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than one from the tusks of a boar, as the old rhyme but honourable, among hostile tribes, to commst testifies:

depredations on one another; and these habits of If thou be hurt with hart, it brings thee to thy bier;

the age were perhaps strengthened in this district, But barber's hand will boar's hurt heal, therefore thou by the circumstances which have been mentionella needst not fear.

It bordered on a country, the inhabitants of which, At all times, however, the task was dangerous, while they were richer, were less warlike than and to be adventured upon wisely and warily, they, and widely differenced by language and maneither by getting behind the stag while he was ners.” Graham's Sketches of Scenery in Perthgazing on the hounds, or by watching an opportu- shire. Edin. 1806, p. 97. nity to gallop roundly in upon him, and kill him

The reader will therefore be pleased to rememwith the sword. See many directions to this pur-ber, that the scene of this poem is laid in a time, pose in the Booke of Hunting, chap. 41. Wilson When tooming faulds, or sweeping of a glen, the historian has recorded a providential escape

Had still been held the deed of gallant men. which befel him in this hazardous sport, while a 6. A gray-baired sire, whose eye intent youth and follower of the earl of Essex.

Was on the visioned future bent.-P. 127. “Sir Peter Lee, of Lime, in Cheshire, invited force of evidence could authorise us to bemy lord one summer, to hunt the stagg. And hav- lieve facts inconsistent with the general laws of ing a great stagg in chase, and many gentlemen in nature, enough might be produced in favour of the the pursuit, the stagg took soyle. And divers, existence of the second sight. It is called in Gaelic whereof I was one, alighted, and stood with swords Taishitaraugh, from Taish, and unreal or shadrawne, to have a cut at him, at his coming out of dowy appearance; and those possessed of the faculthe water. The staggs there being wonderfully ty are called Taishatrin, which may be apuly fierce and dangerous, made us youths more eager translated visionaries. Martin, a steady believer to be at him. But he escaped us all; and it was in the second sight, gives the following account my misfortune to be hindered of my coming nere of it: him, the way being slipperie, by a fall; which gave “ The second sight is a singular faculty, of seeoccasion to some, who did not know mee, to speaking an otherwise invisible object, without any preas if I had falne for feare. Which being told me, vious means used by the person that used it, for I left the stagg, and followed the gentleman who that end; the vision makes such a lively impres(first] spake it. But I found him of that cold tem-sion upon the seers, that they neither see, nor think per, that it seems his words made an escape from of any thing else, except the vision, as long as it him; as by his denial and repentance it appeared. continues; and then they appear pensive or jovial, But this made mee more violent in the pursuit of according to the object which was represented to the stagg, to recover my reputation. And I hap- them. pened to be the only horseman in when the doggs “ At the sight of a vision, the eyelids of the per sett him up at bay; and approaching near him on son are erected, and the eyes continue staring unhorsebacke, he broke through the dogs and ran til the object vanish. This is obvious to others at mee, and tore my horse's side with his hornes, who are by, when the persons happen to see a close by my thigh. Then I quitted my horse, and vision, and occurred more than once to my own grew more cunning, (for the doggs had sette him observation, and to others that were with me. up againe,) stealing behind him with my sword, “ There is one in Skie, of whom his acquainand cut his ham-strings; and then got upon his tance observed, that when he sees a vision, the ire back, and cut his throate; which, as I was doing, ner part of his eyelids turns so far upwards, that the company came in, and blamed my rashness for after the object disappears, he must draw them running such a hazard.”-Peck's Desiderata Cu- down with his fingers, and sometimes employ riosa, ii, 464.

others to draw them down, which he finds to be 4. And now, to issue from the glen,

the much easier way. No pathway meets the wanderer's ken,

“ This faculty of the second sight does not liUnless he climb, with footing nice,

neally descend in a family, as some imagine, for A far projecting precipice.-P. 126.

