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prejudiced rumour. He seems to lics were beyond comparison infiwrite con amore, whenever he can nitely more numerous," place an obnoxious Catholic under These proofs of the wickedness suspicious appearances. The sub- and falsehood of Şir R. Musgrave's stance of Sir Richard Musgrave's History, shall be closed with the Quarto may be comprised in a following declarations : very few sentences, both as to the doctrine which he explodes, and the facts which he summons to Declarations of the Clergy of his purpose.— The doctrine of his
Wexford. book is, that the Catholic religion commands the persecution of all
Wexford, May 12, 1801. other Christians, as Heretics; “At a meeting of the Roman Cathat, in consequence of such te- tholic Clergymen residing in the pets, the Irish Catholics have Convent of Wexford, a book entiaimed at the extirpation of their tled, “ A History of the RebelProtestant countrymen; and that lions, &o.” published in the name the late insurrection in Ireland of, and said to be written by, Sir was a Popish Rebellion, springing Richard Musgrave, Bart. being out of those causes.- This doc. taken into consideration, the foltrine he endeavours to prove by lowing Declarations were unani- . a reference made to the decrees of mously adopted : the council of Lateran, made dur- “We most solemnly deelare in the ing the Pontificate of Innocent the face of Heaven and in the awful Third, in the year 1215!!!-And presence of God, that we disclaim that the fact of the Rebellion was and disavow the horrid principles Popish he attempts to prove from in said book, attributed to us local circumstances, and, among as Roman Catholics ; principles others, by those which he alledges which, though (often disavowed iook place in the City of Cork.- with horror and detestation, we This doctrine I do most explicitly are sorry to find unrelenting bi, deny altogether. And those facts, gotry and prejudice still labour which my situation in that city to attach to us, and we can consi, gave me the most competent means der the unfounded and malicious of being informed of, I do impeach assertions with which said publi. for great inaccuracy, and, I must cation is replete, as tending only be excused for saying, very gross to sever the bonds of society, to mis-statement.” Helikewise adds irritate one part of the commuthat “ the magistrates of the City nity against the other, and to perof Cork, who were fully as ardent petuate those deplorable animoexclusive Protestants as our His- sities, that would disgrace even torian of all the Rebellions, in their savages, and have too long disloyal discernment of guilt
, out of tracted this country, all the inhabitants arrested only “We most solemnly declare, that three Roman Catholics, (one of far from promoting or conniving whom only was proved to be guilty) at the horrid and atrocious murand very many Protestants; and der of Protestants in the late dethose in a city where the Catho. testable Rebellion, we have on
104 Musgrave's History of Rebellions. [cath. MAG. the contrary used every effort justice and b igotry in the exin our power (often at the risk of treme. our own lives amidst a drunken “Father Broe most solemnly deand infuriated rabble) to save both clares, that he never called on their persons and property--that Elizabeth Edwards, or any other we flew to their assistance when Protestant, for money for baptising called on—that we furnished them her or them. It is, indeed, cuswith
every succour, and every tomary for one or other of us to means of safety, which our li- make a charitable collection, once mited abilities enabled us to do, every year, among our Protestant during that melancholy period.
and Catholic neighbours. To per“We most soleionly declare, that vert such a collection into bapit is a vile and cruel calumny to tising fees, and to recruit an affi- . assert that we had any authority davit to prove it, is, alas ! a meover the rebels, except what pray- lancholy proof of the malignity of ers, supplications, and entreaties this compiler of calumnies. could obtain; and which, we are “We most sincerely and solemnly sorry to say, were generally in- declare, that as Christians, as mieffectual.
