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assistant engineer in charge of a watch on vessels propelled wholly or in part by steam: and after January 1, 1897, no person shall be qualified to hold a license as a cornr ander or watch officer of a merchant vessel of the United States who is not a native-born citizen, or whose naturalization as a citizen shall not have been fully completed. “No master, mate, pilot, or engineer of steam vessels licensed under title 52 of the Revised statutes shall be liable to draft in time of war, except for the performance of duties such as are required by his license: and, while performing such duties in the service of the United States, every such master, mate, pilot, or engineer shall be entitled to the highest rate of wages paid in the merchant marine of the United states for similar services: and, if killed or wounded while performing such duties under the United States, they, or their heirs, or their legal representatives shall be entitled to all the privileges accorded to soldiers and sailors serving in the Army and Navy, under the pension laws of the United States.”

Joint RESOLUTIONS. AL, AskA.—Appropriating $75,000 to defray the joint expenses of the International Commission engaged in locating the toundary line between the Territory of Alaska and British North America. February 20, 1896. 1xico ME TAX.—Directing the immediate destruction of all income tax returns and copies thereof, with all statements and records thereto in possession of the Treasiry Department. April 6, 1896. MEDALS OF HONOR.—Authorizing the issue to holders of medals of honor a rosette or knot, to be worn in lieu of the medal, and a ribbon to be worn with the medal: and provided, that a new ribbon may be issued without charge whenever the original issued has been lost, destroyed or rendered unfit for use. May 2, 1896. NA .—Extending the benefits of honorable discharges, and of three months' pay upon re-enlistment after honorable discharge, to all enlisted persons in the Navy. June 11, 1896. NAVY. —Authorizing the acceptance of the Ammen ram Katahdin. January 4,

1soe. PREs IDENT'S MESSAGES.—Directin the distribution of the “Messages an Papers of the Presidents,” published by resolution of Congress. April 30, 1896. sEALS.—Authorizing a scientific investigation of the fur-seal fisheries on the Pribilof. Commander and Kurile Islands, and appropriating $5,000 therefor. June

8, 1896. see:D DISTRIBUTION.—“That the Secretary of Agriculture be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to purchase and distribute valuable seeds for the year 1896, as has been done in preceding years; and as the public exigency requires that the valuable seeds, bulbs, trees, shrubs, wines, cuttings and plants, to be purchased may be ready for distribution at the earliest possible date, the Secretary of Agriculture is hereby directed to procure them by open purchase or contract at the places and in the manner in which such articles are usually bought and sold: Provided. That the said Secretary shall not,

in said purchase, pay more than a realsonable and fair price for such commodities or for any of them.” sed March 3, 1896. . Became a law without approval of President. TENNESSEE EXPOSITION.—Author. izing foreign exhibitors at the Tennessee Centennial Exposition, to be held in Nashville, Tenn., in 1897, to bring to this country foreign laborers from their respective countries for the purpose of preparing for and making their exhibits, and allowing articles imported from foreign countries for the sole purpose of exhibition at said exposition to be imported free of duty, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury. May 18, 1896. TAH.-Authorizing and directing the Governor and Secretary of the Territory of Utah to deliver to the Governor and Secretary of State of Utah, the safes, desks and all furniture and fixtures of their respective offices and all property of like character, belonging to the United States, including that held by the Utah Commission. #o: 1896. WORLD'S FAIR MEDALS AND DIPLOMAS.–An act authorizing the Secreta of the Treasury to distribute the medals and diplomas of the World's Columbian Exposition to the several exhibitors entitled thereto; but in case any of the exhibitors cannot be found, then, in every such case, such medals and diplomas shall be retained by the Secretary of the Treasury until they are called for by the exhibitors entitled thereto, or by ersons authorized to receive the same. arch 13, 1896. WAR RECORDS.—Authorizin and directing the Secretary of the Navy to send the undistributed copies of the Official Records of the War of the Rebellion, both of the Union and of the Confederate navies, to such libraries, orgonizations and individuals, as may designated before the meeting of the next Congress by the Representatives in the LXIVth Congress of the districts whose Representatives in the LXIIId Congress failed to designate the distributees of their quota of said official records or any art thereof as authorized by Congress. anuary 30, 1896.


