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NAMES OF THE AUTHORS.
uthors for the poem. I should judge that they The Battle of Poets, an heroic poem. By Tho.. were clapped in as they rose, fresh, and fresh, Cooke, printed for J. Roberts Folio, 1725. and changed from day to day; in like manuer as Memoirs of Lilliput. Anon. (Eliz. Haywood) when the old boughs wither, we thrust new ones octavo, printed in 1727. into a chimney.
An Essay on Criticism, in prose. By the author I would not have the reader too much troubled, of the Critical History of England [J. Oldmixon] or anxious, if he cannot decypher them: since octavo, printed 1728. when he shall have found them out, he will Gulliveriana and Alexandriana ; with an ample probably know no more of the persons than be- preface and critique on Swift and Pope's Miscellafure.
nies. By Jonathan Smedley, printed by J. Roberts, Yet we judged it better to preserve them as octavo, 1728. they are, than to change them for fictitious Characters of the Times ; or an account of the names ; by which the satire would only be multi-writings, characters, &c. of several gentlemen ljplied, and applied to many instead of one. Had belled, by Sand P-, in a late Miscellany, octavo, the hero, for instance, been called Codrus, how 1728. many would have afiirmed him to have been Remarks on Mr. Pope's Rape of the Lock, in Mr. T. Mr. F. Sir R. B. &c. But now all that letters to a friend. By Mr. Dennis ; written in unjust scandal is saved by calling him by a name, 1724, though not printed till 1728, octavo. which by good luck happens to be that of a real person.
VERSES, LETTERS, ESSAYS, OR ADVERTISEMENTS, IN
THE PUBLIC PRINTS.
British Journal, Nov. 25, 1727. A letter on A LIST OF BOOKS, PAPERS, AND VERSES, Swift and Pope's Miscellanies. Writ by M. Con
canen.] WHICH OUR AUTHOR WAS ABUSED, BEFORE THE
Daily Journal, March 18, 1728. A letter by PUBLICATION OF THE DUNCIAD; WITH THE TRUE
Philomauri. James-Moore Smith.
Daily Journal, March 29. A letter about TherREFLECTIONS critical and satirical on a late sites, accusing the .uthor of disaffection to the Rhapsody, called, An Essay on Criticism. By government. By James-Moore Smith. Mr. Dennis, printed by B. Lintot, price 6d. Mist's Weekly Journal, March 30. An Essay
A new Rehearsal, or Bays the younger : con- on the Arts of a Poet's sinking in reputation ; or, taining an Examen of Mr. Rowe's plays, and a a Supplement the Art of sinking in Poetry. word or two on Mr. Pope's Rape of the Lock, (Supposed by Mr. Theobald.] Anon. [by Charles Gildon) printed for J. Roberts, Daily Journal, April 3. A Letter under the 1714. price 1s.
name of Philo-ditto. By James-Moore Smith. Homerides, or a Letter to Mr. Pope, occasioned Flying Post, April 4. A letter against Gulliver by his intended translation of Homer. By Sir and Mr. P. [By Mr. Oldmixon.) Iliad Doggrel. [Tho. Burnet and G. Ducket Daily Journal, April 5. An Auction of Goods esquires] printed for W. Wilkins, 1715, price at Twickenham. By James-Moore Smith. 9d.
The Flying Post, April 6. A Pragment of a Æsop at the Bear-garden; a Vision, in imitation Treatise upon Swift and Pope. By Mr. Oldmixon. of the Temple of Fame, by Mr. Preston. Sold by The Senator, April 0. On the same.
By Ed. John Morphew, 1715, price 6d.
ward Roome. The Catholic Poet, or Protestant Barnaby's Daily Journal, April 8. Advertisement. By JamesSorrowful Lamentation ; a Ballad about Homer's Moore Smith. Iliad. By Mrs. Centlivre and others, 1715, price Flying Fost, April 13. Verses against Dr. Swift, id.
and against Mr. P's Homer. By J. Oldmixon. An Epilogue to a Puppet-show at Bath, concern- Daily Journal, April 23. Letter about the transing the said Iliad. By George Ducket, esq., printed lation of the character of Thersites in Homer. By by E. Curll.
Thomas Cooke, &c. A complete Key to the What-d'ye-call it. Anon. Mist's Weekly Journal, April 27. A Letter of [by Griffin a player, supervised by Mr. Th-] Lewis Theobald. printed by J. Roberts, 1715.
