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BIOGRAPHY OF EMINENT PERSONS.
His late Majesty,
was a violent Tory. His father was an George the Third.
easy man, of dissipated habits and xmull
unclerstanding, who lived in hostility with fin placing on the record of our pages his father, George II.
some account of the late King, we have Horace Walpole writes thus, in his been variously embarrassed by a desire Letters to W' Moutar a desire Letters to Mr. Montagu, of tho samo
of the samo to do what our readers would expect,
date: and, at the same time, to do this with good taste. As a king, the history of
“The young king has all the appearhis life is the public history of his reign. ance of being amiable. There is great for which we have not room; and, as a grace to terper much dignity, and man, so much fable is mixed with so extreme good nature, which breaks out little fact, and the public have been so upon all occasioni*
For tho glutted with newspaper details, that King bimself, he seems all good-nalure,
we liave been afraid of degenerating and wishing to satisfy every-boily; all • into vulgar common-place.
his speeches are obliging. I saw him Under these different considerations, we again yesterday, and was surprised to
have judged it best to consult every find the levec-room had lost so entirely thing which has appeared in the news. the air of the lion's den. This sovereign papers, to glean according to our best,
docs not stand in one spot, with his eyes judgment, and 10 add to these gleanings some facts within our own knowledge, or
fixed royally on the ground, and dogderived from unquestionable authority,
ping bits of German newx; hic walks The whole, for the sake of' precision, has about, and speaks to cvery bolly. I saw been classed under heads; and, taken him afterwards on the throne, wbere lic altogether, may afford a tolerable notion is graceful and gentcel, sits with dignity, of the character of the late King, about and reads his speeches well." ; which the present and future age's cannot His amour with a fair Quaker, who fail to be inquisitive.
mysteriously disappeared, on his marThese details will be further illustrated riage; and his passion for Lady Sarah
by the very curions article which com- Lenox, have often been the object of mences the present Number.]
notice. HIS EARLY LIFE.
HIS EARLY PRINCIPLES. THE Princess of Wales, his mother, Ilis first speech amounced that lie
1 commnnicated to a friend the follow- gloried in bring horn a Briton; alluding ing character of Prince Georgc, at the to the fact, that the two preceding soveage of seventeen. The passage is in Dodo reigns were Germans. dington's Diary. She said, that “he When the Parliainent was dissolved. was shy and backward ; not a wili, ilis. six months after his Majesty's accessioni, sipated boy, but good-natured and chcer- he took an carly opportunity of informful, with a serious cast, npon the whole; ing all his ministers, that no money that those about him know himn no more should be spent 10 procure the election than if they had never seen bim. That of members fnvourable to the governe he was not quick; but with those ment; saying, at the same time, that he was acquainted with, applicable and “he would be tricd by his contry." , intelligent. His education had given Yct vo sovereign could be more onpoher much pain. His book-learning slig polar than he was in the first ten years was no judge of, though she supposed it of his reign; and he never became truly small or uscless; but she hoped he mighit popular, till, in 1788, he was borcaved be instructed in the general understand. of his reason. ing of things.” This remarkablo purity. HIS MIDDLE Life, in 1779, of the young Prince's mind and conduct Their Majestics, (says a contemporary is to be attributed, uot only to his good writer,)risc atsix in ihe morning, and onnatural disposition, but to the affec- joy the two succeeding hours, which tionate solicitude of his mother to pre- they call their ow'll. At ciglit, the serve him from the contagion of bad ex. Prince of Wales, the Bishop of Osnaample, who, whatever were her faults in burgh, the Princess Royal, and Princo regard to her son's tutor, discharged William Henry, are brought from their the part of an affectionate mother. His several houses to Kew to breakfast. At education was chicfly controlled by niue, the younger children attend to her, and she was a shrewd and busy wo- lisp or smile their good-morrows; and man; and also by the Earl of Bute, who whilst the eldest are closely applying to
their of his late Majesty George the Third. [March 1, their tasks, the little ones and their of state with great exactness and ability. norscs pass the whole morning in Rich These are early in the morning, generally monu Gardens.