nisters of the living God, as “We most solemnly declare, that preachers of the gospel of peace it is a false and atrocious calumny and goodwill, we behold with to assert, that we were previously grief and abhorrence the violation apprised of the intended murders of that Christian charity, which on the bridge of Wexford, the 20th should unite all mankind in bonds of June, 1798, and that we dread- of love, but more especially the ed something extremely bloody worshippers of the True and Livon that particular day. We had ing God; and we most earnestly less apprehension of a massacre entreat our Protestant brethren on that day, than on any of the not to credit the false and malipreceding; because we had that cious assertions of this shameless day learnt that a court-martial writer, without a full, candid, was appointed by the rebels for and impartial examination of our trying two individuals, Messrs. conduct, or before we can in a Turner and Gainfort, who were more ample manner wipe off the particularly obnoxious to them: aspersions of this calumniator. for those two alone we had apprehensions : for those two we ad
JOHN BROE, dressed our prayers and suppli
PAT LAMBERT, 'cations; but were turned out of
MATHIAS COLFER, the court-martial-room with insult
RICHARD SYNNOT, and contumely
PATRICK PETTIT, “Wemost solemnly declare, that
THOMAS SCHALAN, we hold and always held in abhorrence the conduct of the few Wexford, July 20, 1801.". misguided clergymen, who joined the rebels.... To impute their faults to us, is, we conceive, in
Form of the Canonization of a
to the finding out the truth Saint in the Catholic Church. thereof; and articles and interroExtracted from a Book, en- gatories are sent under the Apostitled The Court of Rome, &c. tolical bull to the said prelates, Translated from the Italian, by wherewith they are to examine Henry Cogan. 1654.
witnesses upon oath, concerning the excellency and sanetimony of life, and purity of faith, of the said person; as also touching the
miracles he hath wrought ; which AF
FTER that, the fame of the being accordingly performed by
excellency of life, and holi- them, they are to send all that ness of some certain person, toge- they have done, together with the ther with the miracles he hath depositions of the witnesses, faithdone, have been spread abroad, fully written in their letters, sealed and that the Pope hath been with their seals, to the Court, made acquainted therewith, by which the Pope having received, some king, prince, or people, commits the examination thereof which do pray, that the said per- to some auditors of the Sacred son being dead, may be enrolled Palace, who make processes, to in the catalogue of saints, and be the end they may see whether the declared and honoured for a saint, inquisition and probation be legihis Holiness doth advise of the timate, and sufficiently made. matter with his brethren ; where. Then if they report that all is as upon if he thinks fit to proceed to it ought to be, the Pope again, by inquisition, he requires some pre- the advice of his brethren, aplates which are resident in those points three Cardinals diligently parts where the said person lived, to examine the inquisitions, proofs, and lies buried, diligeutly to in- and depositions of the witnesses, form themselves, and carefully to and carefully to consider all things inquire of the fame, opinion, and that are to be considered, espepeople's devotion, concerning the cially concerning the said person's said person ; which inquisition excellency of life and purity of they are to make without the legal faith, which if they shall be judged examination of witnesses, and by the College to be well proved, what they find, faithfully to report, and worthy of sanctification, th by their letters, unto the Pope, Pope, with the consent of the who doth then propound all that Cardinals, proceeds to the approhath been related by the said pre- bation of the said person's life and lates unto the Sacred College, miracles, which have been so sufand with them deliberates whether ficiently proved, and decrees the their relation seen worthy enough canonization of him. After this, of a future inquiry, which if it do, the prelates of the court, with the the same or other prelates are ie- Pope and Sacred College, assemquired most diligently to inquire ble together in the Secret Conof the matter, to examive wit- sistory, where his Holiness briefly nesses, and thoroughly to search propounds to what end they are into all things which may conduce there met, and declares with what
diligence and faithfulness the in- church of St. Peter; where being quisition of this matter bath been arrived, his Holiness ascends the made, how full and legal the at- said scaffold, and sitting down on testation there f hath been, and the throne prepared for him, all with what instance princes and the cardinals
