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Another (for in all what one can shine?)
Impale a glow-worm, or vertù profess, Explains the seve and verdeur of the vine.
Shine in the dignity of F. R. S.
570 What cannot copious sacrifice atone >
Some, deep free-masons, join the silent race Thy treufles, Perigord ! thy hams, Bayonne ? Worthy to fill Pythagoras's place : With French libation, and Italian strain,
Some botanists, or floris's at the least,
Rose a Gregorian, one a Gormogon,
Next, bidding all draw near on bended knees, Then blessing all, “ Go, children of my care! The queen confers her titles and degrees.
To practice now from theory repair.
580 Her children first of more distinguish'd sort, Who study Shakespeare at the inns of court,
reality, a gentleman only of the Dunciad; or, to
speak him better, in the plain language of our ending in a filthy beast. But here is the difficulty, honest ancestors to such mushrooms, a gentleman why pigeons in so shocking a shape should be of the last edition : who nobly eluding the solicibrought to a table. Hares indeed might be cut tude of his careful father, very early retained into larks at a second dressing, out of frugality: himself in the cause of Dulness against Shakeyet that seems no probable inotive, when we con- speare, and with the wit and learning of his ansider the extravagance before-mentioned, of dis- cestor Tom Thimble in the Rehearsal, and with solving whole oxen and boars into a small vial of the air of good nature and politeness of Caliban in jelly; nay it is expressly said, that all fesh is the Tempest, hath now happily finished the nothing in his sight. I have searched in Apicius, Dunce's progress, in personal abuse. For a libelPliny, and the feast of Trimalchio, in vain; i ler is nothing but a Grub-strect critic run can only resolve it into some mysterious super
seed. stitious rite, as it is said so be done by a priest,
Lamentable is the dulness of these gentlemen and soon after called a sacrifice, attended (as all an- of the Dunciad. This Fungoso and his friends, cient sacrifices were)with libation and song. --Seribl. who are all gentlemen, have exclaimed much
This good scholiast, not being acıquainted with against us for reflecting his birth, in the words, modern luxury, was ignorant that these were only a gentleman of the last edition,” which we the miracles of French cookery, and that par- hereby declare concern not his birth, but his ticularly Pigeons en crapeau were a common adoption only : and mean no more than that he dish.
is become a gentleman of the last edition of the Ver. 556. Seve and verileur] French terms re
the Dunciad. Since gentlerden, then, are so caplating to wines, which signify their flavour and trous, we think it proper to declare that Mr. poignancy.
Thomas Thimble, who is here said to be Mr. Et je gagerois que chez le commandeur,
Thomas Edwards's ancestor, is only related to
bim by the Muse's side.--Seribl. Villandri priseroit sa seve et sa verdeur.
This tribe of men, which Scriblerus has bere St. Evremont has a very pathetie letter to a noble-inirably characterized in that happy line,
so well exemplifierl, our poet hath elsewhere adman in disgrace, advising him to seek comfort in a good table, and particularly to be attentive to
A brain of feathers, and a heart of lead. these qualities in his chainpaigne.
For the satire extends much farther than to the Ver. 560. Bladen--Hays) Names of gamesters. person who occasioned it, and takes in the wlule Bladen is a black man. Robert Knight, cashier i species of those on wlion a good education (to tit of the South-Sea company, who tied from Eug- them for some useful and learned profession) has land in 1790. (afterwards pardoned in 1742).-- been bestowed in vain. That worthlı ss band These lived with the utmost magnificence at Paris, Of ever-listless loiterers, that attend and kept open tables frequented by persons of the No cause, no trust, no duty, and no friend; first quality in England, and even by princes of U'ho, with an understanding too dissipated and the blood of France.
futile for the offices of civil life ; and a heart too Ibid. Blarlen, &c.] The former note of “ Bladen lumpishi
, narrow, and contracted for those of sois a black man,” is very absurd. The manuscript cial, become fit for nothing: and so turn wits and here is partly obliterated, and doubtless could crities, where sense and civility are neither reonly have been, wash blackmoors white, alluding quired nor expected. to a known proverb.-Scribl.