from four to seven. About midvight, the The King and Queen freqncntly amuse
red boxes from the different ministers are thicmselves with sitting in the room
forwarded from London to Windsor, and while the children dine; and once a
abont four o'clock they are deposited in
his Majesty's private closet. Formerly he weck, attended by the whole ollspring in
read all his papers, and transacted all the pairs, make the tour of Richmond Gar.
business alone; but latterly, he lias been dens. In the afternoon the Queen works, assisted by Col. Taylor, a gentleman reand the King reads to her. In the eve conimended to this onerous situation by ning, all the children again pay their duty the Duke of York. About seven o'clock at Kew-house before they retire to bed; his answers, (ably written, when he wrote and the sanc order is observed through them,) his signatures to public documents, caeb returning day.
&c. &c. are all placed in the several Topography is one of the King's fa- boxes, and at ten are delivered at the vourite studies: lie copies every capital offices of the respective ministers in Lon. chart, takes the models of all the cele.
of the cele don. The King, in this way, is under. hrated fortifications, knows the sound
stood to conduct liis governinent and di.
rect the proceedings of his ministers on ings of the chief harbours in Europe, and
every public occasivu with great ability the strong and weak sides of most forti
and precision. fied towns. He can name every ship in
“ His Majesty afterwards regolaıly goes bis navy, and their commanders. to chapel, and ihen rides ont, or otherwise
Exercise, air, and light diet, are the amuses himself through the day, excepton grand fundamentals, in the King's idea, Wednesdays, when lie holds a levée in of health and sprightliness; his Majesty London, or when he is interrupted by an feeds chiefly on vegetables, and drinks express from London, to which he genelittle wine; the Qucen is what many prie rally returns an inimediate answer.
si vate gentlewomon would call wbinisi
5 Sucli has been the uniform and steady cally abstemjons, for at a table covered carce
carcer of the life of this prince since liis
accession to the throne. He has in this with dainties, she calls the plainest and
way directed all the affairs of liis exteirthe simplest disli, and selilom cats of
sive empire; and, in his correspondence more than two things at a meal.
with his ministers, has generally exhibited HIS HACITS OF BUSINESS.
complete information, and the most accli. In 1808, a sheriff of London, in de- rare discrimination on every subject, scribing the court-gala at St. James on Those who judge of his mind froni his the 4th of June, the King's birth-day, manners in honrs of levity, or even from lised the following language, in a letter to the style of bis grave conversation, know a friend :
nothing of his real character. One who “The King was not present, and the knows him well, describes him to me as cause of his absence created general re. uniting the ablest mind with the awk. gret. His eyes, it is well known, have wardest manner of any person in his domilong been failing lim, and the opacity is nions." now so much increased, that he has for
THE AMERICAN WAR. some time been able to distinguishi objects
It is belicred that the King was de. in the mass only, and even that will the m
Juded by his ministers and others during
odi töorner of but one eye. In this manner lie now traces the features of persons who are
this bloody conflict. He onc day told first introduced to him ; but he can call Mr. West the painter, that he under. most persons by their naines who have for.
stood his countrymen did not like their merly been introduced to him, on hearing old King George, but wanted to have a their voices; and he still enjoys, in other new onc in George Washington, of respects, that power of accurate retention, whose clevation to the throne ihe next which, ihrongh his long reign, have so emi. ships would bring the account. Mr. pently characterized him. In his general West, struck with the observation as a health, he never was better, and he main probable royal cause of persevering in tains his wonted good spirits, and that a war, took the liberty to assure bis Ma. fondness for small-talk and anecdote, jesty of the error with such earnestuess, which have always rendered him agree.
that the King agreed hic should think able to his courtiers, and the life and soul
better of the Americans, if West's asserof the drawing-room.
