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mises, which will be contrary to the true intent and meaning of a certain Act of Parliament made in the sixth year of the reign of our late ro) al great grandfather King George the First, intituled, "An Act for the better securing certain powers and privileges intended to be granted by His Majesty, by two charters for assurance of ships and merchandizes at sea, and for lending money upon bottomry, and for restraining several extravagant and unwarrantable practices therein mentioned;" or in case the said power, privileges, or authority, shall at any time hereafter become vested in, or in trust for, more than the number of five persons, or their representatives at any one time (reckoning executors, or administrators, as, and for the single person whom they represent, as to such interest as they are, or shall be entitled to in right of such their testator, or intestator. That then, and in any of the said cases, these our Letters Patent, and all liberties and advantages whatsoever hereby granted, shall utterly cease, determine, and become void, any thing herein-before contained to the contrary thereof, in anywise, notwithstanding. Provided also, that if the said William Barclay shall not particularly describe arid ascertain the nature of his said invention, and in what manner the same is to be performed by an instrument in writing under his hand and seal, and cause the same to be inrolled in our High Court of Chancery, within six calendar months next, and immediately after the date of these our Letters Patent; that then these our Letters Patent, and all liberties and advantages whatsoever hereby granted, shall utterly cease, determine, and become void, any thing herein-before contained to the contrary thereof, in anywise, notwithstanding. And Lastly, we do by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, grant unto the said William Barclay, his executors, administrators and assigns, that these our Letters Patent, or the inrolment or exemplification thereof, shall be in and by all things, good, firm, valid, sufficient and effectual in the law, according to the true intent and meaning thereof, and shall be taken, construed and adjudged in the most favourable and beneficial sense for the best advantage of the said William Barclay, his executors, administrators and assigns, as well in all our courts of record, as elsewhere, and by all and singular, the officers and ministers whatsoever, of us, our heirs and successors, in that part of our said united Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, called England,, our Dominion of Wales and Town of Berwick upon Tweed, aforesaid; and amongst all and every the subjects of ys, our. heirs and successors, whatsoever and wheresoever, notwithstanding the not full and certain describing the nature or quality of the said invention, or of the materials thereto conducing and belonging. In Witness, &c.
"May it please your most excellent
"this contains your Majesty's grant unto William Barclay, of Manchester Buildings, in the Parish of St. Margaret, in the City of Westminster, Clerk, of the sole use, benefit and advantage of his invention of a certain medicinal compound, called "The Rev. Mr. Barclay's Antibilious Deobstruent Pills," which in their use have proved far superior to any medicine yet discovered, for the safe and effectual expulsion of the bile and bilious obstructions, so Fatal in their effects to mankind in general, to hold to him, his executors, administrators and assigns, within England, Wales, and the Town of Berwick upon Tweed, for the term of fourteen years, according to the statute in that case made and provided; provided that he does within six calendar months from the date of the grant hereby intended, cause a particular description of the nature of his said invention, and in what manner the same is to be performed, by writing under his hand and seal, to be inrolled in your High Court of Chancery; otherwise, your Majesty's said grant to be void; and all such clauses, prohibitions and provisoes are herein inserted, as are usual and necessary in grants of the like nature, and this bill is prepared
By Warrant, under your Majesty's
royal sign manual. Countersigned by
We do not discover any thing in the recipe that can entitle the Rev. Mr. Barclay to the privileges of a patent. It exhibits nothing new! nothing like an original invention! The combination of colocynth, scammony, and resin of jalap with aromatic oils, is so common a domestic recipe, that a copy of it may be found in almost every druggist's shop in the kingdom. No boy that has been a servant in such shop a year, but is conversant with its composition. Upon what ground then could the proprietor found his claim to the protection or privilege of a patent! or the legislature grant it?
We have observed paragraphs in the daily papers, complimenting the Rev. Proprietor on his great chemical knowledge. A very superficial acquaintance with common pharmaceutical chemistry would have taught him, that a composition of soap and emetic tartar was unchemical: that the alkali of the soap would decompose the emetic tartar, and render it nearly inert!
The ancient physicians were much in the habit of prescribing scammony or aloes, combined with the castile or almond soap, from the supposition that soap promoted the solution of resinous and other substances in the stomach. This idea, future experience has proved erroneous; for it has been found, that the acid in the stomach, by destroying the alkali of the soap, and separating the fat or oil, resinous substances are rendered more difficult to dissolve, and of course their operation retarded, and violent cholicky pains thereby produced. The medicine would therefore in our opinion be much improved by the omission of the soap.
The salutary effects of the patent antibilious pills, he asserts, are produced by their purging the system of bile, which he artfully terms an "intes