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WARNER MILLER, - - President. HENRY CHURCHILL, - - Treasurer.

MAX MILLER, - - == Secretary. C. W. LYMAN, - -- - - Manager.

* * * *
-

adelphia,

FOR

ECLIPSES,

THE TRIBUNE ALMANAc

1897.
HENERY ECIKFORD ERHOADEs, Editor:"...'

1897.

Wright, Penn Yan, N. Y.)

Eclipse begins.

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(Astronomical calculations made expressly for The Tribune Almanac by Berlin H.

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| There will be two eclipses this year, both of the sun, and visible as follows: I. An annular eclipse of the sun, February 1, visible in the Southern and Atlantie States, near sunset, as a small partial eclipse upon the sun's southern limb. The eclipse will be invisible north of a line drawn from near Lowell, Mass., through

Harrisburg, Penn., Memphis, Texarkana and Waco, Tex. At Boston, New-York, PhilWashington and Nashville the eclipse will be very small, more than a contact of limbs about sunset, the sun setting with the eclipse on.

being scarcely This

eclipse upon the This eclipse will

eclipse will return February 13, 1915, when it will be visible in South Africa. II. An annular eclipse of the sun, July 29, visible as a partial

sun's southern limb throughout the United States, except in Alaska.

return August 10, 1915, when it will be visible in India and Southern Asia.

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New-York. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | Philadelphia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Washington. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Portland, Ore. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Portland, Me... . . . . . . . . . . . . . • San Francisco. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i. Louis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . " Baltimore. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chicago. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | Cincinnati. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cleveland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pittsburg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New-Orleans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ; St. Paul. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iMinneapolis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Duluth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... Chattanooga. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | Nashville................... |Galveston: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bangor, Me... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | Charleston. . . . . . Jacksonville, Fla... . . . . . . . . . Mobile. . . . . . . . . . . |Atlanta. . . . . . . .

- - - - - - - - - - - - -

Macon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

, Savannah. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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TO FIND THE TIME OF GREATEST ELONGATION
TABLE I.

By adding the numbers in the annexed table for any given latitude

of meridian passage of Polaris (the
, greatest western elongation is found.
of added, we get the time of greatest eastern elongation.

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OF poi, Artis,

to the time the time of its

If the same number be subtracted instead

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- . -- to TABLE II. * ...."

EAN TIME OF SIDEREAL NOON, or MERIDIAN PAssage of THE vernAL EQUINox AT washingtoN. E.C.,
FOR 1897. ." -

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(For other places, add 9.83 seconds for each hour of longitude east of Washington, and subtract 9.83 seconds for each hour of

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. . . . . . . . . . . ] 3:26:33

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----------- 3:14:46 TABLE III.

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TIMES OF UPPER MERIDIAN PASSAGE OF POLARIs, or North STAR, 1897.

Surveyors and civil engineers may obtain the variation of the magnetic needle for any place in the United states by directing
their compass to the North Star (Polaris) when it is upon the meridian, as given in the table below, for the upper culmination:
or 11 hours 58 minutes 2 seconds, before or after, when the star is on the lower meridian. Exact local time is used in the table, and the
timepiece used must be correct, and the bearing of the star taken promptly on time, and that bearing will be the true variation of
the needle. An error of only a few seconds in the timepiece will vitiate the bearing found; therefore, it will be much better to
take the bearing when the star is furthest east or west, at its greatest elongation, as observations made upon it then are not affected
materially by small errors of timepieces. To use this table for places west of Washington, add 9.83 seconds for each hour of longitude
east of Washington, and subtract. 9.83 seconds for each hour west of it. From February 1 to August 1, use the lower culmination.

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A TABLE OF ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEEN BRIGHT STARS. | To ascertain when any star or constellation found in the following Table will be

on the upper meridian, add the numbers opposite in the left-hand column of figures to the time of “Sidereal Noon” found in Table II. For the rising of a star, subtract the number opposite in the right-hand column of figures from its meridian passage. For the setting of a star, add the same number to its meridian passage. Those marked (...) revolve in a circle of perpetual apparition, and do not rise nor set north of the latitude of New-York (40° 42' 40"). Stars having an asterisk (*) in the last column are seen only in Florida and Texas, when passing the meridian.

