about to persons who asserteil the pre.eminence please ourselves."
of the rights of the people. Hence ho His Majesty was accustomed, after opposed himself to all those popular hearing a sermon, to walk and discourse doctrines which result from the progress with the preacher. On such an occasion of free enquiry and the spread of knowspeaking to a fashionable preacher, he ledge, and placed himself at the head of asked him whether he had read Bishops that confederation of courts, which shed Andrews, Sanderson, Sherlock, &c. such torrents of blood in opposing the The pigmy divine replied, “No, please philosophical principles of the French your Majesty, my reading is all modern. rerolution. The writers of whom your Majesty His own ministers were always Tospeaks are now obsolete, though I doubt ries; and if the Whigs, by votes of Parnot they migbt have been very well for liament, ever obtained a footing in bis those days. The King, turning upon cabinet, they soon found themselvos unhis heel, rejoined, with pointed emphasis, dermined; wbile the first favourable op" There were giants on the earth in those portunity was seized to eject them. days.” Genesis vi. 4.
Nevertheless, the forms of the constitu