ARMENIAN OUTRAGES. A concurrent resolution of Congress was Massed by the Senate on January 24, and y the House on January 27, 1896, which

read as follows:

“Whereas, The supplementary treaty of Berlin, of July 13, 1878, between the Ottoman Empire and Great Britain, Germany, Austria, France, Italy and Russia,

contains the following provisions: “The Sublime Porte undertakes to carry out without further delay the ameliora— tions and reforms demanded by local requirements in the provinces inhabited by the Armenians, and to guarantee their security against the Circassians and Kurds. It will periodically make known the steps taken to this effect to the Powers, and will superintend their applica

tion. *the Sublime Porte having expressed

the wish to maintain the principle of re

ligious liberty, to give it the widest scope,

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the contracting parties take note of this
spontaneous declaration. In no part of the
Ottoman Empire shall difference of re-
ligion be alleged against an individual
as a ground for exclusion or incapacity as
regards the discharge of civil, and politi-
cal rights, admission to the public service,
functions and honors, and the exercise
of the different professions and industries.
All persons shall be admitted, without
distinction of religion, to give evidence
before the tribunals. Liberty and the out-
ward exercise of all forms of worship are
assured to all, and no hindrance shall be
offered either to the hierarchical organiza-
tion of the various communions or to
their relations with their spiritual chiefs.
The right of official protection by the dip-
lomatic and consular agents of the Pow-
ers in Turkey is recognized both as re-
gards the above-mentioned persons and
their religious, charitable and other es-
tablishments in the holy places: and
“Whereas the intent and object of the
above cited provisions of said treaty are
to place the Christian subjects of the
Porte under the protection of the other
signatories thereto, and to secure to such
Christian subjects full liberty of religious
worship and belief, the equal benefit of
the laws, and all the privileges and im-
munities belonging to any subject of the
Turkish Empire; and
“Whereas by said treaty the Christian
Powers, parties thereto, having estab-
lished, under the consent of Turkey,
their right to accomplish and secure the
above-recited objects; and
“Whereas the American people, in com-
mon with all Christian people everywhere,
have beheld with horror the recent appal-
ling outrages and massacres of which the
Christian population of Turkey have been
made the victims: therefore,
“Resolved by the Senate of the United
States (the House of Representatives con-
curring) That it is an imperative duty, in

the interest of humanity, to express the
earnest hope that the European concert
brought about by the treaty referred to
may be speedily given its just effect in
such decisive measures as shall stay the
hand of fanaticism and lawless violence,
and as sh all secure to the unoffending
Christians of the Turkish Empire all the
rights belonging to them both as men and
Christians and as beneficiaries of the ex-
plicit provisions of the treaty above re-
“Resolved, That the President be re-
quested to communicate these resolutions
to the Governments of Great Britain. Ger–
many, Austria, France, Italy and Russia.
“Resolved further. That the senate of
the United States, the House of Repre-
sentatives concurring, will support the
President in the most vigorous action he
may take for the protection and security
of American citizens in Turkey, and to
obtain redress for injuries committed upon
the persons or property of such citizens.”


“Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring), That, in the opinion of Congress, a condition of public war exists between the Government of Spain and the Government proclaimed and for some time maintained by force of arms by the people of Cuba; and that the United States of America should maintain a strict neutrality between the contending Powers, according to each all the rights of belligerents in the ports and territory of the United States.

“Resolved further, That the friendly of fices of the United States should be offered by the President to the Spanish Government for the recognition of the independence of Cuba.”

Passed the Senate February 28, 1896. Passed the House of Representatives

April 6, 1896,



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LIIId Congress. LIVth Congress.

Departments. |Laws 1893–94. Laws 1894–95. Laws 1895–96. Laws 1896–97. Agricultural . . . . . . . . . . . $3,323,500 00 ,223,623.06 3,303,750 00 $3,255,532 oo Army . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24, 225,639 78 ,592,884 68] 23,252,608 09 23,278,402 7s Diplomattic and consular 1,557,445 00 1,563,918 76 1,574,458 76 1,642,558 7e District of Columbia.... 5,413,223.91 5,545,678 57 5,745,443 25 5,900,319 4s Fortification ............ 2,210,055 90 2,427,004 00 1,904,557 50 7,377,888 oo Indian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,854,240 38 c10,659,565. 16 8,762,751 24 7,390,496 7a Leg'tive, Ex'tive & Jud. 21,865,802 81 21,305,583 29| 21,891,718 08 21,519,324 71 Military Academy....... 432,556 12 406,535 08 464,261 66 449,525 61 Navy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22,104,061 38 25,327,126 72 29,416,245 31 30,562,660 95 Pension ................ [also,681,074 85 151,581,570 00 141,381,570 00 141,328,580 to Postoffice . . . . .............] 84,004,314 22| 87,236,599 55] 89,545,997 86 92.571,564 2.2 River and Harbor...... b—l 11,643,180 00s —l flz,659,550 00 Sundry civil ............] 41,716,311 15 34,253,775 55 e46,568,160 40 33,096.710 to Deficiencies ............ 8,127,362 12! 12,211,006 06 9,825,374 82 g15,341,911 07 Miscellaneous .......... 520,499. 18 577,956 55 | 297,667 37 416,010 de