Daily Journal, May 11. A Letter against Mr. A true character of Mr. P. and his writings, in P. at large. Anon. (John Dennis. ] a letter to a friend. Anon. (Dennis] printed for All these were afterwards reprinted in a pam& Popping, 1716, price 3u.
phlet, entitled, A Collection of all the Verses, The Confederates, a Parce. By Joseph Gay, Essays, Letters, and Advertisements occasioned by (J. D. Breval) printed for R. Burleigh, 1717, Mr. Pope and Swift's Miscellanies, prefaced by price Is.
Concanen, Anonymous, octavo, and printed for Remarks upon Mi. Pope's translation of Homer; A. Moore, 1728, price 1s. Others of an elder with two letters concerning the Windsor Forest,date, having lain as waste paper many years, and the Temple of Fame. By Mr. Dennis, printed were, upon the publication of the Dunciad, brought for E. Curll, 1717, price 1s. 6d.
out, and their authors betrayed by the mercenary Satires on the Translators of Homer, Mr. P. booksellers (in hopes of some possibility of vending and Mr. T. Anon. (Bez. Morris] 1717, price a few) by advertising them in this manner. Od.
“ The Confederates, a farce. By Capt. Breval The Triamvirate: or a Letter from Palæmon to (for which he was put into the Dunciad). An Celia at Bath. Anon. (Leonard Welsted) 1711, Epilogue to Powell's Puppet-show. By Col. folio, price is.
Ducket (for which he was put into the Dunciad). VOL XIL
Essays, &c. By Sir Richard Blackmore. (N. B. Pope Alexander's supremacy and infallibility
Dean Jonathan's Paraphrase on the fourth
Labeo. A paper of verses by Leonard Welsted, declared, “ That the complaint of the aforesaid which after came into one Epistle, and was publibels and advertisements was forged and untrue :
lished by James Moore, quarto, 1730. Another that all mouths had been silent, except in Mr: part of it came out in Welsted's own uame, under Pope's praise; and nothing against him published, the just title of Dulness and Scandal, folio, 1731. but by Mr Theobald.'')
THERE HAVE BEEN SINCE PUBLISHED, Sawney, in blank verse, occasioned by the Dun
Verses on the Imitator of Horace. By a Lady ciad ; with a Critique on that poem. By J. Ralph [a person never mentioned in it at first, but in (or between a Lady, a Lord, and a Court-Squire]
Printed for J. Roberts, folio. serted after), printed for J. Roberts, octavo. A complete Key to the Dunciad. By E. Curll. rinity, from Hainpton-court (Lord H—y). Printed
An Epistle from a Nobleman to a Doctor of Di. 12mo, price 6d. A second and third edition of the same, with
for J. Roberts also, folio.
A Letter from Mr. Cibber to Mr. Pope. Prioted additions, 12mo.
The Popiad. By E. Curll, extracted from J. for W. Lewis, in Covent-garden, octavo.
The Female Dunciad. Collected by the same TO THE FIRST EDITION WITH NOTES, IN QUARTO, 1729. Mr. Curll, 12mo. price 6d. With the Metamor
It will be sufficient to say of this edition, that phosis of P. into a stinging Nettle. By Mr. Foxton, the reader has here a much more correct and 12mo. The Metamorphosis of Scriblerus into Snarlerus complete copy of the Dunciad, than has hitherto
appeared. I cannot answer but some mistakes By J. Smedley, printed for A. Moore, folio, price may bave slipt into it, but a vast number of 6d.
others will be prevented by the names being now 'The Dunciad dissected. By Curll and Mrs.
not only set at length, but justified by the authoThornas. 12mo.
rities and reasons given. I make no doubt, the An Essay on the Taste and Writings of the pre- author's own motive to use real rather than feigned sent 'Times. Said to be writ by a Gentleman of C.
names, was his care tu preserve the innocent from C. C. Oxon, printed for J. Roberts, octavo. The Arts of Loric and Rhetoric, partly taken tions, which had no more than the initial letters,
any false application ; whereas in the former edifrom Bouhours, with new Reflections, &c. By he was made, by keys printed here, to hurt the John Oldmixon, octavo.
moffeusive, and (what was worse) to abuse his Remarks on the Dunciad. By Mr. Dennis, friends, by an impression at Dublin. dedicated to Theobald, octavo.
