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An Account of the Fall and Death he gave orders to prepare the ca

of Cardinal Wolsey. From thedral for the ceremony, and a Galt's Life and Administration day was appointed for the celeof that Cardinal.

bration. On this occasion the

arrangements were unusually simTHIS "HIŞ account commences after ple, and indicated the altered

Wolsey had received orders frame of his mind. to retire from London to his The Monday after All-souls archiepiscopal see of York. day was fixed for the installation

As he approached Caywood but on the preceding Friday, as Castle, “a great conflux of people, he was sitting at dinner, the Earl drawn together by curiosity, of Northumberland, who, while waited to see him ; among whom Lord Percy, had been educated were the clergy of the diocese, in his house, and whose intended who welcomed him with the re- marriage with Ann Bullen the verence due to his pontifical dig; cardinal had been the means of nity. The castle,' having been frustrating, accompanied by a long untenanted, required exten- privy-counsellor and a large resive repairs, which the cardinal tinue, arrived at the castle. He immediately commenced: for na- was received with a paternal and ture and habit made him decisive a cheerful welcome, and conand prompt in all circumstances. ducted by Wolsey into his own

The short period of his residence apartments; where they had not, in this ancient mansion was, per- however, exchanged many words, haps, the happiest of his life. He when the earl became agitated, appeared delighted with the com- and, in a low and troubled voice, posure of rural affairs; and, by declared him arrested for high the equity of his demeanour, and treason. "Astonished by a charge a mild condescension, which be. so unexpected, Wolsey, for some lied the reports of his haughtiness, time, was unable to speak, but, he won the hearts of his diocesans. recovering his spirits, he requestHe professed himself a converted Northumberland to show the from ambition; and having sufter. warrant, protesting that otherwise ed the perils and terrors of ship- he would not surrender himself; wreck, he was thankful that at for, as a member of the college of length he had cast anchor in a cardinals, he was exempted from calm and pleasant haven, with the the jurisdiction of all secular expectation of safety and rest, princes. At this moment the

As he had never been in- privy-counsellor entered the room. stalled in the archiepiscopal see, Wolsey, on seeing him, observed

that, as a counsellor of the king, Cavendish, his usher, and afterhe was sufficiently commissioned wards historian, as he was watchto take him into custody, and im- ing near him, thought that he mediately intimated that he was perceived the symptoms of death. their prisoner. “ I fear not,” The cardinal, noticing him, inadded he, “ the cruelty of my quired the hour, and was told enemies, nor a scrutiny of my eight o'clock; " that cannot be,' allegiance; and I take heaven to he replied, " for at eight o'clock witness, that neither in word or you shall lose your master. My deed have I injured the king, and time is at hand, and I must de will maintain my innocence face part this world.” His confessor, to face with any man alive.” who was standing near, requested

When it was known in the Cavendish to inquire, if he would neighbourhood that he was to be be confessed.. " What have you conveyed to London, a great to do with that ?" answered he crowd assembled round the castle; angrily; but was pacified by the and as he came out on his mule, interference of the confessor, guarded, the people began to ex- Continuing to grow weaker and claim, God save your grace, weaker, he frequently fainted and foul evil overtake them that during the course of the day. have taken you from us!” With About four o'clock the following these and other testimonies of po- morning he asked for some refresha pular affection, he was followed ment; which having received, to a considerable distance. and made confession, Sir William

On the evening of the third Kingston entered his room, and, day, after leaving Sheffield park, inquired how he felt himself. he approached Leicester. The “ Sir," said Wolsey, “I tarry appearance of nature accorded but the pleasure of God, to render with the condition of the prisoner, up my poor soul into his hands;" The end of the year was drawing and, after a few other words benigh, and the cardinal beheld for tween them, he resumed, “ I the last time the falling leaf and have now been eight days togethe setting sun.