“ The character of this monarch is low. non proved uc. The Queen, who sat ever not well understood. He is by no by, observed however, that Mr. West. means a trifler; and, though he is generally she feared, would be found to be too gay in public, he has his regular hours of partial to his countrymen. The next business, in wbuch he dispatches the affairs ship proved, however, ibat George Wasb.
ington was not proclaimed ; and the the late Dr. Hcberden. The clergyman King Jismissed his ministers, and imme, there, on a day when the Athanasian diately opened negociations for peace. creed was to be read, began with “ Who HIS RECEPTION OF THE AMERICAN soever will be saved," &c. The King, AMBASSADOR,
who usually responded with a loud The British court was now to sce voice, was silent. The minister repeat. among its ambassadors onc of the men ed, in a higlier tone, bis “Whosoever." whom it would have hung up but a short The King continued silent. At length time before as a rebel. The King had very the Apostles' Creed was repeated by the properly confessed in his speech, that, minister, and the King followed him in ackuowledging the independence of throughout with a distinct and audible the colonies, hic had yielded to the wishes voice, and opinions of the people. Ho repeat- Lord Mansfield, on making a report ed as much to the American ambassa- to the King of the conviction of Mr. dor, Mr. Adams, telling him, that, as he Malowny, a Catholic priest, who was bad bech the last to sheath the sword, found guilty, in the county of Surrey, of he would be the first in zeal to see it celebrating mass, was induced, by a kept so. This was at least judicious; sense of reason and humanity, to repreand was the most graceful way of get. sent to his Majesty the excessive severity ting out of an awkward pcrtinaoity. of the penalty which the law imposed This first interview with the ambassa- for the offence. The King immediately dor had been related by Mr. Adams answered, “God forbid, my lord, that himself, who acknowleilges his own religious difference in opinion should share of embarrassment, but cvidently sanction persecution, or admit of one felt that his Majesty had the greater. man within my rcalms suffering inAfter the ice was broken, the King, in justly; issue a pardon immediately for bis abrupt way, told Adams with a Mr. Malowny, and sce that he is set at laughi, that he understood him to be a liberty.” favourer of the French, who had then
HIS PIETY. began to evince revolutionary symptoms. The habitual piety of the late King Mr. Adams says, that the indiscrectness formed a striking part of his character, of this remark was obvious, and that he Those who have been with bim at bis could not let it pass by. He therefore regular morning devotions, at the private put on a very firm, though respectful chapel at Windsor, will never forget the look, and answered, that, as an ambassa. fervency of his responses during the serdor, he knew of no country but one, vice. This constant sense of religion which was his own: to which the King doubtless contributed to the invariable replied, blushing, and as quick as light. firmness and serenity of his mind. When ning, “An honest man knows no other !" one of the young princes was hourly ex
THE ROYAL MARRIAGE ACT. pected to die, the King was sitting on a This Act, which flowed from the Sunday reading a scrmon to his family. leaven of German pride, was alien to the An attendant came in, with the tidings best feelings of humanity. It was passed oftlıe child's death. The King exchanged in resentment of the conduct of the a look with bim, signifying hic understood Dukes of Gloucester and Cuinberland, bis commission, and then proceeded who had recently united themselves to witi his reading till it was finished. lovely English women. The Royal HIS CONSCIENTIOUS SCRUPLES. brothers, in consequence, held no per- Numerous attempts were made during sonal intercourse for many years; and his reign to obtain the emancipation of their reconciliation took place in Hyde- the Catholics, by removing the disabilipark, on the alarming occasion of the ties under which they labour, and to conriots of 1780. Much unhappiness in his fer upon them various offices in the family has resulted from this law; for, army and navy; and, although the spirit as no women in the world are cqual to of toleration by which the King was actu. those of England, so the princes found it uted prompted him to grant them sevedifficult to suit their tastes abroad; and, ral concessions, yet his conscientious reas no country is tolerable to those who gard to the solemnity of an oath ellectuhave lived in England, so our Princesses ally deterred him from yielding to any forind few attractions in foreign courts to further demands. Of this adherence to induce them to leave their own.