The comnientary which attends this poem was A Supplement to the Profund. Anon. by Mat
sent me from several hands, and consequently thew Concanen, octavo.
must be unequally written ; yet will have one adVist's Weekly Journal, June 8. A long letter, vantage over most commentaries, that it is not signed W. A. Writ by some or other of the club of Theobald, Dennis, Moore, Concanen, Cooke, of time and the reader cannot but derive one
made upon conjectures, or at a remote distance who for some time held constant weekly meetings pleasure from the very obscurity of the person for those kind of performances.
treats of, that it partakes of the nature of a seDaily Journal, June 1l. A Letter signed Phi- cret, which most people love to be let into, though loseriblerus, on the name of Pope.- Letter to Mr.
the men or the things be ever so ipconsiderable or Theobald in verse, signed B. M. (Bezaleel Mor- trivial. ris] against Mr. P. Many other little epigrams
Of the persons it was judged proper to give about this time in the same papers, by James
some account : for since it is only in this monuMoore, and others.
ment that they must expect to survive (and here Mist's Journal, June 22. A Letter by Lewis survive they will, as long as the English tongue Theobald.
shall remain such as it was in the reigns of queen Flying Post, August 8. Letter on Pope and Swift.
Anne and king George), it seemed but humanity Daily Journal, August 8. Letter charging the to bestow a word or two upon each, just to tell author of the Dunciad with treason.
what he was, what he writ, when he lived, and Durgen : A plain satire on a pompous satirist, when he died. by Edward Ward, with a little of James Moore.
If a word or two more are added upon the chief Apollo's Maggot in his cups. By E. Ward.
offenders, it is only as a paper pinned upon the Gulliveriana secunda. Being a Collection of breast, to mark the enormities for which they sufmany of the Libels in the news-papers, like the fered, lest the correction only should be rememformer voluine, under the same title, by Smedered, and the crime forgotten. lry. Advertised in the Craftsman, Nov. 9, 1728,
In some articles it was thought suffici nt, barely with this remarkable pronaise, that " any thing to transcribe froun Jacob, Curit, and other writing which any body should send as Mr. Pope's or
of their own rank, who were much better ac Dr. Swift's should be inserted and published as quainted with them than any of the authors of theirs."
this comment can pretend to be. Most of them
TO THE FIRST EDITION OF THE FOURTH BOOK OF THE
had drawn each other's characters on certain oc- notes on the works of this poet. Before I had casions; but the few here inserted are all that the happiness of his acquaintance, I had written could be saved from the general destruction of a commentary on his Essay on Man, and have such works.
since finished another on the Essay of Criticismo. Of the part of Scriblerus I need say nothing ; | There was one already on the Dunciad, which had his manner is well enough known, and approved met with general approbation : but I still thought by all but those who are too much concerned to some additions were wanting (of a more serious be judges.
kind) to the humorous notes of Scriblerus, and even to those written by Mr. Cleland, Dr. Ar
buthnot, and others. I had lately the pleasure ADVERTISEMENT
to pass some months with the author in the country, where I prevailed upon him to do what I had
long desired, and favour ine with his explanation DUNCIAD, WHEN PRINTED SEPARATELY IN THE YEAR 1742.
of several passages in his works. It happened, the author of the
three first books of the Dunciad, which furnished him with a lucky opportunity of We apprehend it can be deemed no injury to that just at that juncture was published a ridicul
ous book against him, full of personal reflections, that we publish this fourth. It was found merely by accident, in taking a survey of the library of improving this poem, by giving it the only thing a late eminent nobleman; but in so blotted a con
it wanted, a more considerable her He was aldition, and in so many detached pieces, as plainly
ways sensible of its defect in that particular, and showed it to be not only incorrect, but unfinished. owned be had let it pass with the hero it had, That the author of the three first books had a
purely for want of a better, not entertaining the design to extend and complete his poem in this
least expectation that such an one was reserved manner, appears from the dissertation prefixed to
for this post, as has since obtained the laurel : it, where it is said, that the design is more exten
but since that had happened, he could no longer sive, and that we may expect other episodes to deny this justice either to himn or the Dunciad. complete it: And from the declaration in the
And yet I will venture to say, there was anoargument to the third book, that the accomplish- ther motive which had still more weight with our ment of the prophecies therein would be the author : This person was one, who from every theme hereafter of a greater Dunciad.
But folly (not to say vice) of which another would be whether or not he be the author of this, we de- ashamed, has constantly derived a vanity! and clare ourselves ignorant. If he be, we are no
therefore was the man in the world who would more to be blamed for the publication of it, than
least be hurt by it.