5 : * --- 53 o --- .##### säääää sNAME or stan. ### o :5 NAME or STAR. # of ~ : 1 c Eo c :::::Rø. #####| H. M.I.H. M. H. M.H. M. a Andromedae (*)::::::: 9 8 7 52||8 Ursae Majoris §:::::::::: 54!...... " 8 Cassiopeiae (Caph)....... .....| 0 4!...... a Ursae Majoris (Dubke).........|10 56|...... y Pegasi (Algenib --------------- 0 8 6 51 6 Leon --- -------------------- 11 7 6 7 a Phoenices --------------------- 0 20 2 25 & Leonis (Zozma)................ 11 7 7 17 a Cassiopeiae (Schedir)........... 0 35|......||8. Leonis (Denebola).............|11 42 6 54 B Ceti ( iphda)................. 0 38 4 53 y Ursae Majoris (Phad).......... 11 46!...... o, Cassiopeiae...... ------------- 0 50l...... al Crucis (Acrux) --------------- 12 19 m Ceti...... -------------------- 1 3 ------ Y Crucis.............. ------- --- 12 21 B Andromedae (Merach)......... 1 4 8 29 8 Qorvi-------------------------- 12 27 4 35 61 Ceti -------------------------- 1 19 5 30 B Crucis ------------ ------ ---- 12 89 a Ursae Minoris (Polaris)........] 1 21]......|s Ursa Majoris (Alioth) .........]12 47|...... a. Eridani (Achermar)............ 1 84 + & Virginis....................... 12 7 6 14 & Ceti..................... ----- - 1 46 5 22 • Virginis.............. ------ --- 12 55 6 40 8 Arietis...... ----------------- 1 49 7 14 a Virginis (Spica) --------------- 13 18 5 23 a Piscium (El Rischa)...........] 1 57| 6 7||& Ursae Majoris (Mizar)........ ..]13 18l...... y Andromedae (Almaadi)........] 1 57| 9 21|m Ursae §§§:::: 13 411...... * Arietis........................ 2 1 7 26 8 Centauri (Agena).............. 13 54 y Ceti...........................] 2 88 6 9||a Bootes (Arcturus)..............|14 9, 7 12 o: 2 11| 5 48||a Centauri (Bengula)............ 14 80 * a Ceti (Menkar)...... ----------- 2 56 6 13||a" Librae............... ........|14. 43 5 4 8 Perse Algol)................. 3 1 9 10 8 Ursa Minoris (Kochab)........ 14 59]...... a. Persei Algenib)...... ----- ---- 8 16 ------ 8 Librae.... ----- - -------- ------ 15 9 5 29 | m Tauri (The Seven Stars)....... 3 41|| 7 29||a Coronae, Borealis (Alphecca)...|15 28 7 44 a Tauri (Aldebaran).............] 4 29| 6 58||a Serpentis (Unuk)........ .....|15 87| 6 23 a Aurigae (Capella)......... ----- 5 8|10 14 & Scorpii........................ 15 52 4 37 B Orionis (Ri rel) ------- ------- -- 5 9 5 31 81 Scorpii...-------------------. 15 57 4 49 * Orionis (Bellatrix)............. 5 18, 6 21||a Scorpii (Antares)..............|16 20 4 20 8 Tauri (El Nath)..... ---------- 5 19| 7 52||8 Herculis (Rutilicus)............[16 23 7 20 ! :3#3; a).............] 5 26, 5 59||a Herculis ......................|17 7| 6 51 e Orionis (Anilam).............. 5 80|5 56||A Scorpii (Lesuth)...............|17 23| 3 18 a Columbae (Phaet).. ----------- 5 35 8 37 y Are............ -------------- 17 14 & Orionis §: ------------ 5 42 5 26 a Arae -------- ------------------- 17 21 a Qrionis (Betelguese)...........] 5 49| 6 26||8 Draconis (Rastoban)...........|17-25}...... 8 Aurigae (Menkalina)........... 5 51| 9 53 !oiâûjû5:::::::# 27] 2 27 * Geminorum ................... 6 8 7 24||a Ophiuchi (Ras Alhague)....... 17 27| 6 45 § Canis Majoris.... ............ 6 15 4 1|y Draconis (Etanin).............|17 51]...... 8 Canis Majoris (Mirzam)...... ..! 6 1714 55llo" Sagittarii..................... 18 5| 4 43 a Argus (Cano *:::::: ...... 6 21 * 'le Sagittarii.................. ....|18 14|| 3 35 Y Geminorum (Alhena).......... 6 31|| 6 59||a Lyrae (Vega)............ .......!18 30, 8 54 e Geminorum §::::::::: 6 37| 7 36||8. Lyrae.......... ------------- ...]18 43| 8 17 a Canis Majoris (Sirius).........! 6 40|5 1||o Sagittarii ..................... 18 46|| 4 19 ; onio Majorio (Adhāra).... ...|s; 54 4 gloomilo (Altair)................|13 43 8 39 & Geminorum (Wasat)...........| 7 13| 7 22||ao Capricorni (Giedi)............|20 9| 5 15 m. Canis Majoris (Aludra).... ...| 7 19 4 5||a Pavonis............... .........!20 14 ° a” Geminorum (Castor)..........| 7 27| 8 11||a Cygni (Deneb)................|20 35' 9 56 a Canis Minoris (Procyon)....... 7 33 6 19|a Cephei (Alderamin)............!21 13]...... B Geminorum (Pollux)........ . 7 38|| 7 50||8 Aquarii.......................!21 23| 5 39 y Argus ------------------------- 8 5 1 31 89ephei (Alphirk)..............!? 24 -----* Argus.----------.............. 8 19 +. e Pegasi (Emis).................. 21 36 6 33 & Argus (Naos).................. 7 59 2 58 a Aquarii ----------------------- 21 57 5 57 - rgus ------------------------- 9 13 + a Gruis ------------------------- 21 58 1 21 a Hydrae (Alphard).............. 9 21| 5 31||& Pegasi........ ----------------- 22 83| 6 36 • Leonis .......................| 9 88 7 31||a Pisces Australis (Fomalhaut).|22 48] 4 0 * Leonis... ---------------- --- 9 45 7 42 8 Pegasi §: ----- .........!? 55 7 44 a Leonis ( lus)..............|10 1s 6 44||a Pegasi (Markab)...............!?? 56|| 6 52 y” Leonis (AIGieba)............|10 13| 7 14|y Cephei'Er Rai)............ ....!23 811.----on Argus ----- ------- ------------ |10 39 + |l

Example.—The seven stars will be on the meridian for January 1, 1897, at 8h. 53m. 43s., evening, and will set at 4h. 22m. 43s. in the morning of January 2, and would rise at 1.h. 24m, 43s, in the afternoon of the 1st, but would not be visible then, the sun being up.

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