Ver. 571. Some, deep free-masons, join the Ver. 567.
silent race) The port all along expresses a very Her children first of more distinguish'd sort,
particular concern for this silent race. He has Who study Shakespare ai the inns of court.)
here provider, that in case they will not saken Ill would that scholiast discharge his duty, who or open (as was before proposed) tu a humuing. should neglect to honour those whom Dulness has bird or a cochle, yet at worst they may be diile distinguished : or suffer them to lie forgotten, free-inasons; where taciturnity is the only esseite w' en 'eir rare potesty would have left them tjal qualitication, as it was the chief of the disnaineless. let us not, therefore, overlook the ciples of Pythagoras. Strices which have been done her cause, by one Ver. 576. A Gregorian, one a Gorinogon, ] 1 Mr. Thomas Clwards, a gentleman, as he is sort of lay-brothers, slips from the root of the pleased to call himselt, of Lincoln's-inn ; but, in free-masons.
All my commands are easy, short, and full : Tyrant supreme ! shall three estates command, My sons ! be proud, be selfish, and be dull. And make one mighty Dunciad of the land !" Guard my prerogative, assert my throne :
More she had spoke, but yawn'd-All nature This nod confirms each privilege your own.
What mortal can resist the yawn of gods ? [nods : The cap and switch be sacred to his grace : Churches and chapels instantly it reach'd : With staff and pumps the marquis leads the race; (St. James's first, for leaden G- preach'd) From stage to stage the licens'd earl may run,
Then catch'd the schools; the hall scarce kept Pair'd with his fellow charioteer the Sun;
awake; The learned baron butterflies design,
The convocation gap'd, but could not speak: 610 Or draw to silk Aracbne's subtile line; 590 Lost was the nation's sense, nor could be found, The judge to dance his brother sergeant call ; While the long solemn unison went round : The senator at cricket urge the ball;
Wide, and more wide, it spread o'er all the realm; The bishop stow (pontific luxury!)
Ev'n Palinurus nodded at the helm : An hundred souls of turkeys in a pve;
The vapour mild o'er each committee crept; The sturdy squire to Gallic masters stoop,
Unfinish'd treaties in each office slept;
Ver. 606. What mortal can resist the yawn
of gods?] This verse is truly Homerical ; as is the
conclusion of the action, where the great mother And, nobly conscious, princes are but things
composes all, in the same manner as Minerva at Born for first ininisters, as slaves for kings,
the period of the Odyssey.--It may indeed seem
a very singular epitasis of a poem, to end as REMARKS.
this does, with a great yawn; but we must conVer. 584. each privilege your own, &c.] This sider it as the yawn of a god, and of powerful speech of Dulness to her sons at parting may pos- effects. It is not out of nature, most long and sibly fall short of the reader's expectation; who grave counsels concluding in this very manner : may imagine the goddess might give them a nor without authority, the incomparable Spenser charge of more consequence, and, from such a having ended one of the most considerable of his theory as is before delivered, incite them to the works with a roar; but then it is the roar of a practice of something more extraordinary, than lion, the effects whereof are described as the catato personate running footmen, jockeys, stage- strophe of the poem. coachmen, &c.
Ver. 607. Churches and chapels, &c.] The But if it be well considered, that whatever in progress of this yawn is judicious, natural, and clination they might have to do mischief, her sons worthy to be noted. First it seizeth the churches are generally rendered harmless by their inability; and chapels; then catcheth the schools, where, and that it is the common efect of Dulness (even though the boys be unwilling to sleep, the masters in her greatest efforts) to defeat her own design; the are not : Next Westminster-hall, much more hard poet, I am persuaded, will be justilied, and it will be indeed to subdue, and not totally put to silence allowed that these worthy persons, in their several even by the goddess : Then the convocation, ranks, do as much as can be expected from them. which though extremely desirous to speak, yet
Ver. 585. The cap and switch, &c.] The god- cannot : Even the house of commons, justly called dess's political balance of favour, in the distribu- the sense of the nation, is lost (that is to say sustion of her rewards, deserves our notice. It con- rended) during the yawn; (far be it from our sists of joining with those honours claimed by birth
anthor to suggest it could be lost any longer!) and high place, others more adapted to the ge- but it spreadseth at large over all the rest of the nins and talents of the candidates. And thus her kingdom, to such a degree, that Palinurus himgreat forerunner, John of Leyden, king of Munself (though as incapable of sleeping as Jupiter) ster, entered on his government, by making his vet noddeth for a moment; the effect of which, ancient friend and companion, Knipperdolling, though ever so momentary, could not but cause general of his horse and hanzman. And had but some relaxation for the time, in all public fortune seconded his great schemes of Reforina atlairs.---Scribl. tion, it is said, he would have established his Ver. 610. The convocation gap'd, but could whole household on the same reasonable footing. not speak ;] lvplying a great desire so to do, as -Scribl.