I know several parents who are endowed with it, Until the present road was made through the but their children not, and vice versa; neither is romantic pass which I have presumptuously at- it acquired by any previous compact. And, after tempted to describe in the preceding stanzas, there a strict inquiry, I could never learn that this fawas no mode of issuing out of the defile, called culty was communicable any way whatsoever. the Trosachs, excepting by a sort of ladder, com- "i'The seer knows neither the object, time, nor posed of the branches and roots of the trees. place of a vision, before it appears; and the same 6. To meet with highland plunderers here object is often seen by different persons, living at

Were worse than loss of steed or deer.-P. 126. a considerable distance from one another. The The clans who inhabited the romantic regions true way of judging as to the time and circumin the neighbourhood of Loch-Katrine, were, even stance of an object, is by observation; for several until a late period, much addicted to predatory persons of judgment, without this faculty, are more excursions upon their lowland neighbours. capable to judge of the design of a vision, than a

". In former times, those parts of this district, novice that is a seer. If an object appear in the which are situated beyond the Grampian range, day or night, it will come to pass sooner or later were rendered almost inaccessible by strong bar- accordingly: riers of rocks, and mountains, and lakes. It was a “ If an object is seen early in the morning (which border country, and though on the very verge of is not frequent) it will be accomplished in a few the low country, it was almost totally sequestered hours afterwards. If at noon, it will commonly be from the world, and, as it were, insulated with accomplished that very day. If in the evening, respect to society.

perhaps that night; if after candles be lighted, it « Tis

well known, that, in the highlands, it will be accomplished that night: the later alway? was, in former times, accounted not only lawful, in accomplishment, by weeks, months, and somo

times years, according to the time of night the with them; and after such visions the seers come vision is seen.

in sweating, and described the people that appear. “ When a shroud is perceived about one, it is a ed: if there be any of their acquaintance among 'em, sure prognostic of death: the time is judged accord-! they give an account of their names, as also of the ing to the height of it about the person; for if it is bearers, but they know nothing concerning the seen above the middle, death is not to be expect- corpse. ed for the space of a year, and perhaps some • All those who have the second sight do not months longer; and as it is frequently seen to as always see these visions at once, though they be cend higher towards the head, death'is concluded together at the time. But if one who has this fato be at hand within a few days, if not hours, as culty designedly touch his fellow-seer at the indaily experience confirms. Examples of this kind stant of a vision's appearing, then the second sees were shown me, when the persons of whom the it as well as the first: and this is sometimes disobservations were then made, enjoyed perfect cerned by those that are near them on such occahealth.

sions." - Martin's Description of the Western Islo “One instance was lately foretold by a seer that ands, 1716, 8vo. p. 300, et seq. was a novice, concerning the death of one of my To those particulars, innumerable examples acquaintance; this was communicated to a few only, might be added, all attested by grave and credible and with great confidence: I being one of the num- authors. But, in despite of evidence, which neither ber, did not in the least regard it, until the death Bacon, Boyle, nor Johnson were able to resist, the of the person, about the time foretold, did confirm Taisch, with all its visionary properties, seems to me of the certainty of the prediction. The novice be now universally abandoned to the use of poetry. mentioned above is now a skilful seer, as appears The exquisitely beautiful poem of Lochiel will at from many late instances: he lives in the parish of once occur to the recollection of every reader. St. Mary's, the most northern in Skie.

7. Here, for retreat in dangerous hour, “ If a woman is seen standing at a man's left Some chief had framed å rustic bower.- P. 128. hand, it is a presage that she will be his wife, whether they be married to others, or unmarried, ally exposed to peril, had usually, in the most rec

The Celtic chieftains, whose lives were continu. at the time of the apparition. *"* If two or three woman are seen at once near for the hour of necessity, which, as circumstances

tired spot of their domains, some place of retreat a man's left hand, she that is next him will un, would admit, was a tower, a cavern, or a rustic doubtedly be his wife first, and so on, whether all three, or the man, be single or married at the time hut, in a strong and secluded situation. One of

these last of the vision or not: of which there are several late

gave refuge to the unfortunate Charles instances among those of my acquaintance. It is an Edward, in his perilous wanderings after the bat

tle of Culloden. ordinary thing for them to see a man that is to come to the house shortly after: and if he is not of the

“It was situated in the face of a very rough, high, seer's acquaintance, yet he gives such a lively de- and rocky mountain, called Lettersiliehk, stills scription of his stature, complexion, babit, &c. part of Benalder, full of great stones and crevices, that upon his arrival he answers the character given tation called the Cage, in the face of that mountain,

and some scattered wood interspersed. The habihim in all respects.