Totals ................]3404,036,085 29 $391,156,005 03: $383,934,564 34 $396,791,034 57 Perm’nt annual appro"ns; 115,468,273 92 dio1,074,680 w 113,073,956 32 119,054,160 two

Grand totals........... 'S519,504,359.21 is 492,230,685 03: $497,008,520 w hs515,845,194 57

Total by Congress.....Ist,027,104,547 92 —$989.239.20569—

a. Includes $14,149,724 85 deficiency for 1893. b. No River and Harbor bill was passed for 1894, but $14,166, 153 was included in the Sundry Civil act to carry out

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contracts authorized by law. c. Includes $1,330,669 67 to be placed to the credit of cer tain Indians for certain non-paying State bonds or stocks; also includes $2,472,697 carry out agreements with various Indian tribes. d. The Secretary of the Treasur having recommended the repeal of the Sugar Bounty law, no estimate was submitte for the fiscal year 1895. In case the law should not be repealed the Secretary note that $11,000,000 would be required for the purpose. e. Includes $11,462,115 to carr cut contracts for river and harbor improvements for f. In addition to thi $3,284,597 was appropriated in the Sundry Civil Act to carry out contracts authorize by law for river and harbor improvements for 1897, and $300,000 was appropriated i the Urgent Deficiency act to carry out such contracts for 1896. g. The General De ficiency. Appropriation bill as agreed upon by the House and Senate, appropriatin 10,719,503, was vetoed by the President, and, failing to pass over the veto, anothe bill, being an exact copy of that vetoed, omitting one section appropriating $1,761,

for French spoliation and other claims, was enacted. h. In addition to thi amount, contracts were authorized to be entered into, subject to future appropria tions_by_Congress, as follows:... District of Columbia, act, $124,000; Fortification ac $4,195,076; Naval act, $10,000,000 in excess of estimated appropriation for increase q the Navy: River and Harbor act, $59,616,404 91; Sundry Civil act, $981,000. Total

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joint Legislature which began to ballot on

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January 15, 1895, for a United States senator for the six years' term from March 4, 1896, was composed of eleven Democrats and nineteen Republicans, thus making sixteen votes necessary to a 8, Governor Marvil tRep.), died, and on the following day filliam T. Watson (Dem.), president of the Senate, was sworn in as Governor. As the State Constitution provides that a Governor cannot hold two offices at the same time, the joint session of the Legislature was reduced to twenty-nine in number, making fifteen a majority vote. There were 217 ballots taken. On May 9, the closing day of the session, thirty-seven bailots were taken, the final one being as follows: Dupont, 15: Addicks, 4; Ridgely including Watson's vote), 10; Tunnell, 1. a resolution was offered declaring Dupont's election, but as Governor Watson refused to entertain any motion, the Speaker of the House arose and declared Dupont elected. Immediately after taking the oath of office as Governor, on April 9, Mr. Watson assumed the functions of the office, and from that time until May 9, the final day of the Legislative session, he did not take part in the proceedings of either the Senate or the Joint Assembly or seek to have his vote recorded for any candidate for United states Senator. On May 9, however, shortly before the hour of adjournment, it became evident that Mr. Dupont would get fifteen votes, and Governor Watson hastily entered the Joint Assembly, mounted the President's desk, seized the gavel and declared his right to participate in the election, and his vote, being recorded at his direction, was held by him to raise the number of qualified electors to thirty, and to reduce the fifteen votes cast for Mr. Dupont to one less than a majority. He then refused to

sign the certificate of election, given to Mr. Dupont by the Speaker of the House,


the lawful Proof officer of the Join Assembly. Immediately after the reor ganization of the United States Senat upon the convening of Congress, Mr. Du pont's claim was submitted, and on Ma 15 the Senate voted against it by 3 * and 31 nays. The 31 nays were cas y twenty-six Democrats and five Popu lists. The 30 votes to admit the clair were cast by Republicans. There wer fourteen pairs, those for exclusion bein, thirteen emocrats, one Populist, an those for admission fourteen Republicans The election to fill the vacancy will b held by the newly elected Legislature.

IOW.A. The Legislature met in joint convention on January 22, and elected William B Allison to succeed himself (his fifth term from March 4, 1897.