the learnell scholiast on the place rightly observes Ver. 590. Arachne's subtile lines] This is on Therefore beware, reader, lest thou take this gape of the most ingenious employments assigned, and for a yawn, which is attended with no desire but therefore recommended only to peers of learning.
to go to rest, by no means the disposition of the Of weaving stuckings of the webs of spiders, see
convocation ; whose melancholy case in short is the Phil. Trans.
this: she was, as is reported, infected with the Ver. 591. The judge to dance his brother ser. general influence of the goddess; and while she geant (all ;) Alluding perhaps to th:t ancient and was yawning carelessly at her ease, a wanton solemn dance, entitled, A call of sergeants.
courtier took her at advantage, and in the very Ver. 598. Teach kings to fiIdle,] An ancient
nick clap'l a gay into her chops. Well therefore amusement of sovereign princrs, (viz.) Achilles,
may we know her meaning by her gaping; ands Alexander, Nero; though despised by Themi
this distressful posture our poet here describes, stocles, who was a republican-Make senates just as she stands at this day, a sad example of dance, either after their prince, or to Puntoise',
the effects of Dulness and Malice unchecked, and or Siberia.
despised. -- Bentl.
And chicfless armies doz'd out the campaign! As Argus' eyes, by Hermes' wand opprest, And navies yawn'd for orders on the main.
Clos'd one by one to everlasting rest; O Muse! relate (for you can tell alone, Thus at her felt approach, and secret might, Wits have short memories, and Dunces none) 620 Art after art goes out, and all is night: Relate, who first, who last resign'd to rest; See skulking Truth to her old cavern fied, Whose heads she partly, whose completely blest; Mountains of casuistry beap'd o'er her head ! What charms could faction, what ambition lull, Philosophy, that lean'd on Heaven before, The venal quiet, and entrance the dull;
Shrinks to her second cause, and is no more. Till drown'd was sense, and shame, and right, and Physic of Metaphysic begs defence, wrong
And Metaphysic calls for aid on Sense ! O sing, and hush the nations with thy song ! Sec Mystery to Mathematics fly ! * * * * *
In vain! they gaze, turn giddy, rave, and In vain, in vain, the all-composing hour
die, - Resistless falls: the Muse obeys the power.
Religion blushing veils her sacred fires, She comes ! she comes ! the sable throne bebold And unawares Morality expires.
630 Of Night primeval, and of Chaos old ! 630 Nor public flame, nor private dares to shine: Before her, Fancy's gilded clouds decay,
Nor human spark is left, nor glimpse divine ! And all its varying rain-bows die away.
Lo! thy dread empire, Chaos! is restor'd Wit shoots in vain its momentary fires,
Light dies before tby uncreating word : The meteor drops, and in a flash expires.
Thy hand, great Anarch ! lets the curtain fall; As one by one at dread Medea's strain,
And universal darkness buries all.
Ver. 643, in the former edit. it stood thus :
were written many years ago, and may be found in the state Philosophy, that reach'd the Hearens before, poems of that time. So that Scriblerus is mis
Shrinks to her hidden cause, and is no more. taken, or whoever else have imagired this poem And this was intended as a censure of the Newto. of a fresher date.
njan philosophy. For the poet had been misled Ver. 620. Wits bare short memories,] This by the prejudices of foreigners, as if that philor seems to be the reason why the poets, where they sophy had recurred to the occult qualities of Arigive us a catalogue, constantly call for help on stotle. This was the idea he received of it from the Muses, who, as the daughters of memory, a man educated much abroad, who had read etery are obliged not to forget any thing. So Homer, thing, but every thing superficially. Had his Iliad ji.
