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the Latins and Greeks, was not I know not what it is, nor what whether the bread of the Eucha. souls do there!"* rist was substantially changed Archbishop Whitgift, in his into the body of Christ or not, defence against Cartwright, adds but by what particular words this the doctrines of free will, merits, wonderful change was effected.” &c.

“ The sacrifice of the mass is “ It was not, therefore, on any also used by the Greeks for the of the above-named classes of quick and the dead.»*

Christians, that the Reformation “ The Greeks of Venice, and had any material effect, except, all other Greeks, adore Christ in indeed, as was natural, that of the Eucharist; and who dare causing some of then to rally either impeach or condemn all

round the Catholic Church, to these Christians of idolatry ?"'+ oppose, as they imagined, the

« The Greeks reckon seven sa- common enemy, the Lutherans, craments, the same with the Calvinists, Zuinglians, and other Church of Rome.":

" And are

Protestants.” no less for Church authority and “ The Right of Private Judg. tradition than Roman Catholics; ment,” which Mr. N.consistently agreeing with Rome, too, in

with his Protestant principles, praying to saints, in auricular calls a

great and immutable confession, in offering of sacrifice principle, having been once acand prayers for the dead, and knowledged, it was no longer in

the placing much of their devotion


either of Catholics, or in their worship not only of the the Reformers of Catholics, who blessed Virgin Mary, but in the do not appear to have been themintercession, prayers, help, and

selves aware of the lengths to merit of other saints, whom they which that principle would carry invocate in their temples."

the human mind, to stem the im« The Greeks of note are ob. petuous stream of liberty which' liged to confess four times a year;

burst forth on the Christian world, the priests obliging them to con

“ Let every man be fully perfess everything, saying they

suaded in his own MIND,” was cannot otherwise release them," 11

a text on which myriads began to “Though they do not hold a

descant, who had never before purgatory fire, yet they believe a

listened to any others, except third place between that of the

Thou art Peter-feed my lambsblessed and the damned, where feed my sheep-:" and "Hear the those remain who have deferred

Church." Priests had long ridden repentance till the end of their the people, and now the people, life : but if this be not purgatory, having obtained their liberty in

Christ, determined in their tura

to ride the priests. Wherever * Ross's View of the Religions of Europe, p. 479. + Forbes, Cons. Imodes de Euch. * Tract. p. 473. The reader is re

férred, for a fuller view of this subject, | Aulas Geographicus, v. 2.

p. 1724.

to Mr. Woodhead's Guide in Controf Ross's View, &c., p. 479.

versies, dis. 3. c. 8. s. 82. Protestant # Atlas Geographicus, p. 172.

Apology, p. 30-32

p. 442.


the Reformation took effect, au. youth up, and could never before thority was at an end: yet a discover," that the one, holy, Castruggle for mastery ensued. It tholic, and Apostolic Church, was was the emancipation of intellect; all the while nothing more not and a thousand speculations, some less than the mystical Babylon rational and modest, others wild a whore, a scarlet whore, a drunand unruly, were indulged, to the ken scarlet whore-nay, the very astonishment of many, and the mother of harlots, bloated with grief of more. All pretended to

All pretended to the wine of her abominations ; antiquity ; every one pleaded the reeling and intoxicated with the authority and sanction of scrip- blood of the saints, and ripe for ture, the earliest fathers, and ge- the sickle of God's eternal vengeneral councils of the Church, the

This discovery, however example of the Saviour, and the it might shock the timid and fear. precepts of his apostles. From the ful; gladdened the hearts of those self-same premises, the most con- who had courage to make head tradictory onclusions were de. against the beast; and these cou. duced ; yet all and every of them rageously -resolved not only to claimed a suitable portion of in- “ hate the whore," but to "make fallibility and authority. In no her desolate and naked, eat her point were the jarring Reformers flesh, and burn her with fire." so agreed as in their hearty ab- Before all this could be accomhorrence of the Church which plished, it was evident that some they had all deserted :

better Church should be planted.