W. W. : Tucca and Varius for that of the last six books of the Æneid, though perhaps inferior to the former.
If any person be possessed of a more perfect copy of this work, or of any other fragments of it,
ADVERTISEMENT. and will communicate them to the publisher, we
PRINTED IN THE JOURNALS, 1730. shall make the next edition more complete: in which we also promise to insert any criticisms WHEREAS, upon occasion of certain pieces rethat shall be published (if at all to the purpose) lating to the gentlemen of the Dunciad, some with the names of the authors; or any letters sent have been willing to suggest, as if they looked us (though not to the purpose) shall yet be upon them as an abuse: we can do no less than printed under the title of Epistola Obscurorumown, it is our opinion, that to call these gentlemen Virorum ; which, together with some others of the bad authors is no sort of abuse, but a great truth. same kind formerly laid by for that end, may We cannot alter this opinion without some reason; make no unpleasant addition to the future im- bnt we promise to do it in respect to every person pressions of this poem.
who thinks it an injury to be represented as no wit, or poet, provided he procures a certificate of his
being really such, from any three of his comADVERTISEMENT.
panions, in the Dunciad, or from Mr. Dennis
singly, who is esteenied equal to any three of the TO THE COMPLETE EDITION OR 1743.
number. I have long had a design of giving some sort of
A PARALLEL OF THE CHARACTERS OF
MR. POPE AND MR. DRYDEN,
AS DRAWN BY CERTAIN OF THEIR CONTEMPORARIES, AS DRAWN BY CERTAIN OF THEIR CONTEMPORARIRS.
HIS POLITICS, RELIGION, MORALS.
MR. Pope is an open and mortal enemy to his MR. Dryden is a mere renegado from monarchy, country and the commonwealth of learning'. poetry, and good sense". A true republican Some call hin a popish whig, which is directly son of monarchical church? A republican atheist!. inconsistent ? Pope, as a papist, must be a tory Dryden was from the beginning an kado góran and high Ayer! He is both whig and tory“. lns, and I doubt not will continue so to the last
· Dennis, Rem. on the Rape of the Lock, Pref.
p. xii. 'Milbourn on Dryden's Virgil, 8vo, 1698, p. 6.
2 Dunciad dissected. ? Pref. to Gulliveriana Pag. 38. Pag. 192. * Pag. 8.
Dennis, Character of Mr. P.
MR. DRYDEN ONLY A VERSIFIER.
MR. POPE ONLY A VERSIFIER.
In the poem called Absalom and Achitophel are He hath made it his custom to cackle to more notorionsly traduced, tbe king, the queen, the than one party in their own sentiments, lords and gentlemen, not only their honourable In his Miscellanies, the persons abused are, the persons exposed, but the whole nation and its re- king, the queen, his late majesty, both houses presentatives notoriously libelled. It is scandalum of parliament, the privy-council, the bench of magnatum yea of majesty itself'.
bishops, the established church, the present mi. He looks upon God's gospel as a foolish fable, nistry, &c. To make sense of some passages, like the Pope, to whom he is a pitiful purveyor?, they must be construed into royal scandal?. His very christianity may be questioned !. He ought He is a popish rhymester, bred up with a conto expect more severity than other men, as he is teinpt of the sacred writings! His religion alloys most unmerciful in his own reflections on others*: him to destroy heretics, not only with his pen, With as good a right as his holiness, he sets up for but with fire and sword; and such were all those poetical infallibility..
unhappy wits whom he sacrificed to his accursed popish principles. It deserved vengeance to
suggest, that Mr. Pope had less infallibility, than His whole libel is all bad matter, beautified his namesake at Rome. (which is all that can be said of it) with good metre. Mr. Dryden's genius did not appear in any thing The smooth numbers of the Dunciad are all that more than his versification, and whether he is recommend it, nor has it any other merit. It to be ennobled for that only is a question '.
must be owned that he hath got a notable nack of MR. DRYDEN'S VIRGIL.
rhyrning and writing smooth verse'.