excellent friend Dr. A. been consulted in this Πληθυν δ' ουκ αν μυθήσομαι ουδ' όνομήνω,
matter, it is certain that so unjust a reflection Ει μη Ολυμπιάδες Μούσαι, Διός αιγιόχειο
had never discredited so noble a satire. When I Θυγατέρες, μνησαία
binted to him how be had been imposed upon, he
changed the lines with great pleasure into a comAnd Virgil, n. vii. Et meministis eniin, divze, et memorare potestis: nins, and a satire on the folly by which he the
pliment (as they now stand) on that divine geAd nos vix tenuis tamæ perlabitur aura.
poet hinself had been misled. But our poet had yet another reason for putting this task upon the muse, that, all besicles being asleep, she only could relate what passed.-- Scribl.
Ver. 641. Truth to her old cavern fed.) Allude Ver. 624. The renal quiet, and, &c.) It were ing to the saying of Dennocritus, that “ Truth a problem worthy the solution of Mr. Ralph and lay at the button of a deep well, from whence his patrun, who had lights that we know nothing he had drawn her:” though Butler says, “ He of, which required the greatest cffort of our
first put her in, before he drew her out. goldess's power, to intrance the dull, or to quiet the Per. 649. Religion blushing Veils her sacred venal. For though the venal may be more unruly
fires,] Plushing as well at the memory of the past than the dull. yet, on the other hand, it deinandis overflow of Dulness, when the barbarous learning a much greater expense of her virtue to intrance of so many ages was wholly employed in corrupte than barely to quiet.---Scribl.
ing the simplicity, and deliling the purity of ree Ver. 629. She comes ! she comes ! &c.] Here ligion, as at the view of these her false supports the Muse, like Jove's eagle, after a sudden stoop in the present; of which it would be endless to at ignoble game, soareth again to the skies. recount the particulars. However, amidst the prophecy hath evrs been one of the chief pro-extinction of all other lights, she is said only to vinces of poesy, our poet here foretells from what
withdraw hers! as liers alone in its own nature is we feel, what we are to fear; and in the strle of unextinguishable and eternal. other prophets, hath used the future tense for the
Ver. 650, And wuawares morality expires.] It preterit : since what he says shall be, is already appears from hence that our poet was of to be seen, in the writings of some even of our
feriut sentiments from the author of the Cha. most adored anthors, in divinity, philosophy, racteristics, who has written a formal treatise on physics, metaphysies, átes who are too good in virtue, to prove it not only real but durable, with. dead to be named in such company.
ont the support of religion. The word unasares Ibid. The sable throne behold] The sable allues to the confidence of those men, who supthrones of Night and Chaos, here representer as
pose that morality would flourish best wit:ont it, advancing to extinguish the light of the sciences, and consequently to the surprise such would be in the first place, blor out the colours of faney, i (if any such these arr) who index lore virtue, and damp the fire of wit, before they proceed to land set do all they can to rout out the religion of their work.