A Christian country without à So 'Twas Babel, Antichrist, and Pope, Christian Church would have and Devil,"

been like

head without a body,

or a body without a soul. There« On a sudden, a new flood of fore, every one proceeded, forthlight burst upon the wondering with, to strike out such a model sight of multitudes. Articles of as suited best his own views of faith, opinions, forms, and prac- the matter; and doctors and theotices, 'held sacred for centuries by logians, of every possible descripthe whole Christian world, were tion, took their seats among the discarded, ridiculed, abhorred, learned or the unlearned, as the and condemned, as blasphemous, case might happen to be, in almost idolatrous, damnable, heretical; every town in Germany, Holdangerous to the souls of men,

* Those who are acquainted with the inimical to the peace and well

writings of our earliest Reformers, and being of society, derogatory to particularly with those of Luther, will the honour of God, and subver- know that in this and other places, sive of truth, reason, and com

where I have alluded to their spirit and. mon sense. Men stared with language, when speaking of the Pope

and other Catholic prelates, not the astonishment, and were ready to slightest exaggeration has been used. beat themselves with vexation, to On the contrary, it is a fact that scure think they should have been rility, even to the most indecent and ima reading the prophecies of Daniel, resorted to by Luther and others. See the epistles of St. Paul, and the particularly tom. ii. and vii. of his apocalypse of St John, from their works. VOL. I.



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Jand, England, Denmark, Swe- acknowledge they may fall into den, Switzerland, and other error, but they maintain they places :

never do. The learned Cudworth " All quit their spheres, and rush into

seems to have entertained a simi. the skies."

lar opinion of the effects of the “This was the natural result of Reformation : " 'Tis to be feared," unrestrained inquiry."

says he, so that many people

among us, who throw down idols The difference of opinions be- in churches, set them up in their tween the Catholic Church and hearts; and that, whilst we exthe Church of England is detailed; claim against paintings upon and then the author proceeds to church windows, we do not scru. state his opinions concerning the ple to cherish many unlawful pasimmediate influence of the Re- sions within us, and to commit formation on the manners and idolatry with them.” Complainmoral habits of the people ;” and ing of the schisms occasioned by on this point it is candidly con- the Reformation, we might recfessed that “ there are but too kon, says Brandt, above three many unfavourable proofs that hundred questions, that are dislittle good was done in this way." puted in the Church of Rome,

Brandt, in the Dedication of and yet they occasion no schism his History of the Reformation in among the Catholics. Indeed, it the Low Countries, draws an un- must be confessed, that the hot pleasant picture of the spirit of and furious rancour in which the the Reformed Christians, imme. Reformers indulged against those diately succeeding the Reforma- who agreed not with them in erery tion. The Protestants, he ob- point, is by no means a favourable serves, have not made a good use specimen of the good effects of of the Reformation ; that, instead the Reformation ; though, upon of innocence, gentleness, humi. the whole, I have no doubt but lity, and charity, vice, persecu- that great good has resulted, and tion, hatred, envy, and self-love, will result, to the morals and have prevailed among them; happiness of mankind, from the that every hody accommodates Reformation of religion. It is a the Word of God to his own pre- great pity, that we could not be judices; and has a gospel of his contented to have used our liberty own making The Protestants, in Christ without abusing it, he adds, have recourse to the se- that our earliest friends, and I cular arm : they use violent means wish I had no reason to add, our to gain proselytes. Many of them, later brethren, had carried their when they separated from the Reformation to their own conChurch of Rome, rejected not duct, and, while they disavowed only what was bad in that Church, the principle of persecution in but also what was good, or, at least, innocent. They believe, * Epistle Dedicatory to the House of says he, that none but themselves Commons, prefixed to a Sermon which have the truth on their side ; and he preached to that Assembly, in the they fancy that every body ought Abridgment of Brandts History of the

year 1747 ; cited io Michael de la Roche's to embrace their opinions, They Reformdtion, vol. I. p. ill.

the Church of Rome, they had is the Prospectus, and it contains been equally solicitous to have a sufficient indication of the prinabstained from the practice of it ciples meant to be advocated, or themselves. *"

rather of those meant to be ata Having followed Mr. Nightin- tacked, in this weekly publigale through the whole of his first cation. Part, we must defer our Review