The Legislature was in a deadlock ove the election of a successor to Senato! Joseph C. S. Blackburn, whose term expires on March 4, 1897, until the close o the session by limitation, hence the Stat. will be without its full representation in the Senate until the election by the Legis. lature of 1898, unless the present Legislature is called in extra session for this purpose. When the Legislature met or January 7, the Senate contained twentytwo Democrats and sixteen Republicans In the House there were fifty-two Republicans, forty-six Democrats and two Populists. On joint ballot, therefore, there were sixty-eight Republicans and sixtyeight Democrats and two Populists. I the two great parties had been concentrated in support of the party candidate: they would have been tied, and the control of the situation would have rested with the two Populists, if they had choser to vote together for one candidate or the other The complexity of the situation was increased by the fact that one of the Populists was inclined toward the Republicans and the other toward the Democrats. A certain group of Sound Money Democrats agreed that under no circumstances would they vote for Blackburn, because of his free silver proclivities., 11 these had not scattered their votes...but had voted for a Republican, a Republoo would have been elected and the State


would have had its full representation in the Senate. During the session two DemoSrats, one a member of the Senate and the other a member of the House, were removed by death. Upon the death of the member of the House, Mr. Stege, a Republican, refused to vote until the vasancy should be filled, thus preserving the tie. Upon the death of the Senator the Speaker ruled that it would take a majority of both Houses (70 votes) to elect, hence the death of the Senator did not bring about the required strength for the Republican candidate. One of the Populists, Poor, held the key to the situation, and, although he started out by supporting the Republicans, he soon cut loose, after which he became what he himself termed a free-lance, voting at first for Blackburn and then for some one else. There culminated the most bitter partisan feelings, especially when the Democrats in the Senate attempted to unseat two of the Republicans. During the last week of the Legislature some of the Blackburn sympathizers became very desperate and assaulted some of the Senators, and took possession of the doors of the House for the purpose of intimidation and interfering with the procedings. The Governor was informed that there were threats of violence and bloodshed, and for the se— curity of the lives and the property of the citizens he called out the militia on March 14, and it guarded the State Capitol until after the Legislature adjourned on March 17. There were fiftytwo ballots taken from beginning to end. The following gives the figures from day to day, except on those days when there was no material change:

Dem. Dem. Rep. Black- CarDate. Hunter. burn. lisle. January 23.. 66 57 January 25.. 66 57 January 28.. 65 56 January 29.. 66 37 January 30.. 64 56 February 4.. 62 56 February 7.. 66 6- February 8.. t;6 52 February 10. 51 46 February 12. 62 61 February 13. 64 63 February 14. 63 63 February 18. 60 60 2 February 28. 57 61 g February 29. - f Todd. March 3..... 28 61 Holt. March 4..... 20 59 De Boe. March 5..... 40 55 7 Boyle. March 6..... 64 48 *Withdrew. f.pemocrats voted as before.


The balloting in the Legislature began when the Legislature convened in May, and the leading candidates were Blanchard (the present Senator, whose term expires. March 4, 1897), Pharr, Price, Blackman, McEnery and Denegre, the latter being the Citizen's League candidate. Blanchard led all of the others by twenty

or more votes for several days, Pharr and Blackman dropping out of the race. On May 28, after ten days of balloting, Blanchard and Price withdrew and threw all their strength to ex-Governor Samuel . McEnery, who was elected by a ma— jority of three votes over Denegre.


The election for the successor of Charles Gibson (Dem.) for the term from

March 4, 1897, began in the joint session 1sge

of the Legislature on January 14, The complexion of the Legishature wa Senate, 12 Republicans, 14 Democrats: House, 70 Republicans and 21 Democrats. There were eight ballots taken. On the first ballot it stood: George L. Welling– ton (Rep.), 25: C. T. Westcott §§). 18: P. L. Goldsborough (Rep.), 14; J. C. Mil– liken §” 7; A. L. Dryden (Rep.), 7: S. E. Mudd (Rep.), 1: R. P. Dixon (Rep.), 1: H. C. Forbeyt (Rep.), 1: J. W. Smith (Dem.), 21: S. M. Henry (Dem.), 9. The final ballot, on January 22, resulted in the election of Wellington, the ballot standing: as follows: Wellington, 63: Goldsborough, 1: Smith, 23: John R. Pattison (Dem.), 7: James E. Ellegood (Dem.), 1.

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The Congressional Apportionment Act. passed over the vernor’s veto on March 5, 1895, was declared to be unconstitutional by the State Supreme Court on January 30, 1896. The Act of 1893 was also declared void. The Court held that the provision of the State Constitution providing that an apportionment shall be made every six years, upon the basis of the sexennial enumeration, is mandatory. On March 31 a suit was brought in the Supreme Court to decide whether the Apportionment Act of 1885 was valid, and the Court rendered a decision on May 15 sustaining the act. This leaves the law of 1885 in force until the Legislature makes other provisions.