PREFIXED TO THE FIVE FIRST IMPERFECT EDITIONS
OF THE DUNCIAD, IN THREE BOOKS, PRINTED AT particles, being instigated by the spirit of pride,
DUBLIN AND LONDON, IN OCTAVO AND DUODE and assuming to themselves the name of critics and restorers, have taken upon them to adulterate
THE PUBLISHER TO THE READER. the common and current sense of our glorious Ir will be found a true observation, though someancestors, poets of this realm, by clipping, coining, defacing the images, mixing their own base
what surprising, that when any scandal is vented alloy, or otherwise falsifying the same; which against a man of the highest distinction and cha. they publish, utter, and vend as genuine : The racter, either in the state or literature, the public said haberdashers having no right thereto, as
in general afford it a most quiet reception : and neither heirs, executors, adıninistrators, assigns,
the larger part accept it as favourably as if it were or in any sort related to such poets, to all or any
some kindness done to themselves: whereas if a of them : Now, we having carefully revised this
known scoundrel or blockhead but chanced to be our Dunciad', beginning with the words “The
touched upon, a whole legion is up in arms, and mighty Mother,”and ending with the words “buries
it becomes the common cause of all scriblers, bookalt,” containing the entire sum of one thousand sellers, and printers whatsoever. seven hundred and fifty-four verses, declare every word, figure, point, and comma of this impres
* The publisher] Who he was is uncertain; but sion to be authentic :' And do therefore strictly
Edward Ward tells us, in his preface to Durgen, enjoin and forbid any person or persons whatso
“ that most judges are of opinion this preface is erer, to erase, reverse, put between hooks, or by
not of English extraction, but Hibernian," &c. any other means, directly or indirectly, change or
He means it was written by Dr. Swift, who, whemangle any of them. And we do hereby earnestly ther publisher or not, inay be said in a sort to be exhort all our brethren to follow this our example, Mr. Pope (for reasons specified in the preface to
author of the poem. For when he, together with which we heartily wish our great predecessors had heretofore set, as a remedy and prevention of all
their Miscellanies) determined to own the most such abuses. Provided always, that nothing in trifling pieces in which they had any hand, and to this declaration shall be construed to limit the destroy all that remained in their power; the first lawful and undoubted right of every subject of this
sketch of this poem was snatched froin the fire realm, to judge, censure, or condemn, in the by Dr. Swift, who persuaded his friend to proceed whole or in part, any poem or poet whatso
in it, and to him it was therefore inscribed. But
There was published in those Miscellanies, a
day of January, in the year of our Lord Poetry, in which was a chapter, where the species one thousand seven hundred thirty and of bad writers were ranged in classes, and initial
letters of names prefixed, for the most part at Declarat cor me,
random. But such was the number of poets emiJohn Barber, mayor.
nent in that art, that some one or other took
every letter to himself. All fell into so violent a Read thus confidently, instead of “ beginning fory, that for half a year, or more, the common with the word books, and ending with the word
news-papers (in most of which they had some thies," as formerly it stood : Read also,
property, as being hired writers) were filled with taining the entire sum of one thousand seven hun
the most abusive falsehoods and scurrilities they dred and fifty-four verses,” instead of “ one thou
could possibly devise; a liberty no ways to be sand and twelre lines ;" such being the initial
wondered at in those people, and in those papers, and final words, and such the true and entire con
that, for many years, during the uncontrolled
license of the press, had aspersed almost all the Thou art to know, reader' that the first edin
great characters of the age ; and this with impution thereof, like that of Milton, was never seen
nity, their own persons and names being utterly by the antbor (though living and not blind). The
secret and obscure. This gave Mr. Pope the editor himself confessed as much in his preface: thought, that he had now some opportunity of and no two poems were ever published in so arbi- doing good, by detecting and dragging into light trary a manner. The editor of this had as boldly validate this universal slander, it sufficed to show
these common enemies of mankind ; since to insuppressed whole passages, yea the entire last buuk, as the editor of Paradise Lost added and
what contemptible men were the authors of it. aumented. Milton himself gave but ten books,
Je was not without hopes, that by manifesting his cditor twelve; this author gave four books,
the dulness of those who had only malice to recomhis editor only-three. But we have happily done
mend them ; either the booksellers would not find justice to buth ; and presume we shall live, in this
their account in employing them, or the inen our last labour, as long as in any of our others, -
themselves, when discovered, want courage to
tents of this poem.
Not to search too deeply into the reason hereof, | pity) there is certainly nothing in his style and I will only observe as a fact, that every week for manner of writing', which can distinguish or disthese two months past, the town has been per cover him: For if it bears any resemblance to secuted with pamphlets', advertisements, letters, that of Mr. Pope, it is not improbable but it and weekly essays, not only against the wit and might be done on purpose, with a view to have it writings, but against the character and person pass for his. But by the frequency of his alloof Mr. Pope. And that of all those men who sions to Virgil, and a laboured (not to say afica have received pleasure from his works, which by ted) shortness in imitation of bim, I should thjuk modest computation may be about a hundred him more an admirer of the Roman poet than of thousand ? in these kingdoms of England and Ire- the Grecian, and in that not of the same taste with land (not to mention Jersey, Guernsey, the Orca- his friend. des, those in the new world, and foreigners who I have been well informed, that this work was have translated him into their languages); of all the labour of full six years of his life?, and that this number not a man hath stood up to say one he wholly retired himself from all the avocations word in his defence.
and pleasures of the world, to attend diligently to The only exception is the author of the follow- its correction and perfection; and six years more ing poem, who doubtless bad either a better in- he intended to bestow upon it, as would seem bog sight into the grounds of this clainour, or a better this verse of Statius, which was cited at the bead opinion of Mr. Pope's integrity, joined with a of his manuscript : greater personal love for him, than any other of O mihi bissenos multum vigilata per annos, his numerous friends and admirers.