his engagements, the following declaraHIS RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE. tion affords a striking example: The following Windsor anccdote “My Lord-I am one of ihose who re(says Bishop Watson) was told me by spect an oath. I have firmness sufficient
to gait my throne, and retire to a cottage. take the oath of allegiance to him, bo$ or place my neck on a block or a scaffold, had never permitted him to be named il my people require it; but I have not as King in his presence. “ Carry my, Jesolution to break that oath which I took compliments to him," said the King; in the most solemn manner at my coro- “but-what-stop-no-he may pero nation."
haps not receive my compliments as His Majesty's munificence to the late King of England; give him the Elector Cardinal York is well-known, as is also
of Hanover's compliments, and tell him the posihinionis honours bestowed upon that he respects the steadiness of his his remains by his present Majesty principles.” Gcorge IV. and which occasioned the HIS LITERARY ACQUIREMENTS. gallant Captain Stuart, of luvernalsoyle,
A few years before he was afllicted upou licing taunted for holding a com- with blindness, be held a conversation mission under bis Majesty while lie was with a gentleman of extensive literary a professed jacobite, io express himself connexions, and the subject on which in the following manner: “ By beavens! the discourse turned was Ilic History of the King himsell is a jacolite, and every England. The King observed, that he son that he has: there is not one of them,
had long, wished to see such a work proif he had lived in my brave father's clays,
perly executed, and that he had menbnt would have been hanged to a cer
tioned it to several noblemcn and others, tainty."
with a view of getting some persons of
cmincut laleuts to engage in the undere, HIS POLITICAL TOLERANCE.
taking. It had been proposed to Dr. In one of his morning strolls through Robertson, and likewise 10 Lord Lytile. the streets of Windsor, in 1792, le ton, but peitlicr of those writers appeared turped into the sliop of a bookseller, willing to embark in a concern of that who was still in bed. He amused him. magnitude, though all the assistance sell in looking round the shop, w bile the or government was freely offered, boy stole up stairs to call his master. and would, beyond all duabt, have In the meantime the King had stumbled been amply granted, for the purpose of on some copies of Paine's Rights of enabling the bistorian to complete Man; and, scating himself on the counter, his design, in a manner highly creditwas employed in reading it, when the able to himself, and serviceable to the bookseller bustled into the shop. sce. country. At this time liis Majesty ing the obnoxious work which the King stated the outline of his plan, which was perusing, lic considered himself lost; was, to have all the materials printed, and, as the King kept the book close to and manuscripts collected, and the exhis face, and was intently engaged in tracts made with the greatest care, by reading, he found it impossible to dis. persons employed at the public charge ; turllim, though he coughed loud, and that from these collections, aided by knocked the bandles about, and changed all the help of our public libraries, with the places of all the chairs --nd tables. all the lights afforded by forcign writers, At lengili, arriving at a period in the expccially those in the northern parts of siin or argument, the King looked up, Europe, whose productions have been aud sceing the bookseller, entered into too heedlessly passed over, the bistorian familiar chat, and laying the book open should draw up bis connected narrative, on the countcr, presently retired in bis subject to the revision of different perusual good-lumour. The bookseller sons appointed to compare his performwas nevertheless uncasy; but he never ancc wi!h the authorities he professes 10 asterwards observed any difference in have followed the conduct of the King towards him, He observed one day to a gentleman thongli, on turning up the pamphlet at of high literary character, and of a disthic place where the royal reader had tinguished political reputation, that orapaused, there was found in that page the tory in this country was carried to a famous passage in which Paine uncere- height far beyond its real use; and that moniously asserted, that the King bad the desire of excelling in this accomnot sufficient capacity to make a parish plishment, made many young men of constable,
genius neglect the more solid branches The following anecdote from the re of knowledge. “I am sure," said his oent volume of Jacobite Relics, by Majesty,“ that the rage for public James Hogg, is truly characteristic: speaking, and the extravagant length His Majesty having been told of a gen- to which some of our most popular oratleman of family and fortune of Pertli- tors carry their harangucs in Parliasbirc, who had not morely refused to ment, is very detrimental to the national
business, business, and I wish that in the end it “At a levee, soon after the experimay not prove injurious to the public ments on gunpowder had been made, peace.”