“ If the person so appearing be one of the seer's was within a small thick bush of wood. There acquaintance, he will tell his name, as well as other were first some rows of trees laid down, in order

to level a floor for a habitation; and, as the place particulars; and he can tell by his countenance whether he comes in a good or bad humour.

was steep, this raised the lower side to an equal “I have been seen thus myself by seers of both height with the other; and these trees, in the way sexes, at some hundred miles distance: some that of joists or planks, were levelled with earth and saw me in this manner, had never seen me per- ing naturally on their own roots, some stakes

gravel. There were between the trees, growsonally, and it happened according to their visions, fixed in the earth, which, with the trees, were inwithout any previous design of mine to go to those places, my coming there being purely accidental.

terwoven with ropes, made of heath and birch “It is ordinary with them to see houses, gar- ewigs, up to the top of the Cage, it being of a round dens, and trees, in places void of all three; and this covered over with fog. The whole fabric hang, as

or rather oval shape; and the whole thatched and in progress of time uses to be accomplished: as at Magshot, in the Isle of Skie, where there were but it were, by a large tree, which reclined from the a few sorry cow-houses, thatched with straw, yet,

one end, all along the roof, to the other, and which in a very few ycars after, the vision, which appear. Happened to be two stones at a small distance


gave it the name of a Cage; and by chance there veral good houses on the very spot represented by bling the pillars of a chimney, where the fire was the seers, and by the planting of orchards there. " To see a spark of fire fall upon one's arm or the

fall of the rock, which was so much of the same

placed. The smoke had its vent out here, all along breast, is a forerunner of a dead child

to be seen colour, that one could discover no difference in the in the arms of those persons, of which there are clearest day.”Home's History of the Rebellion, several fresh instances.

Lond. 1802, 4to. p. 381. “ To see a seat empty at the time of one's sitting in it, is a presage of that person's death soon 8. My sire's tall form might grace the part after.

.128. " When a novice, or one that has lately obtain These two sons of Anak flourished in romantic ed the second-sight, sees a vision in the night time, fable. The first is well known to the admirers of without doors, and comes near a fire, he presently Ariosto, by the name of Ferrau. He was an antagofalls into a swoon.

nist of Orlando, and was at length slain by him in "Some find themselves as it were in a crowd of single combat. There is a romance in the Auchinpeople, having a corpae which they carry along leok MS., in which Ferragus is thus described:

« On a day come tiding

in musicke, but chiefly in harps and clairschoes Unto Charls the king,

of their own fashion. The strings of the clairschoes Al of a doughti knight Was comen to Navers,

are made of brasse-wire, and the strings of the Stout he was and fers,

harps of sinews, which strings they strike either Veruagu be hight.

with their nayles, growing long, or else with an Of Babiloun the soudan

instrument appointed for that use. They take Thider him sende gan, With king Charls to fight.

great pleasure to decke their harps and clairschoes

with silver and precious stones; the poore ones So hard he was to fondo That no dint of brond

that cannot attayne hereunto, decke them with No greued him, aplight.

christall. They sing verses, prettily compound, He hadde twenti men strengthe,

contayning (for the most part) prayses of valiant And forti fet of lengthe

men.' There is not almost any other argument, Thilke painim hede.+ And four feet in the face,

whereof their rhymes intreat. They speak the anY-metent in the place,

cient French language, altered a little."_" The And fiften in brede.

harp and clairschoes are now only heard of in the His nose was a fot and more;

highlands in ancient song. At wbat period these His brow, as bristles wore; Il

instruments ceased to be used, is noi on record; He that it seighe it sede.

and tradition is silent on this head. But, as Irish He loked lotheliche, And was swarts as any piche,

harpers occasionally visited the highlands and of him men might adrede.'

western isles till lately, the harp might have been Romance of Charlemagne, i, 461, 484.- Auchin- extant so late as the middle of the present century. eck, MS. fol. 265.