Duncia !! Farther, that he was in his peculiar intimacy, appears from the knowledge he manifests of the which with the saine certainty as we call that of
Hence also we learn the true title of the prem: must private authors of all the anonymous pieces Homer the Wiad, of Virgil the Æneid, of Camoens against him, and from his having in this poein attacked no man living", who had not before
the Lusiad, we may pronounce, could have been, printed, or published some scandal against this and can be, no other than gentleman.
How I came possest of it, is no concern to the reader: but it would have been a wrong to him with respect to its nature, which according to the
It is styled heroic, as being doubly so; not only had I detained the publication ; since those names wbich are its chief ornainenis die off daily so fast, the moterns, is critically such ; but also with re.
best rules of the ancients, and strictest ideas of as must render it too soon unintelligible. If il gard to the heroical disposition and high courage provoke the author to give us a more perfect edi- of the writer, who dared to stir up such a formition, I have my end. Who he is I cannot say, and (which is a great tals.
dable, irritable, and implacable race of more
There may arise some obscurity in chronology thought it an happiness, that hy the late flood of from the names in the poem, by the inevitable reslander on himself, he had acquired such a pe- moval of some authors, and insertion of others in culiar rignt over their names as was necessary to their niches. For whoever will consider the imity his design.
of the whole design, will be sensible, that the * Pamphlets, advertisements, &c.] See the List poem was not made for these authors, but these of those anonymous papers, with their dates and authors annexed, inserted before the poem.
There is certainly nothing in his style, &c.] 2 About a hundred thousand) It is surprizing
This irony had small effect in concealing the with what stupidity this preface, which is almost author. The Dunciad, imperfect as it was, had a continued irony, was taken by those authors.
not been published two days, but the whole town All such passages as these were understood by gave it to Mr. Pope.
2 The labour of full six years, &c.] This also Cnrll, Cook, Cibber, and others, to be serious. Hear the laurea te (Letter to Mr. Pope, p. 9.)
was honestly and seriously beliered by divers “ Though I grant the Dunciad a better poem
gentlemen of the Dunciad. of
J. Ralph, prof. to its kind than ever was writ; yet, when I read
" We are told it was the labour of six
Sawney. it with those vain-glorious encuinbrances of Notes years, with the utmost assiduity and application : and Remarks upon it, &c.-it is amazing, that
It is no great compliment to the anthor's sense, to you, who have writ with such masterly spirit bave employed so large a part of his life, &c."
So also Ward, pref to Durgen, “ 'The Dunciad, upon the ruling passion, should be so blind a slave to your own, as
to see how far a
as the publisher very wisely confesses, cost the low avarice of praise,” &c. (taking it for granted author six years retirement from all the pleathat the notes of Scriblerus and others, were the conceive, from cither its bulk or beauty, that it
sures of life; though it is somewhat difficult to author's own.)
could be so long in hatching, &c. But the 3 The author of the following poem, &c.] A
length of time and closeness of application were very plain irony, speaking of Mr. Pope himself.
Inentioned, to prepossess the reader with a good * The publisher in these words went a little too opinion of it." far; but it is certain, whatever james the reader They just as well understood what Scriblerus fiinds that are unknown to him, are of snch; and said of the poem. the exception is only of two or three, whose dul- The prefacer to Curli's Kry, p. 3. took this word ness, impudent : urrility, or self.conceit, all man to be really in Stati'is; “ By a quibble on the word kind acreed to have justly entitled them to a Dancia, the Duncind is forined." Mr. Ward also place in the Dunciad.
fu lous bim in the samne opinion.