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POLITICAL, MISCELLANY. 79 itary and National park. Another | tion...or fight, or carries or delivers such a bill that became a law permits challenge or acceptance, or trains or as

township authorities, to grant a rebate of taxes to all those using wagons with tires four inches wide. A bill was passed that the constitution be amended to provide for biennial instead of annual sessions of the Legislature; that the terms of the seven senators elected in 1896 shall be extended so as to be four years each; the six to be elected in 1897 must be divided equally by lot into two classes, the terms of three of whom shall be for three years each; their terms will thus expire, at the same time as those elected in 1890, making ten in all to terminate together: the terms of the other three Senators elected in isot will be for five years, terminating at the same time as the terms of the eight Senators to be elected in 1898, who shall serve for four years. This will make eleven whose terms end at the same time. Thereafter all Senators will be otected for four years; that is, ten at one time, and eleven two years thereafter.

Members of Assembly to be elected in 1833 and thereafter will serve for two years. Another constitutional amendment voted by the Legislature provides for an entire change of the judiciary of the State: oth of these amendments must be acted upon by the Legislature of 1897, and if a 3opted, must go to the people for ratifica: tion at the next regular election, and if they receive a majority vote they become iaws of the State.

NEW-YORK. The Legislature amended the Ballot Law. increasing the number of signatures to make an independent State nomination from 3,000 to 6,000, and requiring the signatures of at least fifty persons in each county. Another provision makes the days

of registration in New-York City and Brooklyn the same as all other cities in the state.

Another law enacted abolished the School Trustees system, and substituted therefor a system of management by a capable Educational Board. the bill requiring the elevated railroads to substitute electricity or gas in their cars for the dingy and bad-smelling oil laraps so long used became a law. The Reciprocity Insurance law directs the Superintendent of Insurance to cancel the authority of foreign insurance companies to do business in this State, if autherity has been refused to any American company to do insurance business in the country where such foreign companies were incorporated. Another law, which went into effect on September 1, 1896, amended the Penal Code in relation to prize fights. It provides that “a person who, within this state. engages in, instigates, aids, encourages or does any act to further a rontention, or fight without weapons, between two or more persons, or a fight commonly called a ring or prize fight, either within or without the State, or who engages in a public or private sparring exhibition, with or without gioves, within the State, at which an ad– mission fee is charged or received, either directly or indirectly, or who sends or publishes a challenge or acceptance of a chailenge for such a contention, exhibi

sists any person in training or preparing for such a contention, exhibition or fight, is guilty of a misdemeanor; provided, however, that sparring exhibitions with gloves hot less than five ounces each in weight may be held by a domestic incorporated athletic association, in a building , leased by it for athletic pur§: only for at least one year, or in a uilding owned and occupi by such association.” Other laws enacted amend the Mechanics' Lien law by giving the mechanic additional protection; regulate the em– ployment of women and children in mercantile establishments; rovide better sanitary conditions in akery shops; amend the sweatshop law; abolish contract labor in the State prisons after January 1, 1897, provide that prisoners shall work not to exceed eight hours a day, and provide that no prisoners from outside the State shall be received in any of its penal institutions.

EXCISE.-The Raines Excise law, which was passed by the Legislature of 1896, was signed by the Governor on March 23. It provided that all local Excise Boards should be abolished on April 30, and created in place of them a State Excise Commissioner, at a salary of $5,000, a deputy at $4,500, a secretary, financial clerk, necessary clerical assistance and special deputies and collectors. A special deputy was provided for NewYork City at a salary of $4,000, one for Brooklyn at $3,000, and one for Buffalo at $2,000. Sixty collectors at a salary of $1,200 each were provided for. All are to receive expenses. The collectors are termed confidential agents. All licenses in existence were revoked on June 30. Of the new revenue collected, one-third goes to the State and two-thirds to counties. County Treasurers get from 1 to 3 per cent for handling collections. There are four grades of licenses, one for saloons and retail places, one for storekeepers, one for drug stores, and one for cars and steamboats in transit. The bond must be twice the cost of the license. The bond and the license and the fee are forfeited if gambling is permitted or other provisions of the license are violated, such as by selling to a drunkard, selling to a minor, selling in illegal hours, permitting a woman to sell, or selling adulterated liquor. In addition to this forfeiture there is a penalty of $500 or imprisonment for one year, or both.

The rates for licenses are: New-York, first-class, hotel, restaurant, saloon, store or club, $800; storekeepers' license, $500;

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