Thus far we know, that from remote times down A scapart, or Ascabart, makes a very material guests, particularly in the highlands of Scotland:

to the present, harpers were receired as welcome figure in the history of Bevis of Hampton, by and so late as the latter end of the sixteenth cenwhom he was conquered. His effigies may be seen guarding one side of a gate at Southampton was in common use among the natives of the west

tury, as appears by the above quotation, the harp while the other is occupied by sir Bevis himself. ern isles. How it happened that the noisy ard inThe dimensions of Ascabart were little inferior to harmonious bagpipe banished the soft and expresthose of Ferragus, if the following description besive harp, we cannot say; but certain it is, that he correct " They metten with a geaunt,

bagpipe is now the only instrument that obtains With a lotheliche semblaunt.

universally in the highland districts.”—Campbell's He was wonderliche strong

Journey through North Britain, Lond. 1806, 410. Rome** thretti fote long.

i, 175.
His berd was bot gret and rowe;++

Mr. Gunn, of Edinburgh, has lately publishe!
A space of a fot betweene isti browe:
His clob was, to yeues j a strok,

a curious essay upon the harp and harp music of A lite bodi of an oak. 11

the highlands of Scotland. That the instrument Beues hadde of him wonder gret, was once in common use there, is most certain. And askede him what a bet, 15

Cleland numbers an acquaintance with it among
And yaf*** men of this contre
Were ase mechettt ase was he.

the few accomplishments which his satire allows
“Me name,' a sede, itt is Ascopard, to the highlanders:
Garci me sent hiderward,

In nothing they're accounted sharp,
For to bring this quene ayen,
And the Beues her of-slen.gos

Except in bag-pipe or in harp.
Icham Garci is || | || champioun,
And was i-driue out of messf toun
Al for that ich was so lite. ****

Eueri man me wolde smite,

1. Morn's genial influence roused a minstrel gray.-P. 130. Ich was so lite and so merugh, ttt

That highland chieftains, to a late period, re-
Eueri man me clepede dwerugh.titt
And now icham in this londe,

tained in their service the baru, as a family officer, I wax mor ich vod understonde,

admits of very easy proof. The author of the leto And stranger than other tene;||NI

ters from Scotland, an officer of engineers, quarAnd that schel on us be sene.

tered at Inverness about 1720, who certainly canSir Bevis of Hampton, i. 2512. Auchinleck MS. fol. 189.

not be deemed a favourable witness, gives the 9. Though all anasked his birth and name.-P. 128. following account of the office, and of a bard, whom The highlanders, who carried hospitality to a he heard exercise his talent of recitation: punctilious excess, are said to have considered it “ The bard skilled in the genealogy of all the as churlish, to ask a stranger his name or lineage, highland families, sometimes preceptor to the before he had taken refreshment. Feuds were so young laird, celebrates in Irish verse the original frequent among them, that a contrary rule would, of the tribe, the famous warlike actions of the sucin many cases, have produced the discovery of some cessive heads, and sings his own lyricks as an opicircumstance, which might have excluded the ate to the chief, when indisposed for sleep; but guest from the benefit of the assistance he stood in poets are not equally esteemed and honoured in need of.

all countries. I happened to be a witness of the 10. -And still a harp unseen

dishonour done to the inuse, at the house of one Filled up the symphony between.-P. 129. of the chiefs, where two of these bards were set “They (meaning the highlanders) delight much at a good distance, at the lower end of a long ta• Found, proved. + Had. | Measu red.

ble, with a parcel of highlanders of no extraordi.


ttRough. 1 His. Dary, appearance, over a cup of ale. Poor inspira9 Give. || The stem of a little oak tree. tion ! If He hight, was called.

ttt Great. ut He said. SÍS Slay.

|| His.

15% My. • Vide “ Certayne Matter concerning the Realme a 166Little tttt Lean. 111 Dwart.

Scotland, &e as they were Anno Domini 1507. Loud 1999. Greater, taller.