ther troubled with a continual When the cavalcade reached flux and fever, a species of disa the monastery, the day was shut ease, which, if it do not remit its in; and the abbot and the friars, violence within that period, never apprized of his coming, waited fails to terminate in death. I pray with torches, at the gate to re- you commend me humbly to the ceive him. But the honours of king; and beseech him, in my this world had ceased to afford behalf, to call to his princely rea him pleasure, and as he passed membrance all matters that have towards the bottom of the stairs, passed between him and me, he said to the brotherhood, “I particularly, in what respects the am come to lay my bones among business of the queen, and then you." Being supported into a he must know whether I have chamber, he immediately went to given him any offence. He is a bed, and languished, with increas. prince of a most royal nature, ing signs of dissolution, all the but rather than want any part of next day. The following morning, his pleasure, he will endanger

I may

the half of his kingdom. Often in the conclave, were not likely have I knelt before him for three to come to any decision; so that hours together, endeavouring to the Holy Ghost was obliged to inpersuade him from his will and terfere."-Such is the nature and appetite, and could not prevail. character of the Protestant ReHad I served God as diligently as formation of Religion! Even the I have done the king, he would Deity himself must not be spared not have given me over in my when these liberal Protestants grey hairs." He then continued wish to have a fling at the religion for a short time to give Sir Wil. of Catholics! Mr. Galt has seliam some advice, in case - he veral of these asinine imitations should ever be called to the privy of Gibbon. council, and adding a few general observations on the revolutionary

For the Catholic Magazine. temper of the times, concluded by saying, “ Farewell; I wish Sir Richard Musgrave's History all good ihings to have success.

of Rebellions. My time draws fast on. not tarry with you. Forget not

To The Editor. what I have said; and when I am

Sir, gone, call it often to inind." Towards the conclusion he began BY giving the following testito falter and linger in the arti

monies against the many ca. culation of his words. At the lumnies and falsehoods published end, his eyes became motionless, by Sir R. Musgrave a place in and his sight failed. The abbot your valuable Miscellany, and was summoned to administer the thereby preserving them for the extreme unction, and the

vindication of the oppressed

yeomen of the guard were called in to see

clergy of Ireland, and the inhim die. As the clock struck formation of prejudiced Proteseight he expired."

tant readers, you will be render

ing a service to the cause of truth, It will be, we trust, distinctly and will also oblige understood, that we do not approve of all the books from which we at any time make extracts. The first is the declaration The pretended liberality and free of the Rt. Rev. James Caulfield, dom of many Protestant writers, the Catholic Bishop of Wex. and Mr. Galt among the rest,

ford. whose information is neither new, I feel it a duty to my chanor his book well written, exhi. racter, and to the situation in bits some shocking instances of which I am placed, to disavow that, profanity to which the and to repel the foul, unfounded, boasted principle of the right of and malicious charges, stated in private judgment has introduced the Memoirs of Sir Richard Musand encouraged even among grave;" and with regard to his ligious writers. In one place, for own clergy, he likewise says, instance, he says,

" the Cardinals " that none of them who had a at Rome, after spending fifty days flock, nor one parish-priest, was



Musgrave's History of Rebellions.

101 implicated, or had any concern in

(copy.) fomenting, encouraging, oraiding

Dublin Castle, the rebellion; nay, certain it is,

March 11, 1800. that they abhorred, detested, and shuddered at it, as

the most

ŞIR, wicked, scandalous, and abomi.

In answer to the honour of nable event, which they had ever

your letter of the 9th inst. which witnessed." He farther adds; I have laid before the Lord Lieu. “I have good cause to know and to declare to the world, thatif the Government will give to Doctor

tenant, I am to assure you that parish-priests of the County of Caulfield that protection, which Wexford had possessed that degree from his conduct and character as of authority or influence attri

a loyal subject, he appears justly buted to them, there would have

to merit. been no rebellion in this county.”