I happened (says Bishop Watson,) to The King possessed many of the more be standing next to the Duke of Richattractive qualifications of an educated mond, then master-general of the ordand accomplished gentleman, With nance; and the duke informed his Mathe love of the fine arts he was deeply jesty that they were indebted to me for embued : his taste for music was chiefly a great improvement in its fabrication. indulged in the frequent performanoes On my saying that Ionght to be ashamed which he encouraged of the works of of myself, inasmuch as it was a scandal Handel and other old composers; and in a Christian bishop to instruct men in bis preference for their compositions was the mode of destroying mankind, the grounded, not merely on a sense of sci- King answered, “Let not that afflict entific knowledge which they displayed, your conscience; for, the quicker the but on a reverence for the sublime cha- conflict the less the slaughter:” or in racter which pervaded them, and for the words to that effect. I mention this, to solemn occasions to which they were do justice to the King, whose underdevoted. The Royal Academy, esta standing it was the fashion to decry.. blished by George III, will also afford In all the conversations I bad with him, some lasting monument to the memory lie appeared to me not to be at all deof its illustrious founder. His advances ficient in quickness or intelligence." in Roman literature were not such as The King's powers of letter-writing to afford him a lively enjoyment of its are so well known to his friends, that the beauties. Of the Greek he knew still Duke of York once told Mrs. Clarke, less. But he spoke various modern that, if the sentiments were not so adverse Janguages with ease and elegance; and to those of the King, he should conceive he studied early, and correctly under that no other man in bis dominions bestood, the history of modern times, and sides himself could have written the the just relations of England with the Letters of Javius. othier states of Europe. ,
The late intelligent Earl of Bute once His generAL TALENTS. . shewed the Editor of this Miscellany a If George the Third bad reigned but volume of Letters, which he said were twenty years instead of sixty; his life from the King to his father; and most would have created no interest ; for no elegantly written, said he, they are. The single twenty years of his reign exalted same nobleman, as well as Mr. Dutens, kim above ordinary princes,
the confidant of that farnily, used to asIn the discussion of public affairs, the sert, that the intercourse of the King King was astonishingly fluent and acute; with Lord Bute, after he became minis. and his habits of business cnabled him ter, was a political fable. For nearly to refer with ease to the history and twenty years they never saw each other. bearings of every subject. His succes- Neither of them, however, affected to sive ministers have cach borne testimony deny the intimacy of the tutor with the to the dignity of his manners, as well as princess dowager; and an unpublished the quickness of his address, when he letter of Lady M. W. Montagu to put on the character of the sovereign. Lady Bute, condoles with her daughter Nothing which was submitted to him on the subject, and advises her to bear was passed over with indifference or with patience a circumstance so flatterbaste. Every paper which came under ing to the ambition of her family, . bis eye contained marks of bis obser
HIS PRIVATE LIFE. vation; and the notes, which he almost invariably inserted in the margin, were
In the 93d No. of this Miscellany, remarkable for their strong sense and (Nov. 1802,) the editor reported the repitbiness. He was very minute io his at. sult of his personal observations during tention to the Recorder's reports, but bis a month's residence at Windsor, in the policy varied at different periods of his following terms: “The private life of reign; sometimes hanging from one to his Majesty not being generally known, two hundred per annum, and at others
it may be interesting to observe, that he not more than twelve or twenty. He is an early riser, and a constant attendant was not a great reader ; indeed, he every day at eight o'clock on divine serscarcely ever took up a book. But he vice, which is performed in the King's had particular skilt in obtaining infor. cbapel, in the upper court. Except on mation ; and employed persons of ability the days on wbich public business oalls. to read books, and convey their sub
bim to London, he generally rides out stance to him.'
till dinner in the Great Park, to bis farm, · MONTHLY Mag. No. 337,