1603. " Atas


** Fully;

*** If.

“ They were not asked to drink a glass of wine leave the court, and goe to Elpbegus, surnamed et our table, though the whole company consisted the Bauld, then bishop of Winchester, who was his only of the great man, one of his near relations, cozen. Which his enemies understanding, they and myself.

layd wayte for him in the way, and hauing thrown “ After some little time, the chief ordered one him off his horse, beate him, and dragged him of them to sing me a highland song. The bard in the durt in the most miserable manner, meanreadily obeyed, and with a hoarse voice, and in a ing to haue slaine him, had not a companie of tune of few various notes, began, as I was told, mastiue dogges, that came unlopkt uppon them, one of his own lyricks; and when he had proceeded defended and redeemed him from their crueltie. to the fourth or fifth stanza, I perceived, by the When with sorrow he was ashamed to see dogges vames of several persons, glens, and mountains, more humane than they. And giuing thankes to which I had known or heard of before, that it was Almightie God, he sensibly againe perceaued that an account of some clan battle. But in his going the tunes of his violl had giuen him a warning of on, the chief (who piques himself upon his

school- future accidents.” Flower of the Lives of the most learning) at some particular passage, bid him cease, renowned Saincts of England, Scotland, and Ireand cryed out, “There's nothing like that in Vir- land, by the R. Father Hierome Porter. Doway, gil or Homer.' I bowed, and told him I believed 1632, 4to. tome i, p. 438. so. This you may believe was very edifying and The same supernatural circumstance is alluded delightful.”—Letters from Scotland, ii, 167. to by the anonymous author of " Grim, the Col

lies of Croydon." 2. The Grame.-P. 130. The ancient and powerful family of Graham,

[Dunstan's harp sounds on the wall.]

}.rest. Hark, hark, my lords, the holy abbot's harp (which, for metrical reasons, is here spelt after Sounds by itself so hanging on the wall! the Scottish pronunciation,) held extensive pos

Dunstan. Unhallowed man, that scorn'ot the sacred sessions in the counties of Dumbarton and Stirling. rede, Few famllies can boast of more historical renown, Hark, how the testimony of my truth baving claim to three of the most remarkable cha- Sounds heavenly music with an angel's hand, racters in the Scottish annals. Sir John the Græme, and prove thy active boast of'no effect.” the faithful and undaunted partaker of the labours and patriotic warfarc of Wallace, fell in the un 4. Ere Douglasses, to ruin driven, fortunate field of Falkirk, in 1298. The celebrated

Were exiled from their native heaven.-P. 131. marquis of Montrose, in whom De Retz saw real The downfall of the Douglasses of the house of ized his abstract idea of the heroes of antiquity, Angus, during the reign of James V, is the event was the second of these worthies. And, not with-alluded to in the text. The earl of Angus, it will standirg the severity of his temper, and the rigour be remembered, had married the queen dowager, with which he executed the oppressive mandates and availed himself of the right which he thus acof the princes whom he served, I do not hesitate quired, as well as of his extensive power, to retain to naine as the third, John Grahame, of Claver- the king in a sort of tutelage, which approached house, viscount of Dundee, wliose heroic death in very near to captivity. Several open attempts were the arms of victory, may be allowed to cancel the made to rescue James from this thraldom, with memory of his cruelty to the non-conformists, dur- which he was well known to be deeply disgusted; ing the reigns of Charles II, and James II. but the valour of the Douglasses, and their allies,

gave them the victory in every conflict. At length, 3. This harp, which erst saint Modan swayed.-P. 131. the king, while residing at Falkland, contrived to