" At a time when every energy of the Second Part to a future is exerted by the Catholics to acNumber. As far as we have quire power and an extension of gone, making charitable allow. their dangerous and antichristian ance for the prejudices and mis- tenets, it is the duty of every takes of the author, we have no good Protestant to rally round the hesitation in pronouncing this bulwark of the glorious Reforma• Portraiture" one of the very tion, and to resist the consequenbest Protestant publications we ces which lurk under the specious ever read it will be of infinite pleas of equal civil rights and reservice, we doubt not, to the Ca- ligious emancipation. Our ancestholic Cause, and we would ear- turs paid a high price for the nestly recommend a perusal of it blessings we now enjoy, and their not only to our Catholic brethren, posterity, it is trusted, will prebut particularly to those Members serve that fabric entire which has of Parliament and others who feel hitherto secured them from the interested in that great question, renewal of the persecution of fora on which hangs the future happi- mer times. This cannot be better ness of Ireland ; if not even the effected than through the medium very safety and quiet of our na- of the press, and by a publicative country

tion of this nature, embracing [To be continued.)

in a liberal manner, unmask the errors, and guard

against the machinations, of Po. Art. II. The Anti-Catholic, Num- pery.

ber I. 800. pp. 24. Johnston. This work is intended also WE

to be a weekly medium of religiTE intend to watch the pro- ous intelligence, in which the

gress of this new attack on the Rights of Englishmen, the communications of the pious and Faith of the Gospel, and the wel enlightened Protestants will find fare of Ireland. The following

a constant and quick insertion.”

We have here an open avowal * Roman Catholics complain, and but of a determination“ to rally round too justly, that we do not act fairly to the bulwark of the glorious Refore wards them, iņ keeping out of sight our mation;" and this rallying is exown blemishes, and in magnifying and plained to mean neither exposing theirs. By the help of God,

nor less than an opposition to I will endeavour to wipe off the reproach. No fears--no censures-Ao re

equal civil rights and religious proaches, shall deter me from holding emancipation.' up to deserved reprobation, the practice Number 1. is the only one of persecution, by whatever party it which we shall at present notice. has been exercised, when I come to treat of that portion of the Catholic His- In fact, it is the only one that has tory.

yet come under our obserpation

whatever can,


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it consists of an address to the excited new riots, and when « Anti - Catholic's, “ Fellow- it will be impossible to find ouc countrymen ;” and is made up of way to the door of St. Stephen's the usual common place cant of through a Protestant mob, headed the intolerants against the just by some miscreant inspired with demands of Roman Catholics. the spirit and clad in the mantle The writer speaks as if no attempt of Lord George Gordon the Pro« before his had been made to testant Jew! oppose those just demands, and The Anti-Catholic may rest claims the ignoble merit of being assured, that the ignoran therds the first to set his face against the 'who are devoted to the Morning exercise of a civil and a religious Post politics, may “rally round right. That a man should thus the bulwark of the glorious Re“glory in his shame," can only formation" as long as they please ; bé reconciled on the principle but the Roman Catholics will not that all is fair against Papists-a very willingly entrust their perprinciple clearly held by many sons and endanger their lives Protestants of this and former amidst the thick ranks of apostate times.

politicians, and needy retailers of. Base änd sordid motives are private scandal..Some of these attributed to the Catholics for very Postites are employed to having chosen to exhibit their write for opposite parties ; though elaims at the present time, it is not known by the friends of " when our feelings and our fears liberty that they are in the pay are excited,” even " at the happy of the intolerànts. And yet this moment of opportunity when the Anti-Catholic would not have theme of liberty is in every Catholics to persist in their righmouth, because its danger is in teous claims till these raggamuffin every eye; its apprehension in scribblers shall have put the every heart." Pray let us ask this whole country in a state of riot Anti-Catholic, whose.conduct has and tumult. To what a miserable excited this “ danger," and this condition is that government re“apprehension;" who but the ene duced whose only hope is in the mies of liberty? who but those labours of the Morning Post pawhose hearts are abhorrent to its ragraph writers, Courier scandal principles? Those “ feelings," hunters, mendicant Methodists, and those “ fears," owe their and insolent “ Satirists 1" The brigiñentirely to the 'No Popery" “ danger and alarm” which the intolerants. And would Anti- Anti-Catholic affects to dread, are Catholic have us wait for the entirely such as these needy misexereise of our rights till another creants have themselves excited; Protestant Association shall agaia and nothing would yield them pull down our houses, violate our greater pleasure than to be the wives and daughters, and burn means of goading on the oppressed our chapels to the ground would Catholics to "confusion and dishe have us present our humble turbånce.' They clamour about petitions to the honourable House religion, but in fact they are infi. of Commons only when the Moin dels-known in the circle of their ing Post and the Courier shall have acquaintance as scoffers at Chris

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