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generations wonld forsake the beaten road, and makes'uch improvements as the genius of the times dictated; since that period, the learned languages have been supplied by French and Italian; a knowledge of them being only required for the schoolmaster. Can it then be supposed, that a person can answer so correctly in a language that is scarcely used, as in his vernacular tongue. The elegant and correct prescriptions of a number of Licentiates prove, what kind of examination they must have undergone, and render any observation unnecessary on the inutility of such Latin examinations. Since the admission of some Fellows of the College, into the court, they have lately become more vigilant, in whatever relates to their advantage. The Harveian orations, and good dinners, are kept up; in the latter of which they have displayed more liberality than in the former. Many Physicians who had obtained diplomas from Scotch Colleges, have been summoned and many put to flight; even the enlightened author of the Philosophy of Medicine, and the Temple of Flora has not escaped their attacks. These active members may be disappointed men, and therefore, by hanassiug what they term irregular practitioners, some of whom have wives and children crying for their daily bread, they may have expected to obtain their patients; this is worthy of a, Diogenes, who reasoned himself out of human affection. These members hold public appointments, (which brought their predecessors into fame,) without obtaining public confidence; and they may have the mortification of giving lectures to a class of three pupils. If this be the case, it makes some allowance for them; as they grow older may they grow wiser! They have lately agitated the question, whether they can prevent Apothecaries attending patients; but they shortly thought proper to decline any interference with them; the iron was too hot; they know that Physicians must depend upon Apothecaries for their recommendation, or all their academic honours toll their curfew. By the act of union between England and Scotland, the universities of each kingdom are placed on equal footings; and a graduate of England, and a graduate of Scotland, have an undoubted right to practise in any part of Great Britain, be their diplomas obtained how they may; for it is expressly stated in every diploma, that the graduate has "full license and authority for exercising his profession, delivering lectures, teaching and explaining the art of physic all over the world; and we also confer upon him by virtue of this public instrument, all the privileges, immunities, and honours annexed to that degree, in their utmost extent, according to the form, spirit, and intention of the statutes of this College and University." Here we shall make an observation, worthy even of Mr. Garrow's attention; when the charters were granted to the Royal College, Scotland was an independent empire, had her kings, and her crown, distinct from England; she was a neighbouring nation, enjoying the full possession of her natural rights; and on her union with England, she forfeited no natural right: the intention of the union, was to give more permanent security to Scotland; in fact, the union was nothing less than an admission of the people of Scotland into a full and equal enjoyment of the privileges attached to the British Empire. And we contend, that the act of union, as far as relates to the privileges of one body, and the privileges of another are coequal, and that the union virtually supersedes every act of Parliament militating against the full and equal enjoyment of those rights; for it might as well be contended, that a Scotchman imprisoned in England, had no right if his case admitted of it, to plead for the privileges granted by Habeas Corpus, because he was a Scotchman; or, that a Scotchman arrested for debt in England, could not be bailed because he was a Scotchman. Hence we contend, that a Scotch Doctor has an equal right with an English Doctor to practise whereever he pleases to pitch his tent. If in our judgment we err not, we strongly recommend every graduate of Scotland, to file a bill for the recovery of the money their diplomas cost; for of what utility is their diploma, if that diplom.-. protects them not from these insults; if by virtue of that diploma, granted by a body of men legally possessed of power, and congregated expressly for the purpose, they cannot practise in the metropolis of their empire; we say, let them drop the title for a time, file a bill against the universities, and let the universities contend for their own prerogatives. Dare the London College stand the contest? no; we call upon the Dukes of Montrose and Gordon, and the other Scotch Peers, Chancellors of the Scotch Universities, to protect their members from insult; as children look to their parents for protection, so do the Scotch graduates look to you; and if ignorant men have unfortunately become associates of your Colleges, reflect, it is better that ten thieves escape, than one honest man should suffer. In them you will find competitors bold enough to oppose you, and sufficiently wealthy to contend the right; there will be the fulcrum for the lever, by which we are to shake your mighty Colossus. Montesquieu declares, the English is the only nation in the world, where civil or political liberty is the direct end of the constitution. Had that enlightened author read the fulminating addresses of the Royal College, he would have said, one solitary except tion only exists in this salutary constitution, nor do I think he would have said, that that legitimately exists; in short, we are of opinion that the designs, and the rojects of the Royal College, from its first formation, have been ambitious and aspiring. Does not the happiness of man, depend upon the security his government affords him, from the incursive and hostile attacks of another? The British Government then protects every class of individuals, but the graduates of Scotland! The graduates of Scotland are left to the protracted spleen of the Royal College, who, in the plenitude of their power seem to have determined the annihilation of every university but their own three. Why admit the Irish graduate, and not the Scotch? the one had a lawful claim, the other by courtesy only; for Scotland was a part of England: Ireland, before the Union, was a distinct kingdom, though governed by the same King. Ireland had not the same Parliament; Ireland had no participation of British rights, in common with Britons; for in fact, she was a separate and independent empire; but Scotland was virtually a part, and of course possessed to their full extent, every privilege a Briton can enjoy. Hence then follows an incontrovertible proposition, that the interdictions of the Royal College against Scotch graduates, are a violence to the constitution, and incompatible with the dignity of the British empire. If restrictions are found requisite, let their commencement be in futuro; let them not be partial, but operate equally on the whole, and if proof exists of ignorant men having obtained their diploma by false

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