him people have sued unto bim about obeisance. . After that, he repairs it; wherefore he requires them, to the altar, and places himself in that in discharge of their con- 'apother seat made ready for him, sciences, they would each of them where he makes a speech, relating in particular deliver their opinion summarily, and in general terms, freely and sincerely; and when all that bath been done in the buthey have done so, be gives them sivess, as also the life and miracles thanks for their good counsel, ex- of the person aforesaid ; exhorting horting them to pray unto God, thein all, to join with him in that he will not suffer them to err prayer unto God, that he would in so weighty a business, and so not permit his church to err 11. this they all go away. The day of ca- affair. That done, the proctor of nonization being determined, there the cause humbly beseecheth the is in the mean time a wooden scaf- Pope, in the name of the princes fold erected in St. Peter's Church, or people, wbich are suitors to bim of that biguess, as upon it may be for it, that he will pronounee and fitted a chapel, with an altar, a declare N, to be a saint, and that pontifical throne, seats for the he will cause bim to be enrolled in cardinals assisting the Pope, for the catalogue of saints, and as a ambassadors, for a choir of singing saint to be honoured of all faithful men, and places for all the orders Christians; whereupon the Pope of the Roman Court, like unto the with a loud voire saith thus: To chapel of the apostolical palace, the honour of the iovisible Trinity, with lattice windows, and of that for exaltation of the Catholic capaciiy, and with such manner of faith, and augmentation of the seats: there is also a fair pair of Christian Religion ; we by the austairs made to ascend unto that thority of the said God Almighty, scaffold, which on the outside is the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, strewed all over with herbs and and the blessed Apostles Peter flowers, and on the inside is hung and Paul, do by the advice of our with goodly pieces of tapestry: biethren decree and declare N. of the charch too is very richly adori- blessed meniory to be a Saint, and ed, and the arms of ihe Pope, and to be enrolled in the catalogue of of the church, as also the image of Saints ; ordaining, that his feast him that is to be canonized hanged shall by the church universal be ou round about it. The day of cano- such a day every year devoutly, nization heing come, the Pope io and solemnly celebrated. And do all his pontificalibus, and with his moreover by the same authority triple crown on bis head, goes grant unto all that, being truly uniler a canopy of state, borne penitent, and confest, shall with over him in procession, with all the devotion visit the shrine of the said cardinals, prelates, and officers, Saint N. pardon of their sins for each of them with a new wax light an hundred and forty days.' Now burning in his band, untu the said some Popes do grant plenary iudulgence to such visitants, as we he sits down in the pontifical seat read Boniface the Ninth did, when prepared for him; then putting he canonized Pridged for a Saint': incense into the censer, he blesseth The Pope baving finished in the the Deacon Cardinal, who is to manner aforesaid, Te Deum lauda- read the gospel ; that done, he mus is sung by the gentlemen of kisseth the text which is held forth the chapel, at the end whereof unto him by the apostolical subthe Deacon saith, Pray for us deacon, and so being censed by blessed Saint N. whereupon the the said cardinal-deacon, the anPope addeth, Hear us, O Lord, them of mandatum novum, beginfor the prayers and merits' sake ning to be sung by the singing of holy Saint N. After this his men, he lays by his pluniate, and Holiness sings the mass of the day, an apron before him, in which with the commemoration of the habit he washeth the feet of twelve said saint; and whilst the creed is poor men, unto each of whom he sung, three cardinals offer unto causeth to be given, by the treathe said saint in the offertory three surer-general successively, cerain white wax lights, three turtle doves medals of gold and silver; and by also white, and other birds. Mass the master of the household the being done, the Pope departs towell, wherewith their feet were away, accompanied with the car. wiped ; that done, the Pope redinals, as he used to be.
turns to his seat, after he hath put
off his apron, washed and dried Of the Pope's washing of Poor his hands, the bason of water being Men's Feet.
held unto him by the greatest seN Monday and Thursday, cular vobleman or prince there
after the solemn benediction, present, and his hands wiped by the Cardinals accompany bis How the chief priest-cardinal. Then liness, who is carried in his chair putting his red pluniate on again, by his Palfreymen, unto tbe Ducal and laying down his mitre, he says Hall, where being arrived, he puts the Pater Noster, together with off his papal ornaments, and by the verses, and prayer them. After the deacon cardinal assisting him this, he placeth bimself anew in hi being adorned with a purple stole, seat, puts on bis mitre, goes on foot a red* pluniate, and a plain mitie, to the chamber of dressing, and se * Pluniate is a long black coat.
returns to his lodging