I have the honour to be, The Bishop further says, whe

Sir, stating the reception he met with from General Lake, “ Some of

Your most obedient,

Faithful Servant, the King's troops came in on Thursday evening or night; Ge

E. B. LITTLEHALES, neral Lake and his corps came in

The Most Rev. Dr. Troy, on Friday morning; and without

&c. &c. &c. the honour of being known to

North King Street. him, I had the confidence to wait on him on Saturday morning, to introduce myself and to explain who and what I was, without Second Letter to Doctor Tror. disguise. He received me, as I shall ever gratefully acknowledge,

(copy.) with politeness, and, I must say,

Dublin Castle, with kindness; for he gave me

June 30, 1800. and the Clergy of the town protections for our persons, proper- Your letter of the 21st current ties, places of Worship, and for having reached me, with its inthe exercise of our religious func- closure from Doctor Caulfield, I tions :-God bless and preserve have stated their contents to my him!”

Lord Lieutenant, who desires me The following authentic letters

to say, that His Excellency has no from the Lord Lieutenant, Mar

cause whatever to alter the opiquis Cornwallis, addressed Doctor Troy, the Catholic Arch- and proper deportment of Doctor

nion he has imbibed of the loyalty bishop of Dublin, must necessa- Caulfield. rily be considered as complete

I have the honour to be, evidence, both of the loyalty of Bishop Caulfield, and of his Lord

&c. &c. ship's reprobution of Sir Richard

E. B. LITTLEHALES, Musgrave's History. The fol

The Most Rev. Dr. Troy, lowing are authentic copies of

&c. &c. these letters,

North King Street.

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These testimonies to the loyalty « But a farther proof of Sir R, of Bishop Caulfield, are given in Musgrave's History being a refutation of certain charges shameless libel on the Catholics falsely alledged against him in a of Ireland, is to be found in a Letter from a Rev, Mr. Wilson to Letter to a Noble Earl, containa needy publisher of Protestanting a short comment on the docslander in Lancashire. They are

trine and facts of Sir Richard's extracted, as also the substance Quarto, and vindicatory of the of what concerns Sir R. Mus. Yeomanry and Catholics of the grave’s History, from a temperate city of Cork, by Thomas Town, well-written Reply” to that send, Esq. Barrister at Law, and Letter, printed at Preston. Member of the Irish Parlia..

ment.--Now let this gentleman, who, from his knowledge of facts

and his character and office, was Letter to Sir R. MúsGRAVĖ, by qualified to give authentic infor-, order of Marquis CORNWALLIS. mation, speak for himself. He

says -

on the (copy.)

breaking out of the Rebellion, I Dublin Castle,

was appointed Counsel to the GeMarch 24, 1801.

neral who commanded the southSir,

ern district, and who resided at I am directed by the Lord Lièu.

Cork; to advise and concur with tenant to express to

the General on all occasions, to his you

содcern at its appearing that your informations, and investigate and

examine informers, digest their Jate publication of the History of the Rebellions, in Ireland has arrange concurrently with him, been dedicated to him by per- duty. I had the houour to be a

was an important share of my mission. Had his Excellency been

member of the Cork Volunteers, apprised of the coutents and nature of the work, he would never

and continued their Adjutant after have lent the sanction of his name

I had the good fortune to enlarge to a book, which tends so strongly by the incorporation of the an,

that very respectable association, to revive the dreadful animosities, tient and loyal corps, the Cork which have sa long distracted this country, and which it is the Boyne, the command of which

my duty of every good subject to en gratitude and my vanity will not deavour to compose. His Excel. permit me to forget. During the Jency, therefore, desires me to

rebellion, the distribution and arrequest, that in any

future edition rangement of the yeomen array of the book, the permission to dedi. in the city, every second night çate it to him

devolved upon me; so that his be omitted. may

Lordship cannot but observe that I have, &e. &c. my situation has enabled me to

speak with some fidelity as to the (Signed)

nature and extent of the conspiE. B. LittlEHALES,

racy. I have my information from

my own personal observation Sir Richard Musgrave, Bart. the Author of the Quarto, from

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