MR. POPE'S HOMER, Tonson calls it Dryden's Virgil, to show that
The Homer which Lintot prints, does not talk this is not that Virgil so admired in the Augustan like Homer, but like Pope ; and he who translated age ; but a Virgil of another stamp, a silly, im- him, one would swear, had a bill in Tipperary pertinent, nonsensical writer. None but a Bavius, for bis Parnassus, and a puddle in some bog á Mævius, or a Bathyllus, carped at Virgil, for his Hippocrene. He has no admirers, and none but such unthinking vermin admire his among those that can distinguish, discern, and translator'. It is true, soft and easy lines might judge. become Ovid's Epistles or Art of Love--But Virgil,
He hath a knack at sinooth verse, but without who is all great and majestic, &c. requires strength either genius or good sense, or any tolerable knowof lines, weight of words, and closeness of expression ; not an ambling Muse running on carpet Homer are the beauties of his diction, and the
ledge of English. The qualities which distinguish ground, and shod as lightly as a Newmarket harinony of his versification—but this little author, racer.--He has numberless faults in his author's who is so much in vogue, has neither sense in his meaning, and in propriety of expression ''.
thoughts, nor English in his expressions 'o. MR. DRYDEN UNDERSTOOD NO GREEK NOR LATIN,
MR. POPE UNDERSTOOD NO GREEK. Mr. Dryden was once, I have heard, at West- He hath undertaken to translate Homer from minster school : Dr. Busby would have whipt him the Greek, of which he knows not one word, into for so childish a paraphrase". The meanest English, of which he understands as little1. I pedant in England would whip a lubber of twelve wonder how this gentleman would look, should it for construing so absurdly". The translator is
be discovered, that he has not translated ten verses mad: , every line betrays his stupidity's. The together in any book of Homer with justice to the faults are innumerable, and convince me that poet, and yet he dares reproach his fellow-writers Mr. Dryden did not, or would not understand his with not understanding Greek 12. He has stuck sa author * This shows how fit Mr. D. may be to little to his original as to have his knowledge in translate Homer ! A mistake in a single letter Greek called in question "3. I should be glad to might fall on the printer well enough, but sizwe know which it is of all Homer's excellencies which for ixwe must be the errour of the author : Nor had has so delighted the ladies, and the gentlemen who he art enough to correct it at the press 5. Mr. judge like ladies!4. Dryden writes for the court ladies-He writes for
But he has a notable talent at burlesque ; his the ladies, and not for use 16.
genius slides so naturally into it, that be bath
burlesqued Homer without designing it's. MR. DRYDEN TRICKED HIS SUBSCRIBERS. I wonder that any man, who could not but be
? Theobald, Letter in Mist's Journal, June 29, conscious of his own uufitness for it, should go to
1738. amuse the learned world with such an undertaking!
2 List, at the end of a Collection of Verses, Letters, A man ought to value his reputation more than Advertisements, 8vo. printed for A. Moore, 1728, money; and not to hope that those who
can read and the Preface to it, p. 6. ' Dennis's Remarks on for themselves, will be imposed upon, merely by
Homer, p. 27. * Preface to Gulliveriana, p. 11. The translator puts in a little burlesque now and
' Dedication to the Collection of Verses, Letter,
&c. p. 9. Whip and Key, 4to, printed for R. Janeway racter of Mr. P. and Dennis on Hom.
6 Mist's Journal of June 8, 1728. 1682. Pref.
& Dennis's p. 175. Pag. 39. Whip and Key, Pref. "Old- Remarks on Pope's Homer, p. 12.
• Ib. p. 14.
10Character of Mr.P. p. 17. and Remarkson Hom. mixon, Essay on Criticism, p. 84. Milbourne p. 2.
11 Dennis's Remarks on Homer, p. 12. Pag. 35. 10 Milb. p. 22, and 192. " Page 72. p. 91. " Pag. 203. 11 Pag. 78.
" Pag. 206.
Daily Jour. April 23, 1728. " Suppl. to the
Profound, Pref. 14 Oldmixon, Essay on Criticism,
is Dennis's Remarks, p. 28.
MR. POPE TRICKED HIS SUBCRIBERS
NAMES BESTOWED ON MR. POPE.
then into Virgil, for a ragout to his cheated sub-
It is indeed somewhat bold, and almost pro-
tations have been raised in proportion to what
their pockets have been drained of'. Pope has
been concerned in jobs, and hired out his name to
An Ape.] Let us take the initial letter of his
christian name, and initial and final letters of his
surname, riz. A P E, and they give you the same
idea of an ape as his face', &c.
An Ass.] It is my duty to pull off the lion's skin
A Frog.) A squab short gentleman--a little
creature that, like the frog in the fable, swells,
and is angry that it is not allowed to be as big as an
A Coward.) A lurking, way-laying coward“.
A Knave.] He is one whom God and Nature have
A Fool.) Great fools will be christened by the
names of great poets, and Pope will be called
A Thing. ) A little abject thing'.
OF PERSONS CELEBRATED IN THIS POEM.
The first number shows the book, the second the
Benson, William, Esq. iji. 325. iv. 110.