I am not prepared to show that saint Modan was escape by night out of his own court and palace, a performer on the harp. It was, however, no un- and rode full speed to Stirling castle, where the saintly accomplishment; for saint Dunstan cer- governor, who was of the opposite faction, joyfully tainly did play upon that instrument, which, re-received him. Being thus at liberty, James speedily taining, as was natural, a portion of the sanctity summoned around him such peers as he knew to attached to its master's character, announced fu- be most inimical to the domination of Angus, and ture events by its spontaneous sound. “But labour- laid his complaint before them, says Pitscottie, ing once in these mechanic arts for a devoute ma- “ with great lamentations; showing to them how trone that had sett him on work, his violl, that he was holden in subjection, thir years bygone, hung by him on the wall, of its own accord, with- by the earl of Angus, and his kin and friends, who out anie man's helpe, distinctly sounded this an- oppressed the whole country, and spoiled it, under thime: Gaudent in cælis animæ sanctorum qui the pretence of justice and his authority; and had Christi vestigia sunt secuti; et quia pro eius amore slain many of his lieges, kinsmen, and friends, sangranem suum fuderunt, ideo cum Christo gau- because they would have had it mended at their dkni æternum. Whereat all the companie being hands, and put him at liberty, as he ought to have much astonished, turned their eyes from behould- been, at the counsel of his whole lords, and not ing him working, to looke on that strange acci- have been subjected and corrected with no pardent ”Not long after, manie of the court ticular men, by the rest of his nobles: Therefore, that hitherunto had born a kind of fayned friend-said he, I desire, my lords, that I may be satisfied ship towards him, began now greatly to envie at of the said earl, his kin, and friends; for I avow, his progress and rising in goodness, using manie that Scotland shall not hold us both, while (i. é. crooked, backbiting meanes to diffame his vertues till) I be revenged on him and his. with the black maskes of hypocrisie. And the bet “ The lords hearing the king's complaint and ter to authorise their calumnie, they brought in lamentation, and also the great rage, fury, and this that happened in the violl, affirming it to have malice, that he bore toward the earl of Angus, his been done by art magick. What more this wicked kin and friends, they concluded all, and thought it rumour encreased dayly, till the king and others best that he should be summoned to underly the of the nobilitie taking hould thereof, Dunstan grew law; if he fand not caution, nor yet compear him. udious in their sight. Therefore he resolued to sell, that he should be put to the horn, with all

his kin and friends, so many as were contained in he repaired and established the shattered estates the letters. And further, the lords ordained, by of Angus and Morton.- History of the House of advice of his majesty, that his brother and friends Douglas. Edinburgh, 1743, vol. ii, p. 160. should be summoned to find caution to underly the

7. Maronnan's cell.-P. 131. law within a certain day, or else be put to the horn. The parish of Kilmarnock, at the eastern exBut the earl appeared not, nor none for him; and tremity of Loch-Lomond, derives its name from a so he was put to the horn, with all his kin and cell or chapel, dedicated to saint Maronoch, or friends: so many as were contained in the summons, Marnoch, or Maronnan, about whose sanctity very that compeared not, were banished, and holden little is now remembered. There is a fountain de traitors to the king."- Lindsay of Pitscottie's His- voted to him in th same parish; but its virtues, tory of Scotland. Edinburgh, fől. p. 142. like the merits of its patron, have fallen into ob

5. In Holy-Rood a knight he slew.-P. 131. livion. This was by no means an uncommon occurrence 8. —-Bracklinn's thundenng wave.-P. 132. in the court of Scotland; nay, the presence of the This is a beautiful cascade made at a place callsovereigu himself scarcely restrained the ferocious ed the Bridge of Bracklinn, by a mountain stream and inveterate feuds which were the perpetual called the Keltie, about a mile from the village of source of bloodshed among the Scottish nobility. Callender, in Menteith. Above a chasm where The following instance of the murder of sir George the brook precipitales itself from a height of at Stuart of Ochiltree, called The Bloody, by the least fifty feet, there is thrown, for the convenience celebrated Francis, earl of Bothwell, may be pro- of the neighbourhood, a rustic foot bridge, of about duced among many; but, as the offence given in three feet in breadth, and without ledges, which is the royal court will hardly bear a vernacular trans- scarcely to be crossed by a stranger without awe lation, I shall leave the story in Johnstone's Latin, and apprehension. referring for farther particulars to the naked sim

9. For Tineman forged by fairy lore.-P. 132. plicity of Birrell's Diary, 30th July, 1588. “ Áors improbi hominis non tam ipsa immeri- unfortunate in all his enterprizes, that he acquired

Archibald, the third earl of Douglas, was so ta, quam pessimo exemplo in publicam fædê per- the epithet of TINEMAX, because he tined, or lost, petua. Gulielmus Stuartus Alkiltrius, Arani frater, naturâ ac moribus, cujus sæpius inemini, vul- his followers in every battle which he fought. He go propter sitem sanguinis sanguinarius dictus, in the bloody battle of Homildon-hill, near Wool

was vanquished, as every reader must remember, irà mendacii probo lacessitus, obscænum osculum er, where he himself lost an eye, and was made liberius retorquebat; Bothvelius hanc contumeli- prisoner by Hotspur. He was no less unfortunate am tacitus tulit, sed ingentum irarum molem animo when allied with Percy, being

wounded and takes concepit. Utrinque postridie Edinburgi conven: ful in an attempt to besiege Roxburgh Castle, that

at the battle of Shrewsbury. He was so unsuccesstum, totidem numero comitibus armatus, præsidii it was called the Foul Raid, or disgraceful expecausa, et acriter pugnatum est; cæteris amicis et dition. His ill fortune left him indeed at the batclientibus metu torpentibus, aut vi absterritis, ip- ule of Beauge, in France; but it was only to return se Stuartus fortissimè dimicat, tandem excusso with double emphasis at the subsequent action of gladio à Bothvelie, Scythicâ feritate transfoditur, Vernoil, the last and most unlucky of his encounsine cujusquam misericordiâ; habuit itaque quem ters, in which he fell, with the lower of the Scotdebuit exitum. Dignus erat Stuartus qui patere- tish chivalry, then serving as auxiliaries in France, tur; Bothvelius qui faceret. Vulgus sanguinem and about two thousand common soldiers, A. D. sanguine prædicabit, et horum cruore innocuorum 1428. manibus egregiè parentatum.”—Jounstoni Historia Rerum Britannicarum, ab anno 1572, ad an

10. Did, self-unscabbarded, fore-show

The footsteps of a secret foe.-P. 132. num 1628. Amstelodami, 1655, fol.

The ancient warriors, whose bope and confidence 6. The Douglas, like a stricken deer,

rested chiefly in their blades, were accustomed to Disowned by every noble peer.-P. 131. deduce omens from them, especially from such The exiled state of this powerful race is not ex- as were supposed to have been fabricated by enaggerated in this and subsequent passages. The chanted skill, of which we have various instances batred of James against the race of Douglas was in the romances and legends of the time. The so inveterate, that, numerous as their allies were, wonderful sword Skofnung, wielded by the celeand disregarded as the regal authority had usually brated Hrolf Kraka, was of this description. It was been in similar cases, their nearest friends, even deposited in the tomb of the monarch at his death, in the most remote parts of Scotland, durst not en- and taken from thence by Skeggo, a celebrated pitertain them, unless under the strictest and closest rate, who bestowed it upon his son-in-law, Kordisguise. James Douglas, son of the banished earl mak, with the following curious directions; "The of Angus, afterwards well known by the title of manner of using it will appear strange to you. A carl of Morton, lurked, during the exile of his small bag is attached to it, which take heed not family, in the north of Scotland, under the assumed to violate. Let not the rays of the sun touch the name of James Innes, otherwise James the Grieve, upper part of the handle, por unsheath it unless (i. e. Reve or Bailiff.) “And as he bore the name," thou art ready for battle. But when thou comest says Godscroft, “so did he also execute the office to the place of fight, go aside from the rest, grasp of a grieve or overseer of the lands and rents, the and extend the sword, and breathe upon it. Then corn and cattle, of him with whom he lived.” a small worm will creep out of the handle; lower From the habits of frugality and observation, which the handle that he may more easily return into it." he acquired in this humble situation, the historian Kormak, after baving received the sword, returntraces that intimate acquaintance with popular ed home to his mother. He showed the sword, character, which enabled him to rise so high in and attempted to draw it, as unnecessarily as inthe state, and that hcaourable economy by which effectually, for he could not pluck it out of the

p. 135.

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